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Search Results: Records 1-20 displayed on this page of 2005

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Journal Articles

Re-evaluation of electricity generation cost of HTGR

Fukaya, Yuji; Ohashi, Hirofumi; Sato, Hiroyuki; Goto, Minoru; Kunitomi, Kazuhiko

Nihon Genshiryoku Gakkai Wabun Rombunshi, 21(2), p.116 - 126, 2022/06

An improvement electricity generation cost evaluation method for High Temperature Gas-cooled Reactors (HTGRs) has been performed. Japan Atomic Energy Agency (JAEA) had completed the commercial HTGR concept named Gas Turbine High Temperature Reactor (GTHTR300) and the electricity generation cost evaluation method approximately a decade ago. The cost evaluation was developed based on the method of Federation of Electric Power Companies (FEPC). The FEPC method was drastically revised after the Fukushima Daiichi nuclear disaster. Moreover, the escalation of material and labor cost for the decade should be consider to evaluate the latest cost. Therefore, we revised the cost evaluation method for GTHTR300 and the cost was compared with that of Light Water Reactor (LWR). As a result, it was found that the electricity generation cost of HTGR of 7.9 yen/kWh is cheaper than that of LWR of 11.7 yen/kWh by approximately 30% at the capacity factor of 70%.

Journal Articles

Current status of Geological disposal by "all-Japan" activities, 6; Post-closure safety assessment (2)

Tachi, Yukio; Saito, Takumi*; Kirishima, Akira*

Nihon Genshiryoku Gakkai-Shi ATOMO$$Sigma$$, 64(5), p.290 - 295, 2022/05

no abstracts in English

Journal Articles

Safety improvements in demolition and removal activities with air-fed suit for Plutonium Fuel Facility Decommissioning

Kikuchi, Haruka; Hirano, Hiroshi*; Kitamura, Akihiro

Nihon Genshiryoku Gakkai Wabun Rombunshi, 21(1), p.50 - 63, 2022/03

The air fed suit is a kind of personal protective equipment that provides purified air through a hose and that protects a worker from radiation hazards. In the Nuclear Fuel Cycle Engineering Laboratories of the JAEA, the suit is used for size reduction and dismantlement of radioactively contaminated, in particular with plutonium, gloveboxes and equipment. Although the suit has been widely adopted in the similar activities, there still exist potential hazards due to the limiting features of the suit itself and its supplemental system. In fact, we had faced with several unexpected problems regarding such restricted aspects during the dismantling activities. To address these failure potentials, we have implemented various countermeasures and improvements to enhance the workers safety. We describe the disadvantages of the air fed suit system and positive feedbacks we have implemented.

Journal Articles

Estimation of temporal variation of discharged tritium from port of Fukushima Dai-ichi Nuclear Power Plant; Analysis of the temporal variation and comparison with released tritium from Japan and major nuclear facilities worldwide

Machida, Masahiko; Iwata, Ayako; Yamada, Susumu; Otosaka, Shigeyoshi*; Kobayashi, Takuya; Funasaka, Hideyuki*; Morita, Takami*

Nihon Genshiryoku Gakkai Wabun Rombunshi, 21(1), p.33 - 49, 2022/03

We estimate monthly discharge inventory of tritium from the port of Fukushima Daiichi Nuclear Power Plant (1F) from Jun 2013 to Mar 2020 by using the Voronoi tessellation scheme, following that the tritium monitoring inside the port has started since Jun 2013. As for the missing period from the initial month, Apr 2011 to May 2013, we calculate it by utilizing the concentration ratio of tritium to that of $$^{137}$$Cs in stagnant contaminant water during the initial direct discharged period to Jun 2011 and the discharge inventory correlation between tritium and $$^{137}$$Cs for the next-unknown continuously-discharged period up to May 2013. From the all- estimated results over 9 years, we find that the monthly discharge inventory sharply dropped just after closing the sea-side impermeable sea-wall in Oct. 2015 and subsequently coincided well with the sum of those of drainage and subdrain. By comparing the estimated results with those in the normal operation period before the accident, we point out that the discharge inventory from 1F port is not so large compared to those during the normal operation. Even the estimated one in year 2011 is found to be comparable to the maximum of operating pressurized water reactors discharging relatively large inventory in the order. In the nation level, the whole Japan domestic discharge inventory significantly decreased after the accident due to operation shutdown of most plants. Furthermore, 1F and even Japanese total discharge inventory are found to be entirely minor when comparing those of nuclear reprocessing plants and heavy-water reactors in world-wide level. From the above, we suggest that various scenarios can be openly discussed on the management in tritium stored inside 1F with help of the present estimated data and its comparison with the past discharge inventory.

Journal Articles

Applicability of equivalent linear analysis to reinforced concrete shear walls; 3D FEM simulation of experiment results of seismic wall ultimate behavior

Ichihara, Yoshitaka*; Nakamura, Naohiro*; Moritani, Hiroshi*; Horiguchi, Tomohiro*; Choi, B.

Nihon Genshiryoku Gakkai Wabun Rombunshi, 21(1), p.1 - 14, 2022/03

In this study, we aim to approximately evaluate the effect of nonlinearity of reinforced concrete structures through seismic response analysis using the equivalent linear analysis method. A simulation analysis was performed for the ultimate response test of the shear wall of the reactor building used in an international competition by OECD/NEA in 1996. The equivalent stiffness and damping of the shear wall were obtained from the trilinear skeleton curves proposed by the Japan Electric Association and the hysteresis curves proposed by Cheng et al. The dominant frequency, maximum acceleration response, maximum displacement response, inertia force-displacement relationship, and acceleration response spectra of the top slab could be simulated well up to a shear strain of approximately $$gamma$$=2.0$$times$$10$$^{-3}$$. The equivalent linear analysis used herein underestimates the maximum displacement response at the time of ultimate fracture of approximately $$gamma$$=4.0$$times$$10$$^{-3}$$. Moreover, the maximum shear strain of the shear wall could not capture the locally occurring shear strain compared with that of the nonlinear analysis. Therefore, when employing this method to evaluate the maximum shear strain and test results, including those during the sudden increase in displacement immediately before the fracture, sufficient attention must be paid to its applicability.

Journal Articles

Current status of geological disposal by "all-Japan" activities, 4; Repository design and engineering technology (2)

Motoshima, Takayuki*; Matsui, Hiroya; Kawakubo, Masahiro*; Kobayashi, Masato*; Ichimura, Tetsuhiro*; Sugita, Yutaka

Nihon Genshiryoku Gakkai-Shi ATOMO$$Sigma$$, 64(3), p.163 - 167, 2022/03

no abstracts in English

Journal Articles

Current status of Geological disposal by "all-Japan" activities, 3; Repository design and engineering technology (1)

Yamamoto, Yoichi*; Ogawa, Yusuke*; Kobayashi, Masato*; Takayama, Yusuke; Nishimoto, Soshi*

Nihon Genshiryoku Gakkai-Shi ATOMO$$Sigma$$, 64(2), p.105 - 109, 2022/02

no abstracts in English

Journal Articles

Latest trends of advanced reactor development supporting nuclear innovation, 1; Latest trends of advanced reactor development in Japan and foreign countries

Yamano, Hidemasa; Inaba, Yoshitomo

Nihon Genshiryoku Gakkai-Shi ATOMO$$Sigma$$, 64(2), p.74 - 78, 2022/02

This report mainly introduces trends in innovative reactor development related to nuclear innovation toward 2050 carbon neutral in Japan in addition to introducing overseas development trends for major developing countries.

Journal Articles

Density functional study aiming to elucidate separation mechanisms of minor actinides and rare earths

Kaneko, Masashi

Nihon Genshiryoku Gakkai-Shi ATOMO$$Sigma$$, 64(1), p.30 - 34, 2022/01

Partitioning of minor actinides from rare earths is one of the most important techniques to develop group separation of high-level radioactive liquid waste. In this issue, the results of prediction of separation performance between minor actinides and rare earths observed in solvent extraction and the separation mechanism by means of using density functional theory are explained.

Journal Articles

Activities in the field of radiation engineering for 10 years after the 1F accident and future prospects, 2; Radiation measurement and mapping technology developed/applied after the FDNPS accident

Torii, Tatsuo*; Sanada, Yukihisa; Sato, Yuki

Nihon Genshiryoku Gakkai-Shi ATOMO$$Sigma$$, 64(1), p.17 - 22, 2022/01

Ten years have passed since the accident at the Fukushima Daiichi Nuclear Power Station. Due to the accident, radioactive materials were widely diffused and deposited not only in the building and site of the Fukushima Daiichi Nuclear Power Station but also in the environment. Demand has increased, and the introduction and development of radiation imaging equipment called gamma cameras and mapping of radiation distribution in the environment have been promoted. Here, we will introduce the radiation distribution measurement technology that has been developed and operated after the accident, and describe the future prospects.

Journal Articles

${it In situ}$ spectrometry of terrestrial gamma rays using portable germanium detectors in area of 80 km radius around the Fukushima Daiichi Nuclear Power Plant

Mikami, Satoshi; Tanaka, Hiroyuki*; Okuda, Naotoshi*; Sakamoto, Ryuichi*; Ochi, Kotaro; Uno, Kiichiro*; Matsuda, Norihiro; Saito, Kimiaki

Nihon Genshiryoku Gakkai Wabun Rombunshi, 20(4), p.159 - 178, 2021/12

In order to know the background radiation level where the area affected by the Fukushima Daiichi Nuclear Power Plant accident in 2011, terrestrial gamma rays had been measured by using portable germanium detectors repeatedly from 2013 through 2019, at 370 locations within 80 km radius area centered on the Fukushima Daiichi Nuclear Power Plant. Radioactive concentrations of Uranium 238, Thorium 232, Potassium 40 and kerma rates in air due to terrestrial gamma rays were obtained at those locations based on the method of ICRU report 53. Averaged concentrations of $$^{238}$$U, $$^{232}$$Th and $$^{40}$$K were 18.8, 22.7, 428 Bq/kg, respectively, and kerma rate in air over the area was found to be 0.0402 $$mu$$Gy/h. The obtained kerma rates in air were compared to those reported in literatures. It was confirmed that the data were correlated with each other, and were agreed within the range of their uncertainty. This is because the kerma rate in air due to terrestrial gamma rays is depend on geology. The similar trend to previous findings was observed that the kerma rate in air at locations geologically classified as Mesozoic era, Granite and Rhyolite were statistically significantly higher than the others.

Journal Articles

Study on solubility of cesium iodide and cesium molybdate in water at around room temperature

Imoto, Jumpei; Nakajima, Kunihisa; Osaka, Masahiko

Nihon Genshiryoku Gakkai Wabun Rombunshi, 20(4), p.179 - 187, 2021/12

Some of the Cs inside the Fukushima Daiichi Nuclear Power Station would be deposited in chemical forms such as CsI and Cs$$_{2}$$MoO$$_{4}$$. Since Cs compounds are generally water-soluble, it is predicted that the migration of Cs through the aqueous phase occurs in the long term. Knowledge of the solubility in water is required as basic data for such migration behavior evaluation. Therefore, this study was conducted to investigate the dissolution properties of CsI and Cs$$_{2}$$MoO$$_{4}$$ in water at 20$$^{circ}$$C and 25$$^{circ}$$C. The solubilities of CsI at 25$$^{circ}$$C calculated using thermodynamic data and the Pitzer ion interaction model were in good agreement with the literature value. It was found that the literature value of CsI at around room temperature is highly reliable. The experimental value of CsI at 20$$^{circ}$$C obtained by the OECD test guideline 105 flask method (test guideline) was also in good agreement with the literature value. The measured solubility of Cs$$_{2}$$MoO$$_{4}$$ was 256.8 $$pm$$ 6.2 (g/100 g H$$_{2}$$O) at 20$$^{circ}$$C using the test guideline. This measured solubility of Cs$$_{2}$$MoO$$_{4}$$ was found to be comparable to those of other alkaline molybdates and considered to be more reliable than the literature value.

Journal Articles

Toward mechanistic evaluation of critical heat flux in nuclear reactors, 2; Recent studies and future challenges toward mechanistic and reliable CHF evaluation

Okawa, Tomio*; Mori, Shoji*; Liu, W.*; Ose, Yasuo*; Yoshida, Hiroyuki; Ono, Ayako

Nihon Genshiryoku Gakkai-Shi ATOMO$$Sigma$$, 63(12), p.820 - 824, 2021/12

The evaluation method of the critical heat flux based on the mechanism is needed for the efficient design and development of fuel in reactors and the appropriate safety evaluation. In this paper, the current researches relating to the mechanism of the critical heat flux are reviewed, and the issue to be considered in the future are discussed.

Journal Articles

How the Cesium-bearing microparticles were generated?; Inference of an interdiscipinary researcher

Hidaka, Akihide

Nihon Genshiryoku Gakkai-Shi ATOMO$$Sigma$$, 63(9), p.679 - 680, 2021/09

no abstracts in English

Journal Articles

Nuclear safety and nuclear security interface

Tamai, Hiroshi

Nihon Genshiryoku Gakkai-Shi ATOMO$$Sigma$$, 63(9), p.677 - 678, 2021/09

The International Atomic Energy Agency, IAEA, has issued a technical report on national approaches to the interface between nuclear safety and nuclear security, which is essential for strengthening through mutual complementation. The report aims to provide Member States with insights on good practices, each of which is important in coordinating the interface. Those are states' experiences in (i) legal and regulatory framework, (ii) nuclear installations, (iii) radioactive sources and associated facilities and activities, (iv) management systems and nuclear safety and nuclear security culture, (v) emergency preparedness and response, and common issues in cross-cutting field.

Journal Articles

Concepts and basic designs of various nuclear fuels, 5; Fuels for high temperature gas-cooled reactor and molten salt reactor

Ueta, Shohei; Sasaki, Koei; Arita, Yuji*

Nihon Genshiryoku Gakkai-Shi ATOMO$$Sigma$$, 63(8), p.615 - 620, 2021/08

no abstracts in English

Journal Articles

Growing need for humanities and social science studies in uranium waste disposal

Yasuda, Hiroshi*; Fumoto, Hiromichi*; Saito, Tatsuo

Nihon Genshiryoku Gakkai-Shi ATOMO$$Sigma$$, 63(8), p.610 - 614, 2021/08

Regarding the handling of uranium bearing waste, which is contaminated with uranium, which is a naturally occurring radionuclide, and its descendant nuclides, in recent years, the Japan Nuclear Regulatory Commission, etc. have been carefully and actively deliberated based on the knowledge of natural science and safety engineering. It was carried out, and as of March 2021, a certain policy has been shown. On the other hand, when disposing of uranium waste, which may cause dose exposure to future generations, the authors consider not only the science and engineering perspectives that have been conducted so far, but also the humanities and social science perspectives. We have been discussing with experts in related fields, thinking that it is necessary. In this report, we will introduce the background that brought about such an idea and the direction of future discussions.

Journal Articles

The Progress of R&D for decommissioning technologies; Achievements and challenges

Noda, Koichi

Nihon Genshiryoku Gakkai-Shi ATOMO$$Sigma$$, 63(7), p.536 - 540, 2021/07

no abstracts in English

Journal Articles

Thermal-hydraulics to risk assessment; Roles of thermal-hydraulics simulation to risk assessment

Maruyama, Yu; Yoshida, Kazuo

Nihon Genshiryoku Gakkai-Shi ATOMO$$Sigma$$, 63(7), p.517 - 522, 2021/07

no abstracts in English

2005 (Records 1-20 displayed on this page)