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Journal Articles

Temperature-dependent hardening contributions in CrFeCoNi high-entropy alloy

Naeem, M.*; He, H.*; Harjo, S.; Kawasaki, Takuro; Lin, W.*; Kai, J.-J.*; Wu, Z.*; Lan, S.*; Wang, X.-L.*

Acta Materialia, 221, p.117371_1 - 117371_18, 2021/12

Journal Articles

High temperature reaction of multiple eutectic-component system; The Case of solid metallic Zr and molten stainless steel-B$$_{4}$$C

Sumita, Takehiro; Kobata, Masaaki; Takano, Masahide; Ikeda, Atsushi

Materialia, 20, p.101197_1 - 101197_11, 2021/12

Journal Articles

Density functional theory study of solute cluster growth processes in Mg-Y-Zn LPSO alloys

Itakura, Mitsuhiro; Yamaguchi, Masatake; Egusa, Daisuke*; Abe, Eiji*

Acta Materialia, 203, p.116491_1 - 116491_9, 2021/01

 Times Cited Count:2 Percentile:70.42(Materials Science, Multidisciplinary)

Solute cluster in LPSO alloys plays a key role in their idiosyncratic plastic behavior such as kink formation and kink strengthening. Identifying the atomistic details of the cluster structure is a prerequisite for any atomistic modeling of LPSO alloys aiming for their improved strength and ductility, but there have been uncertainty about interstitial atom in the cluster. While density functional theory calculations have shown that inclusion of interstitial atom is energetically favorable, it has been unclear how the extra atom is provided, how much of the cluster have interstitial atoms, and what kind of element they are. In the present work we use density functional theory calculations to investigate the growth process of the solute cluster, specifically that of Mg-Y-Zn LPSO alloy, to determine the precise atomistic structure of solute cluster. We show that a pair of an interstitial atom and a vacancy is spontaneously created when a certain number of solute atoms are absorbed into the cluster, and all the full-grown cluster should include interstitial atom. We also show that interstitial atom is either Mg or Y atom, while Zn interstitial atom is extremely rare. These knowledge greatly simplifies atomistic modeling of solute clusters in Mg-Y-Zn alloy. Owing to the vacancies emitted from the cluster, vacancy density should be over-saturated in regions where solute clusters are growing, and the increased vacancy density accelerates cluster growth.

Journal Articles

Enhancement of fatigue resistance by overload-induced deformation twinning in a CoCrFeMnNi high-entropy alloy

Lam, T.-N.*; Lee, S. Y.*; Tsou, N.-T.*; Chou, H.-S.*; Lai, B.-H.*; Chang, Y.-J.*; Feng, R.*; Kawasaki, Takuro; Harjo, S.; Liaw, P. K.*; et al.

Acta Materialia, 201, p.412 - 424, 2020/12

 Times Cited Count:13 Percentile:92.23(Materials Science, Multidisciplinary)

Journal Articles

Continuous and discontinuous yielding behaviors in ferrite-cementite steels

Wang, Y.*; Tomota, Yo*; Omura, Takahito*; Gong, W.*; Harjo, S.; Tanaka, Masahiko*

Acta Materialia, 196, p.565 - 575, 2020/09

 Times Cited Count:6 Percentile:69.06(Materials Science, Multidisciplinary)

Journal Articles

Neutron diffraction monitoring of ductile cast iron under cyclic tension-compression

Harjo, S.; Kubota, Satoru*; Gong, W.*; Kawasaki, Takuro; Gao, S.*

Acta Materialia, 196, p.584 - 594, 2020/09

 Times Cited Count:3 Percentile:59.43(Materials Science, Multidisciplinary)

Journal Articles

${it In situ}$ WB-STEM observation of dislocation loop behavior in reactor pressure vessel steel during post-irradiation annealing

Du, Y.*; Yoshida, Kenta*; Shimada, Yusuke*; Toyama, Takeshi*; Inoue, Koji*; Arakawa, Kazuto*; Suzudo, Tomoaki; Milan, K. J.*; Gerard, R.*; Onuki, Somei*; et al.

Materialia, 12, p.100778_1 - 100778_10, 2020/08

In order to ensure the integrity of the reactor pressure vessel in the long term, it is necessary to understand the effects of irradiation on the materials. In this study, irradiation-induced dislocation loops were observed in neutron-irradiated reactor pressure vessel specimens during annealing using our newly developed WB-STEM. It was confirmed that the proportion of $$<100>$$ loops increased with increasing annealing temperature. We also succeeded in observing the phenomenon that two $$frac{1}{2}$$$$<111>$$ loops collide into a $$<100>$$ loop. Moreover, a phenomenon in which dislocation loops decorate dislocations was also observed, and the mechanism was successfully explained by molecular dynamics simulation.

Journal Articles

On the phase transformation and dynamic stress-strain partitioning of ferrous medium-entropy alloy using experimentation and finite element method

Bae, J. W.*; Jung, J.*; Kim, J. G.*; Park, J. M.*; Harjo, S.; Kawasaki, Takuro; Woo, W.*; Kim, H. S.*

Materialia, 9, p.100619_1 - 100619_15, 2020/03

Journal Articles

Role of retained austenite in low alloy steel at low temperature monitored by neutron diffraction

Yamashita, Takayuki; Morooka, Satoshi; Harjo, S.; Kawasaki, Takuro; Koga, Norimitsu*; Umezawa, Osamu*

Scripta Materialia, 177, p.6 - 10, 2020/03

 Times Cited Count:13 Percentile:94.74(Nanoscience & Nanotechnology)

Journal Articles

Study on formation mechanism of {332}$$<$$113$$>$$ deformation twinning in metastable $$beta$$-type Ti alloy focusing on stress-induced $$alpha"$$ martensite phase

Cho, K.*; Morioka, Ryota*; Harjo, S.; Kawasaki, Takuro; Yasuda, Hiroyuki*

Scripta Materialia, 177, p.106 - 111, 2020/03

 Times Cited Count:12 Percentile:92.23(Nanoscience & Nanotechnology)

Journal Articles

Real time observation of martensite transformation for a 0.4C low alloyed steel by neutron diffraction

Wang, Y.*; Tomota, Yo*; Omura, Takahito*; Morooka, Satoshi; Gong, W.*; Harjo, S.

Acta Materialia, 184, p.30 - 40, 2020/02

 Times Cited Count:10 Percentile:90.5(Materials Science, Multidisciplinary)

Journal Articles

Neutron diffraction study on full-shape Japanese sword

Harjo, S.; Kawasaki, Takuro; Grazzi, F.*; Shinohara, Takenao; Tanaka, Manako*

Materialia, 7, p.100377_1 - 100377_9, 2019/09

Journal Articles

Neutron diffraction study of temperature-dependent elasticity of B19' NiTi; Elinvar effect and elastic softening

Ahadi, A.*; Khaledialidusti, R.*; Kawasaki, Takuro; Harjo, S.; Barnoush, A.*; Tsuchiya, Koichi*

Acta Materialia, 173, p.281 - 291, 2019/07

 Times Cited Count:10 Percentile:70.55(Materials Science, Multidisciplinary)

Journal Articles

Nature of dynamic ferrite transformation revealed by ${it in-situ}$ neutron diffraction analysis during thermomechanical processing

Shibata, Akinobu*; Takeda, Yasunari*; Park, N.*; Zhao, L.*; Harjo, S.; Kawasaki, Takuro; Gong, W.*; Tsuji, Nobuhiro*

Scripta Materialia, 165, p.44 - 49, 2019/05

 Times Cited Count:15 Percentile:88.34(Nanoscience & Nanotechnology)

Journal Articles

Mechanism of hardening and damage initiation in oxygen embrittlement of body-centred-cubic niobium

Yang, P.-J.*; Li, Q.-J.*; Tsuru, Tomohito; Ogata, Shigenobu*; Zhang, J.-W.*; Sheng, H.-W.*; Shan, Z.-W.*; Sha, G.*; Han, W.-Z.*; Li, J.*; et al.

Acta Materialia, 168, p.331 - 342, 2019/04

 Times Cited Count:17 Percentile:90.93(Materials Science, Multidisciplinary)

Body-centred-cubic metallic materials, such as niobium (Nb) and other refractory metals, are prone to embrittlement due to low levels of oxygen solutes. The mechanisms responsible for the oxygen-induced rampant hardening and damage are unclear. Here we illustrate that screw dislocations moving through a random repulsive force field imposed by impurity oxygen interstitials readily form cross-kinks and emit excess vacancies in Nb. The vacancies bind strongly with oxygen and screw dislocation in a three-body fashion, rendering dislocation motion difficult and hence pronounced dislocation storage and hardening. This leads to unusually high strain hardening rates and fast breeding of nano-cavities that underlie damage and failure.

Journal Articles

Reversible elastocaloric effect at ultra-low temperatures in nanocrystalline shape memory alloys

Ahadi, A.*; Kawasaki, Takuro; Harjo, S.; Ko, W.-S.*; Sun, Q. P.*; Tsuchiya, Koichi*

Acta Materialia, 165, p.109 - 117, 2019/02

 Times Cited Count:19 Percentile:91.93(Materials Science, Multidisciplinary)

Journal Articles

Microstructure evolution in a hydrogen charged and aged Al-Zn-Mg alloy

Bendo, A.*; Matsuda, Kenji*; Lee, S.*; Nishimura, Katsuhiko*; Toda, Hiroyuki*; Shimizu, Kazuyuki*; Tsuru, Tomohito; Yamaguchi, Masatake

Materialia, 3, p.50 - 56, 2018/11

Journal Articles

Deformation of CoCrFeNi high entropy alloy at large strain

Wang, B.*; He, H.*; Naeem, M.*; Lan, S.*; Harjo, S.; Kawasaki, Takuro; Nie, Y.*; Wang, X.-L.*; 7 of others*

Scripta Materialia, 155, p.54 - 57, 2018/10

 Times Cited Count:35 Percentile:95.89(Nanoscience & Nanotechnology)

Journal Articles

Interfacial segregation and fracture in Mg-based binary alloys; Experimental and first-principles perspective

Tsuru, Tomohito; Somekawa, Hidetoshi*; Chrzan, D. C.*

Acta Materialia, 151, p.78 - 86, 2018/06

 Times Cited Count:38 Percentile:96.44(Materials Science, Multidisciplinary)

We investigated the effect of solute elements on interfacial segregation and fracture in Mg alloys by experiments and first-principles density functional theory calculations in conjunction with interfacial fracture mechanics. Based on the assumption of brittle fracture in Mg alloys, the interfacial separation caused by segregated solutes in Mg can be efficiently described by the energy-based criterion of fracture, which is in good agreement with the fracture toughness obtained by experimental tests of Mg-M binary alloys. The electronic interaction, that is, the change in the electronic state between the interface and surface, mainly influences the ideal work of separation regardless of the type of interface. We found that IIIB ($$d^{1}$$) and IVB ($$d^{2}$$) solutes, such as Zr, show distinctive hybridization between the p band of Mg and the d band of the solute, which characterizes the strong fracture toughness of Zr-doped Mg alloys in both the calculations and experiments.

Journal Articles

Effect of crystal orientation on incipient plasticity during nanoindentation of magnesium

Somekawa, Hidetoshi*; Tsuru, Tomohito; Singh, A.*; Miura, Seiji*; Schuh, C. A.*

Acta Materialia, 139, p.21 - 29, 2017/10

 Times Cited Count:18 Percentile:78.88(Materials Science, Multidisciplinary)

The effect of crystal orientation on incipient plasticity during nanoindentation was investigated by experiments and molecular statics simulation. Pop-in behavior is a result of dislocation activity, and is therefore influenced by crystal orientation. Experimental results using single crystals indicated that indentations on the basal plane had higher pop-in loads and larger pop-in displacements than those on the prismatic plane, an effect also captured by molecular statics simulation. The difference can be traced to the types of activated dislocations, with not only basal but also pyramidal dislocations active for indentations on the basal plane, but only basal dislocations triggered at the first pop-in on the prismatic plane.

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