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Journal Articles

Non-Hookean large elastic deformation in bulk crystalline metals

Xu, S.*; Odaira, Takumi*; Sato, Shunsuke*; Xu, X.*; Omori, Toshihiro*; Harjo, S.; Kawasaki, Takuro; Seiner, H.*; Zoubkov$'a$, K.*; Murakami, Yasukazu*; et al.

Nature Communications (Internet), 13, p.5307_1 - 5307_8, 2022/09

 Times Cited Count:0 Percentile:0(Multidisciplinary Sciences)

Journal Articles

Local bifurcation with spin-transfer torque in superparamagnetic tunnel junctions

Funatsu, Takuya*; Kanai, Shun*; Ieda, Junichi; Fukami, Shunsuke*; Ohno, Hideo*

Nature Communications (Internet), 13, p.4079_1 - 4079_8, 2022/07

 Times Cited Count:1 Percentile:0(Multidisciplinary Sciences)

Modulation of the energy landscape by external perturbations governs various thermally-activated phenomena, described by the Arrhenius law. Thermal fluctuation of nanoscale magnetic tunnel junctions with spin-transfer torque (STT) shows promise for unconventional computing, whereas its rigorous representation, based on the Neel-Arrhenius law, has been controversial. In particular, the exponents for thermally-activated switching rate therein, have been inaccessible with conventional thermally-stable nanomagnets with decade-long retention time. Here we approach the Neel-Arrhenius law with STT utilising superparamagnetic tunnel junctions that have high sensitivity to external perturbations and determine the exponents through several independent measurements including homodyne-detected ferromagnetic resonance, nanosecond STT switching, and random telegraph noise. Furthermore, we show that the results are comprehensively described by a concept of local bifurcation observed in various physical systems. The findings demonstrate the capability of superparamagnetic tunnel junction as a useful tester for statistical physics as well as sophisticated engineering of probabilistic computing hardware with a rigorous mathematical foundation.

Journal Articles

Multi-scale turbulence simulation suggesting improvement of electron heated plasma confinement

Maeyama, Shinya*; Watanabe, Tomohiko*; Nakata, Motoki*; Nunami, Masanori*; Asahi, Yuichi; Ishizawa, Akihiro*

Nature Communications (Internet), 13, p.3166_1 - 3166_8, 2022/06

 Times Cited Count:1 Percentile:70.56(Multidisciplinary Sciences)

Turbulent transport is a key physics process for confining magnetic fusion plasma. Recent theoretical and experimental studies of existing fusion experimental devices revealed the existence of cross-scale interactions between small (electron)-scale and large (ion)-scale turbulence. Since conventional turbulent transport modelling lacks cross-scale interactions, it should be clarified whether cross-scale interactions are needed to be considered in future experiments on burning plasma, whose high electron temperature is sustained with fusion-born alpha particle heating. Here, we present supercomputer simulations showing that electron scale turbulence in high electron temperature plasma can affect the turbulent transport of not only electrons but also fuels and ash. Electron-scale turbulence disturbs the trajectories of resonant electrons responsible for ion-scale micro-instability and suppresses large-scale turbulent fluctuations. Simultaneously, ion-scale turbulent eddies also suppress electron-scale turbulence. These results indicate a mutually exclusive nature of turbulence with disparate scales. We demonstrate the possibility of reduced heat flux via cross-scale interactions.

Journal Articles

$$alpha$$-clustering in atomic nuclei from first principles with statistical learning and the Hoyle state character

Otsuka, Takaharu; Abe, Takashi*; Yoshida, Toru*; Tsunoda, Yusuke*; Shimizu, Noritaka*; Itagaki, Naoyuki*; Utsuno, Yutaka; Vary, J. P.*; Maris, P.*; Ueno, Hideki*

Nature Communications (Internet), 13, p.2234_1 - 2234_10, 2022/04

 Times Cited Count:1 Percentile:68.58(Multidisciplinary Sciences)

no abstracts in English

Journal Articles

$$Q$$-dependent collective relaxation dynamics of glass-forming liquid Ca$$_{0.4}$$K$$_{0.6}$$(NO$$_{3}$$)$$_{1.4}$$ investigated by wide-angle neutron spin-echo

Luo, P.*; Zhai, Y.*; Falus, P.*; Garc$'i$a Sakai, V.*; Hartl, M.*; Kofu, Maiko; Nakajima, Kenji; Faraone, A.*; Z, Y.*

Nature Communications (Internet), 13, p.2092_1 - 2092_9, 2022/04

 Times Cited Count:0 Percentile:0(Multidisciplinary Sciences)

Journal Articles

Multipole polaron in the devil's staircase of CeSb

Arai, Yosuke*; Kuroda, Kenta*; Nomoto, Takuya*; Tin, Z. H.*; Sakuragi, Shunsuke*; Bareille, C.*; Akebi, Shuntaro*; Kurokawa, Kifu*; Kinoshita, Yuto*; Zhang, W.-L.*; et al.

Nature Materials, 21(4), p.410 - 415, 2022/04

 Times Cited Count:4 Percentile:94.48(Chemistry, Physical)

Journal Articles

Square and rhombic lattices of magnetic skyrmions in a centrosymmetric binary compound

Takagi, Rina*; Matsuyama, Naofumi*; Ukleev, V.*; Yu, L.*; White, J. S.*; Francoual, S.*; Mardegan, J. R. L.*; Hayami, Satoru*; Saito, Hiraku*; Kaneko, Koji; et al.

Nature Communications (Internet), 13, p.1472_1 - 1472_7, 2022/03

 Times Cited Count:15 Percentile:99.49(Multidisciplinary Sciences)

Journal Articles

Long decay length of magnon-polarons in BiFeO$$_{3}$$/La$$_{0.67}$$Sr$$_{0.33}$$MnO$$_{3}$$ heterostructures

Zhang, J.*; Chen, M.*; Chen, J.*; Yamamoto, Kei; Wang, H.*; Hamdi, M.*; Sun, Y.*; Wagner, K.*; He, W.*; Zhang, Y.*; et al.

Nature Communications (Internet), 12, p.7258_1 - 7258_8, 2021/12

 Times Cited Count:5 Percentile:64.37(Multidisciplinary Sciences)

Journal Articles

Observation of spin-space quantum transport induced by an atomic quantum point contact

Ono, Koki*; Higomoto, Toshiya*; Saito, Yugo*; Uchino, Shun; Nishida, Yusuke*; Takahashi, Yoshiro*

Nature Communications (Internet), 12, p.6724_1 - 6724_8, 2021/11

 Times Cited Count:6 Percentile:79.85(Multidisciplinary Sciences)

Quantum transport is ubiquitous in physics. So far, quantum transport between terminals has been extensively studied in solid state systems from the fundamental point of views such as the quantized conductance to the applications to quantum devices. Recent works have demonstrated a cold-atom analog of a mesoscopic conductor by engineering a narrow conducting channel with optical potentials, which opens the door for a wealth of research of atomtronics emulating mesoscopic electronic devices and beyond. Here we realize an alternative scheme of the quantum transport experiment with ytterbium atoms in a two-orbital optical lattice system. Our system consists of a multi-component Fermi gas and a localized impurity, where the current can be created in the spin space by introducing the spin-dependent interaction with the impurity. We demonstrate a rich variety of localized-impurity-induced quantum transports, which paves the way for atomtronics exploiting spin degrees of freedom.

Journal Articles

Chiral-spin rotation of non-collinear antiferromagnet by spin-orbit torque

Takeuchi, Yutaro*; Yamane, Yuta*; Yoon, J.-Y.*; Ito, Ryuichi*; Jinnai, Butsurin*; Kanai, Shun*; Ieda, Junichi; Fukami, Shunsuke*; Ohno, Hideo*

Nature Materials, 20(10), p.1364 - 1370, 2021/10

 Times Cited Count:38 Percentile:98.76(Chemistry, Physical)

Journal Articles

Triplon current generation in solids

Chen, Y.*; Sato, Masahiro*; Tang, Y.*; Shiomi, Yuki*; Oyanagi, Koichi*; Masuda, Takatsugu*; Nambu, Yusuke*; Fujita, Masaki*; Saito, Eiji

Nature Communications (Internet), 12, p.5199_1 - 5199_7, 2021/08

 Times Cited Count:1 Percentile:33.49(Multidisciplinary Sciences)

Journal Articles

Dimensional reduction by geometrical frustration in a cubic antiferromagnet composed of tetrahedral clusters

Okuma, Ryutaro*; Kofu, Maiko; Asai, Shinichiro*; Avdeev, M.*; Koda, Akihiro*; Okabe, Hirotaka*; Hiraishi, Masatoshi*; Takeshita, Soshi*; Kojima, Kenji*; Kadono, Ryosuke*; et al.

Nature Communications (Internet), 12, p.4382_1 - 4382_7, 2021/07

 Times Cited Count:4 Percentile:69.65(Multidisciplinary Sciences)

Journal Articles

Observation of nuclear-spin Seebeck effect

Kikkawa, Takashi*; Reitz, D.*; Ito, Hiroaki*; Makiuchi, Takahiko*; Sugimoto, Takaaki*; Tsunekawa, Kakeru*; Daimon, Shunsuke*; Oyanagi, Koichi*; Ramos, R.*; Takahashi, Saburo*; et al.

Nature Communications (Internet), 12, p.4356_1 - 4356_7, 2021/07

 Times Cited Count:9 Percentile:83.09(Multidisciplinary Sciences)

Journal Articles

Thermally altered subsurface material of asteroid (162173) Ryugu

Kitazato, Kohei*; Milliken, R. E.*; Iwata, Takahiro*; Abe, Masanao*; Otake, Makiko*; Matsuura, Shuji*; Takagi, Yasuhiko*; Nakamura, Tomoki*; Hiroi, Takahiro*; Matsuoka, Moe*; et al.

Nature Astronomy (Internet), 5(3), p.246 - 250, 2021/03

 Times Cited Count:22 Percentile:97.31(Astronomy & Astrophysics)

Here we report observations of Ryugu's subsurface material by the Near-Infrared Spectrometer (NIRS3) on the Hayabusa2 spacecraft. Reflectance spectra of excavated material exhibit a hydroxyl (OH) absorption feature that is slightly stronger and peak-shifted compared with that observed for the surface, indicating that space weathering and/or radiative heating have caused subtle spectral changes in the uppermost surface. However, the strength and shape of the OH feature still suggests that the subsurface material experienced heating above 300 $$^{circ}$$C, similar to the surface. In contrast, thermophysical modeling indicates that radiative heating does not increase the temperature above 200 $$^{circ}$$C at the estimated excavation depth of 1 m, even if the semimajor axis is reduced to 0.344 au. This supports the hypothesis that primary thermal alteration occurred due to radiogenic and/or impact heating on Ryugu's parent body.

Journal Articles

Experimental evidence for the existence of a second partially-ordered phase of ice VI

Yamane, Ryo*; Komatsu, Kazuki*; Gochi, Jun*; Uwatoko, Yoshiya*; Machida, Shinichi*; Hattori, Takanori; Ito, Hayate*; Kagi, Hiroyuki*

Nature Communications (Internet), 12, p.1129_1 - 1129_6, 2021/02

 Times Cited Count:16 Percentile:88.6(Multidisciplinary Sciences)

Ice exhibits extraordinary structural variety in its polymorphic structures. The existence of a new form of diversity in ice polymorphism has recently been debated in both experimental and theoretical studies, questioning whether hydrogen-disordered ice can transform into multiple hydrogen-ordered phases, contrary to the known one-to-one correspondence between disordered ice and its ordered phase. Here we report a new high-pressure phase, ice XIX, which is a second hydrogen-ordered phase of ice VI. This is the first discovery to demonstrate that disordered ice undergoes different manners of hydrogen ordering. Such multiplicity can appear in all disordered ice, and it widely provides a new research approach to deepen our knowledge, for example of the crucial issues of ice: the centrosymmetry of hydrogen-ordered configurations and potentially induced (anti-)ferroelectricity. Ultimately, this research opens up the possibility of completing the phase diagram of ice.

Journal Articles

Radionuclides from the Fukushima Daiichi Nuclear Power Plant in terrestrial systems

Onda, Yuichi*; Taniguchi, Keisuke*; Yoshimura, Kazuya; Kato, Hiroaki*; Takahashi, Junko*; Wakiyama, Yoshifumi*; Coppin, F.*; Smith, H.*

Nature Reviews Earth & Environment (Internet), 1(12), p.644 - 660, 2020/12

 Times Cited Count:45 Percentile:88.59(Environmental Sciences)

Journal Articles

Author correction; Radionuclides from the Fukushima Daiichi Nuclear Power Plant in terrestrial systems

Onda, Yuichi*; Taniguchi, Keisuke*; Yoshimura, Kazuya; Kato, Hiroaki*; Takahashi, Junko*; Wakiyama, Yoshifumi*; Coppin, F.*; Smith, H.*

Nature Reviews Earth & Environment (Internet), 1(12), P. 694_1, 2020/12

 Times Cited Count:0 Percentile:0.26(Environmental Sciences)

Journal Articles

The Impact of nuclear shape on the emergence of the neutron dripline

Tsunoda, Naofumi*; Otsuka, Takaharu; Takayanagi, Kazuo*; Shimizu, Noritaka*; Suzuki, Toshio*; Utsuno, Yutaka; Yoshida, Sota*; Ueno, Hideki*

Nature, 587, p.66 - 71, 2020/11

 Times Cited Count:25 Percentile:91.99(Multidisciplinary Sciences)

no abstracts in English

Journal Articles

Slow compression of crystalline ice at low temperature

Bauer, R.*; Tse, J. S.*; Komatsu, Kazuki*; Machida, Shinichi*; Hattori, Takanori

Nature, 585(7825), p.E9 - E10, 2020/09

 Times Cited Count:4 Percentile:89.65(Multidisciplinary Sciences)

Pressure-induced structural transformations in deuterated crystalline ice-Ih were studied in-situ at 100 K using neutron diffraction. Very long relaxation time was allowed between small pressure increments to promote transformations to the thermodynamic stable high pressure crystalline phases. The results contradict a recent report in which measurements under similar temperature and pressure environment show successive crystal-to-crystal transformations (Tulk,, Nature 2019). Instead, ice Ih was found to transform partially to an amorphous form (high density amorphous, HDA) at 1.0 GPa and then ice VII started to emerge at 1.5 GPa, a pressure substantially lower than all earlier studies. During this pressure interval, crystalline ice Ih or ice VII co-exist with HDA. The ice VII formed is stable upon pressure release down to 0.1 GPa. The very low compression rate has a profound effect on the crystallinity in the amorphous regime. Gathering all the existing experimental evidences allows an unambiguous description of the phenomenon of pressure induced amorphization. The onset of the phase transition is triggered by a shear instability of the ice lattice. The co-existence ice VII with HDA, instead of the equilibrium thermodynamic stable and proton-ordered ice-VIII under the same pressure-temperature condition reveals at low temperature there is insufficient thermal energy to overcome the substantial geometrical rearrangement from a single proton disordered H-bond network to an interpenetrating proton ordered H-bond crystalline network. Thus, leaving the proton disordered H-network intact. The analysis shows unequivocally that the structure obtained from the compression of ice is controlled by kinetics and dependent on the temperature.

Journal Articles

Fabrication of a novel magnetic topological heterostructure and temperature evolution of its massive Dirac cone

Hirahara, Toru*; Otrokov, M. M.*; Sasaki, Taisuke*; Sumida, Kazuki*; Tomohiro, Yuta*; Kusaka, Shotaro*; Okuyama, Yuma*; Ichinokura, Satoru*; Kobayashi, Masaki*; Takeda, Yukiharu; et al.

Nature Communications (Internet), 11, p.4821_1 - 4821_8, 2020/09

 Times Cited Count:29 Percentile:93.34(Multidisciplinary Sciences)

144 (Records 1-20 displayed on this page)