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Journal Articles

Comparison of two-phase critical flow models for estimation of leak flow rate through cracks

Watanabe, Tadashi*; Katsuyama, Jinya; Mano, Akihiro

International Journal of Nuclear and Quantum Engineering (Internet), 13(11), p.516 - 519, 2019/10

The estimation of leak flow rates through narrow cracks in structures is of importance for nuclear reactor safety, since the leak flow could be detected before occurrence of loss-of-coolant accidents. The two-phase critical leak flow rates are calculated using the system analysis code, and two representative non-homogeneous critical flow models, Henry-Fauske model and Ransom-Trapp model, are compared. The pressure decrease and vapor generation in the crack, and the leak flow rates are found to be larger for the Henry-Fauske model. It is shown that the leak flow rates are not affected by the structural temperature, but affected largely by the roughness of crack surface.

Journal Articles

Waste management in a Hot Laboratory of Japan Atomic Energy Agency, 3; Volume reduction and stabilization of solid waste

Nakahara, Masaumi; Watanabe, So; Ogi, Hiromichi*; Shibata, Atsuhiro; Nomura, Kazunori

International Journal of Nuclear and Quantum Engineering (Internet), 13(4), p.191 - 194, 2019/04

High level radioactive solid waste is reduced the volume or stabilized in the Chemical Processing Facility in the Japan Atomic Energy Agency. A plastic product is molten with a heating mantle and reduced the volume. A non-flammable such as metal is cut with a band saw machine for reducing the volume. A used adsorbent in the extraction chromatograph process was heated with an electric furnace using non-radioactive materials, and the experimental result suggests that organic materials in the used adsorbent were decomposed stably.

Journal Articles

Waste management in a Hot Laboratory of Japan Atomic Energy Agency, 2; Condensation and solidification experiments on liquid waste

Watanabe, So; Ogi, Hiromichi*; Shibata, Atsuhiro; Nomura, Kazunori

International Journal of Nuclear and Quantum Engineering (Internet), 13(4), p.169 - 174, 2019/04

As a part of STRAD project conducted by JAEA, condensation of radioactive liquid waste containing various chemical compounds using reverse osmosis (RO) membrane filter was examined for efficient and safety treatment of the liquid wastes accumulated inside hot laboratories. NH$$_{4}$$$$^{+}$$ ion in the feed solution was successfully concentrated, and NH$$_{4}$$$$^{+}$$ ion involved in the effluents became lower than target value; 100 ppm. Solidification of simulated aqueous and organic liquid wastes was also tested. Those liquids were successfully solidified by adding cement or coagulants. Nevertheless, optimization in materials for confinement of chemicals is required for long time storage of the final solidified wastes.

Journal Articles

Waste management in a hot laboratory of Japan Atomic Energy Agency, 1; Overview and activities in chemical processing facility

Nomura, Kazunori; Ogi, Hiromichi*; Nakahara, Masaumi; Watanabe, So; Shibata, Atsuhiro

International Journal of Nuclear and Quantum Engineering (Internet), 13(5), p.209 - 212, 2019/00

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