Takeda, Yusuke; Iida, Kiyoshi*; Sato, Shinji*; Matsuo, Tadatoshi*; Nagashima, Yasuyuki*; Okubo, Nariaki; Kondo, Keietsu; Hirade, Tetsuya
JPS Conference Proceedings (Internet), 25, p.011023_1 - 011023_3, 2019/03
In this study, we prepared samples under two different conditions, (1) 810C, for 600 min, and (2) 850C, for 720 min. A depth-profile analysis of the surfaces of the samples is conducted through Doppler broadening (DB) measurements of positron annihilation rays using a slow positron beam. It was indicated that many of positrons annihilated in defects near the surface. According to the TEM image, there are nano-crystal grains near the surface and then positrons can diffuse in the grains and annihilate in defects at the grain boundaries. Furthermore, DB measurements indicated that there is a depth dependence on the chemical composition where positrons annihilate. EDS spectroscopy measurements also indicated that there is a depth dependence of impurities such as Vanadium. These results indicated change of the chemical composition at the grain boundaries.
JPS Conference Proceedings (Internet), 25, p.011021_1 - 011021_2, 2019/03
Irradiation of water produce some reactive species such as OH radical. OH is formed by the reaction of a water cation and a water molecule just after ionization. On the other hand, a high energy positron injected in water will form cations and excess electrons even at the end part of the track. And hence, some positrons can form Positronium (Ps) with one of the excess electrons. The electrons in OH and Ps used to be in a same orbital in a water molecule before ionization of that water molecule. Therefore they were singlet at the time of the ionization. Every electron have each own hyperfine coupling constant after ionization. In water, reaction between Ps and OH, such as radical reaction or spin conversion, is possible. Therefore, quantum beats on these reaction can occur and the frequency of quantum beats will indicate the hyperfine coupling constant of OH which depends on the structure around OH. Therefore it is becoming possible to discuss the structure of water and reactivity of OH in the structure.
Watanabe, Masao; Nojiri, Hiroyuki*; Ito, Shinichi*; Kawamura, Seiko; Kihara, Takumi*; Masuda, Takatsugu*; Sahara, Takuro*; Soda, Minoru*; Takahashi, Ryuta
JPS Conference Proceedings (Internet), 25, p.011024_1 - 011024_5, 2019/03
Recently, neutron scattering experiments have been rapidly progressed under high magnetic field. In the J-PARC, proto-type compact pulse magnet system with the power supply, the coil and the sample stick has been developed. Basic specifications of the power supply are as follows; maximum charged voltage with capacitor is 2 kV, maximum current is 8 kA, repetition rate is a pulse per several minutes and pulse duration is several msec. Maximum magnetic field in the coil is more than 30 Tesla. The sample stick is designed for Orange-Cryostat. In this presentation, We report the details of the pulsed magnet system and the performance of it on neutron scattering experiments at MLF beam line (HRC).
JPS Conference Proceedings (Internet), 25, p.011022_1 - 011022_3, 2019/03
OH radicals which are very reactive are formed by radiation decomposition in water. The behavior of OH radicals is important in corrosion of materials and reactions in living bodies. Recently, the reaction occurring between positronium (Ps) formed by OH radicals formed at the end of the positron track when positron is incident and positronium (Ps) formed by reaction of excess electrons formed with OH radical formation with the thermo-positron, it is reported that quantum beat occurs due to spin correlation. This quantum beat seems to have a period depending on the hyperfine coupling constant of OH radical. It is thought that the period and intensity of the quantum beat depends on the temperature, and it seems that it reflects the state around the OH radical. From the temperature dependence of the quantum beat detected by the reaction of this spin-correlated OH radical and triplet positronium we will explain what the liquid structure might be.
Hoshi, Katsuya; Nishino, Sho; Yoshida, Tadayoshi; Tsujimura, Norio
JPS Conference Proceedings (Internet), 24, p.011020_1 - 011020_6, 2019/01
We studied the application of AmLi interrogation neutron sources, which originally deployed in non-destructive assay apparatus for nuclear safeguard, to calibration work. To determine the emission rate, the angular distribution of neutron fluence was measured by a potable long counter. The emission rate at the date of measurement (October 23rd, 2015) was determined to be 1.0010 n/s (4.1% ( = 2)).
Tsujimura, Norio; Yoshida, Tadayoshi; Sanada, Yukihisa
JPS Conference Proceedings (Internet), 24, p.011013_1 - 011013_6, 2019/01
Ito, Chikara; Naito, Hiroyuki; Ishikawa, Takashi; Ito, Keisuke; Wakaida, Ikuo
JPS Conference Proceedings (Internet), 24, p.011038_1 - 011038_6, 2019/01
A high-radiation resistant optical fiber has been developed in order to investigate the interiors of the reactor pressure vessels and the primary containment vessels at the Fukushima Daiichi Nuclear Power Station. The tentative dose rate in the reactor pressure vessels is assumed to be up to 1 kGy/h. We developed a radiation resistant optical fiber consisting of a 1000 ppm hydroxyl doped pure silica core and 4 % fluorine doped pure silica cladding. We attempted to apply the optical fiber to remote imaging technique by means of fiberscope. The number of core image fibers was increased from 2000 to 22000 for practical use. The transmissive rate of infrared images was not affected after irradiation of 1 MGy. No change in the spatial resolution of the view scope by means of image fiber was noted between pre- and post-irradiation. We confirmed the applicability of the probing system, which consists of a view scope using radiation-resistant optical fibers.
Segawa, Mariko; Oikawa, Kenichi; Kai, Tetsuya; Shinohara, Takenao; Hayashida, Hirotoshi*; Matsumoto, Yoshihiro*; Parker, J. D.*; Nakatani, Takeshi; Hiroi, Kosuke; Su, Y.; et al.
JPS Conference Proceedings (Internet), 22, p.011028_1 - 011028_8, 2018/11
Hiroi, Kosuke; Shinohara, Takenao; Hayashida, Hirotoshi*; Parker, J. D.*; Oikawa, Kenichi; Su, Y.; Kai, Tetsuya; Kiyanagi, Yoshiaki*
JPS Conference Proceedings (Internet), 22, p.011030_1 - 011030_7, 2018/11
Maruyama, Ryuji; Yamazaki, Dai; Soyama, Kazuhiko
JPS Conference Proceedings (Internet), 22, p.011011_1 - 011011_5, 2018/11
Neutron multilayer mirrors are one of the most important optical elements for neutron scattering experiments. Good interface quality in terms of sharpness and smoothness plays a critical role in determining the performance of optical elements. We have shown that a multilayer with a large vertical correlation length and small lateral correlation length effectively suppresses the diffuse scattering intensity. In this study, the effect of the interface roughness correlation on the neutron reflectivity of the multilayer mirror is investigated using the reflectivity calculation based on the distorted wave Born approximation.
Kumada, Takayuki; 7 of others*
JPS Conference Proceedings (Internet), 22, p.011015_1 - 011015_5, 2018/11
Kawamura, Seiko; Tomiyasu, Keisuke*; Koda, Akihiro*; Sari, D. P.*; Asih, R.*; Yoon, S.*; Watanabe, Isao*; Nakajima, Kenji
JPS Conference Proceedings (Internet), 21, p.011007_1 - 011007_5, 2018/03
RbCuMoO is a one-dimensional quantum spin system with spin frustration. The magnetic ground state of this system has been expected to be incommensurate spin-singlet from a theoretical study. Furthermore, it was recently reported that this system exhibited ferroelectricity under a magnetic field. We carried out SR studies on this system to understand the magnetic properties. A slow muon spin relaxation due to nuclear dipoles is observed in the whole measured temperatures ranging from 0.06 K to 250 K, indicating that no magnetic ordering. The result suggests that the system shows a spin-singlet ground state. Furthermore, it was found that the distribution of the internal magnetic field were slightly enhanced below 10 K. This temperature dependence resembles that of the electric polarization observed in the magnetic field. It may indicate that some local anomaly of charge/spin related to the ferroelectricity is detected by a microscopic probe.
JPS Conference Proceedings (Internet), 20, p.011051_1 - 011051_5, 2018/01
Gogami, Toshiyuki*; Ekawa, Hiroyuki; Hasegawa, Shoichi; Hayakawa, Shuhei; Hosomi, Kenji; Imai, Kenichi; Ichikawa, Yudai; Nanamura, Takuya; Naruki, Megumi; Sako, Hiroyuki; et al.
JPS Conference Proceedings (Internet), 18, p.011031_1 - 011031_6, 2017/11
JPS Conference Proceedings (Internet), 17, p.063004_1 - 063004_2, 2017/07
N*, baryon excited states have been studied for a long time, but many of high mass states have not been found yet. Recent theoretical studies clarified that channels have large contributions to these high mass states. Therefore we have proposed an experiment at J-PARC (E45) to measure reactions. In this presentation, we will show the overview of the experiment and current status of detector developments.
Tamura, Hirokazu*; Ekawa, Hiroyuki; Hasegawa, Shoichi; Hayakawa, Shuhei; Hosomi, Kenji; Hwang, S.; Ichikawa, Yudai; Imai, Kenichi; Sako, Hiroyuki; Sato, Susumu; et al.
JPS Conference Proceedings (Internet), 17, p.011004_1 - 011004_11, 2017/07
Nakagawa, Manami*; Ekawa, Hiroyuki; Hasegawa, Shoichi; Hayakawa, Shuhei; Hosomi, Kenji; Hwang, S.; Ichikawa, Yudai; Imai, Kenichi; Sako, Hiroyuki; Sato, Susumu; et al.
JPS Conference Proceedings (Internet), 17, p.012009_1 - 012009_4, 2017/07
Miwa, Koji*; Hasegawa, Shoichi; Hayakawa, Shuhei; Hosomi, Kenji; Imai, Kenichi; Kondo, Yasuhiro; Naruki, Megumi; Sako, Hiroyuki; Sato, Susumu; Sugimura, Hitoshi; et al.
JPS Conference Proceedings (Internet), 17, p.041002_1 - 041002_6, 2017/07
Hashimoto, Tadashi; Tanida, Kiyoshi; 45 of others*
JPS Conference Proceedings (Internet), 17, p.072001_1 - 072001_4, 2017/07
Inoue, Kentaro*; Hashimoto, Tadashi; Tanida, Kiyoshi; 69 of others*
JPS Conference Proceedings (Internet), 17, p.072003_1 - 072003_4, 2017/07