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Journal Articles

Sorption of Cs$$^{+}$$ and Eu$$^{3+}$$ ions onto sedimentary rock in the presence of gamma-irradiated humic acid

Zhao, Q.*; Saito, Takeshi*; Miyakawa, Kazuya; Sasamoto, Hiroshi; Kobayashi, Taishi*; Sasaki, Takayuki*

Journal of Hazardous Materials, 428, p.128211_1 - 128211_10, 2022/04

The influence of humic acid and its radiological degradation on the sorption of Cs$$^{+}$$ and Eu$$^{3+}$$ by sedimentary rock was investigated to understand the sorption process of metal ions and humic substances. Aldrich humic acid (HA) solution was irradiated with different doses of gamma irradiation using a Co-60 gamma-ray source prior to the contact between the metal ions and the solid sorbent. The HA molecule decomposed to smaller molecules with a lower complexation affinity. Batch sorption experiments were performed to evaluate the effect of gamma-irradiated HA on the sorption of Cs$$^{+}$$ and Eu$$^{3+}$$ ions. The addition of non-irradiated HA weakened the sorption of Eu because of the lower sorption of the neutral or negatively charged Eu-HA complexes compared with free Eu ions. The sorption of monovalent Cs ions was barely affected by the presence of HA and its gamma irradiation. The concentration ratio of HA complexed species and non-complexed species in the solid and liquid phases was evaluated by sequential filtration and chemical equilibrium calculations. The ratios supported the minimal contribution of HA to Cs sorption. However, the concentration ratio for Eu$$^{3+}$$ in the liquid phase was high, indicating that the complexing ability of HA to Eu$$^{3+}$$ was higher than that of HA to Cs$$^{+}$$ ions. Therefore, the sorption of free Eu$$^{3+}$$ would predominate with the gamma irradiation dose applied to the HA solution under a radiation field near the HLW package.

Journal Articles

Volatilization of B$$_{4}$$C control rods in Fukushima Daiichi nuclear reactors during meltdown; B-Li isotopic signatures in cesium-rich microparticles

Fueda, Kazuki*; Takami, Ryu*; Minomo, Kenta*; Morooka, Kazuya*; Horie, Kenji*; Takehara, Mami*; Yamasaki, Shinya*; Saito, Takumi*; Shiotsu, Hiroyuki; Onuki, Toshihiko*; et al.

Journal of Hazardous Materials, 428, p.128214_1 - 128214_10, 2022/04

Journal Articles

Sewage sludge ash contaminated with radiocesium; Solidification with alkaline-reacted metakaolinite (geopolymer) and Portland cement

Kozai, Naofumi; Sato, Junya; Osugi, Takeshi; Shimoyama, Iwao; Sekine, Yurina; Sakamoto, Fuminori; Onuki, Toshihiko

Journal of Hazardous Materials, 416, p.125965_1 - 125965_9, 2021/08

 Times Cited Count:1 Percentile:0(Engineering, Environmental)

Journal Articles

Spectroscopic and first-principles investigations of iodine species incorporation into ettringite; Implications for iodine migration in cement waste forms

Guo, B.*; Xiong, Y.*; Chen, W.*; Saslow, S. A.*; Kozai, Naofumi; Onuki, Toshihiko*; Dabo, I.*; Sasaki, Keiko*

Journal of Hazardous Materials, 389, p.121880_1 - 121880_11, 2020/05

 Times Cited Count:20 Percentile:95.57(Engineering, Environmental)

Journal Articles

Selective removal of radiocesium from micaceous clay for post-accident soil decontamination by temperature-controlled Mg-leaching in a column

Yin, X.; Zhang, L.*; Meng, C.*; Inaba, Yusuke*; Wang, X.*; Nitta, Ayako; Koma, Yoshikazu; Takeshita, Kenji*

Journal of Hazardous Materials, 387, p.121677_1 - 121677_10, 2020/04

Journal Articles

Stabilization of lead with amorphous solids synthesized from aluminosilicate gel

Sato, Junya; Shiota, Kenji*; Takaoka, Masaki*

Journal of Hazardous Materials, 385, p.121109_1 - 121109_9, 2020/03

 Times Cited Count:4 Percentile:62.5(Engineering, Environmental)

Lead is a hazardous heavy metal that can be stabilized by incorporation into the matrix of aluminosilicate bearing phases as they solidify. The actual mechanism by which lead is stabilized, however, continues to be unclear because the individual mechanisms of Pb incorporation into crystalline and amorphous aluminosilicate phases have not yet been studied separately. A detailed investigation of the incorporation of Pb into the amorphous phase of aluminosilicate solids was therefore performed. Amorphous aluminosilicate solids were synthesized with 0.7, 1.5, and 3.7 wt% of Pb from aluminosilicate gel produced from chemical reagents. Based on Raman spectroscopy, the Si-O stretching vibration bond shifted to lower wavenumbers with increasing Pb concentration. This shift suggested that covalent bonding between Pb and O in the matrix of the aluminosilicate solids increased. In addition, sequential extraction revealed that most of the Pb (75-90%) in the aluminosilicate solids was in a poorly soluble form (i.e. reducible, oxidizable, and residual fractions). These findings indicate that most of Pb is bonded covalently to the amorphous phase in aluminosilicate solids.

Journal Articles

A New technique for removing strontium from seawater by coprecipitation with barite

Tokunaga, Kohei; Kozai, Naofumi; Takahashi, Yoshio*

Journal of Hazardous Materials, 359, p.307 - 315, 2018/07

 Times Cited Count:11 Percentile:59.27(Engineering, Environmental)

In the present study, we looked at the removal efficiency of Sr by using barite (BaSO$$_{4}$$) under various experimental conditions to develop techniques for the direct removal of Sr from seawater. The uptake of Sr by barite was found to be dependent on pH, saturation state, and [Ba$$^{2+}$$]/[SO$$_{4}$$$$^{2-}$$] ratio in initial aqueous solution, showing that most of the aqueous Sr can be removed from the aqueous solution by adjusting these parameters. However, the effects of ionic strength and competitive ions were negligible, suggesting the effectiveness of its application to removal of Sr from seawater. Batch experiments were also conducted in a seawater system, and a rather high removal efficiency of Sr from seawater (more than 90%) was achieved. Considering its high removal and retention efficiency of Sr in seawater systems, barite is a reliable material for the removal of Sr from seawater.

Journal Articles

Ultimate selenium(IV) monitoring and removal from water using a new class of organic ligand based composite adsorbent

Awual, M. R.; Yaita, Tsuyoshi; Suzuki, Shinichi; Shiwaku, Hideaki

Journal of Hazardous Materials, 291, p.111 - 119, 2015/06

 Times Cited Count:152 Percentile:98.7(Engineering, Environmental)

Journal Articles

Selective cesium removal from radioactive liquid waste by crown ether immobilized new class conjugate adsorbent

Awual, M. R.; Yaita, Tsuyoshi; Taguchi, Tomitsugu; Shiwaku, Hideaki; Suzuki, Shinichi; Okamoto, Yoshihiro

Journal of Hazardous Materials, 278, p.227 - 235, 2014/08

AA2014-0217.pdf:0.96MB

 Times Cited Count:228 Percentile:99.2(Engineering, Environmental)

Journal Articles

Selective lanthanide sorption and mechanism using novel hybrid Lewis base (N-methyl-N-phenyl-1,10-phenanthroline-2-carboxamide) ligand modified adsorbent

Awual, M. R.; Kobayashi, Toru; Miyazaki, Yuji; Motokawa, Ryuhei; Shiwaku, Hideaki; Suzuki, Shinichi; Okamoto, Yoshihiro; Yaita, Tsuyoshi

Journal of Hazardous Materials, 252-253, p.313 - 320, 2013/05

 Times Cited Count:135 Percentile:97.43(Engineering, Environmental)

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