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Journal Articles

$$^{137}$$Cs contamination of Japanese mustard spinach by resuspended particles in areas with different contamination conditions

Tatsuno, Takahiro*; Yoshimura, Kazuya; Nihei, Naoto*

Journal of Radioanalytical and Nuclear Chemistry, 8 Pages, 2024/00

 Times Cited Count:0 Percentile:0.18(Chemistry, Analytical)

Journal Articles

Extraction of $$^{99}$$Mo hot atoms made by a neutron capture method from $$alpha$$-MoO$$_{3}$$ to water

Quach, N. M.*; Ngo, M. C.*; Yang, Y.*; Nguyen, T. B.*; Nguyen, V. T.*; Fujita, Yoshitaka; Do, T. M. D.*; Nakayama, Tadachika*; Suzuki, Tatsuya*; Suematsu, Hisayuki*

Journal of Radioanalytical and Nuclear Chemistry, 332(10), p.4057 - 4064, 2023/10

 Times Cited Count:0 Percentile:0.01(Chemistry, Analytical)

Technetium-99m ($$^{99m}$$Tc) is the most widely used medical radioisotope in the world and is produced from molybdenum-99 ($$^{99}$$Mo). Production of $$^{99}$$Mo via the neutron capture method draws attention as an alternative to fission-derived $$^{99}$$Mo due to non-proliferation issues, but the specific radioactivity of $$^{99}$$Mo is extremely low. In this work, a porous $$alpha$$-MoO$$_{3}$$ wire was prepared as an irradiation target in order to improve the specific activity by extracting $$^{99}$$Mo. Porous $$alpha$$-MoO$$_{3}$$ wire is synthesized from Mo metal wire by a two-step heating procedure. The hot atom effect of $$^{99}$$Mo was confirmed by activity and isotope measurements of the porous $$alpha$$-MoO$$_{3}$$ wire after neutron irradiation and the water used for extraction. In term of the extraction effectiveness, the effectiveness of $$^{99}$$Mo extraction in the porous $$alpha$$-MoO$$_{3}$$ wire was comparable to that of commercial $$alpha$$-MoO$$_{3}$$ powder.

Journal Articles

Development of correction method for sample density effect on PGA

Maeda, Makoto; Segawa, Mariko; Toh, Yosuke; Endo, Shunsuke; Nakamura, Shoji; Kimura, Atsushi

Journal of Radioanalytical and Nuclear Chemistry, 332(8), p.2995 - 2999, 2023/08

 Times Cited Count:0 Percentile:0.01(Chemistry, Analytical)

Journal Articles

$$^{137}$$Cs transfer from soils contaminated by resuspended particles to Japanese mustard spinach in difficult-to-return zone of Fukushima

Tatsuno, Takahiro*; Nihei, Naoto*; Yoshimura, Kazuya; Ote, Nobuhito*

Journal of Radioanalytical and Nuclear Chemistry, 332(6), p.1677 - 1686, 2023/06

 Times Cited Count:1 Percentile:72.91(Chemistry, Analytical)

Journal Articles

Origin of Cs-bearing silicate glass microparticles observed during Fukushima accident and recommendations on nuclear safety

Hidaka, Akihide

Journal of Radioanalytical and Nuclear Chemistry, 332, p.1607 - 1623, 2023/03

 Times Cited Count:0 Percentile:0.01(Chemistry, Analytical)

no abstracts in English

Journal Articles

Formation of MPd$$_{3+x}$$ (M = Gd, Np) by the reaction of MN with Pd and chlorination of MPd$$_{3+x}$$ using cadmium chloride

Hayashi, Hirokazu; Shibata, Hiroki; Sato, Takumi; Otobe, Haruyoshi

Journal of Radioanalytical and Nuclear Chemistry, 332(2), p.503 - 510, 2023/02

 Times Cited Count:0 Percentile:0.01(Chemistry, Analytical)

The formation of MPd$$_{3+x}$$ (M = Gd, Np) by the reaction of MN with Pd at 1323 K in Ar gas flow was observed. Cubic AuCu$$_3$$-type GdPd$$_{3.3}$$ (${it a}$ = 0.4081 $$pm$$ 0.0001 nm) and NpPd$$_3$$ (${it a}$ = 0.4081 $$pm$$ 0.0001 nm) were identified, respectively. The product obtained from the reaction of NpN with Pd contained additional phases including the hexagonal TiNi$$_3$$-type NpPd$$_3$$. Chlorination of the MPd$$_{3+x}$$ (M = Gd, Np) samples was accomplished by the solid-state reaction using cadmium chloride at 673 K in a dynamic vacuum. Pd-rich solid solution phase saturated with Cd and an intermetallic compound PdCd were obtained as by-products of MCl$$_3$$ formation.

Journal Articles

Water contents in aggregates and cement pastes determined by gravimetric analysis and prompt $$gamma$$-ray analysis

Kinoshita, Norikazu*; Noto, Takuma*; Nakajima, Hitoshi*; Kosako, Kazuaki*; Kato, Takahiro*; Kuroiwa, Yoichi*; Kurabe, Misako*; Sasaki, Yuki*; Torii, Kazuyuki*; Maeda, Makoto; et al.

Journal of Radioanalytical and Nuclear Chemistry, 332(2), p.479 - 486, 2023/02

Journal Articles

Investigation of adsorption mechanism of Mo(VI) by baker's yeast and applicability to the uranium liquid waste treatment process

Arai, Yoichi; Hasegawa, Kenta; Watanabe, So; Watanabe, Masayuki; Minowa, Kazuki*; Matsuura, Haruaki*; Hagura, Naoto*; Katsuki, Kenta*; Arai, Tsuyoshi*; Konishi, Yasuhiro*

Journal of Radioanalytical and Nuclear Chemistry, 9 Pages, 2023/00

 Times Cited Count:0 Percentile:0.01(Chemistry, Analytical)

Journal Articles

The Formation mechanism of radiocesium-bearing microparticles derived from the Fukushima Daiichi Nuclear Power Plant using electron microscopy

Hagiwara, Hiroki; Kondo, Keietsu; Hidaka, Akihide

Journal of Radioanalytical and Nuclear Chemistry, 331(12), p.5905 - 5914, 2022/12

 Times Cited Count:2 Percentile:53.91(Chemistry, Analytical)

Journal Articles

Development of HCl-free solid phase extraction combined with ICP-MS/MS for rapid assessment of difficult-to-measure radionuclides, 2; Highly sensitive monitoring of $$^{126}$$Sn in concrete rubble

Do, V. K.; Furuse, Takahiro; Ota, Yuki; Iwahashi, Hiroyuki; Hirosawa, Takashi; Watanabe, Masahisa; Sato, Soichi

Journal of Radioanalytical and Nuclear Chemistry, 331(12), p.5631 - 5640, 2022/12

 Times Cited Count:2 Percentile:53.91(Chemistry, Analytical)

$$^{126}$$Sn is one of the long-lived fission products that might have been released into the environment after the Fukushima nuclear accident in Japan in 2011. The presence of radionuclides must be monitored for the proper treatment of wastes obtained from decommissioning accident-related nuclear facilities and the surrounding environment. In the work, we propose a reliable method for verifying the presence of $$^{126}$$Sn in construction materials by combining the HCl-free solid phase extraction on TEVA resin and a selective measurement by inductively coupled plasma tandem mass spectrometry (ICP-MS/MS). The method has been optimized and characterized step by step. More than 95% of chemical recovery was achieved for Sn from typical concrete matrixes. The interference caused by an isobar $$^{126}$$Te and possible polyatomic interferences from matrixes were effectively suppressed by the developed chemical separation and the tandem MS/MS configuration. The total decontamination factor for the Te interference was of the order of 10$$^{5}$$. The estimated method detection limit for $$^{126}$$Sn in concrete as measured at m/z = 160 was 12.1 pg g$$^{-1}$$, which is equivalent to 6.1 mBq g$$^{-1}$$.

Journal Articles

Design of MA(III)/Ln(III) separation process of extraction chromatography technology

Akuzawa, Tadashi*; Kim, S.-Y.*; Kubota, Masahiko*; Wu, H.*; Watanabe, So; Sano, Yuichi; Takeuchi, Masayuki; Arai, Tsuyoshi*

Journal of Radioanalytical and Nuclear Chemistry, 331(12), p.5851 - 5858, 2022/12

 Times Cited Count:3 Percentile:31.61(Chemistry, Analytical)

Journal Articles

Potential bacterial alteration of nuclear fuel debris; A Preliminary study using simulants in powder and pellet forms

Liu, J.; Dotsuta, Yuma; Sumita, Takehiro; Kitagaki, Toru; Onuki, Toshihiko; Kozai, Naofumi

Journal of Radioanalytical and Nuclear Chemistry, 331(6), p.2785 - 2794, 2022/06

 Times Cited Count:3 Percentile:68.71(Chemistry, Analytical)

Remnant nuclear fuel debris in the damaged nuclear reactors at the Fukushima Daiichi Nuclear Power Plant (FDNPP) has contacted the groundwater containing microorganisms for over ten years. Herein, we report the possibility of bacterial alteration of fuel debris. We investigated the physical and chemical changes of fuel debris simulants (FDS) in the powder and pellet forms via exposure to two ubiquitous bacteria, Pseudomonas fluorescens and Bacillus subtilis. In the experiments using FDS composed of the powders of Fe(0), solid solution of CeO$$_{2}$$ and ZrO$$_{2}$$, and SiO$$_{2}$$, Ce, Zr, and Si were hardly dissolved, while Fe was dissolved, a fraction of the dissolved Fe was present in the liquid phase as Fe(II) and Fe(III), and the rest was precipitated as the nano-sized particles of iron (hydr)oxides. In the experiment using P. fluorescens and FDS pellet pieces prepared by melting the Fe(0) particles and solid solution of CeO$$_{2}$$ and ZrO$$_{2}$$, the bacteria selectively gathered on the Fe(0) particle surface and made corrosion pits. These results suggest that bacteria in groundwater corrode the iron in fuel debris at FDNPP, change fuel debris into porous one, releasing the nano-sized iron (hydr)oxide particles into the water.

Journal Articles

Complex formation of light and heavy lanthanides with DGA and DOODA, and its application to mutual separation in DGA-DOODA extraction system

Nomizu, Daiki; Sasaki, Yuji; Kaneko, Masashi; Matsumiya, Masahiko*; Katsuta, Shoichi*

Journal of Radioanalytical and Nuclear Chemistry, 331(3), p.1483 - 1493, 2022/03

 Times Cited Count:4 Percentile:68.71(Chemistry, Analytical)

We studied the successive formation of water soluble DGA (diglycolamide) and DOODA (dioxaoctanediamide) for the mutual separation of Ln in this extraction system. TODGA (tetraoctyl-diglycolamide) and DOODA(C8) (tetraoctyl-dioxaoctanediamide) have the opposite trend to extract light and heavy Ln through Ln-patterns. Metal-complexes of two folding Ln ions with water-soluble DOODA and three folding with DGA are found and their observed formation constants are calculated. The suitable separation condition (aqueous phase: 30 mM DOODA(C2) in 1 M nitric acid, organic phase: 0.1 M TODGA in n-dodecane) of multi-stage extraction (10 $$times$$ 10) is conducted. From the present work, it is clear that La, Pr and Nd are mainly present in aqueous phase, instead Sm-Dy exist in the organic phase.

Journal Articles

Sorption of Pu(IV) on biogenic Mn oxide and complexation of Pu(IV) with organic ligands secreted by fungal cells

Tanaka, Kazuya; Tani, Yukinori*; Kozai, Naofumi; Onuki, Toshihiko

Journal of Radioanalytical and Nuclear Chemistry, 331(2), p.1109 - 1114, 2022/02

 Times Cited Count:0 Percentile:0.01(Chemistry, Analytical)

We investigated the sorption of Pu(IV) on biogenic Mn oxide produced by Mn(II)-oxidizing fungus. The sorption of Pu(IV) on biogenic Mn oxide was similar to that of U(VI) and different from that of Th(IV), possibly due to oxidation of Pu(IV) to Pu(VI). When Pu(IV) was sorbed on hyphae only, it was desorbed into the solution phase over time. Pu(IV) could be solubilized by complexation with organic ligands secreted by fungal cells. In particular, Pu(IV) desorption was observed under circumneutral pH conditions.

Journal Articles

Characterization of radiocesium-bearing microparticles with different morphologies in soil around the Fukushima Daiichi Nuclear Power Plant

Hagiwara, Hiroki; Funaki, Hironori; Shiribiki, Natsu*; Kanno, Marina*; Sanada, Yukihisa

Journal of Radioanalytical and Nuclear Chemistry, 331(1), p.415 - 426, 2022/01

 Times Cited Count:6 Percentile:65.59(Chemistry, Analytical)

Journal Articles

Large scale production of $$^{64}$$Cu and $$^{67}$$Cu via the $$^{64}$$Zn(n, p)$$^{64}$$Cu and $$^{68}$$Zn(n, np/d)$$^{67}$$Cu reactions using accelerator neutrons

Kawabata, Masako*; Motoishi, Shoji*; Ota, Akio*; Motomura, Arata*; Saeki, Hideya*; Tsukada, Kazuaki; Hashimoto, Shintaro; Iwamoto, Nobuyuki; Nagai, Yasuki*; Hashimoto, Kazuyuki*

Journal of Radioanalytical and Nuclear Chemistry, 330(3), p.913 - 922, 2021/12

 Times Cited Count:7 Percentile:72.21(Chemistry, Analytical)

Both $$^{64}$$Cu and $$^{67}$$Cu are promising radionuclides in nuclear medicine. Production yields of these radionuclides were quantified by irradiating 55.4 g of natural zinc with accelerator neutrons. Clinically suitable $$^{64}$$Cu and $$^{67}$$Cu yields were estimated by experimental based numerical simulations using 100 g of enriched $$^{64}$$Zn and $$^{68}$$Zn, respectively, and elevated neutron fluxes from 40 MeV, 2 mA deuterons. A combined thermal- and resin-separation method was developed to isolate $$^{64}$$Cu and $$^{67}$$Cu from zinc, resulting in 73% separation efficiency and 97% zinc recovery. Such methods can provide large scale production of $$^{64}$$Cu and $$^{67}$$Cu for clinical applications.

Journal Articles

Diffusion of acetic acid, butyric acid, and butanol in compacted montmorillonite

Ishidera, Takamitsu

Journal of Radioanalytical and Nuclear Chemistry, 330(1), p.149 - 158, 2021/10

 Times Cited Count:0 Percentile:0.01(Chemistry, Analytical)

Journal Articles

Development of MA separation process with TEHDGA/SiO$$_{2}$$-P for an advanced reprocessing

Horiuchi, Yusuke; Watanabe, So; Sano, Yuichi; Takeuchi, Masayuki; Kida, Fukuka*; Arai, Tsuyoshi*

Journal of Radioanalytical and Nuclear Chemistry, 330(1), p.237 - 244, 2021/10

 Times Cited Count:6 Percentile:65.59(Chemistry, Analytical)

Applicability of tetra2-ehylhexyl diglycolamide (TEHDGA) impregnated adsorbent for minor actinide (MA) recovery from high level liquid waste (HLLW) in extraction chromatography technology was investigated through batch-wise adsorption and column separation experiments. Distribution ratio of representative fission product elements were obtained by the batch-wise experiments, and TEHDGA adsorbent was shown to be preferable to TODGA adsorbent for decontamination of several species. All Ln(III) supplied into the TEHDGA adsorbent packed column was properly eluted from the column, and the applicability of the adsorbent was successfully showed by this study.

Journal Articles

Density functional study on Am(III)/Eu(III) selectivity using crown ether type ligands

Fukasawa, Yuto*; Kaneko, Masashi; Nakashima, Satoru*

Journal of Radioanalytical and Nuclear Chemistry, 329(1), p.77 - 84, 2021/07

 Times Cited Count:1 Percentile:16.35(Chemistry, Analytical)

Density functional theory calculations were applied to understand the selectivity between Am$$^{3+}$$ and Eu$$^{3+}$$ ions with the crown ethers type ligands. 18C6 is predicted to form the most stable complex with Eu$$^{3+}$$ and show the higher stability for Am$$^{3+}$$ over Eu$$^{3+}$$, being consistent with previously reported Am$$^{3+}$$/Eu$$^{3+}$$ selectivity. We modeled N- and S-donor complexes by using framework of 18C6 complex and analyzed the complexation Gibbs energies, indicating that 18C6 with N-donor atoms is suitable for both complexation and higher Am$$^{3+}$$ stability over Eu$$^{3+}$$ due to the stronger covalent interaction.

Journal Articles

Factors affecting $$^{137}$$Cs concentrations in river water under base-flow conditions near the Fukushima Dai-ichi Nuclear Power Plant

Nakanishi, Takahiro; Funaki, Hironori; Sakuma, Kazuyuki

Journal of Radioanalytical and Nuclear Chemistry, 328(3), p.1243 - 1251, 2021/06

 Times Cited Count:10 Percentile:84.69(Chemistry, Analytical)

To confirm factors affecting $$^{137}$$Cs concentration in river water after the Fukushima Dai-ichi Nuclear Power Plant (FDNPP) accident, this study conducted monthly observations of nine rivers near the FDNPP from April 2017 to March 2018 under base-flow conditions. The annual mean dissolved and particulate $$^{137}$$Cs concentrations correlated well with the mean $$^{137}$$Cs deposition in the catchment. The normalized $$^{137}$$Cs concentrations in both phases by dividing by the mean $$^{137}$$Cs deposition in the catchment showed significant negative correlations with the $$^{137}$$Cs deposition ratio for forests. The inflow from the downstream plain areas increased the $$^{137}$$Cs concentrations near the FDNPP.

269 (Records 1-20 displayed on this page)