Yoneda, Yasuhiro; Noguchi, Yuji*
Japanese Journal of Applied Physics, 59(SP), p.SPPA01_1 - SPPA01_7, 2020/11
We investigate A-site cation ordering in the ferroelectric perovskite BiNaTiO (BNT) by synchrotron X-ray total scattering. Although BNT has a problem of a low depolarization temperature, it is promising a lead-free piezoelectric material. Since the depolarization temperature is presumed to correspond to a relaxer like gradual order-disorder phase transition, local structure analysis is necessary to understand the structure of the diorder phase. Through this approach, the elusive connection between chemical heterogeneity and structural heterogeneity is revealed. Because of the large randomness, the Ti off-center shift is averaged out beyond the unit cell and the structure becomes very close to the average structure beyond the unit cell.
Oba, Masaki; Miyabe, Masabumi; Akaoka, Katsuaki; Wakaida, Ikuo
Japanese Journal of Applied Physics, 59(6), p.062001_1 - 062001_6, 2020/06
Using a semiconductor microwave source and a coaxial cable for microwave transmission, a compact microwave-assisted, laser-induced breakdown spectroscopy system without a microwave cavity or waveguide was developed. Several types of electrode heads were tested, so that the emission intensity was 50 times larger than without microwave. The limit of the enhancement effect was also found.
Japanese Journal of Applied Physics, 59(5), p.050501_1 - 050501_9, 2020/05
This paper describes the decommissioning work being undertaken at the Fukushima Daiichi Nuclear Power Station of the Tokyo Electric Power Company Holdings Inc.'s (FDNPS) using remote controlled robotic systems, as well as lessons learned from past remote task executions. We also summarize the issues to be considered in promoting safe, steady, and efficient decommissioning based on past experiences. In response to these issues, we are developing test methods for performance evaluation of the robots for nuclear decommissioning, robot simulator for operator proficiency training, and information generation methods to improve the operator's status awareness. The current status of technological development is also described.
Yoneda, Yasuhiro; Kunisada, Ryoichi*; Chikada, Tsukasa*; Ueno, Shintaro*; Fujii, Ichiro*; Nagata, Hajime*; Ohara, Koji*; Wada, Satoshi*
Japanese Journal of Applied Physics, 58(SL), p.SLLA03_1 - SLLA03_7, 2019/11
Terasawa, Tomoo; Taira, Takanobu*; Yasuda, Satoshi; Obata, Seiji*; Saiki, Koichiro*; Asaoka, Hidehito
Japanese Journal of Applied Physics, 58(SI), p.SIIB17_1 - SIIB17_6, 2019/08
Chemical vapor deposition (CVD) on substrates with low C solubility such as Cu and Au is promising to grow monolayer graphene selectively in a large scale. Hydrogen is often added to control the domain size of graphene on Cu, while Au does not require H since Ar is inert against oxidation. The effect of H should be revealed to improve the quality of graphene on Au. Here we report the effect of H on the CVD growth of graphene on Au substrates using in situ radiation-mode optical microscopy. The in situ observation and ex situ Raman spectroscopy revealed that whether H was supplied or not strongly affected the growth rate, thermal radiation contrast, and compressive strain of graphene on Au. We attributed these features to the surface reconstruction of Au(001) depending on H supply. Our results are essential to achieve the graphene growth with high quality on Au for future applications.
Yoneda, Yasuhiro; Ohara, Koji*; Nagata, Hajime*
Japanese Journal of Applied Physics, 57(11S), p.11UB07_1 - 11UB07_6, 2018/11
Local structure analysis of KNbO, which is the parent compound for lead-free piezoelectric materials, have been performed by X-ray pair-distribution functions (PDF). The refinements of local structure in wide temperature ranges indicates that only the rhombohedral structure can describe the observed bond distributions within the unit cell. The rhombohedral distortion maintained locally in all four phases.
Yano, Masahiro; Uozumi, Yuki*; Yasuda, Satoshi; Tsukada, Chie*; Yoshida, Hikaru*; Yoshigoe, Akitaka; Asaoka, Hidehito
Japanese Journal of Applied Physics, 57(8S1), p.08NB13_1 - 08NB13_4, 2018/07
Yamada, Takahiro*; Watanabe, Kenta*; Nozaki, Mikito*; Shih, H.-A.*; Nakazawa, Satoshi*; Anda, Yoshiharu*; Ueda, Tetsuzo*; Yoshigoe, Akitaka; Hosoi, Takuji*; Shimura, Takayoshi*; et al.
Japanese Journal of Applied Physics, 57(6S3), p.06KA07_1 - 06KA07_6, 2018/06
Thermal oxidation of AlGaN surface and its impact on the electrical properties of AlGaN/GaN MOS capacitors were investigated by means of synchrotron radiation photoelectron spectroscopy (SR-PES), atomic force microscopy (AFM) and C-V measurements. SR-PES analysis revealed that the AlGaN surface is oxidized even at low temperature of 400C, in contrast to no oxide formation on GaN surface. However, since no noticeable change in the surface morphology was observed at temperatures up to 800C, it can be concluded that an ultrathin oxide overlayer is formed on the AlGaN surface. On the other hand, for the oxidation treatments above 850C, the formation of small oxide grains was observed over the entire area of the AlGaN surface, and the growth of oxide grains significantly degraded the surface morphology. Therefore, the AlGaN/GaN MOS capacitors were fabricated on the AlGaN surface oxidized at moderate temperatures up to 800C. While we have confirmed that relatively good interface properties are obtained for direct AlON deposition without oxidation treatment, it was found that the oxidation treatment at 400C leads to further improvement of interface properties and reduction of C-V hysteresis.
Yano, Masahiro; Uozumi, Yuki*; Yasuda, Satoshi; Asaoka, Hidehito
Japanese Journal of Applied Physics, 57(6S1), p.06HD04_1 - 06HD04_4, 2018/06
Watanabe, Kenta*; Terashima, Daiki*; Nozaki, Mikito*; Yamada, Takahiro*; Nakazawa, Satoshi*; Ishida, Masahiro*; Anda, Yoshiharu*; Ueda, Tetsuzo*; Yoshigoe, Akitaka; Hosoi, Takuji*; et al.
Japanese Journal of Applied Physics, 57(6S3), p.06KA03_1 - 06KA03_6, 2018/06
The advantage of SiO/AlON stacked gate dielectrics over SiO, AlON and AlO single dielectric layers was demonstrated. Our systematic research revealed that the optimized stacked structure with 3.3-nm-thick AlON interlayer is beneficial in terms of superior interface quality, reduced gate leakage current and C-V hysteresis for next-generation high frequency and high power AlGaN/GaN MOS-HFETs.
Nozaki, Mikito*; Watanabe, Kenta*; Yamada, Takahiro*; Shih, H.-A.*; Nakazawa, Satoshi*; Anda, Yoshiharu*; Ueda, Tetsuzo*; Yoshigoe, Akitaka; Hosoi, Takuji*; Shimura, Takayoshi*; et al.
Japanese Journal of Applied Physics, 57(6S3), p.06KA02_1 - 06KA02_7, 2018/06
We fabricated AlON dielectric films by repeating thin AlN deposition and in situ O oxidation for AlGaN/GaN MOS-HFETs. Uniform nitrogen distribution is achievable by the proposed ALD-based process and that nitrogen concentration can be precisely controlled by changing AlN thickness (ALD cycle number) in each step. It was found that AlON films grown by ALD system offers significant advantages in terms of practical application while keeping superior Vth stability and electrical properties at the insulator/AlGaN interface in AlGaN/GaN MOS-HFETs.
Entani, Shiro*; Honda, Mitsunori; Shimoyama, Iwao; Li, S.*; Naramoto, Hiroshi*; Yaita, Tsuyoshi; Sakai, Seiji*
Japanese Journal of Applied Physics, 57(4S), p.04FP04_1 - 04FP04_4, 2018/04
Yoneda, Yasuhiro; Takada, Eri*; Nagai, Haruka*; Kikuchi, Takeyuki*; Morishita, Masao*; Kobune, Masafumi*
Japanese Journal of Applied Physics, 56(10S), p.10PB07_1 - 10PB07_7, 2017/10
A monoclinic phase was discovered in (NaKLi)NbO solid solution ceramics grown by a malic acid complex solution method. The average and local structures of this monoclinic phase were analyzed by synchrotron X-ray measurements. The local structure can be reproduced by assuming a rhombohedral model, that is the same local structure of KNbO. The results demonstrate that the monoclinic average structure is observed as a disordered rhombohedral structure.
Yoneda, Yasuhiro; Aoyagi, Rintaro*; Fu, D.*
Japanese Journal of Applied Physics, 55(10S), p.10TC04_1 - 10TC04_5, 2016/10
We analyzed the local structures of NaNbO and NaLiNbO by combining the X-ray absorption fine structure (XAFS) and atomic pair-distribution function (PDF) techniques. NaNbO is known to be an antiferroelectric material at room temperature. It also undergoes a diffuse phase transition, in which an orthorhombic and a rhombohedral phases coexist over a wide temperature range. We identified a rhombohedral ground state structure of NaNbO and assumed an order-disorder-type phase. We also found a disorder feature in the nearest-neighbor bond distance corresponding to the Nb-O bonds. The disordered bond distribution disappeared when Na was substituted for Li. A similar disorder feature was found in AgNbO.
Yoshigoe, Akitaka; Yamada, Yoichi*; Taga, Ryo*; Ogawa, Shuichi*; Takakuwa, Yuji*
Japanese Journal of Applied Physics, 55(10), p.100307_1 - 100307_4, 2016/09
Synchrotron radiation photoelectron spectroscopy during the oxidation of the Si(100)21 surface at room temperature revealed the existence of the molecularly adsorbed oxygen, which was considered to be absent. The O 1s spectra was found to be similar to that of the oxidation of Si(111)77 surfaces. Also the molecular oxygen was appeared after the initial surface oxides, indicating that this was not a precursor for dissociation oxygen adsorption onto the clean surface. We have proposed presumable structural models for atomic configurations, where the molecular oxygen was resided on the oxidized silicon with two oxygen atoms at the backbonds.
Takahashi, Masamitsu; Kozu, Miwa*; Sasaki, Takuo
Japanese Journal of Applied Physics, 55(4S), p.04EJ04_1 - 04EJ04_4, 2016/04
Sato, Yuki; Murakami, Hiroyuki*; Shimaoka, Takehiro*; Tsubota, Masakatsu*; Kaneko, Junichi*
Japanese Journal of Applied Physics, 55(4), p.046401_1 - 046401_5, 2016/04
We investigated the performance of a charged particle detector fabricated using single-crystal diamond grown by chemical vapor deposition. The detector was able to identify four different Am -particle energies (5.389, 5.443, 5.486, and 5.545 MeV) because of its superior intrinsic energy resolution of 0.4% (full width at half maximum). The charge collection efficiency inside the diamond crystal was 98% for both electrons and holes. The diamond detector also exhibited no significant degradation in terms of pulse height spectra and energy resolution during operation for more than 100 h in the case of mainly electron drift inside the diamond crystal. In contrast, the shapes of the pulse height spectra measured under hole drift condition deteriorated due to the polarization phenomenon.
Sasaki, Akira; Kato, Susumu*; Takahashi, Eiichi*; Kishimoto, Yasuaki*; Fujii, Takashi*; Kanazawa, Seiji*
Japanese Journal of Applied Physics, 55(2), p.026101_1 - 026101_10, 2016/02
A percolation model of discharge, which can reproduce stochastic behaviors of initial partial discharge to the growth of a stepped leader, is presented. The model uses macroscopic cells, from which a network of electric circuits is defined, and the spatial and temporal evolutions of the electric field and current in the discharge medium are calculated. For each cell, one of two states, either insulator or conductor, which corresponds to neutral gas or ionized plasmas, respectively, is decided. The decision is made on the basis of probability for each calculation cell at each time step, taking the effects of local electric field and current, which enhance ionization and sustain the discharge channel, respectively, into account. The stochastic behavior of discharge is discussed, in conjunction with the characteristic feature of ionization, that is, the ionization occurs not only ahead of the streamer tip where the electric field is enhanced but randomly in the discharge medium.
Oba, Masaki; Miyabe, Masabumi; Akaoka, Katsuaki; Wakaida, Ikuo
Japanese Journal of Applied Physics, 55(2), p.022401_1 - 022401_4, 2016/02
We used laser-induced fluorescence imaging with a varying beam focal point to observe ablation plumes from metal and oxide samples of gadolinium. The plumes expand vertically when the focal point is far from the sample surface. In contrast, the plume becomes hemispherical when the focal point is on the sample surface. In addition, the internal plume structure and the composition of the ablated atomic and ionic particles also vary significantly. The fluorescence intensity of a plume from a metal sample is greater than that from an oxide sample, which suggests that the number of monatomic species produced in each plume differs. For both the metal and oxide samples, the most intense fluorescence from atomic (ionic) species is observed with the beam focal point at 3-4 mm (2 mm) from the sample surface.
Oshima, Takeshi; Yokoseki, Takashi; Murata, Koichi; Matsuda, Takuma; Mitomo, Satoshi; Abe, Hiroshi; Makino, Takahiro; Onoda, Shinobu; Hijikata, Yasuto*; Tanaka, Yuki*; et al.
Japanese Journal of Applied Physics, 55(1S), p.01AD01_1 - 01AD01_4, 2016/01