Yuguchi, Takashi*; Izumino, Yuya*; Sasao, Eiji
Journal of Mineralogical and Petrological Sciences (Internet), 117(1), p.220415_1 - 220415_12, 2022/00
This study presents the use of petrographic plagioclase alteration indicators as a new method for quantitatively evaluating the extent of plagioclase alteration within granites, using the Toki granite, central Japan. Alteration indicators and areal fractions of microvoids in the plagioclases were obtained via BSE image analysis. The volume of the micropores in the altered plagioclase was characterized by the areal fraction of microvoids in the grains. The plagioclase alteration indicators were obtained as the ratio between the alteration product area and the original plagioclase area. In our previous study, we focused on biotite chloritization indicators. We found positive correlations between the plagioclase alteration and biotite chloritization indicators in the same sample, indicating that each alteration indicator can be used independently as a representative value for the sample. In the Toki granite, the plagioclase alteration was related to the biotite chloritization.
Yamamoto, Genichiro*; Kyono, Atsushi*; Abe, Jun*; Sano, Asami; Hattori, Takanori
Journal of Mineralogical and Petrological Sciences, 116(2), p.96 - 103, 2021/04
Neutron diffraction, Raman spectroscopy, and thermal analysis were performed to investigate the composition, structure, and formation conditions of the magnesium carbonate hydrate nesquehonite. The time-of-flight neutron diffraction revealed the crystal structure of the monoclinic space group 2 with lattice parameters of =7.72100(12)=5.37518(7)=12.1430(3)=90.165(4), in which two deuterium atoms are coordinated to the O1, O2, and O6 atoms to form water molecules. The three water molecules in the structure suggests the structural formula of the nesquehonite should be MgCO 3HO rather than Mg(HCO)(OH) 2HO.
Watanabe, Takahiro; Ishii, Chikako; Ishizaka, Chika; Niwa, Masakazu; Shimada, Koji; Sawai, Yuki*; Tsuchiya, Noriyoshi*; Matsunaka, Tetsuya*; Ochiai, Shinya*; Nara, Fumiko*
Journal of Mineralogical and Petrological Sciences, 116(3), p.140 - 158, 2021/00
A portable energy dispersive X-ray fluorescence spectrometer (potable XRF) can be an effective tool for detecting chemical elements in various materials, such as geological, and environmental samples. In this study, working curves were confirmed using reference materials, such as igneous rocks and other geochemical standards, distributed by national and international organizations. Subsequently, quantification and semi-quantification analyses were performed by the portable XRF for inorganic elements in (A) fault rocks, (B) lake sediments from the middle Japan, and (C) soils with paleotsunami deposits from the Pacific coast of northeast Japan. Twenty-four elements (Mg-U) in these geological samples were measured by potable XRF using our working curves. Measured values by the portable XRF of the samples were good agreement with the reported values in almost cases.
Mori, Yuichiro*; Kagi, Hiroyuki*; Kakizawa, Sho*; Komatsu, Kazuki*; Shito, Chikara*; Iizuka, Riko*; Aoki, Katsutoshi*; Hattori, Takanori; Sano, Asami; Funakoshi, Kenichi*; et al.
Journal of Mineralogical and Petrological Sciences, 116(6), p.309 - 313, 2021/00
The Earth's core is believed to contain some light elements because it is 10% less dense than pure Fe under the corresponding pressure and temperature conditions. Hydrogen, a promising candidate among light elements, has phase relations and physical properties that have been investigated mainly for the Fe-H system. This study specifically examined an Fe-Si-H system using in-situ neutron diffraction experiments to investigate the site occupancy of deuterium of hcp-FezSi hydride at 14.7 GPa and 800 K. Results of Rietveld refinement indicate hcp-FeSi hydride as having deuterium (D) occupancy of 0.24(2) exclusively at the interstitial octahedral site in the hcp lattice. The effect on the site occupancy of D by addition of 2.6 wt% Si into Fe (FeSi) was negligible compared to results obtained from an earlier study of an Fe-D system (Machida et al., 2019).
Shimizu, Mayuko; Shibata, Kenji*; Suzuki, Kazuhiro; Sueoka, Shigeru; Niwa, Masakazu
Journal of Mineralogical and Petrological Sciences, 112(2), p.88 - 96, 2017/04
This paper outlines an advanced procedure involving the chemical Th-U-total Pb isochron method (CHIME) dating of monazite using a field-emission electron probe microanalyzer (FE-EPMA) equipped with spectrometers of 100 mm Rowland circle (R) radius. The higher count rate of R = 100 mm wavelength dispersive spectrometer (WDS) compared to R = 140 mm WDS enables measurements to be taken in a shorter time. CHIME dating using R = 100 mm WDS had previously been difficult because of lower resolution compared to that of R = 140 mm WDS. This problem has been overcome by a new interference correction method using natural monazites.
Motai, Satoko*; Mukai, Hiroki*; Watanuki, Tetsu; Owada, Kenji; Fukuda, Tatsuo; Machida, Akihiko; Kuramata, Chisaki*; Kikuchi, Ryosuke*; Yaita, Tsuyoshi; Kogure, Toshihiro*
Journal of Mineralogical and Petrological Sciences, 111(5), p.305 - 312, 2016/10
no abstracts in English
Yuguchi, Takashi*; Iwano, Hideki*; Kato, Takenori*; Sakata, Shuhei*; Hattori, Kentaro*; Hirata, Takafumi*; Sueoka, Shigeru; Danhara, Toru*; Ishibashi, Masayuki; Sasao, Eiji; et al.
Journal of Mineralogical and Petrological Sciences, 111(1), p.9 - 34, 2016/02
Zircon growth collected from a granitic pluton shows four (1st - 4th) events with specific mechanisms, crystallization temperatures and U-Pb ages, revealing the sequential formation process from intrusion through emplacement to crystallization / solidification. The events are recognized by: (1) internal structure of zircon based on the cathodoluminescence observation, (2) crystallization temperatures by the Ti-in-zircon thermometer in the internal structure and (3) U-Pb ages in the internal structure.
Yuguchi, Takashi; Tsuruta, Tadahiko; Hama, Katsuhiro; Nishiyama, Tadao*
Journal of Mineralogical and Petrological Sciences, 108(1), p.1 - 12, 2013/02
The spatial variation in initial Sr/Sr ratios (SrI) in the Toki granite, Central Japan, shows heterogeneity ranging from 0.708942 to 0.710069, which provides information on formation processes of plutons. The Toki granite has three mineralogy-based rock facies: muscovite-biotite granite (MBG), hornblende-biotite granite (HBG) and biotite granite (BG). Large SrI values were found to be distributed at the western margin (west MBG) and the lithologically central region (central BG), while small SrI values were found at the northeast margin (northeast MBG). Regions with high and low Sr concentrations were also found in the Toki granite. In the Sr-rich samples, SrI (0.708942-0.709789) increases with 100/Sr (0.7-1.5). This geochemical trend extends towards the country sedimentary rocks of the Mino Terrane, which can be interpreted to result from assimilation and fractional crystallization (AFC) between the original granitic magma and the Mino sedimentary rocks. The SrI values in the Sr-rich regions show a correlation with the Alumina Saturation Index (ASI). In particular, the west MBG, with large SrI values, is classified as a peraluminous granitoid, suggesting that the western margin of the pluton was strongly affected by assimilation during the intrusion process. The Sr-poor samples are present both in the central BG, with large SrI values, and in the northeast MBG, with small SrI values. The Sr-poor samples have small ASI and large differentiation indices, indicating that the central BG and the northeast MBG were generated either by different AFC process with different amounts of contaminants or by the intrusion and fractionation of different source magma with different SrI values. Overall, the geochemical spatial variations found in the Toki granite can be explained by various degrees of assimilation and fractional crystallization in the magma chamber and/or multi-stage intrusions with different degrees of crystallization of plural source magmas.
Yuguchi, Takashi; Tsuruta, Tadahiko; Nishiyama, Tadao*
Journal of Mineralogical and Petrological Sciences, 106(3), p.130 - 141, 2011/06
Petrographical studies examining the development and variations of sub-solidus reactions recorded in the Toki granite represent the three-dimensional cooling pattern of this zoned pluton in Central Japan. Samples collected from 19 boreholes in the Toki granite show characteristics indicative of spatial variations in the extent of sub-solidus reactions. Exsolution coarsening has produced microperthite including albite-rich lamellae in this pluton, while deuteric coarsening has resulted in patchperthite, myrmekite, and the reaction rim. The extent of deuteric coarsening reactions can be evaluated by the width and spacing of albite-rich patch in patchperthite, and by the thickness of myrmekite and the reaction rim. The width, spacing and thickness of these textural features increase systematically with elevation and also increase gradually in the horizontal inward in the western part but not in the eastern part of the pluton. The systematic variations in textural development indicate that the Toki granite cooled effectively from the roof and from the western margin during the deuteric coarsening stage. The deuteric coarsening may have occurred at temperatures below 500C based on ternary feldspar thermometry.
Yuguchi, Takashi; Tsuruta, Tadahiko; Nishiyama, Tadao*
Journal of Mineralogical and Petrological Sciences, 106(2), p.61 - 78, 2011/04
Oikawa, Teruki; ; Kanazawa, Sunao; Matsuzaki, Tatsuji*
Journal of Mineralogical and Petrological Sciences, 101(1), p.23 - 28, 2006/02
The authors report biotite K-Ar, zircon FT, and apatite FT ages from four sites in the Ichifusayama Granodiorite in the Outer Zone acidic rocks of Southwest Japan, Southern Kyushu. All the K-Ar ages and FT ages are concentrated on 13-10Ma. The difference in the apatite FT ages was caused by an influence of paleotopography such as a deep valley. The rapid cooling of the granodiorite in ca. 13 Ma occurred by uplift throughout the Outer Zone of Southwest Japan in Kyushu. It is considered that obduction to the Philippine Sea Plate of the Outer Zone of Kyushu also occurred in ca. 13 Ma. It is considered that obduction to the Philippine Sea Plate of the Outer Zone of Kyushu also occurred in ca. 13 Ma.