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Journal Articles

Two-parameter model for optimizing target beam distribution with an octupole magnet

Meigo, Shinichiro; Oi, Motoki; Fujimori, Hiroshi*

Physical Review Accelerators and Beams (Internet), 23(6), p.062802_1 - 062802_24, 2020/06

As hadron accelerators for such as the ADS and spallation neutron source achieve increasing beam power, damage to targets is becoming increasingly severe. To mitigate this damage, nonlinear beam optics based on octupole magnets is attractive. Nonlinear optics can decrease the beam-focusing hazard due to failure of the rastering magnet. As a side effect of nonlinear optics, the beam size is known to expand drastically compared with linear optics. Nonlinear effects have been studied via a simplified filament model that ignores beam-divergence spread at the octupole magnet. In this study, a new generalized model is proposed for application to an octupole magnet, regardless of the filament-model approximation. It is found that the transverse distribution obtained by beam tracking can be specified by the introduction of only two parameters, namely the normalized octupole strength of $$K^{*}_8$$ and the $$cot phi$$ of the phase advance. To achieve the two antagonistic requirements of reduction of the beam-peak density and minimization of the beam loss, the transverse distribution is surveyed for a large range of beam position. It is found that a bell-shaped distribution with $$K^{*}_8 sim$$ 1 and $$cot phi sim$$ 3 can satisfy requirements. This result is applied to beam transport in the spallation neutron source at J-PARC. The calculation result given by the present model shows good agreement with the experimental data, and the peak current density is reduced by 50% compared with the linear-optics case.

Journal Articles

Evidence for magnon-phonon coupling in the topological magnet Cu$$_{3}$$TeO$$_{6}$$

Bao, S.*; Cai, Z.*; Si, W.*; Wang, W.*; Wang, X.*; Shangguan, Y.*; Ma, Z.*; Dong, Z.-Y.*; Kajimoto, Ryoichi; Ikeuchi, Kazuhiko*; et al.

Physical Review B, 101(21), p.214419_1 - 214419_8, 2020/06

 Times Cited Count:0

Journal Articles

Spallation and fragmentation cross sections for 168 MeV/nucleon $$^{136}$$Xe ions on proton, deuteron, and carbon targets

Sun, X. H.*; Wang, H.*; Otsu, Hideaki*; Sakurai, Hiroyoshi*; Ahn, D. S.*; Aikawa, Masayuki*; Fukuda, Naoki*; Isobe, Tadaaki*; Kawakami, Shunsuke*; Koyama, Shumpei*; et al.

Physical Review C, 101(6), p.064623_1 - 064623_12, 2020/06

The spallation and fragmentation reactions of $$^{136}$$Xe induced by proton, deuteron and carbon at 168 MeV/nucleon were studied at RIKEN Radioactive Isotope Beam Factory via the inverse kinematics technique. The cross sections of the lighter products are larger in the carbon-induced reactions due to the higher total kinetic energy of carbon. The energy dependence was investigated by comparing the newly obtained data with previous results obtained at higher reaction energies. The experimental data were compared with the results of SPACS, EPAX, PHITS and DEURACS calculations. These data serve as benchmarks for the model calculations.

Journal Articles

Transverse single-spin asymmetry for very forward neutral pion production in polarized $$p+p$$ collisions at $$sqrt{s}$$ = 510 GeV

Kim, M. H.*; Tanida, Kiyoshi; RHICf Collaboration*; 23 of others*

Physical Review Letters, 124(25), p.252501_1 - 252501_6, 2020/06

Journal Articles

Electronic structure of a (3$$times$$3)-ordered silicon layer on Al(111)

Sato, Yusuke*; Fukaya, Yuki; Cameau, M.*; Kundu, A. K.*; Shiga, Daisuke*; Yukawa, Ryu*; Horiba, Koji*; Chen, C.-H.*; Huang, A.*; Jeng, H.-T.*; et al.

Physical Review Materials (Internet), 4(6), p.064005_1 - 064005_6, 2020/06

 Times Cited Count:0

no abstracts in English

Journal Articles

Photoneutron detection in lightning by gadolinium orthosilicate scintillators

Wada, Yuki*; Nakazawa, Kazuhiro*; Enoto, Teruaki*; Furuta, Yoshihiro; Yuasa, Takayuki*; Makishima, Kazuo*; Tsuchiya, Harufumi

Physical Review D, 101(10), p.102007_1 - 102007_6, 2020/05

 Times Cited Count:0

Journal Articles

How different is the core of $$^{25}$$F from $$^{24}$$O$$_{g.s.}$$ ?

Tang, T. L.*; Uesaka, Tomohiro*; Kawase, Shoichiro; Beaumel, D.*; Dozono, Masanori*; Fujii, Toshihiko*; Fukuda, Naoki*; Fukunaga, Taku*; Galindo-Uribarri. A.*; Hwang, S. H.*; et al.

Physical Review Letters, 124(21), p.212502_1 - 212502_6, 2020/05

 Times Cited Count:0

The structure of a neutron-rich $$^{25}$$F nucleus is investigated by a quasifree ($$p,2p$$) knockout reaction. The sum of spectroscopic factors of $$pi 0d_{5/2}$$ orbital is found to be 1.0 $$pm$$ 0.3. The result shows that the $$^{24}$$O core of $$^{25}$$F nucleus significantly differs from a free $$^{24}$$O nucleus, and the core consists of $$sim$$35% $$^{24}$$O$$_{rm g.s.}$$, and $$sim$$65% excited $$^{24}$$O. The result shows that the $$^{24}$$O core of $$^{25}$$F nucleus significantly differs from a free $$^{24}$$O nucleus. The result may infer that the addition of the $$0d_{5/2}$$ proton considerably changes the neutron structure in $$^{25}$$F from that in $$^{24}$$O, which could be a possible mechanism responsible for the oxygen dripline anomaly.

Journal Articles

Dynamical spin-to-charge conversion on the edge of quantum spin Hall insulator

Araki, Yasufumi; Misawa, Takahiro*; Nomura, Kentaro*

Physical Review Research (Internet), 2(2), p.023195_1 - 023195_11, 2020/05

Journal Articles

Manipulation of saturation magnetization and perpendicular magnetic anisotropy in epitaxial Co$$_{x}$$Mn$$_{4-x}$$N films with ferrimagnetic compensation

Ito, Keita*; Yasutomi, Yoko*; Zhu, S.*; Nurmamat, M.*; Tahara, Masaki*; Toko, Kaoru*; Akiyama, Ryota*; Takeda, Yukiharu; Saito, Yuji; Oguchi, Tamio*; et al.

Physical Review B, 101(10), p.104401_1 - 104401_8, 2020/03

 Times Cited Count:0 Percentile:100(Materials Science, Multidisciplinary)

Journal Articles

Structure of the $$11/2^-$$ isomeric state in $$^{133}$$La

Laskar, Md. S. R.*; Palit, R.*; Mishra, S. N.*; Shimizu, Noritaka*; Utsuno, Yutaka; Ideguchi, Eiji*; Garg, U.*; Biswas, S.*; Babra, F. S.*; Gala, R.*; et al.

Physical Review C, 101(3), p.034315_1 - 034315_8, 2020/03

 Times Cited Count:0 Percentile:100(Physics, Nuclear)

no abstracts in English

Journal Articles

Shell structure of the neutron-rich isotopes $$^{69,71,73}$$Co

Lokotko, T.*; Leblond, S.*; Lee, J.*; Doornenbal, P.*; Obertelli, A.*; Poves, A.*; Nowacki, F.*; Ogata, Kazuyuki*; Yoshida, Kazuki; Authelet, G.*; et al.

Physical Review C, 101(3), p.034314_1 - 034314_7, 2020/03

 Times Cited Count:0 Percentile:100(Physics, Nuclear)

The structures of the neutron-rich $$^{69,71,73}$$Co isotopes were investigated via ($$p,2p$$) knockout reactions at the Radioactive Isotope Beam Factory, RIKEN. Level schemes were reconstructed using the $$gamma-gamma$$ coincidence technique, with tentative spin-parity assignments based on the measured inclusive and exclusive cross sections. Comparison with shell-model calculations suggests coexistence of spherical and deformed shapes at low excitation energies in the $$^{69,71,73}$$Co isotopes.

Journal Articles

Chiral effective theory of diquarks and the $$U_A(1)$$ anomaly

Harada, Masayasu*; Liu, Y.-R.*; Oka, Makoto; Suzuki, Kei

Physical Review D, 101(5), p.054038_1 - 054038_11, 2020/03

 Times Cited Count:0 Percentile:100(Astronomy & Astrophysics)

Using a chiral effective theory of diquarks, we analyze the spectrum and structure of diquark and heavy baryons consisting of diquarks. $$U_A(1)$$ anomaly is considered in the chiral Lagrangian and its effects are studied.

Journal Articles

Crystal structure and magnetism of MnO under pressure

Klotz, S.*; Komatsu, Kazuki*; Polian, A.*; Machida, Shinichi*; Sano, Asami; Iti$'e$, J.-P.*; Hattori, Takanori

Physical Review B, 101(6), p.064105_1 - 064105_6, 2020/02

 Times Cited Count:0 Percentile:100(Materials Science, Multidisciplinary)

Manganese oxide (MnO) is a prototype of an antiferromagnetic Mott-insulator. Here we investigate the interplay of magnetic ordering and lattice distortion across the N$'e$el temperature $$T_{N}$$ under pressure using neutron and X-ray diffraction. We find an increase of $$T_{N}$$ with a rate of $$T_{N}/dP$$ = +4.5(5) K/GPa, an increase of the rhombohedral distortion $$alpha$$ by $$dalpha/dP$$ = +0.018$$^{circ}$$/GPa, as well as a volume striction which is insensitive to pressure. These results allow to retrieve the dependence of the coupling constants $$J_{1}$$ and $$J_{2}$$ on interatomic distances and compare it to first-principles predictions. Antiferromagnetic diffuse scattering was observed up to $$sim$$1.2 $$T_{N}$$, and long-range magnetic order appears at room temperature at 42 GPa.

Journal Articles

Nematic and time-reversal breaking superconductivities coexisting with quadrupole order in a $$Gamma_3$$ system

Kubo, Katsunori

Physical Review B, 101(6), p.064512_1 - 064512_10, 2020/02

 Times Cited Count:0 Percentile:100(Materials Science, Multidisciplinary)

Journal Articles

Study of quasielastic barrier distributions as a step towards the synthesis of superheavy elements with hot fusion reactions

Tanaka, Taiki*; Morita, Kosuke*; Morimoto, Koji*; Kaji, Daiya*; Haba, Hiromitsu*; Boll, R. A.*; Brewer, N. T.*; Van Cleve, S.*; Dean, D. J.*; Ishizawa, Satoshi*; et al.

Physical Review Letters, 124(5), p.052502_1 - 052502_6, 2020/02

 Times Cited Count:0 Percentile:100(Physics, Multidisciplinary)

Journal Articles

Lattice dynamics in FeSe via inelastic X-ray scattering and first-principles calculations

Murai, Naoki; Fukuda, Tatsuo; Nakajima, Masamichi*; Kawamura, Mitsuaki*; Ishikawa, Daisuke*; Tajima, Setsuko*; Baron, A. Q. R.*

Physical Review B, 101(3), p.035126_1 - 035126_6, 2020/01

 Times Cited Count:0 Percentile:100(Materials Science, Multidisciplinary)

We report an inelastic X-ray scattering investigation of phonons in FeSe superconductor. Comparing the experimental phonon dispersion with density functional theory (DFT) calculations in the non-magnetic state, we found a significant disagreement between them. A better overall agreement was obtained by allowing for spin-polarization in DFT calculations, despite the absence of magnetic order in FeSe. This calculation gives a realistic approximation, at DFT level, of the disordered paramagnetic state of FeSe, in which strong spin fluctuations are present.

Journal Articles

Magnetic structures and quadratic magnetoelectric effect in LiNiPO$$_{4}$$ beyond 30 T

Fogh, E.*; Kihara, Takumi*; Toft-Petersen, R.*; Bartkowiak, M.*; Narumi, Yasuo*; Prokhnenko, O.*; Miyake, Atsushi*; Tokunaga, Masashi*; Oikawa, Kenichi; S${o}$rensen, M. K.*; et al.

Physical Review B, 101(2), p.024403_1 - 024403_12, 2020/01

 Times Cited Count:0 Percentile:100(Materials Science, Multidisciplinary)

Journal Articles

New excited 2$$^+$$ and 3$$^-$$ two-proton states in $$_{84}^{210}$$Po$$_{126}$$ populated by two-proton transfer

Dupont, E.*; Astier, A.*; Petrache, C. M.*; Lv, B. F.*; Deloncle, I.*; Kiener, J.*; Orlandi, R.; Makii, Hiroyuki; Nishio, Katsuhisa; Hirose, Kentaro; et al.

Physical Review C, 101(1), p.014309_1 - 014309_6, 2020/01

 Times Cited Count:0 Percentile:100(Physics, Nuclear)

Journal Articles

Development of a radio frequency quadrupole linac implemented with the equipartitioning beam dynamics scheme

Kondo, Yasuhiro; Morishita, Takatoshi; Jameson, R. A.*

Physical Review Accelerators and Beams (Internet), 22(12), p.120101_1 - 120101_8, 2019/12

 Times Cited Count:0 Percentile:100(Physics, Nuclear)

Radio frequency quadrupole linac (RFQ) is the key component which realized modern high-current proton linacs, however, many RFQs are designed based on very conventional design schemes. We developed 3-MeV 50-mA H$$^-$$ (negative hydrogen) RFQ based on a beam space-charge physics concept. The equipartitioning scheme, which is widely used in the high intensity linac design, is implemented into the RFQ design. Design performances of 99.1% transmission, 0.24$$pi$$ mm mrad transverse normalized rms emittance, and 0.11$$pi$$ MeV deg for longitudinal direction are achieved with a vane length of 3 m and the final energy of 3 MeV. An RFQ employing this design concept was fabricated, and the design performance was confirmed by beam commissioning. In this paper, the design and result of the beam commissioning of this fully equipartitioned RFQ are described.

Journal Articles

Experimental investigation of the suppressed superconducting gap and double-resonance mode in Ba$$_{1-x}$$K$$_{x}$$Fe$$_{2}$$As$$_{2}$$

Ideta, Shinichiro*; Murai, Naoki; Nakajima, Masamichi*; Kajimoto, Ryoichi; Tanaka, Kiyohisa*

Physical Review B, 100(23), p.235135_1 - 235135_7, 2019/12

 Times Cited Count:0 Percentile:100(Materials Science, Multidisciplinary)

1655 (Records 1-20 displayed on this page)