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Journal Articles

Observation of beam emittance reduction due to gas sheet injection for beam profile measurement

Yamada, Ippei; Chimura, Motoki; Kamiya, Junichiro; Kinsho, Michikazu

Journal of Physics; Conference Series, 2687, p.072018_1 - 072018_6, 2024/01

no abstracts in English

Journal Articles

Improvement of the longitudinal phase space tomography at the J-PARC synchrotrons

Okita, Hidefumi; Tamura, Fumihiko; Yamamoto, Masanobu; Nomura, Masahiro; Shimada, Taihei; Saha, P. K.; Yoshii, Masahito*; Omori, Chihiro*; Sugiyama, Yasuyuki*; Hasegawa, Katsushi*; et al.

Journal of Physics; Conference Series, 2687(7), p.072005_1 - 072005_7, 2024/01

Longitudinal phase space tomography is an effective measurement tool for acquiring the longitudinal phase space distribution. For the J-PARC synchrotrons, tomography, which can take into account the beam dynamics such as longitudinal space charge effect and nonlinearity, is desired, as the beam power increases. In this study, for the J-PARC synchrotron, the CERN's tomography, which employs the hybrid algorithm that can consider the beam dynamics for reconstruction, is introduced and benchmarked. The benchmark results show that the CERN's tomography has the ability to measure the longitudinal phase space distribution accurately, in the high-power beam operation at the J-PARC synchrotrons.

Journal Articles

Fabrication progress of the prototype spoke cavity for the JAEA-ADS linac

Tamura, Jun; Kondo, Yasuhiro; Yee-Rendon, B.; Meigo, Shinichiro; Maekawa, Fujio; Kako, Eiji*; Umemori, Kensei*; Sakai, Hiroshi*; Domae, Takeshi*

Journal of Physics; Conference Series, 2687(5), p.052008_1 - 052008_6, 2024/01

Journal Articles

Update of Bragg edge analysis software "GUI-RITS"

Oikawa, Kenichi; Sato, Hirotaka*; Watanabe, Kenichi*; Su, Y. H.; Shinohara, Takenao; Kai, Tetsuya; Kiyanagi, Yoshiaki*; Hasemi, Hiroyuki

Journal of Physics; Conference Series, 2605, p.012013_1 - 012013_6, 2023/10

Journal Articles

Development of an areal density imaging for boron and other elements

Tsuchikawa, Yusuke; Kai, Tetsuya; Abe, Yuta; Oikawa, Kenichi; Parker, J. D.*; Shinohara, Takenao; Sato, Ikken

Journal of Physics; Conference Series, 2605, p.012022_1 - 012022_6, 2023/10

We developed a method to obtain the areal density distribution of boron, which has a large neutron cross section, by means of an energy resolved neutron imaging. Commonly in a measurement of elements with very high neutron sensitivity, the quantitative measurement becomes more difficult with the amount of element due to the neutron self-shielding effect. To avoid this effect, an energy-resolved method using known cross section data was attempted, and a quantitative imaging of such elements was demonstrated at the MLF of J-PARC. This presentation introduces a measurement of melted simulated-fuel assemblies obtained in the research of the Fukushima Daiichi Nuclear Power Plant after the severe accident. Energy-dependent neutron transmission rates of the samples were measured by a neutron imaging detector, and were analyzed to obtained the areal density of boron at each position.

Journal Articles

Introduction to Neutron Radiography Facilities at the Japan Research Reactor-3

Kurita, Keisuke; Iikura, Hiroshi; Tsuchikawa, Yusuke; Kai, Tetsuya; Shinohara, Takenao; Odaira, Naoya*; Ito, Daisuke*; Saito, Yasushi*; Matsubayashi, Masahito

Journal of Physics; Conference Series, 2605, p.012005_1 - 012005_6, 2023/10

The Japan Research Ractor-3 (JRR-3) is operation resumed on February 26, 2021, and the shared use was also restarted in July, 2021. With the resumption of JRR-3 operation, two imaging facilities called TNRF and CNRF have also resumed their utilization. In this presentation, we report the details of these two neutron facilities.

Journal Articles

Measurements of gas-liquid two-phase flow dynamics using high-speed neutron imaging

Ito, Daisuke*; Odaira, Naoya*; Ito, Kei*; Saito, Yasushi*; Kurita, Keisuke; Iikura, Hiroshi

Journal of Physics; Conference Series, 2605, p.012024_1 - 012024_6, 2023/10

Gas-liquid two-phase flow appears in many heat-exchanging devices. To understand the phenomena in such devices, the two-phase flow dynamics should be clarified. In this study, high-speed neutron imaging is applied to the measurements of two-phase flow dynamics, and the accuracy of the void fraction measurement is investigated.

Journal Articles

Development of tracer particles for thermal hydraulic experiment by neutron imaging

Saito, Yasushi*; Ito, Daisuke*; Odaira, Naoya*; Kurita, Keisuke; Iikura, Hiroshi

Journal of Physics; Conference Series, 2605, p.012028_1 - 012028_6, 2023/10

To observe flow velocity distributions by Neutron Imaging, suitable tracer is necessary. The requirements are its density, its visibility, and its wettability (if applied to liquid metal). Gold cadmium tracers have been developed for the Pb-Bi two-phase flow, however, the visibility have not been verified depending on the particle size and the measurement system. As the candidates of tracer particles, Ag, Cd, Au-Cd, and Ag-Cd have been tested by varying its compositions and its diameters. Results show enough visibility if the particles size is larger than 1mm. In addition, Cd tracer particles were applied to the fluidized bed, where the bed materials are metallic particle made of stainless steel, with 1mm diameter. The diameter of Cd trace is about 1.5 mm. From the neutron imaging, the visibility of the tracers is enough to measure the velocity distributions in the fluidized bed.

Journal Articles

Magnetic ground state of YbCo$$_2$$Zn$$_{20}$$ probed by muon spin relaxation

Higemoto, Wataru; Sato, Kazuhiko*; Ito, Takashi; Oishi, Kazuki*; Saiga, Yuta*; Kosaka, Masashi*; Matsubayashi, Kazuyuki*; Uwatoko, Yoshiya*

Journal of Physics; Conference Series, 2462, p.012039_1 - 012039_5, 2023/03

 Times Cited Count:0 Percentile:0.21(Physics, Applied)

The cubic compound YbCo$$_2$$Zn$$_{20}$$ has huge electronic specific heat coefficient and its ground state could be located in the vicinity of the quantum critical point. Indeed, a magnetic long-range order was observed under pressure above 1-2 GPa. To investigate magnetic ground state, we have carried out muon spin relaxation measurements and confirm non-magnetic ground state with fluctuating tiny magnetic moment.

Journal Articles

Non-destructive elemental analysis of lunar materials with negative muon beam at J-PARC

Chiu, I.-H. ; Terada, Kentaro*; Osawa, Takahito; Park, C.*; Takeshita, Soshi*; Miyake, Yasuhiro*; Ninomiya, Kazuhiko*

Journal of Physics; Conference Series, 2462, p.012004_1 - 012004_6, 2023/03

 Times Cited Count:0 Percentile:0.21(Physics, Applied)

In the last decade, non-destructive elemental analysis using negative muon beams advanced significantly. This method can be used to determine the elemental composition of bulk materials without causing damage. In this study, we performed a negative muon irradiation experiment for a Northwest Africa 482 lunar meteorite (NWA482), which was installed in a stainless steel analysis chamber. The analysis chamber was filled with helium gas to suppress the background signals caused by air-scattering muons. The muonic X-rays from Al, Fe, Ca, Mg, Si, and O in the samples were detected using six high-purity germanium semiconductor detectors arranged around the analysis chamber. To correct the X-ray self-absorption effect of the samples, a Monte-Carlo simulation using Geant4 toolkit was used. Based on the quantitative analysis for muonic X-ray measurement with the correction application from the simulation, we successfully investigated the analytical sensitivity of each element in meteorites based on the NWA482 data.

Journal Articles

Sodium diffusion in hard carbon studied by small- and wide-angle neutron scattering and muon spin relaxation

Oishi, Kazuki*; Igarashi, Daisuke*; Tatara, Ryoichi*; Kawamura, Yukihiko*; Hiroi, Kosuke; Suzuki, Junichi*; Umegaki, Izumi*; Nishimura, Shoichiro*; Koda, Akihiro*; Komaba, Shinichi*; et al.

Journal of Physics; Conference Series, 2462, p.012048_1 - 012048_5, 2023/03

 Times Cited Count:0 Percentile:0.21(Physics, Applied)

Journal Articles

Present status of J-PARC MUSE

Shimomura, Koichiro*; Koda, Akihiro*; Pant, A. D.*; Natori, Hiroaki*; Fujimori, Hiroshi*; Umegaki, Izumi*; Nakamura, Jumpei*; Tampo, Motonobu*; Kawamura, Naritoshi*; Teshima, Natsuki*; et al.

Journal of Physics; Conference Series, 2462, p.012033_1 - 012033_5, 2023/03

 Times Cited Count:0 Percentile:0.21(Physics, Applied)

Journal Articles

Design studies on a high-power wide-band RF combiner for consolidation of the driver amplifier of the J-PARC RCS

Okita, Hidefumi; Tamura, Fumihiko; Yamamoto, Masanobu; Nomura, Masahiro; Shimada, Taihei; Yoshii, Masahito*; Omori, Chihiro*; Sugiyama, Yasuyuki*; Hasegawa, Katsushi*; Hara, Keigo*; et al.

Journal of Physics; Conference Series, 2420, p.012092_1 - 012092_6, 2023/01

A power upgrade of existing 8 kW solid-state driver amplifier is required for the acceleration of high intensity proton beams on the J-PARC 3 GeV rapid cycling synchrotron. The development of a 25 kW amplifier with gallium nitride (GaN) HEMTs, based on 6.4 kW modules is on going. The combiner is a key component to achieve such a high output power over the wide bandwidth required for multi-harmonic rf operation. This paper presents preliminary design of the combiner. The circuit simulation setup and results, including the realistic magnetic core characteristics and frequency response of the cable are reported.

Journal Articles

Recent results of beam loss mitigation and extremely low beam loss operation of J-PARC RCS

Saha, P. K.; Okabe, Kota; Nakanoya, Takamitsu; Shobuda, Yoshihiro; Harada, Hiroyuki; Tamura, Fumihiko; Okita, Hidefumi; Yoshimoto, Masahiro; Hotchi, Hideaki*

Journal of Physics; Conference Series, 2420, p.012040_1 - 012040_7, 2023/01

Journal Articles

Impurities reduction conditionings to recover best beam quality of J-PARC cesiated RF-driven H$$^{-}$$ ion source with new parts exposed to plasma

Ueno, Akira; Okoshi, Kiyonori; Ikegami, Kiyoshi*; Oguri, Hidetomo

Journal of Physics; Conference Series, 2244, p.012029_1 - 012029_5, 2022/04

 Times Cited Count:0 Percentile:0.32(Engineering, Electrical & Electronic)

The J-PARC cesiated RF-driven H$$^{-}$$ ion source is stably suppling about 58 mA beam with a duty factor of 1.25 % (0.5 ms$$times$$25 Hz) for the J-PARC LINAC 50 mA operations. For them, only three plasma chambers (PCHs) of #7, #8 and #9PCHs among ten PCHs have been used since the transverse emittances are more superior than others for unknown reasons. However, the emittances were enlarged by 16 % with the #7PCH, in which the plasma electrode (PE) temperature control plate (PETCP) was replaced to brand-new one to solve the air leak at the VCR vacuum fitting. The impurities from the new parts exposed to the plasma seemed to cause the degradation. The beam with almost the best emittances was reproduced by #4PCH with a new PETCP, in which sapphire tubes were used instead of the 99.7 % alumina ceramics tubes, after a new 2-MHz RF power scanning impurities reduction conditioning for 48 hours.

Journal Articles

Negative hydrogen ion sources for particle accelerators; Sustainability issues and recent improvements in long-term operations

Welton, R.*; Bollinger, D.*; Dehnel, M.*; Draganic, I.*; Faircloth, D.*; Han, B.*; Lettry, J.*; Stockli, M.*; Tarvainen, O.*; Ueno, Akira

Journal of Physics; Conference Series, 2244, p.012045_1 - 012045_13, 2022/04

 Times Cited Count:2 Percentile:87.98(Engineering, Electrical & Electronic)

High brightness, negative hydrogen ion sources are used extensively in many scientific facilities operating worldwide. Negative hydrogen beams have become the preferred means of filling circular accelerators and storage rings. Several facilities now have long-term ($$>$$ several years) experience with operating a variety of these sources (RF, filament, magnetron and penning) and have encountered, and in some cases solved, performance limiting issues. A representative list of such facilities includes, the US Spallation Neutron Source (SNS), Japan Proton Accelerator Complex (J-PARC), Rutherford Appleton Laboratory (RAL-ISIS), Los Alamos Neutron Science Center (LANSCE), Fermi National Accelerator Laboratory (FNAL), CERN LINAC-4 and numerous installations of D-Pace ion sources. This report summarizes key ion source sustainability issues encountered at these facilities and discusses how some of them are being addressed through recent source improvements.

Journal Articles

Non-destructive beam spatial profile measurement using a gas sheet monitor for a high-intensity ion beam

Yamada, Ippei; Wada, Motoi*; Kamiya, Junichiro; Kinsho, Michikazu

Journal of Physics; Conference Series, 2244, p.012077_1 - 012077_6, 2022/04

 Times Cited Count:0 Percentile:0.32(Engineering, Electrical & Electronic)

no abstracts in English

Journal Articles

Soundness evaluation of J-PARC RF ion source after 5-month continuous operation

Shibata, Takanori*; Okoshi, Kiyonori; Shinto, Katsuhiro; Nammo, Kesao*; Ikegami, Kiyoshi*; Oguri, Hidetomo

Journal of Physics; Conference Series, 2244, p.012041_1 - 012041_5, 2022/04

 Times Cited Count:1 Percentile:71.24(Engineering, Electrical & Electronic)

In the J-PARC user operation from Nov. 2020 - Apr. 2021, continuous operation of J-PARC Radio Frequency (RF) negative hydrogen ion (H$$^-$$) source up to 3,651 hours (5 months) has been achieved. The ion source was operated with the output H$$^-$$ current of 60 mA, the duty factor (for plasma generation) 2% and the input RF power up to 30 kW. After the operation, phase space diagrams at the Radio Frequency Quadrupole (RFQ) entrance were measured by the emittance monitor at the ion source test stand (IS-TS) under the same operation condition as in the J-PARC Linac. Comparison of the phase spaces and the beam emittances between the ion sources in the present and the previous operations shows slight difference. From the direct observation of the antenna coil, no exhaustion or the decrease in the thickness of the enamel coating of the coil have been confirmed. The results indicate the possibility of the next goal of the long-run up to 7 months, which is the same as the full duration of the J-PARC user operation in 1 year.

Journal Articles

Excitation and transport of bound magnon clusters in frustrated ferromagnetic chain

Onishi, Hiroaki

Journal of Physics; Conference Series, 2207, p.012045_1 - 012045_6, 2022/03

Journal Articles

Dynamic properties on $$^{99}$$Mo adsorption and $$^{rm 99m}$$Tc elution with alumina columns

Fujita, Yoshitaka; Seki, Misaki; Sano, Tadafumi*; Fujihara, Yasuyuki*; Suzuki, Tatsuya*; Yoshinaga, Hisao*; Hori, Junichi*; Suematsu, Hisayuki*; Tsuchiya, Kunihiko

Journal of Physics; Conference Series, 2155, p.012018_1 - 012018_6, 2022/01

Technetium-99m ($$^{rm 99m}$$Tc), the daughter nuclide of Molybdenum-99 ($$^{99}$$Mo), is the most commonly used radioisotope in radiopharmaceuticals. The research and development (R&D) for the production of $$^{99}$$Mo by the neutron activation method ((n, $$gamma$$) method) has been carried out from viewpoints of no-proliferation and nuclear security, etc. Since the specific activity of $$^{99}$$Mo produced by the (n, $$gamma$$) method is extremely low, developing Al$$_{2}$$O$$_{3}$$ with a large Mo adsorption capacity is necessary to adapt (n, $$gamma$$)$$^{99}$$Mo to the generator. In this study, three kinds of Al$$_{2}$$O$$_{3}$$ specimens with different raw materials were prepared and compared their adaptability to generators by static and dynamic adsorption. MoO$$_{3}$$ pellet pieces (1.5g) were irradiated with 5 MW for 20 min in the Kyoto University Research Reactor (KUR). Irradiated MoO$$_{3}$$ pellet pieces were dissolved in 6M-NaOH aq. In dynamic adsorption, 1 g of Al$$_{2}$$O$$_{3}$$ was filled into a PFA tube ($$phi$$1.59 mm). The $$^{99}$$Mo adsorption capacity of Al$$_{2}$$O$$_{3}$$ specimens under dynamic condition was slightly reduced compared to that under static condition. The $$^{rm 99m}$$Tc elution rate was about 100% at 1.5 mL of milking in dynamic adsorption, while it was around 56-87% in static adsorption. The $$^{99}$$Mo/$$^{rm 99m}$$Tc ratio of dynamic condition was greatly reduced compared to that of static condition. Therefore, the $$^{rm 99m}$$Tc elution property is greatly affected by the method of adsorbing Mo, e.g., the column shape, the linear flow rate, etc.

311 (Records 1-20 displayed on this page)