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Journal Articles

Polarization analysis for small-angle neutron scattering with a $$^{3}$$He spin filter at a pulsed neutron source

Okudaira, Takuya; Ueda, Yuki; Hiroi, Kosuke; Motokawa, Ryuhei; Inamura, Yasuhiro; Takata, Shinichi; Oku, Takayuki; Suzuki, Junichi*; Takahashi, Shingo*; Endo, Hitoshi*; et al.

Journal of Applied Crystallography, 54(2), p.548 - 556, 2021/04

 Times Cited Count:0 Percentile:0.02(Chemistry, Multidisciplinary)

Neutron polarization analysis (NPA) for small-angle neutron scattering (SANS) experiments using a pulsed neutron source was successfully achieved by applying a $$^{3}$$He spin filter as a spin analyzer for the scattered neutrons. The $$^{3}$$He spin filter covers a sufficient solid angle for performing SANS experiments, and the relaxation time of the $$^{3}$$He polarization is sufficient for continuous use over a few days, thus reaching the typical duration required for a complete set of SANS experiments. Although accurate evaluation of the incoherent neutron scattering, which is predominantly attributable to hydrogen atoms in samples, is practically difficult using calculations based on the sample elemental composition, the developed NPA approach with consideration of the influence of multiple neutron scattering enabled reliable decomposition of the SANS intensity distribution into the coherent and incoherent scattering components. To date, NPA has not been well established as a standard technique for SANS experiments at pulsed neutron sources. This work is anticipated to greatly contribute to the accurate determination of the coherent neutron scattering component for scatterers in various types of organic sample systems in SANS experiments at J-PARC.

Journal Articles

Development of spin-contrast-variation neutron powder diffractometry for extracting the structure factor of hydrogen atoms

Miura, Daisuke*; Kumada, Takayuki; Sekine, Yurina; Motokawa, Ryuhei; Nakagawa, Hiroshi; Oba, Yojiro; Ohara, Takashi; Takata, Shinichi; Hiroi, Kosuke; Morikawa, Toshiaki*; et al.

Journal of Applied Crystallography, 54(2), p.454 - 460, 2021/04

 Times Cited Count:0 Percentile:0.02(Chemistry, Multidisciplinary)

We developed a spin-contrast-variation neutron powder diffractometry technique that extracts the structure factor of hydrogen atoms, namely, the contribution of hydrogen atoms to a crystal structure factor. Crystals of L-glutamic acid were dispersed in a dpolystyrene matrix containing 4-methacryloyloxy-2,2,6,6,-tetramethyl-1-piperidinyloxy (TEMPO methacrylate) to polarize their proton spins dynamically. The intensities of the diffraction peaks of the sample changed according to the proton polarization, and the structure factor of the hydrogen atoms was extracted from the proton-polarization dependent intensities. This technique is expected to enable analyses of the structures of hydrogen-containing materials that are difficult to determine with conventional powder diffractometry.

Journal Articles

In-house texture measurement using a compact neutron source

Xu, P. G.; Ikeda, Yoshimasa*; Hakoyama, Tomoyuki*; Takamura, Masato*; Otake, Yoshie*; Suzuki, Hiroshi

Journal of Applied Crystallography, 53(2), p.444 - 454, 2020/04

AA2019-0242.pdf:2.9MB

 Times Cited Count:2 Percentile:37.3(Chemistry, Multidisciplinary)

Journal Articles

Development of spin-contrast-variation neutron reflectometry for the structural analysis of multilayer films

Kumada, Takayuki; Akutsu, Kazuhiro*; Oishi, Kazuki*; Morikawa, Toshiaki*; Kawamura, Yukihiko*; Sahara, Masae*; Suzuki, Junichi*; Torikai, Naoya*

Journal of Applied Crystallography, 52(5), p.1054 - 1060, 2019/10

AA2018-0116.pdf:0.86MB

 Times Cited Count:1 Percentile:21.27(Chemistry, Multidisciplinary)

We developed a technique of spin-contrast-variation neutron reflectometry (SCV-NR). Polarized-neutron reflectivity curves of film samples vary as a function of their proton-polarization P. The P-dependent reflectivity curves of a polystyrene film was precisely reproduced using a common set of structure parameters and the P-dependent neutron scattering length. The reflectivity curve of poly (styrene-block-isoprene) (PSPI) presented a shoulder attributed to holes with the depth corresponding to one period of periodic lamellae on the free surface only at a specific P. In this way, structural information about specific surfaces or interfaces can be obtained by controlling the P.

Journal Articles

Quasielastic neutron scattering of brucite to analyse hydrogen transport on the atomic scale

Okuchi, Takuo*; Tomioka, Naotaka*; Purevjav, N.*; Shibata, Kaoru

Journal of Applied Crystallography, 51, p.1564 - 1570, 2018/12

 Times Cited Count:0 Percentile:0.01(Chemistry, Multidisciplinary)

It is demonstrated that quasielastic neutron scattering (QENS) is a novel and effective method to analyse atomic scale hydrogen transport processes occurring within a mineral crystal lattice. The method was previously characterized as sensitive for analysing the transport frequency and distance of highly diffusive hydrogen atoms or water molecules in condensed matter. Here are shown the results of its application to analyse the transport of much slower hydrogen atoms which are bonded into a crystal lattice as hydroxyls. Two types of hydrogen transport process were observed in brucite, Mg(OH)$$_{2}$$ : a jump within a single two-dimensional layer of the hydrogen lattice and a jump into the next nearest layer of it. These transport processes observed within the prototypical structure of brucite have direct implications for hydrogen transport phenomena occurring within various types of oxides and minerals having layered structures.

Journal Articles

Stroboscopic time-of-flight neutron diffraction during cyclic testing using the event data recording system at J-PARC

Kawasaki, Takuro; Inamura, Yasuhiro; Ito, Takayoshi*; Nakatani, Takeshi; Harjo, S.; Gong, W.*; Aizawa, Kazuya

Journal of Applied Crystallography, 51(3), p.630 - 634, 2018/06

 Times Cited Count:2 Percentile:29.6(Chemistry, Multidisciplinary)

Journal Articles

High stereographic resolution texture and residual stress evaluation using time-of-flight neutron diffraction

Xu, P. G.; Harjo, S.; Ojima, Mayumi*; Suzuki, Hiroshi; Ito, Takayoshi*; Gong, W.; Vogel, S. C.*; Inoue, Junya*; Tomota, Yo*; Aizawa, Kazuya; et al.

Journal of Applied Crystallography, 51(3), p.746 - 760, 2018/06

 Times Cited Count:18 Percentile:92.35(Chemistry, Multidisciplinary)

Journal Articles

Inverse pole figure mapping of bulk crystalline grains in a polycrystalline steel plate by pulsed neutron Bragg-dip transmission imaging

Sato, Hirotaka*; Shiota, Yoshinori*; Morooka, Satoshi; Todaka, Yoshikazu*; Adachi, Nozomu*; Sadamatsu, Sunao*; Oikawa, Kenichi; Harada, Masahide; Zhang, S.*; Su, Y.; et al.

Journal of Applied Crystallography, 50(6), p.1601 - 1610, 2017/12

 Times Cited Count:11 Percentile:78.1(Chemistry, Multidisciplinary)

Journal Articles

Energy-resolved small-angle neutron scattering from steel

Oba, Yojiro*; Morooka, Satoshi; Oishi, Kazuki*; Suzuki, Junichi*; Takata, Shinichi; Sato, Nobuhiro*; Inoue, Rintaro*; Tsuchiyama, Toshihiro*; Gilbert, E. P.*; Sugiyama, Masaaki*

Journal of Applied Crystallography, 50(2), p.334 - 339, 2017/04

 Times Cited Count:2 Percentile:26.99(Chemistry, Multidisciplinary)

Journal Articles

Contrast variation by dynamic nuclear polarization and time-of-flight small-angle neutron scattering, 1; Application to industrial multi-component nanocomposites

Noda, Yohei*; Koizumi, Satoshi*; Masui, Tomomi*; Mashita, Ryo*; Kishimoto, Hiromichi*; Yamaguchi, Daisuke; Kumada, Takayuki; Takata, Shinichi; Oishi, Kazuki*; Suzuki, Junichi*

Journal of Applied Crystallography, 49(6), p.2036 - 2045, 2016/12

 Times Cited Count:13 Percentile:75.37(Chemistry, Multidisciplinary)

Journal Articles

Rapid measurement scheme for texture in cubic metallic materials using time-of-flight neutron diffraction at iMATERIA

Onuki, Yusuke*; Hoshikawa, Akinori*; Sato, Shigeo*; Xu, P. G.; Ishigaki, Toru*; Saito, Yoichi*; Todoroki, Hidekazu*; Hayashi, Makoto*

Journal of Applied Crystallography, 49(5), p.1579 - 1584, 2016/10

AA2016-0186.pdf:1.13MB

 Times Cited Count:19 Percentile:85.91(Chemistry, Multidisciplinary)

Journal Articles

Magnetic scattering in the simultaneous measurement of small-angle neutron scattering and Bragg edge transmission from steel

Oba, Yojiro*; Morooka, Satoshi; Oishi, Kazuki*; Sato, Nobuhiro*; Inoue, Rintaro*; Adachi, Nozomu*; Suzuki, Junichi*; Tsuchiyama, Toshihiro*; Gilbert, E. P.*; Sugiyama, Masaaki*

Journal of Applied Crystallography, 49(5), p.1659 - 1664, 2016/10

 Times Cited Count:9 Percentile:63.8(Chemistry, Multidisciplinary)

Journal Articles

Investigation of dissimilar metal welds by energy-resolved neutron imaging

Tremsin, A. S.*; Ganguly, S.*; Meco, S. M.*; Pardal, G.*; Shinohara, Takenao; Bruce Feller, W.*

Journal of Applied Crystallography, 49(4), p.1130 - 1140, 2016/08

 Times Cited Count:14 Percentile:77.17(Chemistry, Multidisciplinary)

Journal Articles

SENJU; A New time-of-flight single-crystal neutron diffractometer at J-PARC

Ohara, Takashi; Kiyanagi, Ryoji; Oikawa, Kenichi; Kaneko, Koji; Kawasaki, Takuro; Tamura, Itaru; Nakao, Akiko*; Hanashima, Takayasu*; Munakata, Koji*; Moyoshi, Taketo*; et al.

Journal of Applied Crystallography, 49(1), p.120 - 127, 2016/02

 Times Cited Count:33 Percentile:94.36(Chemistry, Multidisciplinary)

Journal Articles

High-speed three-dimensional reciprocal-space mapping during molecular beam epitaxy growth of InGaAs

Hu, W.; Suzuki, Hidetoshi*; Sasaki, Takuo*; Kozu, Miwa*; Takahashi, Masamitsu

Journal of Applied Crystallography, 45(5), p.1046 - 1053, 2012/10

 Times Cited Count:10 Percentile:70.93(Chemistry, Multidisciplinary)

Journal Articles

Inhomogeneous dynamic nuclear polarization of protons in a lamella-forming diblock copolymer investigated by a small-angle neutron scattering method

Noda, Yohei; Kumada, Takayuki; Hashimoto, Takeji; Koizumi, Satoshi

Journal of Applied Crystallography, 44(3), p.503 - 513, 2011/06

 Times Cited Count:13 Percentile:77.54(Chemistry, Multidisciplinary)

We measured small angle neutron scattering (SANS) for dynamically polarized block copolymer sample, one phase of which were selectively doped with radical. Dynamic nuclear polarization (DNP) caused the neutron scattering length of proton largely, as a result, the SANS intensity. By the analysis of the change of the SANS intensity, we found out the inhomogeneous distribution of the radical induced the inhomogeneous polarization (about 2% for the average polarization being 30%).

Journal Articles

Growth of large protein crystals by a large-scale hanging-drop method

Kakinouchi, Keisuke*; Nakamura, Tsutomu*; Tamada, Taro; Adachi, Hiroaki*; Sugiyama, Shigeru*; Maruyama, Mihoko*; Takahashi, Yoshinori*; Takano, Kazufumi*; Murakami, Satoshi*; Inoue, Tsuyoshi*; et al.

Journal of Applied Crystallography, 43(4), p.937 - 939, 2010/08

 Times Cited Count:4 Percentile:50.4(Chemistry, Multidisciplinary)

A method for growing large protein crystals is described. In this method, a cut pipette tip is used to hang large-scale droplets (maximum volume 200 $$mu$$l) consisting of protein and precipitating agents. A crystal grows at the vapor-liquid interface; thereafter the grown crystal can be retrieved by droplet-droplet contact both for repeated macroseeding and for mounting crystals in a capillary. Crystallization experiments with peroxiredoxin of ${it Aeropyrum pernix}$ K1(thioredoxin peroxidase, ApTPx) and hen egg white lysozyme demonstrated that this large-scale hanging-drop method could produce a large-volume crystal very effectively. A neutron diffraction experiment confirmed that an ApTPx crystal (6.2 mm$$^{3}$$) obtained by this method diffracted to beyond 3.5 ${AA}$ resolution.

Journal Articles

Structural development of dynamically asymmetric polymer blends under uniaxial stretching

Takeno, Hiroyuki*; Uehara, Hiroki*; Murakami, Shozo*; Takenaka, Mikihito*; Kim, M.*; Nagasawa, Naotsugu; Sasaki, Sono*

Journal of Applied Crystallography, 40(s1), p.s656 - s661, 2007/04

 Times Cited Count:1 Percentile:15.18(Chemistry, Multidisciplinary)

no abstracts in English

Journal Articles

A Focusing-geometry small-angle neutron scattering instrument with a magnetic neutron lens

Oku, Takayuki; Iwase, Hiroki; Shinohara, Takenao; Yamada, Satoru; Hirota, Katsuya*; Koizumi, Satoshi; Suzuki, Junichi; Hashimoto, Takeji; Shimizu, Hirohiko

Journal of Applied Crystallography, 40(s1), p.s408 - s413, 2007/04

 Times Cited Count:25 Percentile:89.24(Chemistry, Multidisciplinary)

Measuring efficiency and/or angular resolution of small-angle neutron scattering experiments can be improved by focusing neutrons on a detector plane. Thus, a magnetic focusing lens (MNL) have been installed into the SANS instrument, SANS-J-II, of JRR-3 in AEA for the focusing-geometry SANS (FSANS) experiments. The MNL is an extended Halbach-type permanent sextupole magnet. The inner diameter and length of the MNL are 35 mm and 1200 mm, respectively. As the MNL functions as the focusing lens only for the polarized neutron with positive polarity, the incident neutron polarization is set positive by using the supermirror polarizer and the two-coil spin flipper. The intensity distribution of the neutrons focused by the MNL at the detector position was measured by using a high-resolution photomultiplier-based scintillation detector. In this paper, the neutron focusing property of the focusing setup is investigated, and the performance of the FSANS instrument is discussed.

Journal Articles

Hierarchical structure of niobate nanosheets in aqueous solution

Yamaguchi, Daisuke; Miyamoto, Nobuyoshi; Koizumi, Satoshi; Nakato, Teruyuki*; Hashimoto, Takeji

Journal of Applied Crystallography, 40(s1), p.s101 - s105, 2007/04

 Times Cited Count:19 Percentile:85.33(Chemistry, Multidisciplinary)

no abstracts in English

38 (Records 1-20 displayed on this page)