Japanese Journal of Applied Physics, 59(5), p.050501_1 - 050501_9, 2020/05
This paper describes the decommissioning work being undertaken at the Fukushima Daiichi Nuclear Power Station of the Tokyo Electric Power Company Holdings Inc.'s (FDNPS) using remote controlled robotic systems, as well as lessons learned from past remote task executions. We also summarize the issues to be considered in promoting safe, steady, and efficient decommissioning based on past experiences. In response to these issues, we are developing test methods for performance evaluation of the robots for nuclear decommissioning, robot simulator for operator proficiency training, and information generation methods to improve the operator's status awareness. The current status of technological development is also described.
Ishikawa, Norito; Taguchi, Tomitsugu*; Kitamura, Akane; Szenes, G.*; Toimil-Molares, M. E.*; Trautmann, C.*
Journal of Applied Physics, 127(5), p.055902_1 - 055902_7, 2020/02
Hillock formation is one of the important aspects of radiation-induced modification of solid material. To our knowledge this is first result showing that the hillock formation in ceramics is affected by the velocity effect. The present result include Se-dependences of hillock dimensions based on precise measurement using TEM (transmission electron microscopy). The paper should be published to make researchers aware that hillock size is actually comparable to ion-track size in wide Se range. In addition, the results include important insight about the hillock formation mechanism of ceramics irradiated with swift heavy ions.
Tsuru, Tomohito; Wakeda, Masato*; Suzudo, Tomoaki; Itakura, Mitsuhiro; Ogata, Shigenobu*
Journal of Applied Physics, 127(2), p.025101_1 - 025101_9, 2020/01
We explored softening/strengthening behavior in various solute in W matrix by density functional theory (DFT) calculations combined with solid solution model. As a result of DFT calculations for various solute, a clear trend was observed in the interaction energy between a solute and a screw dislocation, which has predominant influence on solid solution behavior. The predictions based on the solid solution model with DFT can reasonably reproduce the complicated softening/strengthening as a function of temperature and solute concentration. We conclude that this specific balance is the origin of macroscopic solid solution softening.
Yoneda, Yasuhiro; Kunisada, Ryoichi*; Chikada, Tsukasa*; Ueno, Shintaro*; Fujii, Ichiro*; Nagata, Hajime*; Ohara, Koji*; Wada, Satoshi*
Japanese Journal of Applied Physics, 58(SL), p.SLLA03_1 - SLLA03_7, 2019/11
Matsuya, Yusuke; Kai, Takeshi; Yoshii, Yuji*; Yachi, Yoshie*; Naijo, Shingo*; Date, Hiroyuki*; Sato, Tatsuhiko
Journal of Applied Physics, 126(12), p.124701_1 - 124701_8, 2019/09
Biological effects after ionizing radiation exposure arise from initial DNA strand breaks. DNA damage can be estimated from the simulation with both track structure analysis and diffusion of free radicals; however, the simulation is a time-consuming process. In this study, we present a simple model for estimating yields of strand breaks based only on spatial patterns of inelastic interactions (i.e., ionization and electronic excitation) generated by electrons, which are evaluated by PHITS code without considering the production and diffusion of free radicals. In this model, the number of events per track and that of the two events pair within 3.4 nm (corresponding to 10 base pair) were stochastically sampled for calculating SSB and DSB yields, respectively. The calculated results agreed well with other simulations and experimental data on DSB yield and yield ratio of DSB/SSB for the exposure to mono-energetic electrons. The present model also can demonstrate the relative biological effectiveness at the DSB endpoint for various photon exposures. This study indicated that the spatial pattern of inelastic events composed of ionization and electronic excitation is sufficient to obtain the impact of electrons on initial induction to DNA strand break.
Journal of Applied Physics, 126(12), p.123904_1 - 123904_8, 2019/09
We have reinvestigated the magnetization reversal in perovskites LaPrCrO, GdCrO, and TmCrO and show that spin rotation or reorientation plays a key role in this property. The magnetization measurements on all systems show the appearance and disappearance of the reversal are commonly depend on a strength of a Zeeman energy at the rare earth site in analogy with spin rotation in GdCrO and TmCrO, denoted at the spin reorientation. Magnetic susceptibility measurements point to either superparamagnetic or single-molecule-magnet-like glassy behavior in all three systems, which is likely linked to a rotation of the R-Cr coupling, as seen from magnetocalorimetry ( = LaPr, Gd, and Tm). We also present a characteristic magnetization switching by rotating the R moments with the aid of large Zeeman energies.
Terasawa, Tomoo; Taira, Takanobu*; Yasuda, Satoshi; Obata, Seiji*; Saiki, Koichiro*; Asaoka, Hidehito
Japanese Journal of Applied Physics, 58(SI), p.SIIB17_1 - SIIB17_6, 2019/08
Chemical vapor deposition (CVD) on substrates with low C solubility such as Cu and Au is promising to grow monolayer graphene selectively in a large scale. Hydrogen is often added to control the domain size of graphene on Cu, while Au does not require H since Ar is inert against oxidation. The effect of H should be revealed to improve the quality of graphene on Au. Here we report the effect of H on the CVD growth of graphene on Au substrates using in situ radiation-mode optical microscopy. The in situ observation and ex situ Raman spectroscopy revealed that whether H was supplied or not strongly affected the growth rate, thermal radiation contrast, and compressive strain of graphene on Au. We attributed these features to the surface reconstruction of Au(001) depending on H supply. Our results are essential to achieve the graphene growth with high quality on Au for future applications.
Fukaya, Yuki; Kawasuso, Atsuo*; Ichimiya, Ayahiko*; Hyodo, Toshio*
Journal of Physics D; Applied Physics, 52(1), p.013002_1 - 013002_19, 2019/01
no abstracts in English
Yoneda, Yasuhiro; Ohara, Koji*; Nagata, Hajime*
Japanese Journal of Applied Physics, 57(11S), p.11UB07_1 - 11UB07_6, 2018/11
Local structure analysis of KNbO, which is the parent compound for lead-free piezoelectric materials, have been performed by X-ray pair-distribution functions (PDF). The refinements of local structure in wide temperature ranges indicates that only the rhombohedral structure can describe the observed bond distributions within the unit cell. The rhombohedral distortion maintained locally in all four phases.
Yano, Masahiro; Uozumi, Yuki*; Yasuda, Satoshi; Tsukada, Chie*; Yoshida, Hikaru*; Yoshigoe, Akitaka; Asaoka, Hidehito
Japanese Journal of Applied Physics, 57(8S1), p.08NB13_1 - 08NB13_4, 2018/07
Gomonay, O.*; Yamamoto, Kei; Sinova, J.*
Journal of Physics D; Applied Physics, 51(26), p.264004_1 - 264004_9, 2018/07
Searching for novel spin caloric effects in antiferromagnets we study the properties of thermally activated magnons in the presence of an external spin current and temperature gradient. We predict the spin Peltier effect - generation of a heat flux by spin accumulation - in an antiferromagnetic insulator with cubic or uniaxial magnetic symmetry. This effect is related with spin-current induced splitting of the relaxation times of the magnons with opposite spin direction. We show that the Peltier effect can trigger antiferromagnetic domain wall motion with a force whose value grows with the temperature of a sample. We also demonstrate that the external spin current can induce the magnon spin Seebeck effect.
Watanabe, Kenta*; Terashima, Daiki*; Nozaki, Mikito*; Yamada, Takahiro*; Nakazawa, Satoshi*; Ishida, Masahiro*; Anda, Yoshiharu*; Ueda, Tetsuzo*; Yoshigoe, Akitaka; Hosoi, Takuji*; et al.
Japanese Journal of Applied Physics, 57(6S3), p.06KA03_1 - 06KA03_6, 2018/06
The advantage of SiO/AlON stacked gate dielectrics over SiO, AlON and AlO single dielectric layers was demonstrated. Our systematic research revealed that the optimized stacked structure with 3.3-nm-thick AlON interlayer is beneficial in terms of superior interface quality, reduced gate leakage current and C-V hysteresis for next-generation high frequency and high power AlGaN/GaN MOS-HFETs.
Nozaki, Mikito*; Watanabe, Kenta*; Yamada, Takahiro*; Shih, H.-A.*; Nakazawa, Satoshi*; Anda, Yoshiharu*; Ueda, Tetsuzo*; Yoshigoe, Akitaka; Hosoi, Takuji*; Shimura, Takayoshi*; et al.
Japanese Journal of Applied Physics, 57(6S3), p.06KA02_1 - 06KA02_7, 2018/06
We fabricated AlON dielectric films by repeating thin AlN deposition and in situ O oxidation for AlGaN/GaN MOS-HFETs. Uniform nitrogen distribution is achievable by the proposed ALD-based process and that nitrogen concentration can be precisely controlled by changing AlN thickness (ALD cycle number) in each step. It was found that AlON films grown by ALD system offers significant advantages in terms of practical application while keeping superior Vth stability and electrical properties at the insulator/AlGaN interface in AlGaN/GaN MOS-HFETs.
Tsuchiya, Tomoki*; Kobayashi, Ryota*; Kubota, Takahide*; Saito, Kotaro*; Ono, Kanta*; Ohara, Takashi; Nakao, Akiko*; Takanashi, Koki*
Journal of Physics D; Applied Physics, 51(6), p.065001_1 - 065001_7, 2018/02
Sakaguchi, Yoshifumi*; Asaoka, Hidehito; Mitkova, M.*
Journal of Applied Physics, 122(23), p.235105_1 - 235105_12, 2017/12
Yoneda, Yasuhiro; Takada, Eri*; Nagai, Haruka*; Kikuchi, Takeyuki*; Morishita, Masao*; Kobune, Masafumi*
Japanese Journal of Applied Physics, 56(10S), p.10PB07_1 - 10PB07_7, 2017/10
A monoclinic phase was discovered in (NaKLi)NbO solid solution ceramics grown by a malic acid complex solution method. The average and local structures of this monoclinic phase were analyzed by synchrotron X-ray measurements. The local structure can be reproduced by assuming a rhombohedral model, that is the same local structure of KNbO. The results demonstrate that the monoclinic average structure is observed as a disordered rhombohedral structure.
Wang, H.*; Hou, D.*; Qiu, Z.*; Kikkawa, Takashi*; Saito, Eiji; Jin, X.*
Journal of Applied Physics, 122(8), p.083907_1 - 083907_6, 2017/08
Huang, M.; Toh, Yosuke; Ebihara, Mitsuru*; Kimura, Atsushi; Nakamura, Shoji
Journal of Applied Physics, 121(10), p.104901_1 - 104901_7, 2017/03
Yamada, Takahiro*; Ito, Joyo*; Asahara, Ryohei*; Watanabe, Kenta*; Nozaki, Mikito*; Nakazawa, Satoshi*; Anda, Yoshiharu*; Ishida, Masahiro*; Ueda, Tetsuzo*; Yoshigoe, Akitaka; et al.
Journal of Applied Physics, 121(3), p.035303_1 - 035303_9, 2017/01
Initial oxidation of GaN(0001) epilayers and subsequent growth of thermal oxides in dry oxygen ambient were investigated by means of X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy, spectroscopic ellipsometry, atomic force microscopy and X-ray diffraction measurements. It was found that, whereas initial oxide formation tends to saturate at temperatures below 800C, selective growth of small oxide grains proceeds at dislocations in the epilayers, followed by noticeable grain growth leading to rough surface morphology at higher oxidation temperatures. This indicates that oxide growth and its morphology are crucially dependent on the defect density in the GaN epilayers. Structural characterizations also revealed that polycrystalline - and -phase GaO grains in an epitaxial relation with the GaN substrate are formed from the initial stage of the oxide growth. On the basis of these experimental findings, we also developed a comprehensive model for GaN oxidation mediated by nitrogen removal and mass transport.
Yoneda, Yasuhiro; Aoyagi, Rintaro*; Fu, D.*
Japanese Journal of Applied Physics, 55(10S), p.10TC04_1 - 10TC04_5, 2016/10
We analyzed the local structures of NaNbO and NaLiNbO by combining the X-ray absorption fine structure (XAFS) and atomic pair-distribution function (PDF) techniques. NaNbO is known to be an antiferroelectric material at room temperature. It also undergoes a diffuse phase transition, in which an orthorhombic and a rhombohedral phases coexist over a wide temperature range. We identified a rhombohedral ground state structure of NaNbO and assumed an order-disorder-type phase. We also found a disorder feature in the nearest-neighbor bond distance corresponding to the Nb-O bonds. The disordered bond distribution disappeared when Na was substituted for Li. A similar disorder feature was found in AgNbO.