Katabuchi, Tatsuya*; Igashira, Masayuki*; Kamada, So*; Tajika, Michihide*; Iwamoto, Nobuyuki; Kawano, Toshihiko*
Physical Review C, 108(3), p.034610_1 - 034610_12, 2023/09
Nakada, Hibiki*; Yoshida, Kazuki; Ogata, Kazuyuki*
Physical Review C, 108(3), p.034603_1 - 034603_8, 2023/09
The description of deuteron-induced inclusive reactions has been an important subject in direct nuclear reaction studies and nuclear data science. For proton-induced inclusive processes, the semiclassical distorted wave model (SCDW) is one of the most successful models based on quantum mechanics. We improve SCDW for deuteron-induced inclusive processes. The changes in the kinematics due to the distortion effect, the refraction effect, is taken into account by the local semiclassical approximation. The calculated cross section of reasonably reproduce experimental data in the small energy-transfer region and at forward and middle angles with some exceptions. The angular distributions of the cross section are improved by including the refraction effect. The effect on the cross section is significant compared to that on the proton-induced inclusive process because of the stronger distortion effect on the deuteron.
Takeda, Yukiharu; Pospil, J.*; Yamagami, Hiroshi; Yamamoto, Etsuji; Haga, Yoshinori
Physical Review B, 108(8), p.085129_1 - 085129_10, 2023/08
Kitazawa, Takafumi; Ikeda, Yoichi*; Sakakibara, Toshiro*; Matsuo, Akira*; Shimizu, Yusei*; Tokunaga, Yo; Haga, Yoshinori; Kindo, Koichi*; Nambu, Yusuke*; Ikeuchi, Kazuhiko*; et al.
Physical Review B, 108(8), p.085105_1 - 085105_7, 2023/08
Visuri, A.-M.*; Mohan, J.*; Uchino, Shun; Huang, M.-Z.*; Esslinger, T.*; Giamarchi, T.*
Physical Review Research (Internet), 5(3), p.033095_1 - 033095_11, 2023/08
We study the current-voltage characteristics of a superconducting junction with particle losses at the contacts. We adopt the Keldysh formalism to compute the steady-state current for varying transmission of the contact. In the low transmission regime, the dissipation leads to an enhancement of the current at low bias, a nonmonotonic dependence of current on dissipation, and the emergence of new structures in the current-voltage curves. The effect of dissipation by particle loss is found to be qualitatively different from that of a finite temperature and a finite inelastic scattering rate in the reservoirs.
Liu, H.*; Nakayama, Shinsuke; Lei, J.*; Ren, Z.*
Physical Review C, 108(1), p.014617_1 - 014617_8, 2023/07
In this paper, we study deuteron-induced inclusive breakup reaction and explore the and reactions for light and medium mass nuclei. Using the models of Ichimura, Austern, and Vincent and Glauber, we scrutinize the double differential cross-section of nonelastic breakup and compare the results for various reaction systems. Our findings indicate that the Glauber model, combined with a quantum -matrix, produces remarkable results in the deuteron-induced inclusive breakup reaction. While both models are proficient in predicting the outcomes of light and medium mass nuclei, the reaction showcases higher consistency than the reaction. Nevertheless, there are still significant discrepancies between experimental and theoretical cross-sections that require further investigation and analysis. This study opens up a new realm of possibilities for future research in the field.
Taira, Yoshitaka*; Endo, Shunsuke; Kawamura, Shiori*; Nambu, Taro*; Okuizumi, Mao*; Shizuma, Toshiyuki*; Omer, M.; Zen, H.*; Okano, Yasuaki*; Kitaguchi, Masaaki*
Physical Review A, 107(6), p.063503_1 - 063503_10, 2023/06
no abstracts in English
Yabunaka, Shunsuke; Delamotte, B.*
Physical Review Letters, 130(26), p.261602_1 - 261602_6, 2023/06
Mori, Hideki*; Tsuru, Tomohito; Okumura, Masahiko; Matsunaka, Daisuke*; Shiihara, Yoshinori*; Itakura, Mitsuhiro
Physical Review Materials (Internet), 7(6), p.063605_1 - 063605_8, 2023/06
The introduction of obstacles (e.g., precipitates) for controlling dislocation motion in molecular structures is a prevalent method for designing the mechanical strength of metals. Owing to the nanoscale size of the dislocation core ( 1 nm), atomic modeling is required to investigate the interactions between the dislocation and obstacles. However, conventional empirical potentials are not adequately accurate, in contrast to the calculations based on density functional theory (DFT). Therefore, the atomic-level details of the interactions between the dislocations and obstacles remain unclarified. To this end, this study applied an artificial neural network (ANN) framework to construct an atomic potential by leveraging the high accuracy of DFT. Using the constructed ANN potential, we investigated the dynamic interaction between the edge dislocation and obstacles in BCC iron. When the dislocation crossed the void, an ultrasmooth and symmetric half-loop was observed for the bowing-out dislocation. Except for the screw dislocation, the Peierls stress of all the dislocations predicted using the ANN was less than 100 MPa. More importantly, the results confirmed the formation of an Orowan loop in the interaction between a rigid sphere and dislocation. Furthermore, we discovered a phenomenon in which the Orowan loop disintegrated into two small loops during its interaction with the rigid sphere and dislocation.
Shobuda, Yoshihiro; Harada, Hiroyuki; Saha, P. K.; Takayanagi, Tomohiro; Tamura, Fumihiko; Togashi, Tomohito; Watanabe, Yasuhiro; Yamamoto, Kazami; Yamamoto, Masanobu
Physical Review Accelerators and Beams (Internet), 26(5), p.053501_1 - 053501_45, 2023/05
At the Rapid Cycling Synchrotron (RCS) in Japan Proton Accelerator Research Complex (J-PARC), theoretical predictions have indicated that the kicker-impedance would excite the beam-instability. A 1 MW beam with large emittance can be delivered to the Material and Life Science Experimental Facility (MLF) through suppression of the beam instabilities by choosing the appropriate machine parameters. However, we require other high-intensity and high-quality smaller emittance beams (than the 1 MW beam) for the Main Ring (MR). Hence, we proposed a scheme for suppressing the kicker-impedance by using prototype diodes and resistors, thereby demonstrating the effect on the kicker impedance reduction. However, the J-PARC RCS must be operated with a repetition rate of 25 Hz, which urged us to consider special diodes that are tolerant to heating. After developments, we have demonstrated that the special diodes with resistors can suppress the beam instability by reducing the kicker impedance. Enhanced durability of the prototype diodes and resistors for the 25 Hz operation was also realized. Moreover, the new diodes and the resistors have negligible effect on the extracted beam from the RCS. From a simulation point of view, the scheme can be employed for at least 5 MW beam operation within the stipulated specifications.
Lee, S.*; Nakata, Koki; Tchernyshyov, O.*; Kim, S. K.*
Physical Review B, 107(18), p.184432_1 - 184432_12, 2023/05
We theoretically investigate the interaction between magnons and a Skyrmion-textured domain wall in a two-dimensional antiferromagnet and elucidate the resultant properties of magnon transport. Using supersymmetric quantum mechanics, we solve the scattering problem of magnons on top of the domain wall and obtain the exact solutions of propagating and bound magnon modes. Then, we find their properties of reflection and refraction in the Skyrmion-textured domain wall, where magnons experience an emergent magnetic field due to its non-trivial spin texture-induced effective gauge field. Finally, we show that the thermal transport decreases as the domain wall's chirality increases. Our results suggest that the thermal transport of an antiferromagnet is tunable by modulating the Skyrmion charge density of the domain wall.
Tamatsukuri, Hiromu; Fukui, Keiga*; Iimura, Soshi*; Honda, Takashi*; Tada, Tomofumi*; Murakami, Yoichi*; Yamaura, Junichi*; Kuramoto, Yoshio*; Sagayama, Hajime*; Yamada, Takeshi*; et al.
Physical Review B, 107(18), p.184114_1 - 184114_8, 2023/05
Minato, Futoshi; Naito, Tomoya*; Iwamoto, Osamu
Physical Review C, 107(5), p.054314_1 - 054314_10, 2023/05
Okudaira, Takuya*; Tani, Yuika*; Endo, Shunsuke; Doskow, J.*; Fujioka, Hiroyuki*; Hirota, Katsuya*; Kameda, Kento*; Kimura, Atsushi; Kitaguchi, Masaaki*; Luxnat, M.*; et al.
Physical Review C, 107(5), p.054602_1 - 054602_7, 2023/05
no abstracts in English
Edagawa, Tomoatsu*; Yoshida, Kazuki; Chazono, Yoshiki*; Ogata, Kazuyuki*
Physical Review C, 107(5), p.054603_1 - 054603_7, 2023/05
The effective polarization of the residual nucleus in the proton-induced knockout reaction is investigated within the distorted wave impulse approximation framework. The strong absorption of the emitted particle results in strong selectivity on the reaction "position" depending on the third component of the single-particle orbital angular momentum of the particle inside a nucleus, hence on the spin direction of the reaction residue.
Sakai, Hironori; Tokiwa, Yoshifumi; Opletal, P.; Kimata, Motoi*; Awaji, Satoshi*; Sasaki, Takahiko*; Aoki, Dai*; Kambe, Shinsaku; Tokunaga, Yo; Haga, Yoshinori
Physical Review Letters, 130(19), p.196002_1 - 196002_6, 2023/05
The superconducting (SC) phase diagram in uranium ditelluride is explored under magnetic fields () along the hard magnetic -axis using a high-quality single crystal with = 2.1 K. Simultaneous electrical resistivity and AC magnetic susceptibility measurements discern low- and high-field SC (LFSC and HFSC, respectively) phases with contrasting field-angular dependence. Crystal quality increases the upper critical field of the LFSC phase, but the of T, at which the HFSC phase appears, is always the same through the various crystals. A phase boundary signature is also observed inside the LFSC phase near , indicating an intermediate SC phase characterized by small flux pinning forces.
Huang, M.-Z.*; Mohan, J.*; Visuri, A.-M.*; Fabritius, P.*; Talebi, M.*; Wili, S.*; Uchino, Shun; Giamarchi, T.*; Esslinger, T.*
Physical Review Letters, 130(20), p.200404_1 - 200404_8, 2023/05
We measure superfluid transport of strongly-interacting fermionic lithium atoms through a quantum point contact with local, spin-dependent particle loss. We observe that the characteristic non-Ohmic superfluid transport enabled by high-order multiple Andreev reflections transitions into an excess Ohmic current as the dissipation strength exceeds the superfluid gap. We develop a model with mean-field reservoirs connected via tunneling to a dissipative site. Our calculations in the Keldysh formalism reproduce the observed non-equilibrium particle current, yet do not fully explain the observed loss rate or spin current.
Pedersen, L. G.*; Sahin, E.*; Grgen, A.*; Bello Garrote, F. L.*; Tsunoda, Yusuke*; Otsuka, Takaharu*; Niikura, Megumi*; Orlandi, R.; 59 of others*
Physical Review C, 107(4), p.044301_1 - 044301_10, 2023/04
Kim, Y.*; Oka, Makoto; Suenaga, Daiki*; Suzuki, Kei
Physical Review D, 107(7), p.074015_1 - 074015_15, 2023/04
A chiral effective theory of scalar and vector diquarks is formulated, which is based on chiral symmetry and includes interactions between scalar and vector diquarks with one or two mesons. We find that the diquark interaction term with two mesons breaks the and flavor symmetries. To determine the coupling constants of the interaction Lagrangians, we investigate one-pion emission decays of singly heavy baryons (, and , , ), where baryons are regarded as diquark-heavy-quark two-body systems. Using this model, we present predictions of the unobserved decay widths of singly heavy baryons. We also study the change of masses and strong decay widths of singly heavy baryons under partial restoration of chiral symmetry.
Okumura, Takuma*; Hashimoto, Tadashi; 40 of others*
Physical Review Letters, 130(17), p.173001_1 - 173001_7, 2023/04