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Improved bunching and longitudinal emittance control in an RFQ

Jameson, R. A.*; Yee-Rendon, B.

Journal of Instrumentation (Internet), 17(12), p.P12011_1 - P12011_11, 2022/12




Estimation of the effect of GNSS positioning errors on the dose rate calculation concerning aerial radiation monitoring

森 愛理; 瀬口 栄作*; 普天間 章; 岩井 毅行*; 眞田 幸尚

Journal of Instrumentation (Internet), 17(10), p.P10015_1 - P10015_11, 2022/10

 被引用回数:0 パーセンタイル:0(Instruments & Instrumentation)

Four global navigation satellite system (GNSS) receivers were installed in a helicopter to reduce positioning errors in aerial radiation monitoring. The effect of positioning errors on the conversion of the counting rate of the detector to the ambient dose equivalent rate at the ground level was evaluated. The positioning results obtained by receiving the centimeter-class augmentation signal known as the L-band experiment, which the Quasi-Zenith Satellite System generates on an experimental basis for a limited time, were used as the reference values. A comparison between horizontal and vertical positioning errors among four receivers demonstrated that the vertical errors were larger than the horizontal errors. They did not differ among receivers, whereas the horizontal errors varied according to the characteristics of the receivers, particularly in mountainous areas; the errors tended to be larger when the terrain change at the measurement point was larger. The median effects of the vertical and horizontal errors on the calculated values of the radiation dose rate at the ground level were 3%-6% and 1%-5%, respectively, and the maximum possible effect of the positioning error was 20%-32%. The fact that the receiver with the highest number of available satellites had larger errors than the other receivers indicated that the elevation angles of satellites and the augmentation signals play an important role in improving the positioning accuracy when the number of available satellites reduces in mountainous areas. This study has provided insight into selecting a suitable GNSS receiver for surveying by vehicles such as helicopters, aircraft, and drones, which are required to perform 3D positioning in complex terrains.


Beam physics design of a 30-MW beam transport to the target for an accelerator-driven subcritical system

Yee-Rendon, B.; 明午 伸一郎; 近藤 恭弘; 田村 潤; 中野 敬太; 前川 藤夫; 岩元 大樹; 菅原 隆徳; 西原 健司

Journal of Instrumentation (Internet), 17(10), p.P10005_1 - P10005_21, 2022/10

 被引用回数:0 パーセンタイル:0(Instruments & Instrumentation)



Performance of RHICf detector during operation in 2017

Adriani, O.*; 谷田 聖; RHICf Collaboration*; 他17名*

Journal of Instrumentation (Internet), 16(10), p.P10027_1 - P10027_16, 2021/10

 被引用回数:0 パーセンタイル:0(Instruments & Instrumentation)

In the RHIC forward (RHICf) experiment, an operation with $$pp$$ collisions was performed at $$sqrt{s},=,$$510 GeV from 24-27 June 2017. The performances, energy and position resolutions, trigger efficiency, stability, and background during the operation, have been studied using data and simulations, which revealed that the requirements for production cross-section and transverse single-spin asymmetry measurements of very forward photons, $$pi^0$$s, and neutrons were satisfied. In this paper, we describe the details of these studies.


Automatic data acquisition for visualizing radioactive substances by combining a gamma-ray imager and an autonomous mobile robot

佐藤 優樹; 峯本 浩二郎*; 根本 誠*; 鳥居 建男

Journal of Instrumentation (Internet), 16(1), p.P01020_1 - P01020_18, 2021/01

 被引用回数:1 パーセンタイル:19.66(Instruments & Instrumentation)

To reduce the exposure doses of workers and to establish decontamination plans, it is important to understand and visualize the distribution of radioactive substances at the Fukushima Daiichi Nuclear Power Station in Japan, where an accident occurred on the 11th of March, 2011. In this decommissioning work environment, radioactive substances adhered to various objects, such as rubble and equipment, and it was necessary to visualize the distribution of these contaminants in all three dimensions. The technology used to automatically and remotely acquire data to visualize the distribution of radioactive substances in three dimensions was useful for reducing the exposure dose of the workers and to shorten the survey time. We constructed an automatic data acquisition system that consisted of a Compton camera and a 3D-light detection and ranging sensor mounted on an autonomously moving robot. We also evaluated the system feasibility using radiation sources and succeeded in automatically acquiring the data required for visualizing the radiation sources. For this data acquisition, the operator did not need to operate the system after the measurements were started. The effects of the imaging parameters of the Compton camera and the accuracy of the self-position estimation of the system on the radiation-imaging accuracy are also discussed.


Measurements of intensity of produced light in water during irradiations of electron beams with energies above and below the Cerenkov-light threshold

山本 誠一*; 長尾 悠人*; 栗田 圭輔; 山口 充孝*; 河地 有木*

Journal of Instrumentation (Internet), 16(1), p.P01007_1 - P01007_9, 2021/01

 被引用回数:0 パーセンタイル:0(Instruments & Instrumentation)



J-PARC 3-GeV RCS; 1-MW beam operation and beyond

發知 英明; 原田 寛之; 林 直樹; 金正 倫計; 岡部 晃大; Saha, P. K.; 菖蒲田 義博; 田村 文彦; 山本 風海; 山本 昌亘; et al.

Journal of Instrumentation (Internet), 15(7), p.P07022_1 - P07022_16, 2020/07

 被引用回数:3 パーセンタイル:31.02(Instruments & Instrumentation)



A 3D radiation image display on a simple virtual reality system created using a game development platform

佐藤 優樹; 寺阪 祐太; 小澤 慎吾*; 谷藤 祐太; 鳥居 建男

Journal of Instrumentation (Internet), 13(8), p.T08011_1 - T08011_10, 2018/08

 被引用回数:5 パーセンタイル:30.93(Instruments & Instrumentation)

The Fukushima Daiichi Nuclear Power Station (FDNPS), operated by Tokyo Electric Power Company Holdings, Inc., suffered a meltdown after a large tsunami caused by the Great East Japan Earthquake on March 11, 2011. The measurement of radiation distribution inside FDNPS buildings is indispensable for executing appropriate decommissioning tasks in the reactor's buildings. In addition, it is extremely important to accurately predict the location of radioactive contamination beforehand because the working time is limited owing to radiation exposure to workers. In this paper, a simple virtual reality (VR) system that can detect radioactive substances in virtual space has been developed to simulate real working environments. A three-dimensional (3D) photo-based model of the real working environment, including an image of the radioactive substance, was imported into the virtual space of the VR system. The developed VR system can be accessed using a smartphone and a cardboard goggle. The VR system is expected to be useful for preliminary training of workers and for recognizing radioactive hotspots during decommissioning of the work environment.


A Three-dimensional radiation image display on a real space image created via photogrammetry

佐藤 優樹; 小澤 慎吾*; 谷藤 祐太; 鳥居 建男

Journal of Instrumentation (Internet), 13(3), p.P03001_1 - P03001_8, 2018/03

 被引用回数:5 パーセンタイル:30.93(Instruments & Instrumentation)

The Fukushima Daiichi Nuclear Power Station (FDNPS), operated by Tokyo Electric Power Company Holdings, Inc., went into meltdown after the large tsunami caused by the Great East Japan Earthquake of March 11, 2011. Radiation distribution measurements inside FDNPS buildings are indispensable to execute decommissioning tasks in the reactor buildings. We have developed a method of three-dimensional (3-D) image reconstruction for radioactive substances using a compact Compton camera. We also succeeded in visually recognize the position of the radioactive substances on the real space by integration of the 3D radiation image and the 3D photo-model created by photogrammetry.


Characterization of germanium detectors for the measurement of the angular distribution of prompt $$gamma$$-rays at the ANNRI in the MLF of the J-PARC

高田 秀佐*; 奥平 琢也*; 後藤 文也*; 広田 克也*; 木村 敦; 北口 雅暁*; 古賀 淳*; 中尾 太郎*; 酒井 健二; 清水 裕彦*; et al.

Journal of Instrumentation (Internet), 13(2), p.P02018_1 - P02018_21, 2018/02

 被引用回数:5 パーセンタイル:30.93(Instruments & Instrumentation)

In this study, the germanium detector assembly, installed at the Accurate Neutron Nuclear Reaction measurement Instruments (ANNRI) in the Material and Life Science Facility (MLF) operated by the Japan Proton Accelerator Research Complex (J-PARC), has been characterized for extension to the measurement of the angular distribution of individual $$gamma$$-ray transitions from neutron-induced compound states. We have developed a Monte Carlo simulation code using the GEANT4 toolkit, which can reproduce the pulse-height spectra of $$gamma$$-rays from radioactive sources and (n,$$gamma$$) reactions. The simulation is applicable to the measurement of $$gamma$$-rays in the energy region of 0.5-11.0 MeV.


Development of a bump cathode element for two-dimensional neutron detection

藤 健太郎; 中村 龍也; 坂佐井 馨; 山岸 秀志*

Journal of Instrumentation (Internet), 12(12), p.C12011_1 - C12011_8, 2017/12

 被引用回数:0 パーセンタイル:0.01(Instruments & Instrumentation)

円形のバンプカソードを用いた中性子検出素子を開発し、$$^{252}$$Cf中性子線源を用いた照射試験を実施した。開発した素子は三角配置した小型の円形カソードバンプを持っており、それらのバンプは入射位置を導出するためx, y方向にそれぞれ接続されている。照射試験はガス圧7気圧(He: 85%、CF$$_{4}$$: 15%)の条件下で実施された。試験の結果、均一性10.1%の優れた二次元応答を確認した。中性子により生成する二次粒子の飛程の違いから計算した位置分解能は1.89mm(半値幅)であることを確認することができた。


Development of a position-sensitive scintillation neutron detector for a new protein single-crystal diffractometer at J-PARC MLF

中村 龍也; 藤 健太郎; 筒井 紀彰; 海老根 守澄; 美留町 厚; 坂佐井 馨

Journal of Instrumentation (Internet), 12(12), p.C12025_1 - C12025_9, 2017/12

 被引用回数:1 パーセンタイル:6.6(Instruments & Instrumentation)



Development of compact Compton camera for 3D image reconstruction of radioactive contamination

佐藤 優樹; 寺阪 祐太; 小澤 慎吾*; 宮村 浩子; 冠城 雅晃; 谷藤 祐太; 川端 邦明; 鳥居 建男

Journal of Instrumentation (Internet), 12(11), p.C11007_1 - C11007_8, 2017/11

 被引用回数:14 パーセンタイル:59.39(Instruments & Instrumentation)

The Fukushima Daiichi Nuclear Power Station (FDNPS), operated by Tokyo Electric Power Company Holdings, Inc., went into meltdown after the large tsunami caused by the Great East Japan Earthquake of March 11, 2011. Very large amounts of radionuclides were released from the damaged plant. Radiation distribution measurements inside the building of FDNPS are indispensable to execute the decommission tasks in the reactor buildings. We have developed a light-weight compact Compton camera to three-dimensionally measure the distribution of radioactive contamination inside FDNPS. The total weight of the Compton camera is lower than 1.0 kg. The $$gamma$$-ray sensor of the Compton camera employs the Ce-doped GAGG scintillators coupled with a multi-pixel photon counter (MPPC: Hamamatsu Photonics K.K.,). We performed the 3D image reconstruction of the $$^{137}$$Cs-radioactive sources as shown in Fig. 1; the 3D radiation image is reconstructed using the multi-angle data measured with the Compton camera. Here, we introduce the development status of the 3D radiation imaging system consisting of the Compton camera. Moreover, we present the results of a performance evaluation test for 3D image reconstruction of radioactive contaminations in details.


EXILL; A High-efficiency, high-resolution setup for $$gamma$$-spectroscopy at an intense cold neutron beam facility

Jentschel, M.*; Blanc, A.*; de France, G.*; K$"o$ster, U.*; Leoni, S.*; Mutti, P.*; Simpson, G.*; Soldner, T.*; Ur, C.*; Urban, W.*; et al.

Journal of Instrumentation (Internet), 12(11), p.P11003_1 - P11003_33, 2017/11

 被引用回数:33 パーセンタイル:85.84(Instruments & Instrumentation)

A highly efficient array of high-purity germanium (HPGe) detectors was developed and operated at the cold neutron beam facility PF1B of the Institut Laue-Langevin (ILL) to carry out nuclear structure studies, via measurements of $$gamma$$-rays following neutron-induced capture and fission reactions. The setup consisted of a collimation system producing a pencil beam with a thermal capture equivalent flux of about 10$$^8$$ns$$^{-1}$$cm$$^{-2}$$ at the target position and negligible neutron halo. The target was surrounded by an array of eight to ten anti-Compton shielded EXOGAM Clover detectors, four to six anti-Compton shielded large coaxial GASP detectors and two standard Clover detectors. For a part of the campaign the array was combined with 16 LaBr$$_{3}$$:(Ce) detectors from the FATIMA collaboration.


Development of CdTe pixel detectors combined with an aluminum Schottky diode sensor and photon-counting ASICs

豊川 秀訓*; 佐治 超爾*; 川瀬 守弘*; Wu, S.*; 古川 行人*; 梶原 堅太郎*; 佐藤 真直*; 広野 等子*; 城 鮎美*; 菖蒲 敬久; et al.

Journal of Instrumentation (Internet), 12(1), p.C01044_1 - C01044_7, 2017/01

 被引用回数:3 パーセンタイル:18.29(Instruments & Instrumentation)

アルミニウムショットキーダイオードセンサとフォトンカウンティングASICsを組み合わせたCdTeピクセル検出器の開発を行っている。このハイブリッドピクセル検出器は、200マイクロメートル$$times$$200マイクロメートルのピクセルサイズで、19ミリメートル$$times$$20ミリメートルまたは38.2ミリメートル$$times$$40.2ミリメートルの面積で設計された。フォトンカウンティングASIC SP8-04F10Kは、プリアンプ,シェーパ, 3レベルのウィンドウタイプのディスクリミネータ、および各ピクセルが24ビットカウンタを備えている。そしてウィンドウコンパレータを用いてX線エネルギーを選択するフォトンカウンティングモードで精密に動作し、100$$times$$95ピクセルのシングルチップ検出器が20$$^{circ}$$Cで実現している。本研究では、本検出器の性能を評価するため、白色X線マイクロビーム実験のフィージビリティスタディを行った。珪素鋼試料に白色X線を照射し、照射位置を走査しながらラウエ回折を測定した。その結果、各位置で隣接する画像間の差を用いることで試料内の粒界の観察に成功した。


Development of laser beam injection system for the Edge Thomson Scattering (ETS) in ITER

谷塚 英一; 波多江 仰紀; 水藤 哲*; 小原 美由紀*; 萩田 浩二*; 井上 和典*; Bassan, M.*; Walsh, M.*; 伊丹 潔

Journal of Instrumentation (Internet), 11(1), p.C01006_1 - C01006_12, 2016/01

 被引用回数:6 パーセンタイル:33.96(Instruments & Instrumentation)

In the ITER Edge Thomson Scattering, the penetration in the port plug allows the laser beams to be injected into the plasma. The penetration has to be as small as possible to reduce neutron streaming from the plasma-side. In ITER, multiple laser systems are needed for high availability of Thomson scattering diagnostics. A new type of beam combiner was developed to obtain collinear, i.e. smallest footprint because of the common path, and fixed polarization from multiple laser beams using a rotating half-wave-plate. The rotating half-wave-plate method does not induce misalignment even if the rotating mechanism defects. The combined beam is injected into plasma and is absorbed at the beam dump. The beam alignment system was designed to hit the laser beam onto the center of the beam dump. The beam position at the beam dump head is monitored by multiple alignment laser beams which are collinear with the diagnostic YAG laser beam and an imaging system installed outside the diagnostic port.


Construction and test of the first Belle II SVD ladder implementing the origami chip-on-sensor design

Irmler, C.*; 谷田 聖; 他98名*

Journal of Instrumentation (Internet), 11(1), p.C01087_1 - C01087_9, 2016/01

 被引用回数:5 パーセンタイル:29.05(Instruments & Instrumentation)

The Belle II Silicon Vertex Detector comprises four layers of double-sided silicon strip detectors (DSSDs), consisting of ladders with two to five sensors each. All sensors are individually read out by APV25 chips with the Origami chip-on-sensor concept for the central DSSDs of the ladders. The chips sit on flexible circuits that are glued on the top of the sensors. This concept allows a low material budget and an efficient cooling of the chips by a single pipe per ladder. We present the construction of the first SVD ladders and results from precision measurements and electrical tests.


EMC studies for the vertex detector of the Belle II experiment

Thalmeier, R.*; 谷田 聖; 他102名*

Journal of Instrumentation (Internet), 11(1), p.C01044_1 - C01044_10, 2016/01

 被引用回数:2 パーセンタイル:12.27(Instruments & Instrumentation)

The upgrade of the Belle II experiment plans to use a vertex detector based on two different technologies, DEPFET pixel (PXD) technology and double side silicon microstrip (SVD) technology. The vertex electronics are characterized by the topology of SVD bias that forces to design a sophisticated grounding because of the floating power scheme. The complex topology of the PXD power cable bundle may introduce some noise inside the vertex area. This paper presents a general overview of the EMC issues present in the vertex system, based on EMC tests on an SVD prototype and a study of noise propagation in the PXD cable bundle based on Multi-conductor transmission line theory.


Silicon avalanche photodiode linear-array detector with multichannel scaling system for pulsed synchrotron X-ray experiments

岸本 俊二*; 三井 隆也; 春木 理恵*; 依田 芳卓*; 谷口 敬*; 島崎 昇一*; 池野 正弘*; 斉藤 正俊*; 田中 真伸*

Journal of Instrumentation (Internet), 10(5), p.C05030_1 - C05030_6, 2015/05

 被引用回数:6 パーセンタイル:30.51(Instruments & Instrumentation)

We developed an X-ray detector system using a 64-pixel silicon avalanche photodiode Si-APD linear array and fast pulse-counting electronics for multichannel scaling. The Si-APD linear array consists of 64 pixels each 0.01$$times$$0.02 cm$$^{2}$$ in size, with a pixel pitch of 0.015 cm and depletion depth of 0.001 cm. The fast electronics, consisting of an ultrafast application-specific integrated circuit and field-programmable gate arrays, can record both the position and timing of X-rays arriving at each pixel of the linear array with 1 ns pulse-pair resolution. The count distribution was measured using 14.4 keV synchrotron X-rays for nuclear resonant forward scattering experiments on $$^{57}$$Fe, and the spatial resolution was improved by inclining the detector. We also successfully measured amorphous alloy Fe$$_{78}$$Si$$_{9}$$B$$_{13}$$ during heating.


Evaluation of two-dimensional multiwire neutron detector with individual line readout under pulsed neutron irradiation

藤 健太郎; 中村 龍也; 坂佐井 馨; 曽山 和彦; 山岸 秀志*

Journal of Instrumentation (Internet), 9(11), p.C11019_1 - C11019_9, 2014/11

 被引用回数:3 パーセンタイル:17.18(Instruments & Instrumentation)


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