Miradji, F.; Suzuki, Chikashi; Nakajima, Kunihisa; Osaka, Masahiko
Journal of Physics and Chemistry of Solids, 136, p.109168_1 - 109168_9, 2020/01
Suzuki, Chikashi; Yaita, Tsuyoshi; Suzuki, Shinichi; Pacold, J.*; Altman, A. B.*; Minasian, S. G.*; Tyliszczak, T.*; Shuk, D. K.*; Yoshida, Hiroyuki; Osaka, Masahiko
Journal of Physics and Chemistry of Solids, 127, p.169 - 177, 2019/04
A combined method of NEXAFS measurement and DFT-calculation was employed for Cs evaluation in clay minerals. The Cs M NEXAFS spectra of Cs halides were analyzed using the DFT-calculations, and were well reproduced by incorporating the core-hole strength. The Cs M NEXAFS spectrum of clay minerals was well-reproduced by the DFT-calculations including the major transitions and tail structures with the established method. The further evaluation of this spectrum by charge density suggests that these major transitions and the tail structures likely reflect bonding states and local environments around the Cs atoms. Comparison of electronic states of Cs in the clay mineral with those in the Cs halides by DFT-calculations has shown that the interaction between Cs and the nearest-neighbor atom is largest in the clay mineral, because the energy level of Cs-5s and 5p is closer to that of O-2s and 2p than the s and p orbitals of other alkali metal and alkali earth metal elements.
Shibata, Hiroki; Hayashi, Hirokazu; Akabori, Mitsuo; Arai, Yasuo; Kurata, Masaki
Journal of Physics and Chemistry of Solids, 75(8), p.972 - 976, 2014/08
Gibbs free energies of formation of six Ce-Cd intermetallic compounds, CeCd, CeCd, CeCd, CeCd, CeCd and CeCd, were evaluated systematically using electrochemical techniques in the temperature range from 673 to 923 K in the LiCl-KCl-CeCl-CdCl molten salt bath. The linear dependence of the Gibbs free energies of formation on temperature yields to the enthalpies and entropies of formation of these intermetallic compounds. By extrapolating the molar Gibbs free energy of Ce-Cd intermetallic compounds to the Cd distillation temperature, it was clear that the molar Gibbs free energy of Ce in Ce-Cd intermetallic compounds decreases gradually from CeCd to CeCd and attains to the minimum value at CeCd. This suggests on the Cd distillation from the U-Pu-Ce-Cd alloy that the dissolution of U or Pu into CeCd should be mostly taken into consideration.
Yoshii, Kenji; Yoneda, Yasuhiro; Jarrige, I.*; Fukuda, Tatsuo; Nishihata, Yasuo; Suzuki, Chikashi; Ito, Yoshiaki*; Terashima, Takahito*; Yoshikado, Shinzo*; Fukushima, Sei*
Journal of Physics and Chemistry of Solids, 75(3), p.339 - 343, 2014/03
We have studied the electronic properties of ferroelectric BaTiO using two complementary bulk-sensitive spectroscopic probes, resonant X-ray emission spectroscopy (RXES) and X-ray absorption spectroscopy in the partial fluorescence mode (PFY-XAS). Contrary to a previous study, we found no temperature change of a PFY-XAS spectrum at the Ba L edge between room temperature and 150C. This result is not supportive of the possible presence of the displacement around Ba at the Curie temperature. RXES spectra were measured at the Ti K edge for BaTiO, along with SrTiO and La-doped metallic SrTiO. The photon energy of the emission peak is found to be nearly constant throughout the absorption edge for all three compounds. We deduce the Ti 3d states to have a delocalized character, in contrast with the Ba 5d states, a property which is consistent with the proposed scenario of the formation of electric dipoles in BaTiO.
Suzuki, Chikashi; Nishi, Tsuyoshi; Nakada, Masami; Tsuru, Tomohito; Akabori, Mitsuo; Hirata, Masaru; Kaji, Yoshiyuki
Journal of Physics and Chemistry of Solids, 74(12), p.1769 - 1774, 2013/12
We investigated the electronic state of a CaF-type (Am,U) mixed oxide using the all-electron full potential linear augmented plane wave method and compared it with those of AmO, AmO, UO, and LaUO. The valence of Am in the mixed oxide was close to that of AmO and the valence of U in the mixed oxide was pentavalent. The electronic structure of AmO was different from that of AmO, particularly just above the Fermi level. In addition, the electronic states of Am and U in the mixed oxide were similar to those of trivalent Am and pentavalent U oxides. These electronic states reflected the high oxygen potential of AmO and the heightened oxygen potential resulting from the addition of Am to UO and also suggested the occurrence of charge transfer from Am to U in the solid solution process.
Hakoda, Teruyuki; Igarashi, Hidetoshi*; Isozumi, Yukihiro*; Yamamoto, Shunya; Aritani, Hirofumi*; Yoshikawa, Masahito
Journal of Physics and Chemistry of Solids, 74(2), p.200 - 204, 2013/02
The gasochromic property of dehydrogenation-catalyst loaded tungsten trioxide (M/WO) powders was examined in exposure to gaseous cyclohexane under different kinds and contents of catalysts, catalyst temperatures, and cyclohexane concentrations. The change in the intensity of visible lights reflected from the M/WO powders was in situ obtained using a portable visible-light spectrometer. The catalyst of Pt was a catalyst initiating dehydrogenation and the change of reflected light intensity at lower temperatures in comparison with the catalysts of Pd and Rh. Among 0.1, 0.5, and 1wt% Pt/WO powders, the 0.5wt% Pt/WO powders demonstrated large change of reflected lights. The heating of 0.5wt% Pt/WO powders at temperatures higher than 130C was required to visually detect cyclohexane at a concentration of 1v%, lower than the combustion lower limit (1.3v%).
Yoshii, Kenji; Jarrige, I.; Suzuki, Chikashi; Matsumura, Daiju; Nishihata, Yasuo; Yoneda, Yasuhiro; Fukuda, Tatsuo; Tamura, Kazuhisa; Ito, Yoshiaki*; Mukoyama, Takeshi*; et al.
Journal of Physics and Chemistry of Solids, 73(9), p.1106 - 1110, 2012/09
We have directly probed the Ba 5d states in the ferroelectric barium titanate BaTiO using resonant X-ray emission spectroscopy (RXES) and X-ray absorption spectroscopy in the partial fluorescence mode (PFY-XAS) at the Ba-L edge. The results are compared with those of the non-ferroelectric BaSO. While the RXES spectra point to a localized character for the Ba 5d states in both compounds, the main peak of the PFY-XAS spectrum, corresponding to the dipolar transitions from 2p to 5d, is found to be significantly broader for BaTiO than for BaSO. On the basis of band structure calculations, this broadening is ascribed to strong hybridization between the unoccupied Ba 5d and O 2p states in the ferroelectric. This suggests that the hybridization between the conduction states of the Ba and O ions, and not only Ti and O, plays a central role in determining the electronic structure of BaTiO.
Yoshimura, Kimio; Hakoda, Teruyuki; Yamamoto, Shunya; Yoshikawa, Masahito
Journal of Physics and Chemistry of Solids, 73(5), p.696 - 698, 2012/05
Tungsten trioxide powder with loading 0.1wt% platinum (Pt/WO) was prepared for opticaldetection of organic hydrides such as cyclohexane, decalin by impregnation with PtCl and subsequent calcination in N gas at 500C. The SEM observation of Pt/WO shows that the Pt particles with mean diameters of 80-100 nm were on the surface of the WO powder. The Pt/WO showed coloration for 13% cyclohexane at higher 100C and for 1.3% cyclohexane at 200C. The in-situ XRD results of the Pt/WO in coloring/bleaching change indicate that the coloring of Pt/WO was caused by transformation of WO to tungsten bronze. The analysis of reacted gas demonstrates that Pt on WO produces only hydrogen and benzene through dehydrogenation of cyclohexane over 100C. It was founded that the Pt/WO has potential of optical detection of organic hydrides by heating at higher 100C.
Suzuki, Chikashi; Nishi, Tsuyoshi; Nakada, Masami; Akabori, Mitsuo; Hirata, Masaru; Kaji, Yoshiyuki
Journal of Physics and Chemistry of Solids, 73(2), p.209 - 216, 2012/02
The authors investigated theoretically core-hole effects on X-ray absorption near-edge structures (XANES) of Np and Am L in neptunium dioxide (NpO) and americium dioxide (AmO) with CaF-type crystal lattices using the all-electron full-potential linearized augmented plane-wave (FP-LAPW) method. The peak creation mechanism of XANES was shown by examining the electronic structures of these oxides, which indicated that core-hole screening was more marked for AmO than for NpO because of the difference in the charge transfer between these oxides. Furthermore, the results of charge density analysis suggested that the white line was assigned to the quasi-bound state composed of the localized Np d or Am d components and O components, and that the tail structure was created as a result of delocalized standing waves between the Np or Am atoms.
Tsutsui, Kenji; Toyama, Takami*; Maekawa, Sadamichi
Journal of Physics and Chemistry of Solids, 72(5), p.354 - 357, 2011/05
We carry out the numerically exact diagonalization on small clusters of the d-p model with a Ni impurity site to simulate a resonant inelastic X-ray scattering spectra, as well as the single-particle excitation ones. We propose the resonant inelastic X-ray scattering experiment for Ni K edge to confirm the hole binding around the Ni impurity.
Suzuki, Chikashi; Nakagiri, Toshio
Journal of Physics and Chemistry of Solids, 72(1), p.10 - 16, 2011/01
We evaluated the adsorption of SO molecule on the Au (111) surface using the first-principles calculations by a slab model with a periodic boundary condition. We find that there are six stable adsorption configurations on the Au surface, where SO molecules are adsorbed above the three-fold fcc and hcp hallow sites and atop site. In two of these configurations, S and two O atoms are bound to the Pt atoms, and in two other of them, all the three O atoms are bound to Pt surface atoms, and then, S atom is bound to Au surface atom on the atop site and O atoms are situated on the hallow sites. In addition, it is found that molecular orbitals of SO and those of Au surface are hybridized in the active metal d-bands region, that the localized molecular orbitals in SO are stabilized, and that the charge is transferred from Au to S 3p by SO adsorption on Au surface though the other interaction of S and O (bound to Au) component with Au is little. In addition, the bond between S and O bound to Au become weak by SO adsorption on Au surface because the charge polarization to O-Au bond weakens the bond between S and O bound to Au. This interaction is assumed to encourage the breakage of S-O bond.
Iikubo, Satoshi*; Koyanaka, Hideki*; Shamoto, Shinichi; Takeuchi, Ken*; Kohara, Shinji*; Kodama, Katsuaki; Loong, C.-K.*
Journal of Physics and Chemistry of Solids, 71(11), p.1603 - 1608, 2010/11
The local crystal structure of dried and deuterated nano-manganese-oxide powder samples was studied via atomic pair distribution function analysis of X-ray and neutron powder diffraction data. The protonated sample shows ultrahigh efficiency as a gold adsorbent even from ppt-level aqueous solutions such as seawater. We show that the nano-manganese-oxide particles have an R-MnO-type local crystal structure. The possible role of the protons on the surface of the nano-particles is discussed.
Fujishita, Hideshi*; Hayashi, Makoto*; Kanai, Takashi*; Yamada, Takahiro*; Igawa, Naoki; Kihara, Kuniaki*
Journal of Physics and Chemistry of Solids, 71(9), p.1285 - 1289, 2010/09
Atomic displacements are order parameters for displacive structural phase transitions. The temperature evolution of Si atomic displacement in quartz was analyzed by studying the quantum expansion of the Landau potential. The expansion was found to accurately describe the evolution of the atomic displacement over the entire temperature interval. A proportional relationship between spontaneous strain and the square of the atomic displacement was observed over the entire temperature interval.
Igawa, Naoki; Taguchi, Tomitsugu; Hoshikawa, Akinori*; Fukazawa, Hiroshi; Yamauchi, Hiroki; Utsumi, Wataru; Ishii, Yoshinobu*
Journal of Physics and Chemistry of Solids, 71(6), p.899 - 905, 2010/06
Crystal structures of carbon dioxide deuterohydrate were studied by neutron powder diffraction at temperatures from 10 to 200 K. Maps of scattering length density distribution were obtained using a maximum entropy method, which clarified the motion of CO molecules in the hydrate. In small cages, the carbon atom of the CO molecule is at the center of the cage, and the oxygen atoms of CO revolve freely around the carbon atom. In large cages, the carbon atom also is at the center of the cage, but the oxygen atoms tend to revolve around the carbon atom along the plane parallel to the hexagonal facets of the cage.
Idemoto, Yasushi*; Taniyama, Satoshi*; Iikubo, Satoshi*; Shamoto, Shinichi; Richardson, J. W.*
Journal of Physics and Chemistry of Solids, 70(8), p.1156 - 1165, 2009/08
Iwai, Yasunori; Oka, Nobuki*; Yamanishi, Toshihiko
Journal of Physics and Chemistry of Solids, 70(5), p.881 - 888, 2009/05
The influence of the framework SiO/AlO ratio from 2.0 to 10.0 of faujasite-type CaX/CaY zeolites on the water adsorption and desorption characteristics was examined. Not only the change in electronegativity but the change in pore size distribution of the zeolite affects the water adsorption and desorption characteristics of the zeolite. We found the great differences in isotherms of water on CaY7.0 (SiO/AlO = 7.0) and on CaY10.0. A step-wise variation was observed in the desorption isotherm of water from CaY10.0. We judged the phenomenon due to the pore distribution rich in meso-pores, since similar phenomenon is observed in the case of the argon adsorption on CaY10.0.
Mannan, M. A.*; Nagano, Masamitsu*; Kida, Tetsuya*; Hirao, Norie; Baba, Yuji
Journal of Physics and Chemistry of Solids, 70(1), p.20 - 25, 2009/01
Boron carbonitride (BCN) films have been synthesized on Si(100) substrate by radio frequency plasma enhanced chemical vapor deposition using Tris-(dimethylamino)borane (TDMAB) as a precursor. The formation of the sp-bonded BCN phase was confirmed by Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy. X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy measurements showed that B atoms were bonded to C and N atoms to form the BCN atomic hybrid configurations. Near-edge X-ray absorption fine structure measurements indicated that B atoms were bonded not only to N atoms but also to C atoms to form various configurations of sp-BCN atomic hybrids. The polarization-dependence of NEXAFS suggested that the predominant hybrid configuration of sp-BCN films oriented in the direction perpendicular to the Si substrate.
Ishii, Kenji; Hoesch, M.*; Inami, Toshiya; Kuzushita, Kaori*; Owada, Kenji; Tsubota, Masami; Murakami, Yoichi; Mizuki, Junichiro; Endo, Yasuo; Tsutsui, Kenji*; et al.
Journal of Physics and Chemistry of Solids, 69(12), p.3118 - 3124, 2008/12
Yamada, Susumu; Machida, Masahiko; Kano, Takuma; Imamura, Toshiyuki*; Koyama, Tomio*
Journal of Physics and Chemistry of Solids, 69(12), p.3395 - 3397, 2008/12
We numerically investigate a dependence of pairing interaction strength on quantum coherence and related tunneling dynamics in order to clarify whether the strong pairing interaction suppresses quantum coherent characters. The simulation is performed by using the attractive Hubbard model with double well potential. The simulation result reveals that the tunneling dynamics between the separated wells is dramatically suppressed with increasing the pairing interaction. This fact implies that the pair coherence is easily lost under randomness when the pairing interaction becomes very strong. We claim that such an issue is related to the loss of the pair coherence in under-doped High- superconductors. In addition, we note that the tunneling dynamics can be directly confirmed by using the crossover from BCS to BEC in atomic Fermi gases.
Okumura, Masahiko; Yamada, Susumu; Machida, Masahiko
Journal of Physics and Chemistry of Solids, 69(12), p.3324 - 3326, 2008/12
We numerically study the repulsive Hubbard model with random potential by using the density-matrix renormalization group method. When a few holes are doped to the half-filling, i.e., in slightly doped Mott insulator, we clearly find that "Mott plateaus" and "hole localized valleys" well-separately form in strong on-site repulsive and strong randomness. These nano-scale structures are non-trivial ones created due to strong correlation incorporating randomness. We suggest that these structures qualitatively capture phenomena seen in heavily under-doped High- superconductors, while cold atomic Fermi gases loaded on an optical lattice can experimentally confirm the structures under a well controllable manner.