Meigo, Shinichiro; Oi, Motoki; Fujimori, Hiroshi*
Physical Review Accelerators and Beams (Internet), 23(6), p.062802_1 - 062802_24, 2020/06
As hadron accelerators for such as the ADS and spallation neutron source achieve increasing beam power, damage to targets is becoming increasingly severe. To mitigate this damage, nonlinear beam optics based on octupole magnets is attractive. Nonlinear optics can decrease the beam-focusing hazard due to failure of the rastering magnet. As a side effect of nonlinear optics, the beam size is known to expand drastically compared with linear optics. Nonlinear effects have been studied via a simplified filament model that ignores beam-divergence spread at the octupole magnet. In this study, a new generalized model is proposed for application to an octupole magnet, regardless of the filament-model approximation. It is found that the transverse distribution obtained by beam tracking can be specified by the introduction of only two parameters, namely the normalized octupole strength of and the of the phase advance. To achieve the two antagonistic requirements of reduction of the beam-peak density and minimization of the beam loss, the transverse distribution is surveyed for a large range of beam position. It is found that a bell-shaped distribution with 1 and 3 can satisfy requirements. This result is applied to beam transport in the spallation neutron source at J-PARC. The calculation result given by the present model shows good agreement with the experimental data, and the peak current density is reduced by 50% compared with the linear-optics case.
Kondo, Yasuhiro; Morishita, Takatoshi; Jameson, R. A.*
Physical Review Accelerators and Beams (Internet), 22(12), p.120101_1 - 120101_8, 2019/12
Radio frequency quadrupole linac (RFQ) is the key component which realized modern high-current proton linacs, however, many RFQs are designed based on very conventional design schemes. We developed 3-MeV 50-mA H (negative hydrogen) RFQ based on a beam space-charge physics concept. The equipartitioning scheme, which is widely used in the high intensity linac design, is implemented into the RFQ design. Design performances of 99.1% transmission, 0.24 mm mrad transverse normalized rms emittance, and 0.11 MeV deg for longitudinal direction are achieved with a vane length of 3 m and the final energy of 3 MeV. An RFQ employing this design concept was fabricated, and the design performance was confirmed by beam commissioning. In this paper, the design and result of the beam commissioning of this fully equipartitioned RFQ are described.
Tamura, Fumihiko; Sugiyama, Yasuyuki*; Yoshii, Masahito*; Yamamoto, Masanobu; Omori, Chihiro*; Nomura, Masahiro; Shimada, Taihei; Hasegawa, Katsushi*; Hara, Keigo*; Furusawa, Masashi*
Physical Review Accelerators and Beams (Internet), 22(9), p.092001_1 - 092001_22, 2019/09
Beam loading compensation in the rf cavities is a key for acceleration of high intensity beams in 3 GeV RCS of the J-PARC. Since we employ wideband magnetic alloy rf cavities for the J-PARC RCS and the wake voltage contains several harmonics, a multiharmonic beam loading compensation is required. The multiharmonic rf feedforward for the most important six harmonics is implemented in the existing low level rf (LLRF) control system, which has been working fairly well for acceleration of high intensity beams of up to 1 MW. However, we found the degradation of the performance for compensation of the feedforward with very high intensity beams. Therefore, a multiharmonic vector rf voltage control has been developed. The detail of system configuration, commissioning methodology, and beam test results using very high intensity beams are described. The beam loading by the 1 MW equivalent beam in the cavity is successfully compensated.
Shobuda, Yoshihiro; Chin, Y. H.*; Hayashi, Naoki; Irie, Yoshiro*; Takayanagi, Tomohiro; Togashi, Tomohito; Toyama, Takeshi*; Yamamoto, Kazami; Yamamoto, Masanobu
Physical Review Accelerators and Beams (Internet), 21(6), p.061003_1 - 161003_15, 2018/06
no abstracts in English
Bae, S.*; Choi, H.*; Choi, S.*; Fukao, Yoshinori*; Futatsukawa, Kenta*; Hasegawa, Kazuo; Iijima, Toru*; Iinuma, Hiromi*; Ishida, Katsuhiko*; Kawamura, Naritoshi*; et al.
Physical Review Accelerators and Beams (Internet), 21(5), p.050101_1 - 050101_6, 2018/05
Muons have been accelerated by using a radio-frequency accelerator for the first time. Negative muonium atoms (Mu), which are bound states of positive muons and two electrons, are generated from through the electron capture process in an aluminum degrader. The generated Mu's are initially electrostatically accelerated and injected into a radio-frequency quadrupole linac (RFQ). In the RFQ, the Mu's are accelerated to 89 keV. The accelerated Mu's are identified by momentum measurement and time of flight. This compact muon linac opens the door to various muon accelerator applications including particle physics measurements and the construction of a transmission muon microscope.
Saha, P. K.; Shobuda, Yoshihiro; Hotchi, Hideaki; Harada, Hiroyuki; Hayashi, Naoki; Kinsho, Michikazu; Tamura, Fumihiko; Tani, Norio; Yamamoto, Masanobu; Watanabe, Yasuhiro; et al.
Physical Review Accelerators and Beams (Internet), 21(2), p.024203_1 - 024203_20, 2018/02
Chin, Y. H.*; Chao, A. W.*; Blaskiewicz, M. M.*; Shobuda, Yoshihiro
Physical Review Accelerators and Beams (Internet), 20(7), p.071003_1 - 071003_18, 2017/07
no abstracts in English
Hotchi, Hideaki; Harada, Hiroyuki; Hayashi, Naoki; Kato, Shinichi; Kinsho, Michikazu; Okabe, Kota; Saha, P. K.; Shobuda, Yoshihiro; Tamura, Fumihiko; Tani, Norio; et al.
Physical Review Accelerators and Beams (Internet), 20(6), p.060402_1 - 060402_25, 2017/06
The 3-GeV rapid cycling synchrotron (RCS) of the Japan Proton Accelerator Research Complex (J-PARC) is the world's highest class of high-power pulsed proton driver, aiming for an output beam power of 1 MW. The most important issues in realizing such a high-power beam operation are to control and minimize beam loss for maintaining machine activations within permissible levels. In RCS, numerical simulation was successfully utilized along with experimental approaches to isolate the mechanism of beam loss and find its solution. By iteratively performing actual beam experiments and numerical simulations, and also by several hardware improvements, we have recently established a 1-MW beam operation with very low fractional beam loss of a couple of 10. In this paper, our recent efforts toward realizing such a low-loss high-intensity beam acceleration are presented.
Shobuda, Yoshihiro; Chin, Y. H.*
Physical Review Accelerators and Beams (Internet), 19(9), p.094201_1 - 094201_24, 2016/09
In a so-called waveguide FEL for THz radiations, an extremely small aperture (mm) waveguide is used to confine angularly wide spread radiation fields from a low energy electron beam into a small area. This confinement increases the interaction between the electron beam and the radiation fields to achieve a much higher FEL gain. The radiation fields propagate inside the waveguide as waveguide modes, not like a light flux in a free space FEL. This characteristic behavior of the radiation fields makes intuitive understanding of the waveguide FEL difficult. We developed a three-dimensional waveguide FEL theory to calculate a gain of THz waveguide FEL including the effects of the energy spread, the beam size and the beta Tron oscillations of an electron beam, and effects of a rectangular waveguide. The FEL gain can be calculated as a function of frequency by solving the dispersion relation. Theoretical gains are compared with simulation results for a waveguide FEL with a planar undulator similar to the KAERI one. Good agreements are obtained.
Otani, Masashi*; Mibe, Tsutomu*; Yoshida, Mitsuhiro*; Hasegawa, Kazuo; Kondo, Yasuhiro; Hayashizaki, Noriyosu*; Iwashita, Yoshihisa*; Iwata, Yoshiyuki*; Kitamura, Ryo*; Saito, Naohito
Physical Review Accelerators and Beams (Internet), 19(4), p.040101_1 - 040101_8, 2016/04
We have developed an interdigital H-mode (IH) drift-tube linac (DTL) design with an alternative phase focusing (APF) scheme for a muon linac, in order to measure the anomalous magnetic moment and electric dipole moment (EDM) of muons at the Japan Proton Accelerator Research Complex (J-PARC). The IH-DTL accelerates muons from beta 0.08 to 0.28 at an operational frequency of 324 MHz. The output beam emittances are calculated as 0.315 and 0.195 mm mrad in the horizontal and vertical directions, respectively, which satisfies the experimental requirement.
Hajima, Ryoichi; Fujiwara, Mamoru
Physical Review Accelerators and Beams (Internet), 19(2), p.020702_1 - 020702_9, 2016/02
We propose a scheme to generate narrow-bandwidth GeV photons, -rays, via Compton scattering of hard X-ray photons in an X-ray free-electron laser oscillator. Generated -rays show a narrow-bandwidth spectrum with a sharp peak, 0.1% (FWHM), due to large momentum transfer from electrons to photons. Such -rays will be a unique probe for studying hadron physics. Features of the -ray source, flux, spectrum, polarization, tunability and energy resolution are discussed.
Shobuda, Yoshihiro; Chin, Y. H.*; Takata, Koji*; Toyama, Takeshi*; Nakamura, Keigo*
Physical Review Accelerators and Beams (Internet), 19(2), p.021003_1 - 021003_15, 2016/02
The frequency domain performance of a stripline beam position monitor depends largely on the longitudinal shape of its electrode. To attain a good impedance matching along the electrode, it needs to be precisely bent down toward its downstream in proportion to its width. In this report, we first propose a triangle electrode for easy fabrication and set-up. Theoretical and simulation results show that the simple triangle electrode has a remarkably flatter frequency response than the rectangle one. The frequency response, in particular at high frequencies, can be further improved by attaching an "apron" plate, perpendicular to the upstream edge of the electrode. The overshooting of the frequency response at low frequency can be eliminated by replacing the straight sidelines of the triangle by three-point polylines. We found that the concave pentagon electrode achieves a wide and flat frequency response up to about GHz for the J-PARC Main Ring.
Hotchi, Hideaki; Tani, Norio; Watanabe, Yasuhiro; Harada, Hiroyuki; Kato, Shinichi; Okabe, Kota; Saha, P. K.; Tamura, Fumihiko; Yoshimoto, Masahiro
Physical Review Accelerators and Beams (Internet), 19(1), p.010401_1 - 010401_11, 2016/01
In the J-PARC 3-GeV RCS, transverse injection painting is utilized not only to suppress space-charge induced beam loss but also to mitigate foil scattering beam loss during charge-exchange injection. The space-charge induced beam loss is well minimized by the combination of modest transverse painting and full longitudinal painting. But, for sufficiently mitigating the foil scattering beam loss, the transverse painting area has to be further expanded. However, such a wide-ranging transverse painting had not been realized until recently due to beta function beating caused by edge focusing of pulsed injection bump magnets. This beta function beating additionally excites random betatron resonances, causing significant extra beam loss when expanding the transverse painting area. To solve this issue, we newly installed pulse-type quadrupole correctors to compensate the beta function beating. This paper presents recent experimental results on this correction scheme, while discussing the beam loss and its mitigation mechanisms.