Watanabe, So; Katai, Yuya*; Matsuura, Haruaki*; Kada, Wataru*; Koka, Masashi*; Sato, Takahiro*; Arai, Tsuyoshi*
Nuclear Instruments and Methods in Physics Research B, 450, p.61 - 65, 2019/07
Tsai, P.-E.; Heilbronn, L. H.*; Lai, B.-L.*; Iwata, Yoshiyuki*; Murakami, Takeshi*; Sheu, R.-J.*
Nuclear Instruments and Methods in Physics Research B, 449, p.62 - 70, 2019/06
The secondary neutrons produced from 100- and 230-MeV/nucleon He ions, respectively, stopping in the thick iron, PMMA and water targets are measured by the time of flight method combined with the pulse shape discrimination of liquid scintillators. The experimental data show that the secondary neutrons were contributed from breakup of projectiles, emission from overlap regions of projectile nuclei and target nuclei, and evaporation of projectiles and target nuclei. The measured double-differential thick target neutron yields, angular distributions, and total neutron yields per ion, were benchmarked by the PHITS, FLUKA, and MCNP model calculations. The default models in these codes agree the experimental data well at intermediate-to-large angles in the low-to-intermediate energy range. However, the physics models implemented in PHITS need further improvement for some particular nuclear interaction mechanisms, and this work can be an importance reference for future model development.
Matsunaka, Tetsuya*; Sasa, Kimikazu*; Takahashi, Tsutomu*; Hosoya, Seiji*; Matsumura, Masumi*; Satou, Yukihiko; Shen, H.*; Sueki, Keisuke*
Nuclear Instruments and Methods in Physics Research B, 439, p.64 - 69, 2019/01
no abstracts in English
Matsubara, Akihiro*; Fujita, Natsuko; Ishii, Kunikazu*
Nuclear Instruments and Methods in Physics Research B, 437, p.81 - 86, 2018/12
no abstracts in English
Yamaki, Tetsuya*; Nuryanthi, N.*; Kitamura, Akane; Koshikawa, Hiroshi*; Sawada, Shinichi*; Voss, K.-O.*; Severin, D.*; Tautmann, C.*
Nuclear Instruments and Methods in Physics Research B, 435, p.162 - 168, 2018/11
We used individual single-ion tracks in fluoropolymers with diameters of tens to hundreds of nanometers; chemical etching and ion-track grafting enabled us to develop ion-track and proton-conductive membranes, respectively. In the ion-track membranes of PVDF, strongly-LET-dependent etching was found, so the pore shape as well as the size was exclusively controlled by the track structures. We performed the ion-track grafting of styrene into ETFE to develop nanostructure-controlled proton exchange membranes (PEMs) for applications in PEM fuel cells. Our ion beam technology to develop fluoropolymer-based nanostructures has the potential to apply in the field of filtration processes and fuel cell devices. This would make it possible to provide new microfiltration technology for water treatment, sterilization, petroleum refining and dairy processing.
Nuclear Instruments and Methods in Physics Research B, 419, p.32 - 37, 2018/03
In this study, the Monte Carlo displacement damage calculation method in the Particle and Heavy-Ion Transport code System (PHITS) was improved to calculate displacements per atom (DPA) due to irradiation by electrons and rays. For the damage due to electrons and rays, PHITS simulates electromagnetic cascades using the EGS5 algorithm and calculates DPA values using the recoil energies. A comparison of DPA values calculated by PHITS and the Monte Carlo assisted Classical Method (MCCM) reveals that they were in good agreement for -ray irradiations of silicon and iron at energies that were less than 10 MeV. Above 10 MeV, PHITS can calculate DPA values not only for electrons but also for charged particles produced by photonuclear reactions. For irradiation of 90-cm-thick carbon by protons with energies of more than 30 GeV, the ratio of the secondary electron DPA values to the total DPA values is more than 10% and increases with an increase in incident energy.
Tsai, P.-E.; Lai, B.-L.*; Heilbronn, L. H.*; Sheu, R.-J.*
Nuclear Instruments and Methods in Physics Research B, 416, p.16 - 29, 2018/02
Fifteen thin target experiments were selected for this benchmark study of the neutron production cross sections. The studied cases include a mix combination of C, Ne Ar, Kr, and Xe ions bombarding Li, C, Al, Cu, and Pb target with projectile energies between 135 and 600 MeV/nucleon. The experimental data were compared to the model calculations performed by (1) PHITS version 2.73 with JQMD and GEM model, (2) PHITS version 2.82 with revised JQMD 2.0 and GEM model, (3) FLUKA version 2011.2c with RQMD 2.4 and FLUKA's own de-excitation model, and (4) MCNP6 version 1.0 with LAQGSM 03.03 and GEM2 model. This study provides useful information not only for code users but also for model developers, and it will lead to future improvements of the PHITS - JQMD model for heavy-ion induced reactions, which is important for accelerator facilities, heavy-ion radiotherapy, and space radiation.
Matsuzaki, Shota*; Hayashi, Hiroaki*; Nakajima, Kaoru*; Matsuda, Makoto; Sataka, Masao*; Tsujimoto, Masahiko*; Toulemonde, M.*; Kimura, Kenji*
Nuclear Instruments and Methods in Physics Research B, 406(Part B), p.456 - 459, 2017/09
Watanabe, So; Sano, Yuichi; Shiwaku, Hideaki; Yaita, Tsuyoshi; Ono, Shimpei*; Arai, Tsuyoshi*; Matsuura, Haruaki*; Koka, Masashi*; Sato, Takahiro*
Nuclear Instruments and Methods in Physics Research B, 404, p.202 - 206, 2017/08
Omer, M.; Hajima, Ryoichi*
Nuclear Instruments and Methods in Physics Research B, 405, p.43 - 49, 2017/08
Elastic scattering of -rays by an atom nearly associates all their interactions with matter. Therefore, the planning of experiments, involving measurements of -rays, using Monte Carlo simulations usually includes the elastic scattering. However, current simulation tools do not provide a complete picture of the elastic scattering. The majority of these tools assume Rayleigh scattering is the primary contributor to the elastic scattering and neglect other elastic scattering processes, such as nuclear Thomson and Delbrck scattering. Here, we develop a tabulation-based method to simulate elastic scattering in one of the most common open-source Monte Carlo simulation toolkits, GEANT4. We collectively include three processes, Rayleigh scattering, nuclear Thomson scattering, and Delbrck scattering. Our simulation more appropriately uses differential cross sections based on the second-order scattering matrix instead of current data, which is based on the form factor approximation. Moreover, the superposition of these processes is carefully taken into account emphasizing the complex nature of the scattering amplitudes. The simulation covers an energy range of 0.01 MeV E 3 MeV and all elements with the atomic numbers of 1 Z 99. In addition, we verified our simulation by comparing the differential cross section measured in earlier experiments to those extracted from the simulations. We find that the simulations are in good agreement with the experimental measurements. Differences between the experiments and the simulations are 21% for uranium, 24% for lead, 3% for tantalum, and 8% for cerium at 2.754 MeV. Coulomb corrections to the Delbrck amplitudes may account for the relatively large differences that appear at higher Z values.
Abe, Ryoji*; Nagoshi, Kohei*; Arai, Tsuyoshi*; Watanabe, So; Sano, Yuichi; Matsuura, Haruaki*; Takagi, Hideaki*; Shimizu, Nobutaka*; Koka, Masashi*; Sato, Takahiro*
Nuclear Instruments and Methods in Physics Research B, 404, p.173 - 178, 2017/08
Schury, P.*; Wada, Michiharu*; Ito, Yuta*; Kaji, Daiya*; Haba, Hiromitsu*; Hirayama, Yoshikazu*; Kimura, Sota*; Koura, Hiroyuki; MacCormick, M.*; Miyatake, Hiroari*; et al.
Nuclear Instruments and Methods in Physics Research B, 407, p.160 - 165, 2017/06
Various isotopes of Ac, Ra, Fr, and Rn were produced by fusion-evaporation reactions using a Ca beam. The energetic ions were stopped in and extracted from a helium gas cell. The extracted ions were identified using a multi-reflection time-of-fight mass spectrograph. In all cases, it was observed that the predominant charge state for the extracted ions, including the alkali Fr, was 2+.
Iwamoto, Yosuke; Ogawa, Tatsuhiko
Nuclear Instruments and Methods in Physics Research B, 396, p.26 - 33, 2017/04
It is important to validate the calculations of PKA spectra that are used to estimate radiation damage in materials. Here, the PKA spectra of fission-relevant materials were calculated using the Particle and Heavy Ion Transport code System (PHITS) and also using the data processing code NJOY with the nuclear data libraries. The heating number, which is the integral of the PKA spectrum, was also calculated using PHITS and compared with data extracted from the data libralies. From analyzing the PKA spectra, we found that the energy and angular recoil distributions were incorrect for Ge, As, Y, and Ag in the ENDF/B-VII.1 library. From analyzing the heating number, we found that the data extracted from the ACE file of TENDL2015 for all elements were problematic in the neutron capture region. However, PHITS+TENDL2015 can calculate PKA spectra and heating numbers correctly.
Satoh, Daiki; Kajimoto, Tsuyoshi*; Shigyo, Nobuhiro*; Itashiki, Yutaro*; Imabayashi, Yoichi*; Koba, Yusuke*; Matsufuji, Naruhiro*; Sanami, Toshiya*; Nakao, Noriaki*; Uozumi, Yusuke*
Nuclear Instruments and Methods in Physics Research B, 387, p.10 - 19, 2016/11
Double-differential neutron yields from a water phantom bombarded with 290-MeV/nucleon and 430-MeV/nucleon carbon ions were measured at emission angles of 15, 30, 45, 60, 75, and 90 using the neutron-detection system constituting of liquid organic scintillators. The angular distributions of neutron yields and effective doses around the phantom were obtained by integrating the double-differential neutron yields and applying the fluence-to-effective dose conversion coefficients. The experimental data were compared with results of the Monte-Carlo simulation code PHITS. The PHITS results showed good agreement with the measured data. From the results, we concluded that the PHITS simulation is applicable to the dose estimation at carbon-therapy facilities.
Ishiyama, Hironobu*; Jeong, S.-C.*; Watanabe, Yutaka*; Hirayama, Yoshikazu*; Imai, Nobuaki*; Jung, H. S.*; Miyatake, Hiroari*; Oyaizu, Mitsuhiro*; Osa, Akihiko; Otokawa, Yoshinori; et al.
Nuclear Instruments and Methods in Physics Research B, 376, p.379 - 381, 2016/06
Kojima, Hiroshi*; Yoshizaki, Hiroaki*; Kaneno, Yasuyuki*; Semboshi, Satoshi*; Hori, Fuminobu*; Saito, Yuichi; Okamoto, Yoshihiro; Iwase, Akihiro*
Nuclear Instruments and Methods in Physics Research B, 372, p.72 - 77, 2016/04
NiNb and NiTa intermetallic compounds, which show the complicated lattice structures were irradiated with 16 MeV Au ions at room temperature. The X-ray diffraction measurement revealed that the lattice structure of these intermetallic compounds changed from the ordered structures to the amorphous state by the ion irradiation. The irradiation-induced amorphization caused the increase in Vickers hardness. The result was compared with our previous results for NiAl and NiV, and was discussed in terms of the intrinsic lattice structures of the samples.
Sato, Takahiro; Yokoyama, Akihito; Kitamura, Akane; Okubo, Takeru; Ishii, Yasuyuki; Takahatake, Yoko; Watanabe, So; Koma, Yoshikazu; Kada, Wataru*
Nuclear Instruments and Methods in Physics Research B, 371, p.419 - 423, 2016/03
Nuclear Instruments and Methods in Physics Research B, 368, p.9 - 14, 2016/02
Abe, Hiroshi; Tokuhira, Shinnosuke*; Uchida, Hirohisa*; Oshima, Takeshi
Nuclear Instruments and Methods in Physics Research B, 365(Part A), p.214 - 217, 2015/12
no abstracts in English
Nuclear Instruments and Methods in Physics Research B, 365(Part B), p.592 - 595, 2015/12