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Journal Articles

Shallow groundwater intrusion to deeper depths caused by construction and drainage of a large underground facility; Estimation using $$^{3}$$H, CFCs and SF$$_{6}$$ as trace materials

Hagiwara, Hiroki; Iwatsuki, Teruki; Hasegawa, Takuma*; Nakata, Kotaro*; Tomioka, Yuichi*

Nippon Suimon Kagakkai-Shi, 45(2), p.21 - 38, 2015/07

This study evaluates a method to estimate shallow groundwater intrusion in and around a large underground research facility (Mizunami Underground Research Laboratory - MIU). Water chemistry, stable isotopes ($$delta$$D and $$delta$$$$^{18}$$O), tritium ($$^{3}$$H), chlorofluorocarbons (CFCs) and sulfur hexafluoride (SF$$_{6}$$) in groundwater were monitored around the facility (from 20 m down to a depth of 500 m), for a period of 5 years. The results show that shallow groundwater inflows into deeper groundwater at depths of between 200-400 m. In addition, the content of shallow groundwater estimated using $$^{3}$$H and CFC-12 concentrations is up to a maximum of about 50%. This is interpreted as the impact on the groundwater environment caused by construction and operation of a large facility over several years. The concomitant use of $$^{3}$$H and CFCs is an effective method to determine the extent of shallow groundwater inflow caused by construction of an underground facility.

Journal Articles

Groundwater dating applied for geological disposal of radioactive waste; A Review of methods employed worldwide

Hama, Katsuhiro; Metcalfe, R.*

Nippon Suimon Kagakkai-Shi, 44(1), p.39 - 64, 2014/02

Groundwater dating methods employed in projects aiming to develop deep geological repositories for radioactive wastes have been reviewed. The reviewed projects are being, or have been, undertaken in Japan, Finland, Sweden, Belgium, the UK, Germany, France, Switzerland, Canada and the U.S.A. A wide range of actual and potential repository host rock types are represented by these projects: fractured crystalline igneous and metamorphic rock (Japan, Finland and Sweden); fractured volcanic rock (U.K.); plastic argillaceous rock (Belgium); indurated argillaceous rock (Japan, France, Switzerland); salt (Germany and U.S.A); limestone (Canada); and tuff (U.S.A). Whatever the combinations of methods that have been used in a particular program their results have invariably been interpreted in combination with one another and in the context of other information that is available for the investigated site. That is, a particular groundwater dating method is never applied in isolation.

Journal Articles

Evaluation of in situ sulfate reduction as redox buffer capacity in groundwater flow path

Ioka, Seiichiro; Iwatsuki, Teruki; Amano, Yuki; Furue, Ryoji*

Nippon Suimon Kagakkai-Shi, 37(1), p.3 - 8, 2007/02

For safety assessment of geological isolation, it is important to evaluate in situ redox buffer capacity in high-permeability zone as groundwater flow path. This study evaluated in situ sulfate reduction rate as redox buffer capacity in the conglomerate bedding in Toki Lignite-bearing Formation, which occurs at the lowest part of sedimentary rocks overlying basement granite. The bedding plays an important role as the main groundwater flow path. The result showed that in situ redox buffer capacity in the conglomerate bedding has been identified on first nine months, whereas in the following period the redox buffer capacity has not been identified for about fifteen months. This will be caused by the bedding became inappropriate for microbial survival as the organic matter which is needful for microbial activity was consumed. Thus, there will be limited redox buffer capacity in groundwater flow path even in formation including organic matter-bearing layer.

Journal Articles

Methodology on geochemical sampling of groundwater for characterization of redox conditions using a deep borehole

Ioka, Seiichiro; Furue, Ryoji*; Iwatsuki, Teruki

Nippon Suimon Kagakkai-Shi, 36(4), p.181 - 190, 2006/11

Hydrogeological and geochemical investigations are required when the deep underground environment is explored or when the water from these depths are to be used as a resource. This study demonstrates the methodology on geochemical sampling of groundwater to evaluate the redox condition in a deep borehole with large downward hydraulic gradient. In the case of losses of drilling fluids during drilling, groundwater was sampled using single and double packer equipment at the time of the fluid loss. When there was no loss of drilling fluids groundwater samples where successfully obtained using a long term multi-packer system.

Journal Articles

Conversion of hydrophilic surface of poly(ethylene terephthalate) film surface to hydrophobic one under hydrophilic condition

Suzuki, Yasuyuki*; Li, J.; Maekawa, Yasunari; Yoshida, Masaru; Maeyama, Katsuya*; Yonezawa, Noriyuki*

Nippon Kagakkai-Shi, 2002(2), p.255 - 259, 2002/02

The hydrophilic surface of poly(ethylene terephthalate) (PET) film, obtained by partial hydrolysis, was converted to hydrophobic one under dry air, saturated water vapor atmosphere, nitrogen, and vacuum at temperatures ranging from 0 to 80。C. The hydrophilicity of the surface increased significantly faster under the saturated water vapor although it was the most hydrophilic in the examined conditions. From the dependence of the absolute temperature on the rate of hydrophilicity change for each storage condition, a discontinuous point at ca. 50$$^{circ}$$C was observable only under the water vapor condition. This relation indicates that the appreciable acceleration of the hydrophilicity change on the surface under the hydrophilic condition might be resulted from the increase of the surface mobility due to the water adsorption on the PET surface.

Journal Articles

Synthesis of new adsorbents for Mo as an RI generator

*; *; *; *; *; Tanase, Masakazu; Kurosawa, Kiyoyuki

Nippon Kagakkai-Shi, 0(10), p.888 - 894, 1996/00

no abstracts in English

Journal Articles

Water selective separation of ethanol-water mixture through acrylic acid grafted membrane prepared by radiation grafting

Katakai, Akio; Sugo, Takanobu; Makuuchi, Keizo

Nippon Kagakkai-Shi, 1994(1), p.68 - 73, 1994/00

no abstracts in English

Journal Articles

Nd(III) Hydrolysis Constants and Solubilities of Nd(III) Hydroxide

; Yajima, Tatsuya*; Yui, Mikazu; Yoshikawa, Hideki; Sasaki, Noriaki

Nippon Kagakkai-Shi, 1993(5), p.445 - 449, 1993/00

None

Journal Articles

Hydrogen reduction of nickel oxide

Nakajima, Hayato; Shimizu, Saburo; Onuki, Kaoru; Ikezoe, Yasumasa; Sato, Shoichi

Nippon Kagakkai-Shi, 1989(4), p.681 - 686, 1989/04

no abstracts in English

Journal Articles

Effect of surfactant on radiation-induced dechlorination of carbon tetrachloride in aqueous alkaline 2-propanol solution

Miyata, Teijiro

Nippon Kagakkai-Shi, 1989(2), p.251 - 256, 1989/02

no abstracts in English

Journal Articles

Radiation pretreatment of cellulosic wastes and immobilization of cells producing cellulose for their conversion to glucose

Kumakura, Minoru; Kaetsu, Isao*

Nippon Kagakkai-Shi, 1988(11), p.1822 - 1829, 1988/11

no abstracts in English

Journal Articles

Transport of metal ions through chelating membrane containing amidoxime group

Sugo, Takanobu; Okamoto, Jiro

Nippon Kagakkai-Shi, 1988(9), p.1601 - 1606, 1988/09

no abstracts in English

Journal Articles

Effect of vapor-and liquid-phase radiation grafting on water permeability of porous hollow-fiber membrane

*; Saito, Kyoichi*; Furusaki, Shintaro*; Sugo, Takanobu; Okamoto, Jiro

Nippon Kagakkai-Shi, 1988(2), p.212 - 216, 1988/00

no abstracts in English

Journal Articles

Effect of surfactant on radiation-induced dechlorination of carbon tetrachloride in aqueous 2-propanol solutions

;

Nippon Kagakkai-Shi, 1987(9), p.1705 - 1711, 1987/09

no abstracts in English

Journal Articles

Nuclear spin relaxation of fluorine in molten LiBeF$$_{3}$$

*;

Nippon Kagakkai-Shi, 1985, p.1851 - 1853, 1985/00

no abstracts in English

Journal Articles

Hydroxide precipitates of plutonium(III)、(IV)And(VI)

; ; ;

Nippon Kagakkai-Shi, 8, p.1249 - 1256, 1984/00

no abstracts in English

Journal Articles

Kinetics of the thermal decomposition of nickel iodide

Nakajima, Hayato; Shimizu, Saburo; ; Ikezoe, Yasumasa;

Nippon Kagakkai-Shi, 8, p.1257 - 1261, 1984/00

no abstracts in English

Journal Articles

Role of silica gel in the radiation-induceel reaction of CO/H$$_{2}$$ gas mixtures

; ;

Nippon Kagakkai-Shi, 10, p.1656 - 1660, 1984/00

no abstracts in English

Journal Articles

Distribution of microorgarisms in fish meals for feed ingredients and their disinfection by radiation

; A.Begum*; ; Takehisa, Masaaki

Nippon Nogei Kagakkai-Shi, 57(1), p.9 - 16, 1983/00

 Times Cited Count:0 Percentile:100(Agronomy)

no abstracts in English

Journal Articles

Density estimation of ionic melts

Furukawa, Kazuo; ; *

Nippon Kagakkai-Shi, (6), p.942 - 946, 1982/00

no abstracts in English

51 (Records 1-20 displayed on this page)