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Journal Articles

Neutron/$$gamma$$-ray discrimination based on the property and thickness controls of scintillators using Li glass and LiCAF(Ce) in a $$gamma$$-ray field

Kaburagi, Masaaki; Shimazoe, Kenji*; Terasaka, Yuta; Tomita, Hideki*; Yoshihashi, Sachiko*; Yamazaki, Atsushi*; Uritani, Akira*; Takahashi, Hiroyuki*

Nuclear Instruments and Methods in Physics Research A, 1046, p.167636_1 - 167636_8, 2023/01

We focus on the thickness and property controls of inorganic scintillators used for thermal neutron detection in intense $$gamma$$-ray fields without considering pulse shape discrimination techniques. GS20$$^{rm{TM}}$$ (a lithium glass) and LiCaAlF$$_6$$:Ce(LiCAF:Ce) cintillators with thicknesses of 0.5 and 1.0 mm, respectively, have been employed. Pulse signals generated by photomultiplier tubes, to which the scintillators were coupled, were inserted into a digital pulse processing unit with 1 Gsps, and the areas of waveforms were integrated for 360 ns. In a $$^{60}$$Co $$gamma$$-ray field, the neutron detection for GS20$$^{rm{TM}}$$ with a 0.5-mm thickness was possible at dose rates of up to 0.919 Gy/h; however, for LiCAF:Ce, neutron detection was possible at 0.473 Gy/h, and it failed at 0.709 Gy/h. Threfore, in a $$^{60}$$Co $$gamma$$-ray field, the neutron/$$gamma$$-ray discrimination of GS20$$^{rm{TM}}$$ was better than that of LiCAF:Ce due to its better energy resolution and higher detection efficiency.

Journal Articles

The New 300 kV multi-element AMS system at the TONO Geoscience Center, Japan Atomic Energy Agency

Fujita, Natsuko; Miyake, Masayasu*; Matsubara, Akihiro; Kokubu, Yoko; Klein, M.*; Scognamiglio, G.*; Mous, D. J. W.*; Columna, E. L.*; Shimada, Akiomi; Ishimaru, Tsuneari

Nuclear Instruments and Methods in Physics Research B, 533, p.91 - 95, 2022/12

In the Tono Geoscience Center, Japan Atomic Energy Agency, investigation of deep underground environments for R&D program related to the geological disposal of High-Level Radioactive Waste has been performed by using various dating systems including an AMS system. In response to the increasing demand for our AMS measurements especially from a newly established R&D program supporting development of technology for geological disposal of HLW, a state-of-the-art multi-nuclide AMS system was installed. This system is equipped with a 300 kV AMS. The system has capability to measure four nuclides: carbon-14, beryllium-10, aluminium-26 and iodine-129. The system structure and features, as well as the results of performance test will be presented.

Journal Articles

Project for development of a downsized AMS system based on the surface stripper technique

Fujita, Natsuko; Matsubara, Akihiro; Kimura, Kenji; Jinno, Satoshi; Kokubu, Yoko

Nuclear Instruments and Methods in Physics Research B, 532, p.13 - 18, 2022/12

 Times Cited Count:0 Percentile:0.03(Instruments & Instrumentation)

Over the last decade, significant technological advances were made to downsize the AMS systems. Japan Atomic Energy Agency has started a project for developing a prototype downsized AMS system (with the footprint of the system is 1.9 m $$times$$ 1.9 m) based on the surface stripper technique. Although the system configuration using an ion source, magnets, and detectors is similar to that in conventional systems, there is no tandem accelerator as well as a gas stripper. The ion acceleration is provided in the ion source (maximum ion energy 40 keV). For proof-of-principle experiments, we have planned two steps: (1) Observation of the specular reflection and the dissociation by using a compact electrostatic analyzer located just behind the stripper, and (2) Demonstration of $$^{14}$$C measurement, along with the experimental confirmation of the isobar suppression capability of the surface stripper.

Journal Articles

Rod-shaped pulse shape discrimination plastic scintillation detectors applied for neutron source direction survey

Koizumi, Mitsuo; Mochimaru, Takanori*; Hironaka, Kota; Takahashi, Tone; Yamanishi, Hirokuni*; Wakabayashi, Genichiro*

Nuclear Instruments and Methods in Physics Research A, 1042, p.167424_1 - 167424_6, 2022/11

 Times Cited Count:0 Percentile:0.03(Instruments & Instrumentation)

no abstracts in English

Journal Articles

Improvement of longitudinal beam tracking simulation considering the frequency response of the cavity gap voltage monitor

Okita, Hidefumi; Tamura, Fumihiko; Yamamoto, Masanobu; Nomura, Masahiro; Shimada, Taihei; Yoshii, Masahito*; Omori, Chihiro*; Hara, Keigo*; Hasegawa, Katsushi*; Sugiyama, Yasuyuki*

Nuclear Instruments and Methods in Physics Research A, 1041, p.167361_1 - 167361_7, 2022/10

 Times Cited Count:0 Percentile:0.03(Instruments & Instrumentation)

Wideband RF cavities are employed in the Rapid Cycling Synchrotron of the Japan Proton Accelerator Research Complex. RF gap voltage generated during the high power beam acceleration includes the wake voltage and distortion derived from the tube amplifier. The signal from RF gap voltage monitors, which measure the RF gap voltage during the acceleration, includes these effects. We developed the longitudinal beam tracking simulation using the measurement of the RF gap voltage monitors. To apply the measurement of the RF gap voltage monitors to the simulation, the theoretical frequency response models of the voltage divider and the coaxial cable, which are the primary components of the cavity gap voltage monitor, are developed. By taking the frequency response into account, the tracking simulation well reproduces the measured bunch shape at 1 MW.

Journal Articles

Fast phase differentiation between liquid-water and ice by pulsed neutron imaging with gated image intensifier

Isegawa, Kazuhisa; Setoyama, Daigo*; Higuchi, Yuki*; Matsumoto, Yoshihiro*; Nagai, Yasutaka*; Shinohara, Takenao

Nuclear Instruments and Methods in Physics Research A, 1040, p.167260_1 - 167260_10, 2022/10

 Times Cited Count:0 Percentile:0.03(Instruments & Instrumentation)

Journal Articles

A Safer preprocessing system for analyzing dissolved organic radiocarbon in seawater

Otosaka, Shigeyoshi*; Jeon, H.*; Hou, Y.*; Watanabe, Takahiro; Aze, Takahiro*; Miyairi, Yosuke*; Yokoyama, Yusuke*; Ogawa, Hiroshi*

Nuclear Instruments and Methods in Physics Research B, 527, p.1 - 6, 2022/09

 Times Cited Count:0 Percentile:0.03(Instruments & Instrumentation)

The measurement the radiocarbon of dissolved organic matter (DO$$^{14}$$C) in seawater can provide information about a timescale of the dynamics of dissolved organic matter as well as about its sources in the ocean. Due to the low DOC concentration in seawater, in spite of the development of accelerator mass spectrometry, a relatively large volume of seawater ($$sim$$1 L) is required for that analysis. In addition, complicated processing such as UV irradiation that emits high heat is required. In this study, we have developed a safer and easier method to analyze DO$$^{14}$$C in seawater than the conventional method. A particularly significant change was the adoption of a low-pressure mercury lamp in the decomposition system, which enabled direct decomposition of organic matter at lower temperatures. We also propose a method to quantitatively evaluate the accuracy of this system by analyzing simulated seawater consists of a soluble reference material of organic matter and sodium chloride. This method is expected to be applied not only to carbon isotope ratio analysis but also to analysis of trace elements and isotopes of various dissolved organic substances.

Journal Articles

Measurement of nuclide production cross sections for proton-induced reactions on $$^{rm nat}$$Ni and $$^{rm nat}$$Zr at 0.4, 1.3, 2.2, and 3.0 GeV

Takeshita, Hayato*; Meigo, Shinichiro; Matsuda, Hiroki*; Iwamoto, Hiroki; Nakano, Keita; Watanabe, Yukinobu*; Maekawa, Fujio

Nuclear Instruments and Methods in Physics Research B, 527, p.17 - 27, 2022/09

 Times Cited Count:0 Percentile:0.03(Instruments & Instrumentation)

To improve accuracy of nuclear design of accelerator driven nuclear transmutation systems and so on, nuclide production cross sections on Ni and Zr were measured for GeV energy protons. The measured results were compared with PHITS calculations, JENDL/HE-2007 and so on.

Journal Articles

First demonstration of a novel single-end readout type position-sensitive optical fiber radiation sensor based on wavelength-resolved photon counting

Terasaka, Yuta; Watanabe, Kenichi*; Uritani, Akira*

Nuclear Instruments and Methods in Physics Research A, 1034, p.166793_1 - 166793_6, 2022/07

 Times Cited Count:0 Percentile:0.03(Instruments & Instrumentation)

Journal Articles

Development of an ${it in-situ}$ continuous air monitor for the measurement of highly radioactive alpha-emitting particulates ($$alpha$$-aerosols) under high humidity environment

Tsubota, Yoichi; Honda, Fumiya; Tokonami, Shinji*; Tamakuma, Yuki*; Nakagawa, Takahiro; Ikeda, Atsushi

Nuclear Instruments and Methods in Physics Research A, 1030, p.166475_1 - 166475_7, 2022/05

 Times Cited Count:1 Percentile:0.03(Instruments & Instrumentation)

In the long-lasting decommissioning of the Fukushima Daiichi Nuclear Power Station (1F), the dismantling of nuclear fuel debris (NFD) remaining in the damaged reactors is an unavoidable but significant issue with many technical difficulties. The dismantling is presumed to involve mechanical cutting, generating significant concentrations of particulates containing $$alpha$$-radionuclides ($$alpha$$-aerosols) that pose significant health risk upon inhalation. In order to minimize the radiation exposure of workers with $$alpha$$-aerosols during the dismantling/decommissioning process at 1F, it is essential to monitor the concentration of $$alpha$$-aerosols at the point of initial generation, i.e. inside the primary containment vessels (PCV) of the damaged reactors. Toward this end, an ${it in situ}$ monitoring system for $$alpha$$-aerosols (${it in situ}$ alpha air monitor: IAAM) was developed and its technical performance was investigated under the conditions expected for the actual environments at 1F. IAAM was confirmed to fulfill four technical requirements: (1) steady operation under high humidity, (2) operation without using filters, (3) capability of measuring a high counting rate of $$alpha$$-radiation, and (4) selective measurement of $$alpha$$-radiation even under high radiation background with $$beta$$/$$gamma$$-rays. IAAM is capable of selectively measuring $$alpha$$-aerosols with a concentration of 3.3 $$times$$ 10$$^{2}$$ Bq/cm$$^{3}$$ or higher without saturation under a high humid environment (100%-relative humidity) and under high background with $$beta$$/$$gamma$$-radiation (up to 100 mSv/h of $$gamma$$-radiation). These results demonstrate promising potential of IAAM to be utilized as a reliable monitoring system for $$alpha$$-aerosols during the dismantling of NFD, as well as the whole long-lasting decommissioning of 1F.

Journal Articles

Impedance reduction by a SiC-loaded flange and its application to the J-PARC main ring septum magnet

Kobayashi, Aine*; Toyama, Takeshi*; Nakamura, Takeshi*; Shobuda, Yoshihiro; Ishi, Koji*

Nuclear Instruments and Methods in Physics Research A, 1031, p.166515_1 - 166515_12, 2022/05

 Times Cited Count:0 Percentile:0.03(Instruments & Instrumentation)

The beam power of the main ring of the Japan Proton Accelerator Research Complex (J-PARC) is currently being increased. For high-power beam realization, it is essential to suppress the beam instability that limits the beam power and to estimate and enact countermeasures against the beam coupling impedance of individual devices. The fast-extraction (FX) septum magnet will be replaced with another magnet that copes with higher numbers of repetition cycles. Despite their different structures, both septa demonstrated a large impedance in estimates performed by the CST studio suite wake-field solver. The widely used taper impedance-reduction method would be effective but receives spatial constraints. By attaching a copper plate and SiC to the flange of the septum magnet, we could effectively reduce the impedance. The copper plate on the flange reduces the impedance below the cut-off frequency. Moreover, when SiC was loaded, the remaining impedance was three times lower than when using the copper plate alone. After applying this method to the new septum magnet, the maximum longitudinal impedance was reduced to 1% of the value without countermeasures, largely improving the beam stability condition. We also estimated the required thickness of SiC and the calorific value. This method saves space and is installed by simple attachment to the flange, regardless of the shape of the beam pipe. Therefore, it is also applicable to other devices.

Journal Articles

Development of a portable alpha-beta-gamma radioactive material continuous air-monitoring system

Morishita, Yuki

Nuclear Instruments and Methods in Physics Research A, 1027, p.166258_1 - 166258_7, 2022/03

 Times Cited Count:1 Percentile:77.67(Instruments & Instrumentation)

During the decommissioning process of nuclear facility sites, such as the Fukushima Daiichi Nuclear Power Station (FDNPS), radioactive contamination due to alpha, beta, and gamma nuclides is present. To accurately detect these nuclides, a new phoswich alpha/beta/gamma detector is proposed and developed. A portable alpha/beta/gamma radiation continuous air-monitoring system is also developed using the proposed phoswich detector for detecting unknown radioactive air contamination. The developed phowich detector features a 6 mm $$times$$ 6 mm $$times$$ 6 mm-stilbene scintillator (first layer) and a 6 mm $$times$$ 6 mm $$times$$ 6 mm-Gd$$_{3}$$(Ga, Al)$$_{5}$$O$$_{12}$$(Ce) (GAGG) scintillator (second layer). The bottom of the GAGG scintillator is optically coupled to a silicon photomultiplier (SiPM). The proposed phoswich detector is capable of successfully separating alpha, beta, and gamma nuclides by applying the pulse-shape discrimination (PSD) technique. The alpha energy resolution of the 5.5 MeV alpha particles using was 22.1% at the full width at half maximum (FWHM), whereas the gamma energy resolution of the 0.662 MeV gamma rays was 10.3% FWHM. The energy spectra obtained from the simulations agree well with those obtained from measurements. Continuous alpha-nuclide air measurements were conducted in the basement of a concrete building, where the $$^{222}$$Rn concentration was approximately 200 Bq/m$$^{3}$$, using the developed portable continuous air-monitoring system. The measured peaks, which correspond to $$^{212}$$Bi (6.1 MeV), $$^{214}$$Po (7.7 MeV), and $$^{212}$$Po (8.8 MeV), were observed in the alpha spectrum by separating beta and gamma rays. Therefore, the developed monitoring system can be potentially efficient for the early detection of unknown released radioactive materials.

Journal Articles

$$^{rm 206,207,208,nat}$$Pb(p,x)$$^{194}$$Hg and $$^{209}$$Bi(p,x)$$^{194}$$Hg excitation functions in the energy range 0.04 - 2.6 GeV

Titarenko, Yu. E.*; Batyaev, V. F.*; Pavlov, K. V.*; Titarenko, A. Yu.*; Malinovskiy, S. V.*; Rogov, V. I.*; Zhivun, V. M.*; Kulevoy, T. V.*; Chauzova, M. V.*; Khalikov, R. S.*; et al.

Nuclear Instruments and Methods in Physics Research A, 1026, p.166151_1 - 166151_9, 2022/03

 Times Cited Count:0 Percentile:0.03(Instruments & Instrumentation)

The paper presents the $$^{194}$$Hg production cross-sections measured by the direct gamma-spectrometry technique in the samples of lead enriched with isotopes 206, 207 and 208, as well as in the samples of natural lead and bismuth, irradiated by protons of 11 energies in the range from 0.04 to 2.6 GeV. The obtained experimental results are compared with the previous measurements, with the TENDL-2019 data-library evaluations and the simulated data by means of the high-energy transport codes MCNP6.1 (CEM03.03), PHITS (INCL4.6/GEM), Geant4 (INCL++/ABLA) and the nuclear reaction code TALYS.

Journal Articles

Determination of trace uranium in waste using a gamma-ray measurement system

Ohashi, Yusuke

Nuclear Instruments and Methods in Physics Research A, 1025, p.166128_1 - 166128_8, 2022/02

 Times Cited Count:0 Percentile:0.03(Instruments & Instrumentation)

Much metal waste is generated during decommissioning of uranium processing facilities. In this paper, measurement tests were performed on a typical simulated metal waste generated by the decommissioning using the clearance measurement device equipped with NaI detectors, and the results were compared with the simulation results by the MCNP code. Results showed the proper placement of dismantled materials in a drum can be estimated by evaluating the detection efficiency of each waste placement by simulation in advance. Moreover, it was confirmed that the relative errors between simulation and measurement results were within 35% at 0.1 Bq/g. It was found that the uranium concentration below the clearance level (1 Bq/g) can be confirmed even if the error is included, and the clearance level can be safely verified by considering the relative error between the simulation result and the experimental result.

Journal Articles

Producing gold at ISOLDE-CERN

Barzakh, A. E.*; Andreyev, A. N.; Atanasov, D.*; Cubiss, J. G.*; Harding, R. D.*; Al Monthery, M.*; Althubiti, N. A.*; Andel, B.*; 38 of others*

Nuclear Instruments and Methods in Physics Research B, 513, p.26 - 32, 2022/02

Journal Articles

EXAFS studies for atomic structural change induced by ion irradiation of a reactor pressure vessel steel

Iwata, Keiko; Takamizawa, Hisashi; Ha, Yoosung; Shimodaira, Masaki; Okamoto, Yoshihiro; Honda, Mitsunori; Katsuyama, Jinya; Nishiyama, Yutaka

Nuclear Instruments and Methods in Physics Research B, 511, p.143 - 152, 2022/01

 Times Cited Count:0 Percentile:0.03(Instruments & Instrumentation)

Journal Articles

Measurement of nuclide production cross sections for proton-induced reactions on Mn and Co at 1.3, 2.2, and 3.0 GeV

Takeshita, Hayato*; Meigo, Shinichiro; Matsuda, Hiroki*; Iwamoto, Hiroki; Nakano, Keita; Watanabe, Yukinobu*; Maekawa, Fujio

Nuclear Instruments and Methods in Physics Research B, 511, p.30 - 41, 2022/01

 Times Cited Count:1 Percentile:35.38(Instruments & Instrumentation)

Nuclide production cross sections for proton-induced reactions on Mn and Co at incident energies of 1.3, 2.2, and 3.0 GeV were measured by the activation method at the J-PARC. In total, 143 production cross sections of reaction products were obtained. Among them, the cross sections of $$^{55}$$Mn(p,X)$$^{38}$$S and $$^{55}$$Mn(p,X)$$^{41}$$Ar were measured for the first time. The stable proton beam and well established beam monitoring system contributed to the reduction of the systematic uncertainties to typically less than 5%, which was better than those of the previous data. To examine the prediction capabilities of spallation reaction models and evaluated data library, the measured data were compared with the spallation reaction models in PHITS (INCL4.6/GEM, etc.), INCL++/ABLA07, and the JENDL/HE-2007 library. The comparison of the mean square deviation factors indicated that both INCL4.6/GEM and JENDL/HE-2007 showed better agreement with the measured data than the others.

Journal Articles

Development and testing of a delayed gamma-ray spectroscopy instrument utilizing Cf-252 neutrons evaluated for nuclear safeguards applications

Rodriguez, D.; Abbas, K.*; Koizumi, Mitsuo; Nonneman, S.*; Rossi, F.; Takahashi, Tone

Nuclear Instruments and Methods in Physics Research A, 1014, p.165685_1 - 165685_10, 2021/10

 Times Cited Count:1 Percentile:35.38(Instruments & Instrumentation)

Journal Articles

Development of the multi-cubic $$gamma$$-ray spectrometer and its performance under intense $$^{137}$$Cs and $$^{60}$$Co radiation fields

Kaburagi, Masaaki; Shimazoe, Kenji*; Kato, Masahiro*; Kurosawa, Tadahiro*; Kamada, Kei*; Kim, K. J.*; Yoshino, Masao*; Shoji, Yasuhiro*; Yoshikawa, Akira*; Takahashi, Hiroyuki*

Nuclear Instruments and Methods in Physics Research A, 1010, p.165544_1 - 165544_9, 2021/09

 Times Cited Count:0 Percentile:0.02(Instruments & Instrumentation)

The number of nuclear facilities being decommissioned has been increasing worldwide, in particular following the accident of the Tokyo Electric Power Company Holdings' Fukushima Daiichi Nuclear Power Station in 2011. In these nuclear facilities, proper management of radioactive materials is required. Then, A $$gamma$$-ray spectrometer with four segmentations using small volume CeBr$$_{3}$$ scintillators with a dimension of $$5 times 5 times 5$$ $$rm{mm}^3$$ was developed. The four scintillators were coupled to a multi-anode photomultiplier tube specific to intense radiation fields. We performed the $$gamma$$-ray exposure study under $$^{137}$$Cs and $$^{60}$$Co radiation fields. Under the $$^{137}$$Cs radiation field, the relative energy resolution at 1375 mSv/h was the relative energy resolution at 1375 mSv/h was 9.2$$pm$$0.05%, 8.0$$pm$$0.08%, 8.0$$pm$$0.03%, and 9.0$$pm$$0.04% for the four channels, respectively.

Journal Articles

Calibration and optimization of Bragg edge analysis in energy-resolved neutron imaging experiments

Tremsin, A. S.*; Bilheux, H. Z.*; Bilheux, J. C.*; Shinohara, Takenao; Oikawa, Kenichi; Gao, Y.*

Nuclear Instruments and Methods in Physics Research A, 1009, p.165493_1 - 165493_12, 2021/09

 Times Cited Count:1 Percentile:35.38(Instruments & Instrumentation)

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