Okudaira, Takuya; Ueda, Yuki; Hiroi, Kosuke; Motokawa, Ryuhei; Inamura, Yasuhiro; Takata, Shinichi; Oku, Takayuki; Suzuki, Junichi*; Takahashi, Shingo*; Endo, Hitoshi*; et al.
Journal of Applied Crystallography, 54(2), p.548 - 556, 2021/04
Neutron polarization analysis (NPA) for small-angle neutron scattering (SANS) experiments using a pulsed neutron source was successfully achieved by applying a He spin filter as a spin analyzer for the scattered neutrons. The He spin filter covers a sufficient solid angle for performing SANS experiments, and the relaxation time of the He polarization is sufficient for continuous use over a few days, thus reaching the typical duration required for a complete set of SANS experiments. Although accurate evaluation of the incoherent neutron scattering, which is predominantly attributable to hydrogen atoms in samples, is practically difficult using calculations based on the sample elemental composition, the developed NPA approach with consideration of the influence of multiple neutron scattering enabled reliable decomposition of the SANS intensity distribution into the coherent and incoherent scattering components. To date, NPA has not been well established as a standard technique for SANS experiments at pulsed neutron sources. This work is anticipated to greatly contribute to the accurate determination of the coherent neutron scattering component for scatterers in various types of organic sample systems in SANS experiments at J-PARC.
Miura, Daisuke*; Kumada, Takayuki; Sekine, Yurina; Motokawa, Ryuhei; Nakagawa, Hiroshi; Oba, Yojiro; Ohara, Takashi; Takata, Shinichi; Hiroi, Kosuke; Morikawa, Toshiaki*; et al.
Journal of Applied Crystallography, 54(2), p.454 - 460, 2021/04
We developed a spin-contrast-variation neutron powder diffractometry technique that extracts the structure factor of hydrogen atoms, namely, the contribution of hydrogen atoms to a crystal structure factor. Crystals of L-glutamic acid were dispersed in a dpolystyrene matrix containing 4-methacryloyloxy-2,2,6,6,-tetramethyl-1-piperidinyloxy (TEMPO methacrylate) to polarize their proton spins dynamically. The intensities of the diffraction peaks of the sample changed according to the proton polarization, and the structure factor of the hydrogen atoms was extracted from the proton-polarization dependent intensities. This technique is expected to enable analyses of the structures of hydrogen-containing materials that are difficult to determine with conventional powder diffractometry.
Xu, P. G.; Ikeda, Yoshimasa*; Hakoyama, Tomoyuki*; Takamura, Masato*; Otake, Yoshie*; Suzuki, Hiroshi
Journal of Applied Crystallography, 53(2), p.444 - 454, 2020/04
Kumada, Takayuki; Akutsu, Kazuhiro*; Oishi, Kazuki*; Morikawa, Toshiaki*; Kawamura, Yukihiko*; Sahara, Masae*; Suzuki, Junichi*; Torikai, Naoya*
Journal of Applied Crystallography, 52(5), p.1054 - 1060, 2019/10
We developed a technique of spin-contrast-variation neutron reflectometry (SCV-NR). Polarized-neutron reflectivity curves of film samples vary as a function of their proton-polarization P. The P-dependent reflectivity curves of a polystyrene film was precisely reproduced using a common set of structure parameters and the P-dependent neutron scattering length. The reflectivity curve of poly (styrene-block-isoprene) (PSPI) presented a shoulder attributed to holes with the depth corresponding to one period of periodic lamellae on the free surface only at a specific P. In this way, structural information about specific surfaces or interfaces can be obtained by controlling the P.
Okuchi, Takuo*; Tomioka, Naotaka*; Purevjav, N.*; Shibata, Kaoru
Journal of Applied Crystallography, 51, p.1564 - 1570, 2018/12
It is demonstrated that quasielastic neutron scattering (QENS) is a novel and effective method to analyse atomic scale hydrogen transport processes occurring within a mineral crystal lattice. The method was previously characterized as sensitive for analysing the transport frequency and distance of highly diffusive hydrogen atoms or water molecules in condensed matter. Here are shown the results of its application to analyse the transport of much slower hydrogen atoms which are bonded into a crystal lattice as hydroxyls. Two types of hydrogen transport process were observed in brucite, Mg(OH) : a jump within a single two-dimensional layer of the hydrogen lattice and a jump into the next nearest layer of it. These transport processes observed within the prototypical structure of brucite have direct implications for hydrogen transport phenomena occurring within various types of oxides and minerals having layered structures.
Kawasaki, Takuro; Inamura, Yasuhiro; Ito, Takayoshi*; Nakatani, Takeshi; Harjo, S.; Gong, W.*; Aizawa, Kazuya
Journal of Applied Crystallography, 51(3), p.630 - 634, 2018/06
Xu, P. G.; Harjo, S.; Ojima, Mayumi*; Suzuki, Hiroshi; Ito, Takayoshi*; Gong, W.; Vogel, S. C.*; Inoue, Junya*; Tomota, Yo*; Aizawa, Kazuya; et al.
Journal of Applied Crystallography, 51(3), p.746 - 760, 2018/06
Sato, Hirotaka*; Shiota, Yoshinori*; Morooka, Satoshi; Todaka, Yoshikazu*; Adachi, Nozomu*; Sadamatsu, Sunao*; Oikawa, Kenichi; Harada, Masahide; Zhang, S.*; Su, Y.; et al.
Journal of Applied Crystallography, 50(6), p.1601 - 1610, 2017/12
Oba, Yojiro*; Morooka, Satoshi; Oishi, Kazuki*; Suzuki, Junichi*; Takata, Shinichi; Sato, Nobuhiro*; Inoue, Rintaro*; Tsuchiyama, Toshihiro*; Gilbert, E. P.*; Sugiyama, Masaaki*
Journal of Applied Crystallography, 50(2), p.334 - 339, 2017/04
Noda, Yohei*; Koizumi, Satoshi*; Masui, Tomomi*; Mashita, Ryo*; Kishimoto, Hiromichi*; Yamaguchi, Daisuke; Kumada, Takayuki; Takata, Shinichi; Oishi, Kazuki*; Suzuki, Junichi*
Journal of Applied Crystallography, 49(6), p.2036 - 2045, 2016/12
Onuki, Yusuke*; Hoshikawa, Akinori*; Sato, Shigeo*; Xu, P. G.; Ishigaki, Toru*; Saito, Yoichi*; Todoroki, Hidekazu*; Hayashi, Makoto*
Journal of Applied Crystallography, 49(5), p.1579 - 1584, 2016/10
Oba, Yojiro*; Morooka, Satoshi; Oishi, Kazuki*; Sato, Nobuhiro*; Inoue, Rintaro*; Adachi, Nozomu*; Suzuki, Junichi*; Tsuchiyama, Toshihiro*; Gilbert, E. P.*; Sugiyama, Masaaki*
Journal of Applied Crystallography, 49(5), p.1659 - 1664, 2016/10
Tremsin, A. S.*; Ganguly, S.*; Meco, S. M.*; Pardal, G.*; Shinohara, Takenao; Bruce Feller, W.*
Journal of Applied Crystallography, 49(4), p.1130 - 1140, 2016/08
Ohara, Takashi; Kiyanagi, Ryoji; Oikawa, Kenichi; Kaneko, Koji; Kawasaki, Takuro; Tamura, Itaru; Nakao, Akiko*; Hanashima, Takayasu*; Munakata, Koji*; Moyoshi, Taketo*; et al.
Journal of Applied Crystallography, 49(1), p.120 - 127, 2016/02
Hu, W.; Suzuki, Hidetoshi*; Sasaki, Takuo*; Kozu, Miwa*; Takahashi, Masamitsu
Journal of Applied Crystallography, 45(5), p.1046 - 1053, 2012/10
Noda, Yohei; Kumada, Takayuki; Hashimoto, Takeji; Koizumi, Satoshi
Journal of Applied Crystallography, 44(3), p.503 - 513, 2011/06
We measured small angle neutron scattering (SANS) for dynamically polarized block copolymer sample, one phase of which were selectively doped with radical. Dynamic nuclear polarization (DNP) caused the neutron scattering length of proton largely, as a result, the SANS intensity. By the analysis of the change of the SANS intensity, we found out the inhomogeneous distribution of the radical induced the inhomogeneous polarization (about 2% for the average polarization being 30%).
Kakinouchi, Keisuke*; Nakamura, Tsutomu*; Tamada, Taro; Adachi, Hiroaki*; Sugiyama, Shigeru*; Maruyama, Mihoko*; Takahashi, Yoshinori*; Takano, Kazufumi*; Murakami, Satoshi*; Inoue, Tsuyoshi*; et al.
Journal of Applied Crystallography, 43(4), p.937 - 939, 2010/08
A method for growing large protein crystals is described. In this method, a cut pipette tip is used to hang large-scale droplets (maximum volume 200 l) consisting of protein and precipitating agents. A crystal grows at the vapor-liquid interface; thereafter the grown crystal can be retrieved by droplet-droplet contact both for repeated macroseeding and for mounting crystals in a capillary. Crystallization experiments with peroxiredoxin of K1(thioredoxin peroxidase, ApTPx) and hen egg white lysozyme demonstrated that this large-scale hanging-drop method could produce a large-volume crystal very effectively. A neutron diffraction experiment confirmed that an ApTPx crystal (6.2 mm) obtained by this method diffracted to beyond 3.5 resolution.
Takeno, Hiroyuki*; Uehara, Hiroki*; Murakami, Shozo*; Takenaka, Mikihito*; Kim, M.*; Nagasawa, Naotsugu; Sasaki, Sono*
Journal of Applied Crystallography, 40(s1), p.s656 - s661, 2007/04
no abstracts in English
Oku, Takayuki; Iwase, Hiroki; Shinohara, Takenao; Yamada, Satoru; Hirota, Katsuya*; Koizumi, Satoshi; Suzuki, Junichi; Hashimoto, Takeji; Shimizu, Hirohiko
Journal of Applied Crystallography, 40(s1), p.s408 - s413, 2007/04
Measuring efficiency and/or angular resolution of small-angle neutron scattering experiments can be improved by focusing neutrons on a detector plane. Thus, a magnetic focusing lens (MNL) have been installed into the SANS instrument, SANS-J-II, of JRR-3 in AEA for the focusing-geometry SANS (FSANS) experiments. The MNL is an extended Halbach-type permanent sextupole magnet. The inner diameter and length of the MNL are 35 mm and 1200 mm, respectively. As the MNL functions as the focusing lens only for the polarized neutron with positive polarity, the incident neutron polarization is set positive by using the supermirror polarizer and the two-coil spin flipper. The intensity distribution of the neutrons focused by the MNL at the detector position was measured by using a high-resolution photomultiplier-based scintillation detector. In this paper, the neutron focusing property of the focusing setup is investigated, and the performance of the FSANS instrument is discussed.
Yamaguchi, Daisuke; Miyamoto, Nobuyoshi; Koizumi, Satoshi; Nakato, Teruyuki*; Hashimoto, Takeji
Journal of Applied Crystallography, 40(s1), p.s101 - s105, 2007/04
no abstracts in English