Refine your search:     
Report No.
 - 
Search Results: Records 1-20 displayed on this page of 512

Presentation/Publication Type

Initialising ...

Refine

Journal/Book Title

Initialising ...

Meeting title

Initialising ...

First Author

Initialising ...

Keyword

Initialising ...

Language

Initialising ...

Publication Year

Initialising ...

Held year of conference

Initialising ...

Save select records

Journal Articles

Development of an electron track-structure mode for arbitrary semiconductor materials in PHITS

Hirata, Yuho; Kai, Takeshi; Ogawa, Tatsuhiko; Matsuya, Yusuke*; Sato, Tatsuhiko

Japanese Journal of Applied Physics, 62(10), p.106001_1 - 106001_6, 2023/10

Optimization of semiconductor detector design requires theoretical analysis of the process of radiation conversion to carriers (excited electrons) in semiconductor materials. We, therefore, developed an electron track-structure code that can trace an incident electron trajectory down to a few eV and simulate many excited electron productions in semiconductors, named ETSART, and implemented it into PHITS. The accuracy of ETSART was validated by comparing calculated electron ranges in semiconductor materials with the corresponding data recommended in ICRU Report 37 and obtained from another simulation code. The average energy required to produce a single excited electron (epsilon value) is an important value that describes the characteristics of semiconductor detectors. Using ETSART, we computed the epsilon values in various semiconductors and found that the calculated epsilon values cannot be fitted well with a linear model of the band-gap energy. ETSART is expected to be useful for initial and mechanistic evaluations of electron-hole generation in undiscovered materials.

Journal Articles

Local structure analysis of BiFeO$$_3$$-BaTiO$$_3$$ solid solutions

Yoneda, Yasuhiro; Kim, S.*; Mori, Shigeo*; Wada, Satoshi*

Japanese Journal of Applied Physics, 61(SN), p.SN1022_1 - SN1022_10, 2022/11

 Times Cited Count:1 Percentile:20.89(Physics, Applied)

Local structural analysis of the (1-${it x}$) BiFeO$$_3$$-${it x}$BaTiO$$_3$$ solid solution was performed by PDF analysis of the data obtained in the synchrotron radiation high-energy X-ray diffraction experiment. First, when XAFS experiments were performed and sample screening was performed, it was found that structural fluctuations were large in the BiFeO$$_3$$-rich composition. Therefore, PDF analysis of a sample with BiFeO$$_3$$-rich composition was performed. As a result, it was found that although the average structure is a cubic structure, the local structure can be reproduced with a rhombohedral crystal structure, and there is a displacement that breaks the symmetry of the rhombohedral structure in a composition with a large fluctuation.

Journal Articles

Implementation of the electron track-structure mode for silicon into PHITS for investigating the radiation effects in semiconductor devices

Hirata, Yuho; Kai, Takeshi; Ogawa, Tatsuhiko; Matsuya, Yusuke; Sato, Tatsuhiko

Japanese Journal of Applied Physics, 61(10), p.106004_1 - 106004_6, 2022/10

 Times Cited Count:1 Percentile:65.02(Physics, Applied)

Some radiation effects such as pulse-height defects and soft errors can cause problems in silicon (Si) devices. Local energy deposition in microscopic scales is essential information to elucidate the mechanism of these radiation effects. We, therefore, developed an electron track-structure model, which can simulate local energy deposition down to nano-scales, dedicated to Si and implemented it into PHITS. Then, we verified the accuracy of our developed model by comparing the ranges and depth-dose distributions of electrons obtained from this study with the corresponding experimental values and other simulated results. As an application of the model, we calculated the mean energies required to create an electron-hole pair, the so-called epsilon value. We found that the threshold energy for generating secondary electrons reproducing the epsilon value is 2.75 eV, consistent with the corresponding data deduced from past theoretical and computational studies. Since the magnitudes of the radiation effects on Si devices largely depend on the epsilon value, the developed code is expected to contribute to precisely understanding the mechanisms of pulse-height defects and semiconductor soft errors.

Journal Articles

Comprehensive physical and electrical characterizations of NO nitrided SiO$$_{2}$$/4H-SiC(11$$overline{2}$$0) interfaces

Nakanuma, Takato*; Iwakata, Yu*; Watanabe, Arisa*; Hosoi, Takuji*; Kobayashi, Takuma*; Sometani, Mitsuru*; Okamoto, Mitsuo*; Yoshigoe, Akitaka; Shimura, Takayoshi*; Watanabe, Heiji*

Japanese Journal of Applied Physics, 61(SC), p.SC1065_1 - SC1065_8, 2022/05

 Times Cited Count:6 Percentile:81.83(Physics, Applied)

Nitridation of SiO$$_{2}$$/4H-SiC(11$$overline{2}$$0) interfaces with post-oxidation annealing in an NO ambient (NO-POA) and its impact on the electrical properties were investigated. Sub-nm-resolution nitrogen depth profiling at the interfaces was conducted by using a scanning X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy microprobe. The results showed that nitrogen atoms were incorporated just at the interface and that interface nitridation proceeded much faster than at SiO$$_{2}$$/SiC(0001) interfaces, resulting in a 2.3 times higher nitrogen concentration. Electrical characterizations of metal-oxide-semiconductor capacitors were conducted through capacitance-voltage ($$C-V$$) measurements in the dark and under illumination with ultraviolet light to evaluate the electrical defects near the conduction and valence band edges and those causing hysteresis and shifting of the $$C-V$$ curves. While all of these defects were passivated with the progress of the interface nitridation, excessive nitridation resulted in degradation of the MOS capacitors. The optimal conditions for NO-POA are discussed on the basis of these experimental findings.

Journal Articles

Precise magnetization measurements down to 500 mK using a miniature $$^3$$He cryostat and a closed-cycle $$^3$$He gas handling system installed in a SQUID magnetometer without continuous-cooling functionality

Shimamura, Kazutoshi*; Wajima, Hiroki*; Makino, Hayato*; Abe, Satoshi*; Haga, Yoshinori; Sato, Yoshiaki*; Kawae, Tatsuya*; Yoshida, Yasuo*

Japanese Journal of Applied Physics, 61(5), p.056502_1 - 056502_7, 2022/05

 Times Cited Count:0 Percentile:0(Physics, Applied)

Journal Articles

Strain distribution visualization of punched electrical steel sheets using neutron Bragg-edge transmission imaging

Sasada, Seiji*; Takahashi, Yoshihito*; Takeuchi, Keisuke*; Hiroi, Kosuke; Su, Y. H.; Shinohara, Takenao; Watanabe, Kenichi*; Uritani, Akira*

Japanese Journal of Applied Physics, 61(4), p.046004_1 - 046004_8, 2022/03

Journal Articles

High-spatial-resolution measurement of magnetization distribution using polarized neutron imaging

Sasada, Seiji*; Hiroi, Kosuke; Osanai, Kenta*; Shinohara, Takenao; Watanabe, K.*; Uritani, Akira*

Japanese Journal of Applied Physics, 60(12), p.126003_1 - 126003_6, 2021/12

 Times Cited Count:0 Percentile:8.72(Physics, Applied)

Journal Articles

Nanoscale structural analysis of Bi$$_{0.5}$$Na$$_{0.5}$$TiO$$_3$$ in high-temperature phases

Yoneda, Yasuhiro; Noguchi, Yuji*

Japanese Journal of Applied Physics, 60(SF), p.SFFA08_1 - SFFA08_10, 2021/11

 Times Cited Count:4 Percentile:39.77(Physics, Applied)

Bi$$_{0.5}$$Na$$_{0.5}$$TiO$$_3$$ (abbreviated as BNT) is a lead-free material but exhibits relatively large piezoelectric properties, a lot of researches have been conducted. We performed local structural analysis using high-quality BNT with a stoichiometrically correct composition, and found a chemical order structure of Bi/Na in locally. BNT undergoes a phase transition to a cubic phase at 400$$^{circ}$$C. We estimated that a new disorder structure will appear in the high-temperature phase. In the high temperature phase, pair distribution function (PDF) analysis using synchrotron radiation high-energy X-rays was performed. As a result, we found that Bi shifts from 200$$^{circ}$$C, and this shift becomes an order parameter for the phase transition.

Journal Articles

Autoradiography system with phosphor powder (ZnS:Ag) for imaging radioisotope dynamics in a living plant

Kurita, Keisuke; Sakai, Takuro; Suzui, Nobuo*; Yin, Y.-G.*; Sugita, Ryohei*; Kobayashi, Natsuko*; Tanoi, Keitaro*; Kawachi, Naoki*

Japanese Journal of Applied Physics, 60(11), p.116501_1 - 116501_4, 2021/11

 Times Cited Count:1 Percentile:8.72(Physics, Applied)

Radioisotope tracer imaging is useful for studying plant physiological phenomena. In this study, we developed an autoradiography system with phosphor powder (ZnS:Ag), "Live-autoradiography", for imaging radioisotope dynamics in a living plant. This system visualizes the element migration and accumulation in intact plants continuously under a light environment. An imaging test was performed on point sources of $$^{137}$$Cs, with a radioactivity of 10-100 kBq of being observed; this indicates satisfactory system linearity between the image intensity and the radioactivity of $$^{137}$$Cs. Moreover, dynamics imaging of $$^{137}$$Cs was performed on an intact soybean plant for four days. The serial images indicated $$^{137}$$Cs accumulation in the node, vein, and growing point of the plant. The developed system can be used for studying plant physiological phenomena and can be employed for quantitative measurement of radionuclides.

Journal Articles

Nanoscale structural analysis of Bi$$_{0.5}$$Na$$_{0.5}$$TiO$$_3$$

Yoneda, Yasuhiro; Noguchi, Yuji*

Japanese Journal of Applied Physics, 59(SP), p.SPPA01_1 - SPPA01_7, 2020/11

 Times Cited Count:18 Percentile:79.26(Physics, Applied)

We investigate A-site cation ordering in the ferroelectric perovskite Bi$$_{0.5}$$Na$$_{0.5}$$TiO$$_3$$ (BNT) by synchrotron X-ray total scattering. Although BNT has a problem of a low depolarization temperature, it is promising a lead-free piezoelectric material. Since the depolarization temperature is presumed to correspond to a relaxer like gradual order-disorder phase transition, local structure analysis is necessary to understand the structure of the diorder phase. Through this approach, the elusive connection between chemical heterogeneity and structural heterogeneity is revealed. Because of the large randomness, the Ti off-center shift is averaged out beyond the unit cell and the structure becomes very close to the average structure beyond the unit cell.

Journal Articles

Development of a method for positron annihilation lifetime measurement in thin polyethylene films using a Na-22 source

Yamawaki, Masato*; Uesugi, Naoya*; Oka, Toshitaka; Nagasawa, Naotsugu*; Ando, Hirokazu*; O'Rourke, B. E.*; Kobayashi, Yoshinori*

Japanese Journal of Applied Physics, 59(11), p.116504_1 - 116504_5, 2020/11

Positron annihilation lifetime measurements were performed on polyethylene films with thickness of 15$$mu$$m - 2000$$mu$$m using a Na-22 positron source enclosed in a Kapton film. For thin films, some positrons will pass through the film and annihilate behind it. Using a single film in a commercial anti-coincidence system, by placing an annealed stainless steel (SUS304) cover behind the sample, it is possible to sufficiently measure the long lifetime ortho-positronium (o-Ps) component even in thin films. Additionally, calculated intensities of the o-Ps component determined from the estimated film transmittance agreed well with the measured values. Furthermore, by applying this method to uniaxially stretched UHMWPE, we were able to observe structural changes owing to the stretching consistent with shorter measured o-Ps lifetime and increased o-Ps intensity.

Journal Articles

Synchrotron radiation photoelectron spectroscopy study on oxides formed at Ge(100)2$$times$$1 surface in atmosphere

Yoshigoe, Akitaka

Japanese Journal of Applied Physics, 59(SM), p.SMMB05_1 - SMMB05_5, 2020/07

 Times Cited Count:0 Percentile:0(Physics, Applied)

This study presents the results on synchrotron radiation photoelectron spectroscopy (SR-XPS) analysis of oxides formed in the air on a well-defined clean Ge(100)2$$times$$1 surface prepared in UHV condition. Owing to high energy-resolution SR-XPS, detailed chemical information on Ge oxidation states at the Ge surface was clarified. The result showed that the water vapor in the atmosphere plays an important role to progress slow oxidation of the Ge surface. We believe that the data obtained in this study is valuable for the basic understanding of the formation mechanisms of native oxides at the Ge surfaces.

Journal Articles

Roles of strain and carrier in silicon oxidation

Ogawa, Shuichi*; Yoshigoe, Akitaka; Tang, J.*; Sekihata, Yuki*; Takakuwa, Yuji*

Japanese Journal of Applied Physics, 59(SM), p.SM0801_1 - SM0801_42, 2020/07

 Times Cited Count:4 Percentile:34.64(Physics, Applied)

In this paper, we review the study of the unified Si oxidation reaction model mediated by point defect generation, in which O$$_{2}$$ dissociative adsorption occurs at dangling bonds of point defects (emitted Si atoms and vacancies) at the SiO$$_{2}$$/Si interface, and the point defect generation rate is given by a combination of oxidation-induced strain, thermal strain due to the difference in thermal expansion coefficient between Si and SiO$$_{2}$$, thermal excitation of Si emission rate, and heat of adsorption.

Journal Articles

Evaluation and mitigation of reactive ion etching-induced damage in AlGaN/GaN MOS structures fabricated by low-power inductively coupled plasma

Nozaki, Mikito*; Terashima, Daiki*; Yoshigoe, Akitaka; Hosoi, Takuji*; Shimura, Takayoshi*; Watanabe, Heiji*

Japanese Journal of Applied Physics, 59(SM), p.SMMA07_1 - SMMA07_7, 2020/07

 Times Cited Count:0 Percentile:13.23(Physics, Applied)

AlGaN/GaN metal-oxide-semiconductor (MOS) structures were fabricated by low-power inductively coupled plasma reactive ion etching and chemical vapor deposition of SiO$$_{2}$$ dielectrics on the etched surfaces, and they were systematically investigated by physical and electrical characterizations in an effort to develop a low-damage recessed gate process. The comprehensive research demonstrates the significant advantages of the proposed low-damage recessed gate process for fabricating next-generation AlGaN/GaN MOS-HFET devices.

Journal Articles

Degradation prediction using displacement damage dose method for AlInGaP solar cells by changing displacement threshold energy under irradiation with low-energy electrons

Okuno, Yasuki*; Ishikawa, Norito; Akiyoshi, Masafumi*; Ando, Hirokazu*; Harumoto, Masaki*; Imaizumi, Mitsuru*

Japanese Journal of Applied Physics, 59(7), p.074001_1 - 074001_7, 2020/07

 Times Cited Count:3 Percentile:20.59(Physics, Applied)

Performance degradation prediction for space solar cells under irradiation with low-energy electrons is greatly affected by displacement threshold energy (Ed) when a displacement damage dose (DDD) model is used. According to recent studies, the Ed of P atoms is much lower than the conventional Ed value in InP-type solar cells irradiated with low-energy electrons. This indicates that the value of Ed typically used in DDD model leads to significant error in performance degradation prediction. In this study, degradation of AlInGaP solar cells is observed after irradiation with 60 keV electrons. The results suggest that the Ed of P atoms in AlInGaP solar cells is much smaller than the conventionally used Ed value. By using the DDD model with the Ed value obtained in this study, we demonstrated that the performance degradation predicted by the DDD model agrees well with the experimental results.

Journal Articles

Development of microwave-assisted, laser-induced breakdown spectroscopy without a microwave cavity or waveguide

Oba, Masaki; Miyabe, Masabumi; Akaoka, Katsuaki; Wakaida, Ikuo

Japanese Journal of Applied Physics, 59(6), p.062001_1 - 062001_6, 2020/06

 Times Cited Count:5 Percentile:46.13(Physics, Applied)

Using a semiconductor microwave source and a coaxial cable for microwave transmission, a compact microwave-assisted, laser-induced breakdown spectroscopy system without a microwave cavity or waveguide was developed. Several types of electrode heads were tested, so that the emission intensity was 50 times larger than without microwave. The limit of the enhancement effect was also found.

Journal Articles

Toward technological contributions to remote operations in the decommissioning of the Fukushima Daiichi Nuclear Power Station

Kawabata, Kuniaki

Japanese Journal of Applied Physics, 59(5), p.050501_1 - 050501_9, 2020/05

 Times Cited Count:9 Percentile:19.78(Physics, Applied)

This paper describes the decommissioning work being undertaken at the Fukushima Daiichi Nuclear Power Station of the Tokyo Electric Power Company Holdings Inc.'s (FDNPS) using remote controlled robotic systems, as well as lessons learned from past remote task executions. We also summarize the issues to be considered in promoting safe, steady, and efficient decommissioning based on past experiences. In response to these issues, we are developing test methods for performance evaluation of the robots for nuclear decommissioning, robot simulator for operator proficiency training, and information generation methods to improve the operator's status awareness. The current status of technological development is also described.

Journal Articles

Strong flux pinning by columnar defects with directionally dependent morphologies in GdBCO-coated conductors irradiated with 80 MeV Xe ions

Sueyoshi, Tetsuro*; Kotaki, Tetsuya*; Furuki, Yuichi*; Fujiyoshi, Takanori*; Semboshi, Satoshi*; Ozaki, Toshinori*; Sakane, Hitoshi*; Kudo, Masaki*; Yasuda, Kazuhiro*; Ishikawa, Norito

Japanese Journal of Applied Physics, 59(2), p.023001_1 - 023001_7, 2020/02

 Times Cited Count:6 Percentile:40.68(Physics, Applied)

We show that Xe ion irradiation with 80 MeV to GdBa$$_{2}$$Cu$$_{3}$$Oy-coated conductors creates different morphologies of columnar defects (CDs) depending on the irradiation angles relative to the c-axis: continuous CDs with a larger diameter are formed for oblique irradiation at $$theta_{rm i}$$ = 45$$^{circ}$$, whereas the same ion beam at a different angle ($$theta_{rm i}$$ = 0$$^{circ}$$) induces the formation of discontinuous CDs. The direction-dependent morphologies of CDs significantly affect the angular behavior of the critical current density $$J_{rm c}$$.

Journal Articles

Short- and middle-ranges order structures of KNbO$$_3$$ nanocrystals

Yoneda, Yasuhiro; Kunisada, Ryoichi*; Chikada, Tsukasa*; Ueno, Shintaro*; Fujii, Ichiro*; Nagata, Hajime*; Ohara, Koji*; Wada, Satoshi*

Japanese Journal of Applied Physics, 58(SL), p.SLLA03_1 - SLLA03_7, 2019/11

 Times Cited Count:4 Percentile:22.72(Physics, Applied)

Journal Articles

Effect of hydrogen on chemical vapor deposition growth of graphene on Au substrates

Terasawa, Tomoo; Taira, Takanobu*; Yasuda, Satoshi; Obata, Seiji*; Saiki, Koichiro*; Asaoka, Hidehito

Japanese Journal of Applied Physics, 58(SI), p.SIIB17_1 - SIIB17_6, 2019/08

 Times Cited Count:4 Percentile:22.72(Physics, Applied)

Chemical vapor deposition (CVD) on substrates with low C solubility such as Cu and Au is promising to grow monolayer graphene selectively in a large scale. Hydrogen is often added to control the domain size of graphene on Cu, while Au does not require H$$_{2}$$ since Ar is inert against oxidation. The effect of H$$_{2}$$ should be revealed to improve the quality of graphene on Au. Here we report the effect of H$$_{2}$$ on the CVD growth of graphene on Au substrates using in situ radiation-mode optical microscopy. The in situ observation and ex situ Raman spectroscopy revealed that whether H$$_{2}$$ was supplied or not strongly affected the growth rate, thermal radiation contrast, and compressive strain of graphene on Au. We attributed these features to the surface reconstruction of Au(001) depending on H$$_{2}$$ supply. Our results are essential to achieve the graphene growth with high quality on Au for future applications.

512 (Records 1-20 displayed on this page)