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Journal Articles

Plasticity correction on stress intensity factor evaluation for underclad cracks in reactor pressure vessels

Lu, K.; Katsuyama, Jinya; Li, Y.

Journal of Pressure Vessel Technology, 142(5), p.051501_1 - 051501_10, 2020/10

 Times Cited Count:0 Percentile:100(Engineering, Mechanical)

Journal Articles

Fatigue crack growth for ferritic steel under negative stress ratio

Yamaguchi, Yoshihito; Hasegawa, Kunio; Li, Y.

Journal of Pressure Vessel Technology, 142(4), p.041507_1 - 041507_6, 2020/08

 Times Cited Count:0 Percentile:100(Engineering, Mechanical)

The phenomenon of crack closure is important in the prediction of fatigue crack growth. Several experimental data indicate the closing of fatigue cracks both under negative and positive loads at constant amplitude loading cycles, depending on the magnitude of stress amplitude and stress ratio. Appendix A-4300 of the ASME Code Section XI provides two equations of fatigue crack growth rates expressed by the stress intensity factor range for ferritic steels under negative stress ratio. The boundary of two fatigue crack growth rates is classified with the magnitude of applied stress intensity factor range, in consideration of the crack closure. The boundary value provided by the ASME Code Section XI is validated in this study through an investigation of the influence of the magnitude of the applied stress intensity factor range on crack closure, with the application of fatigue crack growth tests using ferritic steel specimens in air environment at room and high temperatures. Crack closures are obtained as a parameter of stress ratio, and herein, were found to occur at a smaller applied stress intensity factor range, as opposed to the definition given by Appendix A-4300.

Journal Articles

Application scope of limit load criterion for ductile material pipes with circumferentially external cracks

Hasegawa, Kunio; Li, Y.; Lacroix, V.*; Mares, V.*

Journal of Pressure Vessel Technology, 142(3), p.031506_1 - 031506_7, 2020/06

 Times Cited Count:0 Percentile:100(Engineering, Mechanical)

Bending stress at plastic collapse for a circumferentially cracked pipe is predicted by limit load criterion provided by the Appendix C of the ASME Code Section XI. The equation of the Appendix C is applicable for pipes with both external and internal surface cracks. On the other hand, the authors have developed a more precise equation. From the comparison of Appendix C equation and the new equation, the plastic collapse stress estimated by the Appendix C equation gives less conservative bending capacity prediction for external cracked pipes with thick wall thickness and large crack angle. This paper discusses the limitation scope to use the limit load criterion of the Appendix C equation.

Journal Articles

Crack growth evaluation for cracked stainless and carbon steel pipes under large seismic cyclic loading

Yamaguchi, Yoshihito; Katsuyama, Jinya; Li, Y.; Onizawa, Kunio

Journal of Pressure Vessel Technology, 142(2), p.021906_1 - 021906_11, 2020/04

 Times Cited Count:0 Percentile:100(Engineering, Mechanical)

Journal Articles

Closed-form stress intensity factor solutions for surface cracks with large aspect ratios in plates

Azuma, Kisaburo*; Li, Y.; Xu, S.*

Journal of Pressure Vessel Technology, 142(2), p.021207_1 - 021207_10, 2020/04

 Times Cited Count:0 Percentile:100(Engineering, Mechanical)

Journal Articles

Improvements on evaluation functions of a probabilistic fracture mechanics analysis code for reactor pressure vessels

Lu, K.; Katsuyama, Jinya; Li, Y.

Journal of Pressure Vessel Technology, 142(2), p.021208_1 - 021208_11, 2020/04

 Times Cited Count:1 Percentile:100(Engineering, Mechanical)

Journal Articles

Guideline on probabilistic fracture mechanics analysis for Japanese reactor pressure vessels

Katsuyama, Jinya; Osakabe, Kazuya*; Uno, Shumpei*; Li, Y.; Yoshimura, Shinobu*

Journal of Pressure Vessel Technology, 142(2), p.021205_1 - 021205_10, 2020/04

 Times Cited Count:0 Percentile:100(Engineering, Mechanical)

no abstracts in English

Journal Articles

Plastic collapse stresses based on flaw combination rules for pipes containing two circumferential similar flaws

Hasegawa, Kunio; Li, Y.; Kim, Y.-J.*; Lacroix, V.*; Strnadel, B.*

Journal of Pressure Vessel Technology, 141(3), p.031201_1 - 031201_5, 2019/06

 Times Cited Count:0 Percentile:100(Engineering, Mechanical)

When discrete multiple flaws are in the same plane, and they are close to each other, it can be determined whether they are combined or standalone in accordance with combination rules provided by Fitness-For-Service (FFS) codes. However, specific criteria of the rules are different amongst these FFS codes. On the other hand, plastic collapse bending stresses for stainless steel pipes with two circumferential similar flaws were obtained by experiments and the prediction procedure for collapse stresses for pipes with two similar flaws were developed analytically. Using the experimental data and the analytical procedure, plastic collapse stresses for pipes with two similar flaws are compared with the stresses in compliance with the flaw combination criteria. It is shown that the calculated plastic collapse stresses based on the flaw combination criteria are significantly different from the experimental and analytical stresses.

Journal Articles

Plastic collapse stresses for pipes with inner and outer circumferential cracks

Mares, V.*; Hasegawa, Kunio; Li, Y.; Lacroix, V.*

Journal of Pressure Vessel Technology, 141(2), p.021203_1 - 021203_6, 2019/04

 Times Cited Count:2 Percentile:49.17(Engineering, Mechanical)

Appendix C-5320 of ASME BPV Code Section XI provides an equation of bending stress at the plastic collapse, where the equation is applicable for both inner and outer surface cracks. That is, the collapse stresses for pipes with inner and outer surface cracks are the same. Authors considered the separated pipe mean radii at the cracked ligament and at the un-cracked ligament and equations of plastic collapse stresses for both inner and outer cracked pipes were developed. As the results of the calculations, when the crack angle and depth are the same, the collapse stress for outer cracked pipe is lower than that calculated by the Appendix C equation. It is found that the Appendix C equation gives un-conservative plastic collapse stress.

Journal Articles

Stress intensity factors for transformed surface flaws and remaining fatigue lives based on flaw-to-surface proximity rules

Hasegawa, Kunio*; Strnadel, B.*; Li, Y.; Lacroix, V.*

Journal of Pressure Vessel Technology, 140(5), p.051204_1 - 051204_7, 2018/10

 Times Cited Count:0 Percentile:100(Engineering, Mechanical)

Journal Articles

Applicability of miniature compact tension specimens for fracture toughness evaluation of highly neutron irradiated reactor pressure vessel steels

Ha, Yoosung; Tobita, Toru; Otsu, Takuyo; Takamizawa, Hisashi; Nishiyama, Yutaka

Journal of Pressure Vessel Technology, 140(5), p.051402_1 - 051402_6, 2018/10

 Times Cited Count:1 Percentile:82.95(Engineering, Mechanical)

Journal Articles

Development of stress intensity factors for subsurface flaws in plates subjected to polynomial stress distributions

Lu, K.; Mano, Akihiro; Katsuyama, Jinya; Li, Y.; Iwamatsu, Fuminori*

Journal of Pressure Vessel Technology, 140(3), p.031201_1 - 031201_11, 2018/06

 Times Cited Count:5 Percentile:40.19(Engineering, Mechanical)

Journal Articles

Experimental study on the deformation and failure of the bellows structure beyond the designed internal pressure

Ando, Masanori; Yada, Hiroki; Tsukimori, Kazuyuki; Ichimiya, Masakazu*; Anoda, Yoshinari*

Journal of Pressure Vessel Technology, 139(6), p.061201_1 - 061201_12, 2017/08

 Times Cited Count:0 Percentile:100(Engineering, Mechanical)

In this study, in order to develop the evaluation method of the ultimate pressure of the bellows structure subject to the internal pressure beyond the specified, the failure test and finite element analysis (FEA) of the bellows structure were performed. The failure modes were demonstrated through the series of tests, and three kind of failure mode were observed. To simulate the buckling and deformation behavior during the test, the implicit and explicit analyses were performed.

Journal Articles

Reference curve of fatigue crack growth for ferritic steels under negative R ratio provided by ASME Code Section XI

Hasegawa, Kunio*; Mares, V.*; Yamaguchi, Yoshihito

Journal of Pressure Vessel Technology, 139(3), p.034501_1 - 034501_5, 2017/06

 Times Cited Count:2 Percentile:75.59(Engineering, Mechanical)

Journal Articles

Development of stress intensity factors for cracks with large aspect ratios in pipes and plates

Li, Y.; Hasegawa, Kunio*; Udagawa, Makoto

Journal of Pressure Vessel Technology, 139(2), p.021202_1 - 021202_13, 2017/04

 Times Cited Count:1 Percentile:86.04(Engineering, Mechanical)

Journal Articles

Failure experiments on pipes with local wall thinning subjected to multi-axial loads

Li, Y.; Hasegawa, Kunio; Miura, Naoki*; Hoshino, Katsuaki*

Journal of Pressure Vessel Technology, 139(2), p.021203_1 - 021203_7, 2017/04

 Times Cited Count:0 Percentile:100(Engineering, Mechanical)

In order to investigate the failure behavior of the pipes with local wall thinning subjected to multi-axial loads including the torsion, failure experiments were performed on 20 mm diameter carbon steel pipes with a local wall thinning. Based on the experimental results, the failure estimation method is investigated.

Journal Articles

Remaining fatigue lives of similar surface flaws in accordance with combination rules

Lu, K.; Li, Y.; Hasegawa, Kunio*; Lacroix, V.*

Journal of Pressure Vessel Technology, 139(2), p.021407_1 - 021407_6, 2017/04

 Times Cited Count:1 Percentile:86.04(Engineering, Mechanical)

Journal Articles

Experimental study on failure estimation method for circumferentially cracked pipes subjected to multi-axial loads

Li, Y.; Hasegawa, Kunio; Miura, Naoki*; Hoshino, Katsuaki*

Journal of Pressure Vessel Technology, 139(1), p.011204_1 - 011204_10, 2017/02

 Times Cited Count:1 Percentile:86.04(Engineering, Mechanical)

To investigate the failure behavior of cracked pipes subjected to multi-axial loads including the torsion moment, failure experiments were performed on 20 mm diameter stainless steel pipes with a circumferential surface crack or a through-wall crack under combined axial force, bending and torsion moments. Based on the experimental results, the failure estimation methods were investigated.

Journal Articles

The Welded joint strength reduction factors of modified 9Cr-1Mo Steel for the advanced loop-type sodium cooled fast reactor

Yamashita, Takuya; Wakai, Takashi; Onizawa, Takashi; Sato, Kenichiro*; Yamamoto, Kenji*

Journal of Pressure Vessel Technology, 138(6), p.061407_1 - 061407_6, 2016/12

 Times Cited Count:0 Percentile:100(Engineering, Mechanical)

Journal Articles

Remaining lives of fatigue crack growths for pipes with subsurface flaws and subsurface-to-surface flaw proximity rules

Katsumata, Genshichiro*; Li, Y.; Hasegawa, Kunio*; Lacroix, V.*

Journal of Pressure Vessel Technology, 138(5), p.051402_1 - 051402_5, 2016/10

 Times Cited Count:2 Percentile:78.45(Engineering, Mechanical)

If a subsurface flaw is located near a component surface, the subsurface flaw is transformed to a surface flaw in accordance with a subsurface-to-surface proximity rule. The re-characterization process from subsurface to surface flaw is adopted in all fitness-for-service (FFS) codes. However, the specific criteria of the re-characterizations are different among the FFS codes. Recently, the authors have proposed a new subsurface-to-surface flaw proximity rule based on experimental data and equivalent fatigue crack growth rate calculations. In this study, fatigue crack growth calculations were carried out for pipes with subsurface flaws, using the proximity rule provided in the current codes and the proposed subsurface-to-surface proximity rule. Different pipe sizes, flaw aspect ratios and ligament distances from subsurface flaws to inner surface of pipes were taken into account. As the results, the current proximity rule gives less conservative fatigue lives, when the aspect ratios of the subsurface flaws are small.

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