Refine your search:     
Report No.
 - 
Search Results: Records 1-20 displayed on this page of 110

Presentation/Publication Type

Initialising ...

Refine

Journal/Book Title

Initialising ...

Meeting title

Initialising ...

First Author

Initialising ...

Keyword

Initialising ...

Language

Initialising ...

Publication Year

Initialising ...

Held year of conference

Initialising ...

Save select records

Journal Articles

Small-angle scattering and neutron spin echo on biomolecules

Nakagawa, Hiroshi; Matsuo, Tatsuhito*

Hamon, 32(1), p.12 - 15, 2022/02

To elucidate, predict, and control the biological functions of proteins, it is important to clarify their solution structure and dynamics. Small-angle scattering is one of effective methods for examining the changes in their structures and dynamics due to their binding with target molecules under physiological conditions, although its resolution is lower than that of crystallography, which provides structural information at atomic resolution. In addition, neutron spin echo is the only technique that can measure the conformational dynamics of proteins in the Q-region, which is covered by small-angle scattering. In this paper, we will introduce some of our recent studies using small-angle scattering and neutron spin echo.

Journal Articles

Dynamics of biomacromolecules observed by incoherent neutron scattering

Matsuo, Tatsuhito*; Nakagawa, Hiroshi

Hamon, 32(1), p.8 - 11, 2022/02

Incoherent neutron scattering is a powerful tool to investigate the dynamics of biomolecules and water. In this article, a new dynamical model called Matryoshka model is first described, which provides detailed information on the motions contained in the phospholipid molecules based on the scattering spectra. In the latter half of the article, a relationship between water activity and water mobility, and the effects of pressure and hydration on protein dynamics are discussed. These studies demonstrate the advancement of analytical methods which provide ever more detailed information for elucidating the mechanism of biological functions.

Journal Articles

Triple axis spectrometers of JAEA

Osakabe, Toyotaka

Hamon, 31(1), p.14 - 17, 2021/02

no abstracts in English

Journal Articles

Neutron Radiography Facility; TNRF and CNRF

Kurita, Keisuke; Iikura, Hiroshi

Hamon, 31(1), p.11 - 13, 2021/02

no abstracts in English

Journal Articles

Introduction to SANS-J and PNO

Kumada, Takayuki; Motokawa, Ryuhei; Nakagawa, Hiroshi; Oba, Yojiro; Sekine, Yurina

Hamon, 31(1), p.5 - 6, 2021/02

no abstracts in English

Journal Articles

SUIREN (polarized neutron reflectometer)

Takeda, Masayasu

Hamon, 31(1), p.18 - 19, 2021/02

no abstracts in English

Journal Articles

Development of spin-contrast-variation neutron reflectometry for structural analyses of multilayer films

Kumada, Takayuki; Miura, Daisuke*; Akutsu, Kazuhiro*; Suzuki, Junichi*; Torikai, Naoya*

Hamon, 30(4), p.207 - 211, 2020/11

We developed a technique of spin-contrast-variation neutron reflectivity (SCV-NR) for structural analyses of multilayer films. The SCV-NR curves of the polystyrene monolayer film were precisely reproduced using a common set of structural parameters and neutron scattering length density at each proton polarization. This result ensures that SCV-NR curves are not deformed by inhomogeneous PH due to the spin-diffusion mechanism. The number of structural parameters of the lamellar microphase-separated poly(styrene-block-isoprene) thin film is too large to determine with a single unpolarized reflectivity curve only. However, these parameters converged through the global analysis of the SCV-NR curves. In this manner, SCV-NR determines the structure of multilayer films while excluding the incorrect structural model that accidentally accounts for a single unpolarized reflectivity curve only.

Journal Articles

Magnetic skyrmion lattice in 4f electron magnet EuPtSi

Kaneko, Koji; Kakihana, Masashi*; Hedo, Masato*; Nakama, Takao*; Onuki, Yoshichika*

Hamon, 30(3), p.160 - 165, 2020/08

no abstracts in English

Journal Articles

Neutron scattering and imaging using neutron transmission spectra

Oba, Yojiro

Hamon, 30(2), p.90 - 93, 2020/05

no abstracts in English

Journal Articles

Recent progress in the development of polarizing supermirror

Maruyama, Ryuji

Hamon, 30(1), p.45 - 50, 2020/02

no abstracts in English

Journal Articles

Solution neutron scattering

Sugiyama, Masaaki*; Inoue, Rintaro*; Nakagawa, Hiroshi; Saio, Tomohide*

Hamon, 30(1), p.16 - 25, 2020/02

Neutron has distinct features as a scattering probe to analyze structure and dynamics of biological macromolecules. The theme of this review is to try to describe how we did/do utilize them. And "How we should utilize them more effectively in the trend of integrative structural biology?" with solution scattering.

Journal Articles

What should we learn from the back numbers of HAMON ?

Takeda, Masayasu

Hamon, 30(1), p.7 - 8, 2020/02

Safety review of JRR-3 under the New Regulatory Requirements was completed on 7th November 2018. Neutron beam will come back in early 2021 after reinforcement works of the roof of the reactor building, the peripheral structures like a stack, a cooling tower, and the experimental hall. The future of neutron sciences using the research reactor strongly depends on how many impacted researches using JRR-3 are achieved after restarting JRR-3. At this stage, we can learn a lot of things from the back numbers of HAMON.

Journal Articles

Anomalous structure of liquid Bi studied by coherent QENS and time-space correlation analysis

Kawakita, Yukinobu; Kikuchi, Tatsuya*

Hamon, 29(2), p.91 - 94, 2019/05

Bismuth (Bi) has a double-layered structure based on Peierls distortion in crystalline phase. Complicated static structure in liquid phase which cannot be interpreted by a simple packing model has been conjectured that Peierls distortion may remain even in liquid phase. We measured quasi-elastic neutron scattering (QENS) of liquid Bi by using AMATERAS installed at BL14 beamport of Materials and Life Science Experimental Facility (MLF) in J-PARC and analyzed coherent QENS spectra. A time-space correlation function revealed that the nearest neighboring shell followed by a shoulder-like structure at longer side consists of four contributions of short and long correlations with relatively long relaxation time of a few tens pico second and medium-ranged and the longest correlations with a short relaxation time of sub-pico second, which is a direct observation of the existing layered structure in liquid Bi. In this article, we report the above scientific results and the method to analyze coherent QENS by the time-space correlation function.

Journal Articles

Neutron transport

Tamura, Itaru

Hamon, 28(4), p.204 - 207, 2018/11

A Neutron guide is one of the devices to transport neutron beam for long distance without sacrificing much neutrons; therefore, it can supply neutrons to many experimental instruments distributed in a large experimental hall. Also, by using a curved guide, only the neutrons in a required energy range can be transported, and $$gamma$$ rays and fast neutrons can be effectively eliminated, therefore the signal to background ratio is improved. In addition, a neutron beam can be branched by applying curved guides. Neutron guides are also used to control the divergence angle and intensity of the neutron beam supplied to the neutron instrument.

Journal Articles

Shielding

Maekawa, Fujio

Hamon, 28(4), p.208 - 211, 2018/11

Adequate shielding of neutrons and associated $$gamma$$-rays is of importance from viewpoints of the radiation safety of researchers and good experimental data taking by reducing the background. This article introduces basics of neutron shielding, physics and suitable materials for neutron and $$gamma$$-ray shielding, and an example of conceptual shielding design for the 1-MW spallation neutron source of J-PARC MLF.

Journal Articles

Polarized neutrons

Hiraka, Haruhiro*; Yamaguchi, Yasuo*; Maruyama, Ryuji; Oku, Takayuki; Ino, Takashi*

Hamon, 28(3), p.144 - 149, 2018/08

no abstracts in English

Journal Articles

Neutron moderation, 1; Research reactor as neutron source

Arai, Masaji

Hamon, 28(2), p.99 - 102, 2018/05

A thermal neutron reactor operates by the fission of uranium, a nuclear reaction which produces neutrons of energies in the range of MeV. This is far too high an energy to be useful for neutron scattering experiments. Therefore in a research reactor which has neutron beam utilization there are moderators arranged around the primary source to slow down the source neutrons to useful energies. Additionally almost major research reactors include at least one cold neutron source, a special moderator maintained at cryogenic temperature, where neutrons can equilibrate to lower average energies.

Journal Articles

The Implementation of the dynamics analysis spectrometer DNA; The Pedigree of the backscattering neutron spectrometer

Shibata, Kaoru

Hamon, 28(1), p.26 - 28, 2018/02

We briefly introduce the pedigree of the backscattering neutron spectrometer and the specification of DNA; a time-of-flight (TOF) type near-backscattering spectrometer (n-BSS), with Si crystal analyzers which was constructed at the Materials and Life Science Experimental Facility (MLF) of the Japan Proton Accelerator Research Complex (J-PARC).

Journal Articles

Spallation neutron source using high power accelerator

Haga, Katsuhiro

Hamon, 27(4), p.155 - 158, 2017/11

The pulsed spallation neutron source driven by a high-power accelerator is one of the most powerful apparatus to provide high intensity and high quality neutrons with narrow pulse width for conducting cutting-edge researches in several domains of materials and life science. In this system, proton beams of several kW to MW order extracted from the high power accelerator is injected into a target, which is heavy metal, to generate vast amount of neutrons via the spallation reactions with the target nuclei, and slows down these neutrons to thermal to cold neutrons with a moderator and a reflector. Resultant neutron beams are then supplied to a suit of the state-of-the-art experimental devices. In this paper, mechanism to produce neutron beams and outline of the spallation neutron source, engineering design of a target system such as a mercury target, and technical topics to solve the pitting damage problem of the target vessel which is caused by the pressure wave of up to 40MPa at maximum generated in the mercury by the pulsed proton beam injection are reviewed by referring mainly to the mercury target system of the pulsed spallation neutron source at J-PARC.

Journal Articles

${{it In situ}}$ neutron diffraction of iron hydride in iron-silicate-water system under high pressure and high temperature condition

Iizuka, Riko*; Yagi, Takehiko*; Goto, Hirotada*; Okuchi, Takuo*; Hattori, Takanori; Sano, Asami

Hamon, 27(3), p.104 - 108, 2017/08

Hydrogen is the most abundant element in the solar system and is considered to be one of the promising candidates of the light elements in the Earth's core. However, the amount of hydrogen dissolved in the core and its process are still unknown because hydrogen cannot be detected by X ray and easily escapes from iron at ambient conditions. In this study, we have conducted high-pressure and high-temperature in-situ neutron diffraction experiments on the iron-hydrous mineral system using PLANET in J-PARC. We observed that the water, which was dissociated from a hydrous mineral, reacted with iron to form both iron oxide and iron hydride at about 4 GPa. Iron hydride remained stable after further increase in temperature. This formation occurred at 1000K, where no materials melted. This suggests that hydrogen dissolved into iron before any other light elements dissolved in the very early stage of the Earth's evolution.

110 (Records 1-20 displayed on this page)