Azuma, Kisaburo*; Li, Y.
Journal of Pressure Vessel Technology, 144(6), p.061303_1 - 061303_13, 2022/12
Hasegawa, Kunio; Strnadel, B.*; Li, Y.; Lacroix, V.*
Journal of Pressure Vessel Technology, 144(6), p.061202_1 - 061202_6, 2022/12
When pipe walls are thin, part-through flaws are easily develop into through-wall flaws, and the likelihood of coolant leakage is high. The ASEM Code Section XI provides final allowable flaw angles of through-wall flaw for thin-wall pipes. The final allowable angles are applied to pipes in order to maintain structural integrity if the part-through flaws become through-wall flaws. To ensure that this stability is compromised, plastic collapse stresses for through-wall flaws are combined with allowable stresses. However, the final allowable angles of through-wall flaws are not identified for thin-walled pipes. This paper compares plastic collapse stresses of through-wall flaws and allowable stresses of part-through flaws for pipes. The comparison of these stresses is used to derive the final allowable angles of through-wall flaws. The angles can be expressed either in the form of exact solutions or as conventional options that are appropriate for various service level conditions.
Hasegawa, Kunio; Li, Y.; Strnadel, B.*; Udyawar, A.*
Journal of Pressure Vessel Technology, 144(5), p.051305_1 - 051305_6, 2022/10
Fully plastic collapse stresses for circumferentially part-through cracked pipes subjected to bending stresses are estimated by Limit Load Criteria provided by the ASME Code Section XI. Allowable crack depths were determined by using the Limit Load Criteria and that are tabulated in the ASME Code Section XI for different plant service level conditions. On the other hand, crack penetration bending stresses for part-through cracked pipes were estimated by using the Local Approach of Limit Load Criteria. By using these Criteria, the study presented in this paper obtained allowable crack depths at penetration for circumferentially part-through cracked pipes. Comparing the allowable crack depths obtained by both methods for each service level, it is evident that the allowable crack depths at penetration calculated by the Local Approach of Limit Load Criteria are almost always smaller than those at fully plastic collapse stresses calculated by the Limit Load Criteria. It was found that the allowable crack depths provided by the ASME Code Section XI are less conservative for crack penetrations.
Mano, Akihiro; Yamaguchi, Yoshihito; Katsuyama, Jinya; Li, Y.
Journal of Pressure Vessel Technology, 144(1), p.011506_1 - 011506_9, 2022/02
In the past few decades, the cracks because of stress corrosion cracking (SCC) have been detected in the dissimilar weld joints welded using nickel based alloy in piping system of boiling water reactors. Thus, the structural integrity assessment for such weld joints has become important. Nowadays, probabilistic fracture mechanics (PFM) analysis is recognized as a rational method for structural integrity assessment because it can consider inherent uncertainties of various influencing factors as probability distributions and quantitatively evaluate the failure probability of a cracked component. The Japan Atomic Energy Agency has developed a PFM analysis code PASCAL-SP for a probabilistic structural integrity assessment of weld joint in pipe in nuclear power plant. This study improves the analysis functions of PASCAL-SP for weld joint welded using nickel based alloy in boiling water reactor susceptible to SCC. As an analysis example of the improved version of PASCAL-SP, the failure probability of a weld joint is quantitatively evaluated. Furthermore, sensitivity analyses are conducted concerning the effect of leak detection and in-service inspection. From the analysis results, it is concluded that the improved version of PASCAL-SP is useful for structural integrity assessment.
Kumagai, Tomohisa*; Miura, Yasufumi*; Miura, Naoki*; Marie, S.*; Almahdi, R.*; Mano, Akihiro; Li, Y.; Katsuyama, Jinya; Wada, Yoshitaka*; Hwang, J.-H.*; et al.
Journal of Pressure Vessel Technology, 144(1), p.011509_1 - 011509_18, 2022/02
To predict fracture behavior for ductile materials, some ductile fracture simulation methods different from classical approaches have been investigated based on appropriate models of ductile fracture. For the future use of the methods to overcome restrictions of classical approaches, the applicability to the actual components is of concern. In this study, two benchmark problems on the fracture tests supposing actual components were provided to investigate prediction ability of simulation methods containing parameter decisions. One was the circumferentially through-wall and surface cracked pipes subjected to monotonic bending, and the other was the circumferentially through-wall cracked pipes subjected to cyclic bending. Participants predicted the ductile crack propagation behavior by their own approaches, including FEM employed GTN yielding function with void ratio criterion, are FEM employed GTN yielding function, FEM with fracture strain or energy criterion modified by stress triaxiality, XFEM with J or delta J criterion, FEM with stress triaxiality and plastic strain based ductile crack propagation using FEM, and elastic-plastic peridynamics. Both the deformation and the crack propagation behaviors for monotonic bending were well reproduced, while few participants reproduced those for cyclic bending. To reproduce pipe deformation and fracture behaviors, most of groups needed parameters which were determined toreproduce pipe deformation and fracture behaviors in benchmark problems themselves and it is still difficult to reproduce them by using parameters only from basic materials tests.
Hasegawa, Kunio*; Dvok, D.*; Mare, V.*; Strnadel, B.*; Li, Y.
Journal of Pressure Vessel Technology, 144(1), p.011303_1 - 011303_6, 2022/02
Fully plastic failure stress for circumferentially surface-cracked pipe subjected to tensile loading can be estimated by means of limit load criterion (LLC) based on the net-section stress approach. LLC of the first type (labelled LLC-1) was derived from the balance of uniaxial forces. LLC of the second type, derived from the balance of bending moments and axial forces (labelled LLC-2), is adopted in Section XI of the ASME (American Society of Mechanical Engineering) Code. From the literature survey of experimental data, failure stresses obtained by both types of LLCs were compared with the experimental data. It can be stated that failure stresses calculated by LLC-1 are better than those calculated by LLC-2 for shallow cracks. On the contrary, for deep cracks, LLC-2 predictions of failure stresses are fairly close to the experimental data. It can be stated that the allowable cracks given in Section XI of the ASME Code are conservative.
Shimodaira, Masaki; Tobita, Toru; Takamizawa, Hisashi; Katsuyama, Jinya; Hanawa, Satoshi
Journal of Pressure Vessel Technology, 144(1), p.011304_1 - 011304_7, 2022/02
In the structural integrity assessment of a reactor pressure vessel (RPV), the fracture toughness (K) should be higher than the stress intensity factor at the crack tip of an under-clad crack (UCC), which is prescribed in JEAC4206-2016. However, differences in crack depth and existence of cladding between the postulated crack and fracture toughness test specimens would be affected to the plastic constraint state and K evaluation. In this study, we performed fracture toughness tests and finite element analyses (FEAs) to investigate the effect of cladding on K evaluation. FEA showed that the cladding decreased the plastic constraint in the UCC rather than the surface crack. Moreover, it was also found that the apparent K for the UCC was higher than that for the surface crack from tests and the local approach.
Ando, Masanori; Hirose, Yuichi*; Takano, Masahito*
Journal of Pressure Vessel Technology, 143(6), p.061505_1 - 061505_9, 2021/12
This study compares and assesses the different fatigue and creep-fatigue life evaluation methods by performing tests of perforated plate made of Mod.9Cr-1Mo steel. Multi-perforated plate was subjected to mechanical cyclic loading at 550C, and crack initiation and propagation on the surfaces of the holes were observed. A series of finite element analyses were carried out to predict the number of cycles to failure by the several failure life evaluation methods, and these predictions were then compared with the test results. Several types of evaluation methods that use the elastic FEA were applied.
Takamizawa, Hisashi; Nishiyama, Yutaka
Journal of Pressure Vessel Technology, 143(5), p.051502_1 - 051502_8, 2021/10
no abstracts in English
Li, Y.; Katsumata, Genshichiro*; Masaki, Koichi; Hayashi, Shotaro*; Itabashi, Yu*; Nagai, Masaki*; Suzuki, Masahide*; Kanto, Yasuhiro*
Journal of Pressure Vessel Technology, 143(4), p.041501_1 - 041501_8, 2021/08
Lu, K.; Katsuyama, Jinya; Masaki, Koichi; Watanabe, Tadashi*; Li, Y.
Journal of Pressure Vessel Technology, 143(3), p.031704_1 - 031704_8, 2021/06
Lu, K.; Katsuyama, Jinya; Li, Y.; Yoshimura, Shinobu*
Journal of Pressure Vessel Technology, 143(2), p.021505_1 - 021505_8, 2021/04
Lu, K.; Katsuyama, Jinya; Li, Y.
Journal of Pressure Vessel Technology, 142(5), p.051501_1 - 051501_10, 2020/10
Yamaguchi, Yoshihito; Hasegawa, Kunio; Li, Y.
Journal of Pressure Vessel Technology, 142(4), p.041507_1 - 041507_6, 2020/08
The phenomenon of crack closure is important in the prediction of fatigue crack growth. Several experimental data indicate the closing of fatigue cracks both under negative and positive loads at constant amplitude loading cycles, depending on the magnitude of stress amplitude and stress ratio. Appendix A-4300 of the ASME Code Section XI provides two equations of fatigue crack growth rates expressed by the stress intensity factor range for ferritic steels under negative stress ratio. The boundary of two fatigue crack growth rates is classified with the magnitude of applied stress intensity factor range, in consideration of the crack closure. The boundary value provided by the ASME Code Section XI is validated in this study through an investigation of the influence of the magnitude of the applied stress intensity factor range on crack closure, with the application of fatigue crack growth tests using ferritic steel specimens in air environment at room and high temperatures. Crack closures are obtained as a parameter of stress ratio, and herein, were found to occur at a smaller applied stress intensity factor range, as opposed to the definition given by Appendix A-4300.
Hasegawa, Kunio; Li, Y.; Lacroix, V.*; Mare, V.*
Journal of Pressure Vessel Technology, 142(3), p.031506_1 - 031506_7, 2020/06
Bending stress at plastic collapse for a circumferentially cracked pipe is predicted by limit load criterion provided by the Appendix C of the ASME Code Section XI. The equation of the Appendix C is applicable for pipes with both external and internal surface cracks. On the other hand, the authors have developed a more precise equation. From the comparison of Appendix C equation and the new equation, the plastic collapse stress estimated by the Appendix C equation gives less conservative bending capacity prediction for external cracked pipes with thick wall thickness and large crack angle. This paper discusses the limitation scope to use the limit load criterion of the Appendix C equation.
Yamaguchi, Yoshihito; Katsuyama, Jinya; Li, Y.; Onizawa, Kunio
Journal of Pressure Vessel Technology, 142(2), p.021906_1 - 021906_11, 2020/04
Azuma, Kisaburo*; Li, Y.; Xu, S.*
Journal of Pressure Vessel Technology, 142(2), p.021207_1 - 021207_10, 2020/04
Lu, K.; Katsuyama, Jinya; Li, Y.
Journal of Pressure Vessel Technology, 142(2), p.021208_1 - 021208_11, 2020/04
Katsuyama, Jinya; Osakabe, Kazuya*; Uno, Shumpei*; Li, Y.; Yoshimura, Shinobu*
Journal of Pressure Vessel Technology, 142(2), p.021205_1 - 021205_10, 2020/04
no abstracts in English
Hasegawa, Kunio; Li, Y.; Kim, Y.-J.*; Lacroix, V.*; Strnadel, B.*
Journal of Pressure Vessel Technology, 141(3), p.031201_1 - 031201_5, 2019/06
When discrete multiple flaws are in the same plane, and they are close to each other, it can be determined whether they are combined or standalone in accordance with combination rules provided by Fitness-For-Service (FFS) codes. However, specific criteria of the rules are different amongst these FFS codes. On the other hand, plastic collapse bending stresses for stainless steel pipes with two circumferential similar flaws were obtained by experiments and the prediction procedure for collapse stresses for pipes with two similar flaws were developed analytically. Using the experimental data and the analytical procedure, plastic collapse stresses for pipes with two similar flaws are compared with the stresses in compliance with the flaw combination criteria. It is shown that the calculated plastic collapse stresses based on the flaw combination criteria are significantly different from the experimental and analytical stresses.