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Journal Articles

Negative hydrogen ion sources for particle accelerators; Sustainability issues and recent improvements in long-term operations

Welton, R.*; Bollinger, D.*; Dehnel, M.*; Draganic, I.*; Faircloth, D.*; Han, B.*; Lettry, J.*; Stockli, M.*; Tarvainen, O.*; Ueno, Akira

Journal of Physics; Conference Series, 2244, p.012045_1 - 012045_13, 2022/04

 Times Cited Count:0 Percentile:0.33

High brightness, negative hydrogen ion sources are used extensively in many scientific facilities operating worldwide. Negative hydrogen beams have become the preferred means of filling circular accelerators and storage rings. Several facilities now have long-term ($$>$$ several years) experience with operating a variety of these sources (RF, filament, magnetron and penning) and have encountered, and in some cases solved, performance limiting issues. A representative list of such facilities includes, the US Spallation Neutron Source (SNS), Japan Proton Accelerator Complex (J-PARC), Rutherford Appleton Laboratory (RAL-ISIS), Los Alamos Neutron Science Center (LANSCE), Fermi National Accelerator Laboratory (FNAL), CERN LINAC-4 and numerous installations of D-Pace ion sources. This report summarizes key ion source sustainability issues encountered at these facilities and discusses how some of them are being addressed through recent source improvements.

Journal Articles

Non-destructive beam spatial profile measurement using a gas sheet monitor for a high-intensity ion beam

Yamada, Ippei; Wada, Motoi*; Kamiya, Junichiro; Kinsho, Michikazu

Journal of Physics; Conference Series, 2244, p.012077_1 - 012077_6, 2022/04

 Times Cited Count:0 Percentile:0.33

no abstracts in English

Journal Articles

Soundness evaluation of J-PARC RF ion source after 5-month continuous operation

Shibata, Takanori*; Okoshi, Kiyonori; Shinto, Katsuhiro; Nammo, Kesao*; Ikegami, Kiyoshi*; Oguri, Hidetomo

Journal of Physics; Conference Series, 2244, p.012041_1 - 012041_5, 2022/04

 Times Cited Count:0 Percentile:0.33

In the J-PARC user operation from Nov. 2020 - Apr. 2021, continuous operation of J-PARC Radio Frequency (RF) negative hydrogen ion (H$$^-$$) source up to 3,651 hours (5 months) has been achieved. The ion source was operated with the output H$$^-$$ current of 60 mA, the duty factor (for plasma generation) 2% and the input RF power up to 30 kW. After the operation, phase space diagrams at the Radio Frequency Quadrupole (RFQ) entrance were measured by the emittance monitor at the ion source test stand (IS-TS) under the same operation condition as in the J-PARC Linac. Comparison of the phase spaces and the beam emittances between the ion sources in the present and the previous operations shows slight difference. From the direct observation of the antenna coil, no exhaustion or the decrease in the thickness of the enamel coating of the coil have been confirmed. The results indicate the possibility of the next goal of the long-run up to 7 months, which is the same as the full duration of the J-PARC user operation in 1 year.

Journal Articles

Excitation and transport of bound magnon clusters in frustrated ferromagnetic chain

Onishi, Hiroaki

Journal of Physics; Conference Series, 2207, p.012045_1 - 012045_6, 2022/03

Journal Articles

Dynamic properties on $$^{99}$$Mo adsorption and $$^{rm 99m}$$Tc elution with alumina columns

Fujita, Yoshitaka; Seki, Misaki; Sano, Tadafumi*; Fujihara, Yasuyuki*; Suzuki, Tatsuya*; Yoshinaga, Hisao*; Hori, Junichi*; Suematsu, Hisayuki*; Tsuchiya, Kunihiko

Journal of Physics; Conference Series, 2155, p.012018_1 - 012018_6, 2022/01

Technetium-99m ($$^{rm 99m}$$Tc), the daughter nuclide of Molybdenum-99 ($$^{99}$$Mo), is the most commonly used radioisotope in radiopharmaceuticals. The research and development (R&D) for the production of $$^{99}$$Mo by the neutron activation method ((n, $$gamma$$) method) has been carried out from viewpoints of no-proliferation and nuclear security, etc. Since the specific activity of $$^{99}$$Mo produced by the (n, $$gamma$$) method is extremely low, developing Al$$_{2}$$O$$_{3}$$ with a large Mo adsorption capacity is necessary to adapt (n, $$gamma$$)$$^{99}$$Mo to the generator. In this study, three kinds of Al$$_{2}$$O$$_{3}$$ specimens with different raw materials were prepared and compared their adaptability to generators by static and dynamic adsorption. MoO$$_{3}$$ pellet pieces (1.5g) were irradiated with 5 MW for 20 min in the Kyoto University Research Reactor (KUR). Irradiated MoO$$_{3}$$ pellet pieces were dissolved in 6M-NaOH aq. In dynamic adsorption, 1 g of Al$$_{2}$$O$$_{3}$$ was filled into a PFA tube ($$phi$$1.59 mm). The $$^{99}$$Mo adsorption capacity of Al$$_{2}$$O$$_{3}$$ specimens under dynamic condition was slightly reduced compared to that under static condition. The $$^{rm 99m}$$Tc elution rate was about 100% at 1.5 mL of milking in dynamic adsorption, while it was around 56-87% in static adsorption. The $$^{99}$$Mo/$$^{rm 99m}$$Tc ratio of dynamic condition was greatly reduced compared to that of static condition. Therefore, the $$^{rm 99m}$$Tc elution property is greatly affected by the method of adsorbing Mo, e.g., the column shape, the linear flow rate, etc.

Journal Articles

The $$phi$$ meson in nuclear matter with zero and non-zero momentum; Recent results

Gubler, P.

Journal of Physics; Conference Series, 1643, p.012009_1 - 012009_6, 2020/12

 Times Cited Count:0 Percentile:0.09

Based on my recent research, I will discuss the behavior of the $$phi$$ meson in nuclear matter. I will especially focus on the effect of momentum on the modification of the $$phi$$ in nuclear matter. Furthermore, if time allows, I will also briefly touch on my recent simulation of pA reactions (p: proton, A: nucleus), which are used to study the $$phi$$ in nuclear matter experimentally.

Journal Articles

Study on the baryon interaction by $$Xi$$ hypernuclear spectroscopy with the $$(K^-, K^+)$$ reaction

Gogami, Toshiyuki*; Fujita, Manami; Hasegawa, Shoichi; Hosomi, Kenji; Imai, Kenichi*; Ichikawa, Yudai; Nanamura, Takuya; Naruki, Megumi; Sako, Hiroyuki; Sato, Susumu; et al.

Journal of Physics; Conference Series, 1643, p.012133_1 - 012133_6, 2020/12

 Times Cited Count:0 Percentile:0.09

Journal Articles

Study of $$Sigma N$$ interaction from the $$Sigma p$$ scattering experiment at J-PARC

Miwa, Koji*; Fujita, Manami; Hasegawa, Shoichi; Hosomi, Kenji; Ichikawa, Masaya; Ichikawa, Yudai; Imai, Kenichi*; Nanamura, Takuya; Naruki, Megumi; Sako, Hiroyuki; et al.

Journal of Physics; Conference Series, 1643, p.012174_1 - 012174_6, 2020/12

 Times Cited Count:2 Percentile:89.21

Journal Articles

Evaluation of RBE-weighted doses for various radiotherapy beams based on a microdosimetric function implemented in PHITS

Takada, Kenta*; Sato, Tatsuhiko; Kumada, Hiroaki*; Sakurai, Hideyuki*; Sakae, Takeji*

Journal of Physics; Conference Series, 1662, p.012004_1 - 012004_6, 2020/10

The University of Tsukuba has developed a treatment planning system (TPS) for boron neutron capture therapy (BNCT) that uses a Monte Carlo algorithm as a dose calculation engine. In the system, RBE-weighted dose can be also estimated using the microdosimetric function implemented in PHITS. In this study, we calculated the RBE-weighted doses for various radiation therapy beams. Comparison between the calculated results for different radiation therapy beams as well as verification of the calculated data will be presented at the meeting.

Journal Articles

Kinetic inductance neutron detector operated at near critical temperature

Vu, TheDang; Nishimura, Kazuma*; Shishido, Hiroaki*; Harada, Masahide; Oikawa, Kenichi; Miyajima, Shigeyuki*; Hidaka, Mutsuo*; Oku, Takayuki; Soyama, Kazuhiko; Aizawa, Kazuya; et al.

Journal of Physics; Conference Series, 1590, p.012036_1 - 012036_9, 2020/07

 Times Cited Count:0 Percentile:0.01

Journal Articles

Beam optics design of the superconducting region of the JAEA ADS

Yee-Rendon, B.; Kondo, Yasuhiro; Maekawa, Fujio; Meigo, Shinichiro; Tamura, Jun

Journal of Physics; Conference Series, 1350(1), p.012120_1 - 012120_5, 2019/12

BB2019-0052.pdf:0.6MB

 Times Cited Count:1 Percentile:54.43

Journal Articles

Electromagnetic design of the low beta cavities for the JAEA ADS

Yee-Rendon, B.; Kondo, Yasuhiro; Maekawa, Fujio; Meigo, Shinichiro; Tamura, Jun

Journal of Physics; Conference Series, 1350(1), p.012197_1 - 012197_7, 2019/12

BB2019-0053.pdf:0.71MB

 Times Cited Count:2 Percentile:77.11

Journal Articles

Design of the elliptical superconducting cavities for the JAEA ADS

Yee-Rendon, B.; Kondo, Yasuhiro; Maekawa, Fujio; Meigo, Shinichiro; Tamura, Jun

Journal of Physics; Conference Series, 1350(1), p.012198_1 - 012198_6, 2019/12

BB2019-0054.pdf:0.57MB

 Times Cited Count:1 Percentile:54.43

Journal Articles

Evaluation of 2-D transverse beam profile monitor using gas sheet at J-PARC LINAC

Kamiya, Junichiro; Okabe, Kota; Kinsho, Michikazu; Moriya, Katsuhiro; Yamada, Ippei; Ogiwara, Norio*; Hikichi, Yusuke*; Wada, K.*

Journal of Physics; Conference Series, 1350, p.012149_1 - 012149_6, 2019/12

 Times Cited Count:2 Percentile:77.11

To obtain a getter effect to titanium vacuum duct surface, the method to remove the oxide on the surface by sputtering with ionized molecules has been developed. In the method, a sheet-shaped gas distribution with a uniform and high density is generated through a narrow slit by a small amount of gas. In this report, the gas density distribution was calculated by the Monte Carlo simulation code. As a result, it was found that a gas injection from both directions was effective to generate uniform density distribution. Furthermore, the gas injection method was applied to a non-destructive beam profile monitor, that detects ions generated by the interaction between gas molecules and beam. In this monitor, dependence of the beam profile on the injected gas amount was measured. A small amount of injected gas was found to be ideal for the beam profile measurements in the unsaturated and a high S/N ratio region.

Journal Articles

Development of low inductance circuit for radially symmetric circuit

Takayanagi, Tomohiro; Ueno, Tomoaki; Horino, Koki

Journal of Physics; Conference Series, 1350(1), p.012183_1 - 012183_7, 2019/12

 Times Cited Count:0 Percentile:0.07

As one of the advanced research and development for maintaining the stable operation of J-PARC RCS, we are developing semiconductor switch circuit for thyratron substitute adopted in kicker system. Radiation symmetric type circuits using semiconductors of SIC-MOSFETs are composed of circuits in which many semiconductor switches are multiplexed in parallel. Since the lengths of all parallel circuits are equal, the output waveform will not be distorted due to timing jitter or impedance. This circuit is useful for outputting the waveform of ultrafast short pulse. Therefore, we have developed a circuit that achieves further low inductance by making the power transmission circuit into a double circular ring structure equal to the coaxial shape. Compare the inductance value obtained from the structure and the output waveform. In addition, we compare the calculation and the measurement in the test and present the verification result of the developed circular ring structure.

Journal Articles

Simulations of beam loading compensation in a wideband accelerating cavity using a circuit simulator including a LLRF feedback control

Tamura, Fumihiko; Yamamoto, Masanobu; Sugiyama, Yasuyuki*; Yoshii, Masahito*; Omori, Chihiro*; Shimada, Taihei; Nomura, Masahiro; Hasegawa, Katsushi*; Hara, Keigo*; Furusawa, Masashi*

Journal of Physics; Conference Series, 1350(1), p.012189_1 - 012189_7, 2019/12

 Times Cited Count:0 Percentile:0.07

Magnetic alloy cavities are employed in the J-PARC RCS to generate high accelerating voltages. The cavity, which is driven by a vacuum tube amplifier, has a wideband frequency response and the beam loading in the cavity is multiharmonic. Therefore, the tube must generate a multiharmonic output current. An LTspice circuit model is developed to analyze the vacuum tube operation and the compensation of the multiharmonic beam loading. The model includes the cavity, tube amplifier, beam current, and LLRF feedback control. The feedback control consists of the I/Q demodulator including low pass filters, PI control, and I/Q modulator. In this presentation, we present the implementation of the LLRF functions in the LTspice simulations. The preliminary simulation results are also presented. The simulations fairly agree with the beam test results.

Journal Articles

Upgrade of the 3-MeV linac for testing of accelerator components at J-PARC

Kondo, Yasuhiro; Hirano, Koichiro; Ito, Takashi; Kikuzawa, Nobuhiro; Kitamura, Ryo; Morishita, Takatoshi; Oguri, Hidetomo; Okoshi, Kiyonori; Shinozaki, Shinichi; Shinto, Katsuhiro; et al.

Journal of Physics; Conference Series, 1350, p.012077_1 - 012077_7, 2019/12

 Times Cited Count:1 Percentile:54.43

We have upgraded a 3-MeV linac at J-PARC. The ion source is same as the J-PARC linac's, and the old 30-mA RFQ is replaced by a spare 50-mA RFQ, therefore, the beam energy is 3 MeV and the nominal beam current is 50 mA. The main purpose of this system is to test the spare RFQ, but also used for testing of various components required in order to keep the stable operation of the J-PARC accelerator. The accelerator has been already commissioned, and measurement programs have been started. In this paper, present status of this 3-MeV linac is presented.

Journal Articles

Longitudinal measurements and beam tuning in the J-PARC linac MEBT1

Otani, Masashi*; Futatsukawa, Kenta*; Miyao, Tomoaki*; Liu, Y.*; Hirano, Koichiro; Kondo, Yasuhiro; Miura, Akihiko; Oguri, Hidetomo

Journal of Physics; Conference Series, 1350, p.012078_1 - 012078_5, 2019/12

 Times Cited Count:1 Percentile:54.43

The Japan Proton Accelerator Research Complex (J-PARC) linac is operated with design peak current of 50 mA from 2018. For operation with such a high beam current, itis important to understand transverse and longitudinal beam properties especially in low-velocity region. A medium energy beam transport (MEBT1) line between the 3-MeV radio-frequency quadrupole linac (RFQ) and the 50-MeV drift-tube linac (DTL) is a 3-m-long transport line to match the beam to the DTL and produce a macro pulse configuration for a 3-GeV rapid-cycling synchrotron (RCS). In this paper, recent measurements and beam tuning results in MEBT1 will be presented.

Journal Articles

Development of inter-digital H-mode drift-tube linac prototype with alternative phase focusing for a muon linac in the J-PARC muon g-2/EDM experiment

Nakazawa, Yuga*; Iinuma, Hiromi*; Iwata, Yoshiyuki*; Iwashita, Yoshihisa*; Otani, Masashi*; Kawamura, Naritoshi*; Mibe, Tsutomu*; Yamazaki, Takayuki*; Yoshida, Mitsuhiro*; Kitamura, Ryo; et al.

Journal of Physics; Conference Series, 1350, p.012054_1 - 012054_7, 2019/12

 Times Cited Count:4 Percentile:92.59

An inter-digital H-mode drift-tube linac (IH-DTL) is developed in a muon linac at the J-PARC E34 experiment. IH-DTL will accelerate muons from 0.34 MeV to 4.5 MeV at a drive frequency of 324 MHz. Since IH-DTL adopts an APF method, with which the beam is focused in the transverse direction using the rf field only, the proper beam matching of the phase-space distribution is required before the injection into the IH-DTL. Thus, an IH-DTL prototype was fabricated to evaluate the performance of the cavity and beam transmission. As a preparation of the high-power test, tuners and coupler are designed and fabricated. In this paper, the development of the tuner and the coupler and the result of the low-power measurement will be presented.

Journal Articles

Negative muonium ion production with a C12A7 electride film

Otani, Masashi*; Fukao, Yoshinori*; Futatsukawa, Kenta*; Kawamura, Naritoshi*; Matoba, Shiro*; Mibe, Tsutomu*; Miyake, Yasuhiro*; Shimomura, Koichiro*; Yamazaki, Takayuki*; Hasegawa, Kazuo; et al.

Journal of Physics; Conference Series, 1350, p.012067_1 - 012067_6, 2019/12

 Times Cited Count:1 Percentile:54.43

Negative muonium atom ($$mu^+$$e$$^-$$e$$^-$$, Mu$$^-$$) has unique features stimulating potential interesting for several scientific fields. Since its discovery in late 1980's in vacuum, it has been discussed that the production efficiency would be improved using a low-work function material. C12A7 was a well-known insulator as a constituent of alumina cement, but was recently confirmed to exhibit electric conductivity by electron doping. The C12A7 electride has relatively low-work function (2.9 eV). In this paper, the negative muonium production measurement with several materials including a C12A7 electride film will be presented. Measured production rate of the Mu$$^-$$ were 10$$^{-3}$$/s for all the Al, electride, and SUS target. Significant enhancement on electride target was not observed, thus it is presumed that the surface condition should be more carefully treated. There was no material dependence of the Mu$$^-$$ averaged energy: it was 0.2$$pm$$0.1keV.

289 (Records 1-20 displayed on this page)