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Journal Articles

Optomechanical response of a strongly interacting Fermi gas

Helson, V.*; Zwettler, T.*; Roux, K.*; Konishi, Hideki*; Uchino, Shun; Brantut, J.-P.*

Physical Review Research (Internet), 4(3), p.033199_1 - 033199_10, 2022/09

We study a Fermi gas with strong, tunable interactions dispersively coupled to a high-finesse cavity. Upon probing the system along the cavity axis, we observe a strong optomechanical Kerr nonlinearity originating from the density response of the gas to the intracavity field. Measuring the non-linearity as a function of interaction strength, we extract the zero-frequency density response function of the Fermi gas, and find an increase by a factor of two from the Bardeen-Cooper-Schrieffer to the Bose-Einstein condensate regime. The results are in quantitative agreement with a theory based on operator-product expansion, expressing the density response in terms of universal functions of the interactions, the contact and the internal energy of the gas.

Journal Articles

Zeeman effects on Yu-Shiba-Rusinov states

Machida, Tadashi*; Nagai, Yuki; Hanaguri, Tetsuo*

Physical Review Research (Internet), 4(3), p.033182_1 - 033182_12, 2022/09

no abstracts in English

Journal Articles

Beam dynamics studies for fast beam trip recovery of the Japan Atomic Energy Agency accelerator-driven subcritical system

Yee-Rendon, B.; Kondo, Yasuhiro; Tamura, Jun; Nakano, Keita; Maekawa, Fujio; Meigo, Shinichiro

Physical Review Accelerators and Beams (Internet), 25(8), p.080101_1 - 080101_17, 2022/08

 Times Cited Count:0

High reliability and availability are primary goals for the operation of particle accelerators, especially for accelerator-driven subcritical systems (ADS). ADSs employ high-power beams for the transmutation of minor actinide; as a result, the amount and the radiotoxicity of the nuclear waste are considerably reduced. To this end, the Japan Atomic Energy Agency is designing a 30-MW continuous wave (cw) super-conducting proton linear accelerator (linac) that supplies neutrons to an 800-MW subcritical reactor by a spallation process. The major challenge for an ADS linac is the strict control of the beam trip duration and its frequency to avoid thermal stress in the subcritical reactor structures. The maximum allowed beam trips for failures longer than a few seconds are estimated to be far below the rate achieved in current accelerators. Thus, we implemented a combination of hot standby and local compensation that enables a fast beam recovery. This work comprehensively investigated the tolerance of our linac lattice for the local compensations for failures in superconducting cavities and magnets. This scheme includes simultaneous compensation of multiple cavities in independent and same cryomodules that significantly enhance the reliability of the linac. The returned schemes present acceptable beam performance to guarantee the integrity of the linac and the beam transport to the target; moreover, they satisfy the beam stability in the beam window. In addition, the readjusted elements are subjected to moderate stress to ensure a sustainable operation. This manuscript reports the beam dynamics results toward fulfilling the high reliability demanded by an ADS linac.

Journal Articles

Intrinsic vortex pinning in superconducting quasicrystals

Nagai, Yuki

Physical Review B, 106(6), p.064506_1 - 064506_10, 2022/08

no abstracts in English

Journal Articles

Gaps in topological magnon spectra; Intrinsic versus extrinsic effects

Do, S.-H.*; Paddison, J. A. M.*; Sala, G.*; Williams, T. J.*; Kaneko, Koji; Kuwahara, Keitaro*; May, A. F.*; Yan, J.*; McGuire, M. A.*; Stone, M. B.*; et al.

Physical Review Letters, 106(6), p.L060408_1 - L060408_6, 2022/08

Journal Articles

Asymmetry and nonlinearity of current-bias characteristics in superfluid-normal-state junctions of weakly interacting Bose gases

Uchino, Shun

Physical Review A, 106(1), p.L011303_1 - L011303_5, 2022/07

 Times Cited Count:0

We uncover current-bias characteristics of superfluid-normal-state junctions with weakly interacting Bose gases. It is shown that in the presence of a chemical potential bias the characteristics can strongly be asymmetric for origin. The salient feature that is absent in the fermionic counterpart arises from a tunneling process associated with a condensate and a bosonic Andreev reflection process. It turns out that such processes are intrinsically nonlinear and therefore do not obey Ohm's law even at a low bias.

Journal Articles

Enhanced $$d$$-$$p$$ hybridization intertwined with anomalous ground state formation in the van der Waals itinerant magnet Fe$$_5$$GeTe$$_2$$

Yamagami, Kohei*; Fujisawa, Yuita*; Markel, P.-A.*; Barnaby, S.*; Sumida, Kazuki; Takeda, Yukiharu; Okada, Yoshinori*

Physical Review B, 106(4), p.045137_1 - 045137_8, 2022/07

 Times Cited Count:0

Journal Articles

Improved measurement of the $$0_2^+rightarrow0_1^+$$ $$E$$0 transition strength for $$^{72}$$Se using the SPICE spectrometer

Smallcombe, J.; Garnsworthy, A. B.*; Korten, W.*; Singh, P.*; Ali, F. A.*; Andreoiu, C.*; Ansari, S.*; Ball, G. C.*; Barton, C. J.*; Bhattacharjee, S. S.*; et al.

Physical Review C, 106(1), p.014312_1 - 014312_9, 2022/07

 Times Cited Count:0

Journal Articles

$$alpha$$ knockout reaction as a new probe for $$alpha$$ formation in $$alpha$$-decay nuclei

Yoshida, Kazuki; Tanaka, Junki*

Physical Review C, 106(1), p.014621_1 - 014621_6, 2022/07

 Times Cited Count:0

Alternative to the $$alpha$$ decay lifetime measurement, we propose the proton-induced $$alpha$$ knockout reaction, ($$p$$,$$palpha$$), as a new probe for the surface $$alpha$$ formation probability of $$alpha$$ decay nuclei. $$^{210,212}$$Po($$p$$,$$palpha$$)$$^{206,208}$$Pb reaction is described by the distorted-wave impulse approximation framework. It is shown that the $$^{212}$$Po/$$^{210}$$Po ratio of the $$alpha$$ knockout cross sections agree with that of the surface $$alpha$$ formation probabilities determined by the lifetime measurements. The result implies that the ($$p$$,$$palpha$$) cross section is a direct probe for the surface $$alpha$$ formation probability, which is an essential quantity to lead us to a complete understanding of the $$alpha$$ decay phenomena.

Journal Articles

Deuteron-induced nonelastic cross sections based on the intranuclear cascade model with independent incident particles under interaction potentials

Nakano, Masahiro*; Yamaguchi, Yuji; Uozumi, Yusuke*

Physical Review C, 106(1), p.014612_1 - 014612_8, 2022/07

 Times Cited Count:0

Deuteron-induced nonelastic cross sections are studied in an extended intranuclear cascade (INC) model. A three-body framework of proton, neutron, and target is introduced into the INC model to incorporate naturally the decomposition and capture reactions from weakly bound deuterons. This framework includes three types of interaction potential, namely proton-target, neutron-target, and proton-neutron, the last of which causes the two nucleons in the deuteron to oscillate and play an important role in its breakup. The calculated results reproduce well the experimental data for $$^{12}$$C, $$^{40}$$Ca, $$^{58}$$Ni, and $$^{208}$$Pb targets with almost the same parameters as those determined previously for nucleon-induced nonelastic reactions.

Journal Articles

Electric monopole transition from the superdeformed band in $$^{40}$$Ca

Ideguchi, Eiji*; Kib$'e$di, T.*; Dowie, J. T. H.*; Hoang, T. H.*; Kumar Raju, M.*; Aoi, Nori*; Mitchell, A. J.*; Stuchbery, A. E.*; Shimizu, Noritaka*; Utsuno, Yutaka; et al.

Physical Review Letters, 128(25), p.252501_1 - 252501_6, 2022/06

 Times Cited Count:0 Percentile:0.01(Physics, Multidisciplinary)

no abstracts in English

Journal Articles

Large antisymmetric interlayer exchange coupling enabling perpendicular magnetization switching by an in-plane magnetic field

Masuda, Hiroto*; Seki, Takeshi*; Yamane, Yuta*; Modak, R.*; Uchida, Kenichi*; Ieda, Junichi; Lau, Y.-C.*; Fukami, Shunsuke*; Takanashi, Koki

Physical Review Applied (Internet), 17(5), p.054036_1 - 054036_9, 2022/05

The antisymmetric interlayer exchange coupling (AIEC) was recently discovered, playing pivotal roles in magnetization switching of a synthetic antiferromagnet (SAF) through inducing magnetization canting. Large AIEC is reported for perpendicularly magnetized Pt/Co/Ir/Co/Pt with wedge-shaped layers. The effective field of the AIEC is related with symmetric interlayer exchange coupling, providing guides to enhance the AIEC. We develop an extended Stoner-Wohlfarth model for a SAF, revealing key factors in its magnetization switching. Combining the theoretical knowledge and the experimental results, perpendicular magnetization switching is achieved solely by an in-plane magnetic field.

Journal Articles

Violation of the magnonic Wiedemann-Franz law in the strong nonlinear regime

Nakata, Koki; Ohnuma, Yuichi*; Kim, S. K.*

Physical Review B, 105(18), p.184409_1 - 184409_7, 2022/05

 Times Cited Count:0 Percentile:0(Materials Science, Multidisciplinary)

We show that the ratio of the thermal to spin transport coefficient of magnons in insulating magnets exhibits a different behavior from the linear response and the universal law breaks down in the strong nonlinear regime.

Journal Articles

Damped Dirac magnon in the metallic kagome antiferromagnet FeSn

Do, S.-H.*; Kaneko, Koji; Kajimoto, Ryoichi; Kamazawa, Kazuya*; Stone, M. B.*; Lin, J. Y. Y.*; Ito, Shinichi*; Masuda, Takatsugu*; Samolyuk, G. D.*; Dagotto, E.*; et al.

Physical Review B, 105(18), p.L180403_1 - L180403_6, 2022/05

 Times Cited Count:1 Percentile:78.83(Materials Science, Multidisciplinary)

Journal Articles

Direct and alternating magnon spin currents across a junction interface irradiated by linearly polarized laser

Nakata, Koki; Onuma, Yuichi*

Physical Review B, 105(14), p.144436_1 - 144436_7, 2022/04

 Times Cited Count:0 Percentile:0(Materials Science, Multidisciplinary)

Using a junction of the ferromagnetic insulators irradiated by linearly polarized laser, we propose a method for the generation of dc and ac spin currents of magnons across the junction interface, and provide an analytical formula for magnon transport induced by the inversion symmetry breaking.

Journal Articles

Breakdown of linear spin-wave theory and existence of spinon bound states in the frustrated kagome-lattice antiferromagnet

Mattan, K.*; Ono, Toshio*; Kawamura, Seiko; Nakajima, Kenji; Nambu, Yusuke*; Sato, Taku*

Physical Review B, 105(13), p.134403_1 - 134403_8, 2022/04

 Times Cited Count:0 Percentile:0(Materials Science, Multidisciplinary)

Spin dynamics of the spin-1/2 kagome-lattice antiferromagnet Cs$$_{2}$$Cu$$_{3}$$SnF$$_{12}$$ was studied using high-resolution, time-of-flight inelastic neutron scattering. The flat mode, a characteristic of the frustrated kagome antiferromagnet, and the low-energy dispersive mode, which is dominated by magnons, can be well described by the linear spin-wave theory. However, the theory fails to describe three weakly dispersive modes between 9 and 14 meV. These modes could be attributed to two-spinon bound states, which decay into free spinons away from the zone center and at a high temperature, giving rise to continuum scattering.

Journal Articles

Heavy-quark spin polarization induced by the Kondo effect in a magnetic field

Suenaga, Daiki*; Araki, Yasufumi; Suzuki, Kei; Yasui, Shigehiro*

Physical Review D, 105(7), p.074028_1 - 074028_19, 2022/04

 Times Cited Count:0 Percentile:0.01(Astronomy & Astrophysics)

We propose a new mechanism of the heavy-quark spin polarization (HQSP) in quark matter induced by the Kondo effect under an external magnetic field. The Kondo effect is caused by a condensate between a heavy and a light quark called the Kondo condensate leading to a mixing of the heavy- and light-quark spins. Thus, the HQSP is driven through the Kondo effect from light quarks coupling with the magnetic field in quark matter. For demonstration, we employ the Nambu-Jona-Lasinio type model under a magnetic field and investigate the HQSP within the linear response theory with vertex corrections required by the $$U(1)_{rm EM}$$ electromagnetic gauge invariance. As a result, we find that the HQSP arises significantly with the appearance of the Kondo effect. Our findings are testable in future sign-problem-free lattice simulations.

Journal Articles

Theory of Emergent Inductance with Spin-Orbit Coupling Effects

Yamane, Yuta*; Fukami, Shunsuke*; Ieda, Junichi

Physical Review Letters, 128(14), p.147201_1 - 147201_6, 2022/04

 Times Cited Count:0 Percentile:0.01(Physics, Multidisciplinary)

We extend the theory of emergent inductance, which has recently been discovered in spiral magnets, to arbitrary magnetic textures by taking into account spin-orbit couplings arising in the absence of spatial inversion symmetry. We propose a new concept of spin-orbit emergent inductance, which can be formulated as originating from a dynamical Aharonov-Casher phase of an electron in ferromagnets. The spin-orbit emergent inductance universally arises in the coexistence of magnetism and the spin-orbit couplings, even with spatially uniform magnetization, allowing its stable operation in wide ranges of temperature and frequency. Revisiting the widely studied systems involving ferromagnets with spatial inversion asymmetry, with the new perspective offered by our work, will lead to opening a new paradigm in the study of spin-orbit physics and the spintronics-based power management in ultrawideband frequency range.

Journal Articles

Magnetoelastic anisotropy in Heusler-type Mn$$_{2-delta}$$CoGa$$_{1+delta}$$ films

Kubota, Takahide*; Takano, Daichi*; Kota, Yohei*; Mohanty, S.*; Ito, Keita*; Matsuki, Mitsuhiro*; Hayashida, Masahiro*; Sun, M.*; Takeda, Yukiharu; Saito, Yuji; et al.

Physical Review Materials (Internet), 6(4), p.044405_1 - 044405_12, 2022/04

 Times Cited Count:0 Percentile:0(Materials Science, Multidisciplinary)

1895 (Records 1-20 displayed on this page)