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Journal Articles

Factors regulating the concentration of particulate iodine in coastal seawater

Sato, Yuhi*; Otosaka, Shigeyoshi*; Suzuki, Takashi; Nakanishi, Takahiro

Limnology and Oceanography, 68(7), p.1580 - 1594, 2023/07

 Times Cited Count:0 Percentile:70.02(Limnology)

To investigate the factors regulating the concentration of particulate iodine (PI) in seawater, it was measured in two Pacific coastal areas adjacent to Japan in two seasons along with parameters such as particulate organic carbon (POC) and nitrogen (PON), dissolved iodine (DI), and phytoplankton pigments. The dataset was divided in three groups namely, lower (Group A), average (Group B), and higher (Group C) atomic ratios of PI to POC (I/C). The three groups were characterized by phytoplanktonic physiological states as highly productive, steady, and senescent states, respectively. Based on the finding that PI production is associated with the phytoplankton physiological state, the seasonal and regional differences in PI concentration and I/C in the observation areas were consistently explained. Finally, we suggest that the phytoplanktonic physiological state is one of the vital factors regulating the PI concentration in seawater.

Journal Articles

Radiocesium transfer into freshwater planktonic ${it Chlamydomonas}$ spp. microalgae in a pond near the Fukushima Dai-ichi Nuclear Power Plant

Sasaki, Yoshito; Funaki, Hironori; Fujiwara, Kenso

Limnology, 23(1), p.1 - 7, 2022/01

 Times Cited Count:1 Percentile:8.55(Limnology)

We investigated the transfer behavior of radiocesium in living cells and remains of a bloom of microalgae (${it Chlamydomonas}$ sp.) in a pond located about 5 km from the Fukushima Dai-ichi Nuclear Power Plant. As a positive correlation was detected between the cell number of microalgae and the radiocesium concentration (Bq/L) in the $$>$$ 0.45-$$mu$$m fraction, microalgae were the controlling factor for the radiocesium concentration of the $$>$$ 0.45-$$mu$$m fraction. The transfer factor of water-to-algae [($$^{137}$$Cs concentration Bq/kg $$>$$ 0.45-$$mu$$m fraction) $$times$$ ($$^{137}$$Cs concentration Bq/L water)$$^{-1}$$] was 1.6 $$times$$ 10$$^{3}$$. The radiocesium concentration of microalgae remains was the same as that in intact cells.

Journal Articles

Onsite chelate resin solid-phase extraction of rare earth elements in natural water samples; Its implication for studying past redox changes by inorganic geochemistry

Watanabe, Takahiro; Kokubu, Yoko; Murakami, Hiroaki; Iwatsuki, Teruki

Limnology, 19(1), p.21 - 30, 2018/01

 Times Cited Count:11 Percentile:54.23(Limnology)

Rare earth element (REE) patterns in natural water and geological samples provides information on changes in past environmental conditions, such as redox changes and material cycles; however, quantitative analysis of REEs in these samples is complicated because of relative low content and mass interference from barium oxide in the inductively coupled plasma mass spectrometry (ICP-MS) analyses. In this study, we adopted onsite solid-phase extraction and preconcentration methods for REEs using an iminobisacetic acid-ethylenediaminetriacetic acid chelate resin for the analyses. Standard reference materials, natural ground water, and spring water samples were used for the evaluation of these methods. The REE patterns in the natural water samples were in good agreement with those obtained using previous methods. Therefore, it was deduced that onsite solid-phase extraction using chelate resin is a rapid and simple preparation technique for REE analyses.

Journal Articles

Fate of radiocesium in freshwater aquatic plants and algae in the vicinity of the Fukushima Daiichi Nuclear Power Plant

Sasaki, Yoshito; Funaki, Hironori; Iri, Shatei; Dohi, Terumi; Hagiwara, Hiroki

Limnology, 17(2), p.111 - 116, 2016/04


 Times Cited Count:10 Percentile:43.16(Limnology)

The behavior of radiocesium ($$^{137}$$Cs) in aquatic plants (five species) and algae (three genera) that had been grown in a river (one sampling point) and ponds (four sampling points) in the area around the Fukushima Daiichi Nuclear Power Plant was investigated. The sediment-to-plant transfer factor (TF) was measured. For aquatic plants, the highest value was 5.55 for ${it P. crispus}$ from the river; the lowest was 3.34 $$times$$ 10$$^{-2}$$ for ${it P. distinctus}$ from a pond. There were significant differences in the values for aquatic plants belonging to the same genus. The water-to-plant TF of filamentous algae (${it Spirogyra}$ sp.) and cyanobacteria (coexisting ${it Anabaena}$ sp. and ${it Microcystis}$ sp.) were 2.39 $$times$$ 10$$^{3}$$ and 1.26 $$times$$ 10$$^{3}$$, respectively. The $$^{137}$$Cs concentration of cyanobacteria fraction in pond water was 4.87 $$times$$ 10$$^{-1}$$ Bq/L, the same order of magnitude as the $$^{137}$$Cs concentration of pond water. Enrichment of radiocesium in cyanobacteria was not observed.

Journal Articles

Temporal variations in metal enrichment in suspended particulate matter during rainfall events in a rural stream

Matsunaga, Takeshi; Tsuzuki, Katsunori; Yanase, Nobuyuki; Kritsananuwat, R.*; Ueno, Takashi; Hanzawa, Yukiko; Naganawa, Hirochika

Limnology, 15(1), p.13 - 25, 2014/01

 Times Cited Count:7 Percentile:28.09(Limnology)

We studied a discharge of heavy metals/metalloids in rainfall events to a rural stream in Kuji River basin of central Japan. In terms of elemental enrichment with respect to the crustal composition, we found similarity between atmospheric deposits and suspended particulate matter (SPM) at a rural stream. Both exhibited distinctive enrichment in several metals (Ni, Cu, Pb, Sb, and Cd). Elemental analysis of SPM in the stream in rainfall events at short intervals revealed that the metal enrichment factors in SPM were progressively decreased with an increase of flow rate. Judging from features of SPM, this phenomenon was probably caused by alternative change of SPM matrices from upper soil constituents to more lithologic material with increasing stream flow rate. In quantification of respective contributions of metals of different origins to fluvial discharge, change of SPM matrices during a rainfall event and involvement of dissolved fraction need to be taken into consideration.

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