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Journal Articles

Development of creep property equations of 316FR stainless steel and Mod.9Cr-1Mo steel for sodium-cooled fast reactor to achieve 60-year design life

Onizawa, Takashi; Hashidate, Ryuta

Mechanical Engineering Journal (Internet), 6(1), p.18-00477_1 - 18-00477_15, 2019/02

Aiming at enhancing its economic competitiveness and reducing radioactive waste, JAEA has proposed an attractive plant concept and made great efforts to demonstrate the applicability of some innovative technologies to the plant. One of the most practical means is to extend the design life to 60 years. Accordingly, the material strength standards set by JSME have to be extended from 300,000 to 500,000 hours but this extension requires more precise estimation of creep rupture strength and creep strain of the materials in the long term. This paper describes the development of creep property equations of 316FR stainless steel and Mod.9Cr-1Mo steel considering changes in creep mechanisms at high temperatures in the long term based on evaluations of long-term creep properties of the materials. The creep property equations developed in this study will provide more precise estimation of the creep properties in the long term than the present creep property equations of JSME.

Journal Articles

Development of security and safety fuel for Pu-burner HTGR; Test and characterization for ZrC coating

Ueta, Shohei; Aihara, Jun; Goto, Minoru; Tachibana, Yukio; Okamoto, Koji*

Mechanical Engineering Journal (Internet), 5(5), p.18-00084_1 - 18-00084_9, 2018/10

To develop the security and safety fuel (3S-TRISO fuel) for Pu-burner high temperature gas-cooled reactor (HTGR), R&D on zirconium carbide (ZrC) directly coated on yttria stabilized zirconia (YSZ) has been started in the Japanese fiscal year 2015. As results of the direct coating test of ZrC on the dummy YSZ particle, ZrC layers with 18 - 21 microns of thicknesses have been obtained with 0.1 kg of particle loading weight. No deterioration of YSZ exposed by source gases of ZrC bromide process was observed by Scanning Transmission Electron Microscope (STEM).

Journal Articles

ROSA/LSTF test on nitrogen gas behavior during reflux condensation in PWR and RELAP5 code analyses

Takeda, Takeshi; Otsu, Iwao

Mechanical Engineering Journal (Internet), 5(4), p.18-00077_1 - 18-00077_14, 2018/08

Journal Articles

Development of a probabilistic risk assessment methodology against a combination hazard of strong wind and rainfall for sodium-cooled fast reactors

Yamano, Hidemasa; Nishino, Hiroyuki; Kurisaka, Kenichi

Mechanical Engineering Journal (Internet), 5(4), p.18-00093_1 - 18-00093_19, 2018/08

This paper describes the development of a probabilistic risk assessment (PRA) methodology against a combination hazard of strong wind and rainfall. In this combination hazard PRA, a hazard curve is evaluated in terms of maximum instantaneous wind speed, hourly rainfall, and rainfall duration. A scenario analysis has provided event sequences resulting from the combination hazard of strong wind and rainfall. The typical event sequence was characterized by the function loss of auxiliary cooling system, of which heat transfer tubes could crack due to cycle fatigue caused by cyclic contacts with rain droplets. This cycle fatigue crack could occur if rain droplets enter into the air cooler of the system following the coolers roof failure due to strong-wind-generated missile impact. This event sequence has been incorporated into an event tree which addresses component failure caused by the combination hazard. As a result, a core damage frequency has been estimated to be about 10$$^{-6}$$/year in total by multiplying discrete hazard frequencies by conditional decay heat removal failure probabilities. The dominant sequence is the manual operation failure of an air cooler damper following the failure of external fuel tank due to the missile impact. The dominant hazard is the maximum instantaneous wind speed of 20-40 m/s, the hourly rainfall of 20-40 mm/h, and the rainfall duration of 0-10 h.

Journal Articles

Development of probabilistic risk assessment methodology of decay heat removal function against combination hazard of low temperature and snow for sodium-cooled fast reactors

Nishino, Hiroyuki; Yamano, Hidemasa; Kurisaka, Kenichi

Mechanical Engineering Journal (Internet), 5(4), p.18-00079_1 - 18-00079_17, 2018/08

Journal Articles

Development of LORL evaluation method and its application to a loop-type sodium-cooled fast reactor

Imaizumi, Yuya; Yamada, Fumiaki; Arikawa, Mitsuhiro*; Yada, Hiroki; Fukano, Yoshitaka

Mechanical Engineering Journal (Internet), 5(4), p.18-00083_1 - 18-00083_11, 2018/08

A calculation program was developed to evaluate and discuss the effectiveness of the countermeasures such as sodium pump-up and siphon-breaking against the loss-of-reactor-level (LORL) where the coolant circulation path is lost in loop-type sodium-cooled fast reactors. Due to the non-negligible possibility obtained by probabilistic risk assessment (PRA), sodium leakages in two points both occurred in primary heat transport system (PHTS) was assumed in this study. In addition, the crack size was discussed and evaluated realistically, instead of the value that was assumed in the conventional studies. Representative sequences and leakage positions were chosen, and the sodium level transient in reactor vessel (RV) was calculated. The calculations were also conducted where the larger crack size was set for the second leakage, in order to investigate additional requirements to maintain the RV sodium level. The evaluation results clarified that the coolant circulation loop can be maintained even after the second leakage in PHTS, taking into account the effects by the countermeasures.

Journal Articles

Evaluation of local damage to reinforced concrete panels subjected to oblique impact; Simulation analysis for evaluating perforation phenomena caused by oblique impact of deformable projectiles

Nishida, Akemi; Nagai, Minoru*; Tsubota, Haruji; Li, Y.

Mechanical Engineering Journal (Internet), 5(5), p.18-00087_1 - 18-00087_21, 2018/08

To date, oblique impact has not been studied and few experimental data on the local damage of reinforced concrete (RC) panels exist for oblique impact of deformable projectiles. The final purpose of this study is to propose a new formula for evaluating the local damage to reinforced concrete structures caused by oblique impact based on past experimental results and simulation results. As the first step of this final purpose, we validate the analytical method by comparison with the experimental results and simulate the damage caused by oblique impact using the validated method. First, we analyze and simulate the local damage of RC panel caused by a deformable projectile owing to an impact test normal to the target structure to verify the validity of the simulation analysis. Next, we perform simulation analyses for evaluating the perforation of RC panel due to oblique impact by the deformable projectile and present the results. Various response characteristics and perforation mechanisms to be the basis of examination of oblique impact evaluation were clarified in this paper.

Journal Articles

Validation of free-convective heat transfer analysis with JUPITER to evaluate air-cooling performance of fuel debris in dry method

Uesawa, Shinichiro; Yamashita, Susumu; Shibata, Mitsuhiko; Yoshida, Hiroyuki

Mechanical Engineering Journal (Internet), 5(4), p.18-00115_1 - 18-00115_13, 2018/08

Journal Articles

High-temperature oxidation of sheath materials using mineral-insulated cables for a simulated severe accident

Nakano, Hiroko; Hirota, Noriaki; Shibata, Hiroshi; Takeuchi, Tomoaki; Tsuchiya, Kunihiko

Mechanical Engineering Journal (Internet), 5(2), p.17-00594_1 - 17-00594_12, 2018/04

no abstracts in English

Journal Articles

Study on a unified criterion for preventing plastic strain accumulation due to long distance travel of temperature distribution

Okajima, Satoshi; Wakai, Takashi; Kawasaki, Nobuchika

Mechanical Engineering Journal (Internet), 4(5), p.16-00641_1 - 16-00641_11, 2017/10

Journal Articles

Preliminary analysis of the post-disassembly expansion phase and structural response under unprotected loss of flow accident in prototype sodium cooled fast reactor

Onoda, Yuichi; Matsuba, Kenichi; Tobita, Yoshiharu; Suzuki, Toru

Mechanical Engineering Journal (Internet), 4(3), p.16-00597_1 - 16-00597_14, 2017/06

Journal Articles

Design approach for mitigation of air ingress in high temperature gas-cooled reactor

Sato, Hiroyuki; Ohashi, Hirofumi; Nakagawa, Shigeaki

Mechanical Engineering Journal (Internet), 4(3), p.16-00495_1 - 16-00495_11, 2017/06

This paper intends to propose a practical solution to protect the HTR from severe oxidation against air ingress accidents without reliance on subsystems. Firstly, a change is made to the center reflector structure to minimize temperature difference during the accident condition in order to reduce buoyancy-driven natural circulation in the reactor. Secondly, a modified structure of the upper reflector is suggested to prevent massive air ingress against a rupture in standpipes. As a preliminary study, a numerical analysis is performed for a typical prismatic-type HTGR. The results showed that amount of air ingress into the reactor can be significantly reduced with practical changes to local structure in the reactor.

Journal Articles

Load and resistance factor design approach for seismic buckling of fast reactor vessels

Takaya, Shigeru; Sasaki, Naoto*; Asayama, Tai; Kamishima, Yoshio*

Mechanical Engineering Journal (Internet), 4(3), p.16-00558_1 - 16-00558_12, 2017/06

In this study, we developed a new design rule for the prevention of seismic buckling of vessels using the load and resistance factor design method to enable more rational vessel designs. The effectiveness of the new design rule was illustrated in comparison with the current provision.

Journal Articles

Sensitivity study on forest fire breakout and propagation conditions for forest fire hazard curve evaluations

Okano, Yasushi; Yamano, Hidemasa

Mechanical Engineering Journal (Internet), 4(3), p.16-00517_1 - 16-00517_10, 2017/06

A sensitivity study on forest fire hazard curves was performed. The probability fluctuation on forest fire breakout time affects the reaction intensity and the fireline intensity around 4% and 14% respectively. The probability fluctuation on forest fire breakout points affects the hazard curve frequency around +70% to -40%. The probability fluctuation due to forest firefighting operation only affects the frequency of the hazard curves, but not the intensity. The hazard curves without the effect of firefighting remarkably increase around 40 to 80 times in frequency in comparison with those with considering the forest firefighting operation effect outside the plant. This study indicated that the most significant factor in the forest fire hazard risk is whether the forest firefighting operation outside the plant is expected before the forest fire arrival at the plant.

Journal Articles

Development of numerical simulation method for melt relocation behavior in nuclear reactors; Validation and applicability for actual core structures

Yamashita, Susumu; Tokushima, Kazuyuki*; Kurata, Masaki; Yoshida, Hiroyuki

Mechanical Engineering Journal (Internet), 4(3), p.16-00567_1 - 16-00567_13, 2017/06

In order to precisely investigate molten core relocation behavior in severe accidents, we have been developing the detailed and phenomenological numerical simulation code named JUPITER for predicting the molten core behavior with melting and solidification based on computational fluid dynamics (CFD) including the three-dimensional multiphase thermal-hydraulic simulation models. In order to treat complicated core structures, e.g., boron carbide (absorber), stainless steel (control rod, fuel support structure, etc.), Zircaloy (channel box and fuel cladding) and to deal with complicated melt relocation behaviors, high accuracy, efficient, stable and robust numerical schemes are implemented. In this paper, in order to evaluate the validity and applicability of the JUPITER for actual core structures, we perform the preliminary melt relocation analysis in the control rod and fuel support piece and also verify the validity of the JUPITER regarding the melt relocation and solidification processes by the fundamental numerical problem and the experimental analysis. As a result, the preliminary analysis showed that multicomponent melt flow and its melt and solidification were stably worked in the melt relocation simulation. In the validation analysis, the numerical results were in the reasonably agreement with experimental results. Therefore, it was confirmed that the JUPITER has a potential to calculate the core melt relocation behavior in RPVs.

Journal Articles

Comparative study on neutronics characteristics of a 1500 MWe metal fuel sodium-cooled fast reactor

Ohgama, Kazuya; Aliberti, G.*; Stauff, N. E.*; Oki, Shigeo; Kim, T. K.*

Mechanical Engineering Journal (Internet), 4(3), p.16-00592_1 - 16-00592_9, 2017/06

Journal Articles

Evaluation of sodium pool fire and thermal consequence in two-cell configuration

Takata, Takashi; Ohno, Shuji; Tajima, Yuji*

Mechanical Engineering Journal (Internet), 4(3), p.16-00577_1 - 16-00577_11, 2017/06

Evaluation of accidental sodium leak, combustion, and its thermal consequence is one of the important issues to be assessed in the field of sodium-cooled fast reactor (SFR). The present paper deals with the sodium pool fire and subsequent heat transfer behavior in air atmosphere two-cell geometry both experimentally and analytically because such two-cell configuration is considered as a typical one to possess important characteristic of multi-compartment system seen in an actual plant. As a result of the numerical analysis using a lumped-parameter based zonal model safety analysis code SPHINCS, the applicability of the ventilation model implemented in SPHINCS has been demonstrated. It is also investigated that the buoyancy- driven ventilation is dominant in the experiment.

Journal Articles

Influence of inlet velocity condition on unsteady flow characteristics in piping with a short elbow under a high-Reynolds-number condition

Ono, Ayako; Tanaka, Masaaki; Kobayashi, Jun; Kamide, Hideki

Mechanical Engineering Journal (Internet), 4(1), p.16-00217_1 - 16-00217_15, 2017/02

In the design of the Advanced Sodium-cooled Fast Reactor in Japan, the Reynolds number in the primary hot leg (H/L) piping reaches 4.2$$times$$10$$^{7}$$. Furthermore, a short elbow is used in the H/L piping to achieve a compact plant layout. In the H/L piping, flow-induced vibration is a concern due to the excitation force caused by pressure fluctuation in the short elbow. In this report, the influence of inlet velocity condition on the unsteady velocity characteristics in the short elbow was studied by controlling the flow patterns at the elbow inlet. Measured velocity distributions indicated that the inlet velocity profiles affected a circumferential secondary flow, which then affected an area of flow separation at the elbow. It was also found that the velocity fluctuation at low frequency components observed upstream of the elbow could remain in downstream of the elbow though its intensity was attenuated.

Journal Articles

Effect of dissolved gases on mechanical property of AISI 304 and 316 stainless steels under high temperature and pressure water

Takeuchi, Tomoaki; Nakano, Hiroko; Uehara, Toshiaki; Tsuchiya, Kunihiko

Mechanical Engineering Journal (Internet), p.95 - 96, 2016/09

Monitoring system of the nuclear power plants during a severe accident has increased in importance after the accident at the Fukushima Dai-ichi Nuclear Power Plant. As part of the system, the development of mineral insulated (MI) cables available under the normal and severe environments was started. In this study, in order to investigate mechanical integrity of MI cables in reactor coolant condition, effects of dissolved oxygen on fracture properties of the sheath materials of the MI cables in high temperature and pressure pure water were evaluated. As the sheath materials, AISI 304 and 316 stainless steels were selected and slow strain rate testing was performed at 5$$times$$10$$^{-3}$$ mm/min in strain rate in pure water at 325$$^{circ}$$C and 15 MPa. In both the cases of the 304 and 316 steel, from 8500 to 50 ppb dissolved oxygen (DO), fully ductile fracture surfaces were observed and tensile strength and breaking elongation were almost the same values. However, at 10 and 1 ppb DO, brittle fracture surfaces were observed around the outer edge of the samples, and the tensile strength and breaking elongation decreased. The results indicated the existence of a threshold level of DO for brittle fracture of both the steels at lower than 100 ppb.

Journal Articles

Benchmark analyses of probabilistic fracture mechanics for cast stainless steel pipe

Hojo, Kiminobu*; Hayashi, Shotaro*; Nishi, Wataru*; Kamaya, Masayuki*; Katsuyama, Jinya; Masaki, Koichi*; Nagai, Masaki*; Okamoto, Toshiki*; Takada, Yasukazu*; Yoshimura, Shinobu*

Mechanical Engineering Journal (Internet), 3(4), p.16-00083_1 - 16-00083_16, 2016/08

Performance demonstration certification of non-destructive inspection for cast stainless steel (CASS) has been planned but the target flaw depth to be detected has not been determined yet in Japan. The target flaw size is closely connected to the allowable flaw size which is determined by flaw evaluation of the rules on fitness-for-service. For rational mitigation of the acceptable flaw size, application of probabilistic fracture mechanics (PFM) is one of the useful countermeasures compared with deterministic approach. In this paper, benchmark problems for a CASS pipe were proposed with intention applying and verifying PFM codes. As the fracture modes, fatigue crack extension, plastic collapse and ductile crack initiation were assumed. Six organizations participated in the benchmark analysis and failure probabilities from them were compared. As a result the failure probability of each problem showed good agreement and the code for application of CASS issue has been verified.

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