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Journal Articles

Effect due to RF discharge from a high intensity H$$^-$$ ion source upon the extracted beam

Shinto, Katsuhiro; Shibata, Takanori*; Wada, Motoi*

Proceedings of 14th Annual Meeting of Particle Accelerator Society of Japan (Internet), p.648 - 650, 2017/12

In J-PARC, peak H$$^-$$ current of several tens mA is extracted from an ion source driven by a solid-state rf amplifier with the frequency of 2 MHz for production of a cesiated hydrogen plasma. In case of the rf-driven ion source for producing the high-intensity H$$^-$$ current, the plasma density in the source chamber is so high that the ion sheath around the beam extraction area can follow the rf oscillation. The H$$^-$$ beam current fluctuation as large as approximately 1 mA was observed at the average beam current of 44 mA measured by a Faraday cup installed downstream of the ion source. The beam exhibited some fluctuation to the transverse motion as well. To further clarify this high frequency oscillation of the beam extraction sheath, we propose a measurement system using a time-resolved and highly sensitive emittance monitor in order to observe the real-time beam fluctuation in the phase space.

Journal Articles

Laser storage ring with high power for realization of laser stripping injection

Harada, Hiroyuki; Yamane, Isao*; Saha, P. K.; Suganuma, Kazuaki; Kinsho, Michikazu; Irie, Yoshiro*; Kato, Shinichi

Proceedings of 14th Annual Meeting of Particle Accelerator Society of Japan (Internet), p.684 - 688, 2017/12

The high-intensity proton accelerator adopts a charge exchange injection scheme, which injects with exchanging from negative Hydrogen ion to proton by using carbon foil. This scheme can realize high intensity proton beam but the uncontrolled beam losses are caused by scattering between beams and the foil. Additionally, the collision may occur the foil beak. Therefore, a new injection scheme for higher intensity is needed as an alternative to the foil. In the J-PARC 3GeV RCS, we newly propose and develop a laser stripping injection scheme. However, it is necessary that laser power is two order higher than latest laser one. To realize this big issue, we develop the laser storage ring, which can provide laser pulse of high repetition rate by recycling one. In this presentation, we will introduce the laser stripping injection scheme and describe the concept of the laser storage ring with high repetition rate and report the current status.

Journal Articles

Development of a vector rf voltage control system for the J-PARC RCS

Tamura, Fumihiko; Sugiyama, Yasuyuki*; Yoshii, Masahito*; Omori, Chihiro*; Yamamoto, Masanobu; Shimada, Taihei; Hasegawa, Katsushi*; Hara, Keigo*; Furusawa, Masashi*

Proceedings of 14th Annual Meeting of Particle Accelerator Society of Japan (Internet), p.241 - 245, 2017/12

Beam loading compensation in magnetic alloy (MA) cavities is necessary to accelerate high intensity proton beams in the J-PARC 3GeV rapid cycling synchrotron (RCS). Because of its wide frequency response, wake voltages in the cavity by the beam contain multiharmonic components and the beam loading compensation must be multiharmonics. The J-PARC RCS utilize the multiharmonic rf feedforward system for the beam loading compensation. Although the performance of the feedforward is good, we have found some limitations of performance due to the open loop configuration of the feedforward system. For the next generation LLRF control system for the RCS, we consider to employ vector rf control in addition to the feedforward for beam loading compensation. We developed a prototype of the vector rf control. The system details, commissioning methodology, and preliminary beam test results are presented.

Journal Articles

Present status of JAEA-Tokai tandem accelerator

Kabumoto, Hiroshi; Osa, Akihiko; Ishizaki, Nobuhiro; Tayama, Hidekazu; Matsuda, Makoto; Nakanoya, Takamitsu; Nakamura, Masahiko; Kutsukake, Kenichi; Otokawa, Yoshinori; Asozu, Takuhiro

Proceedings of 14th Annual Meeting of Particle Accelerator Society of Japan (Internet), p.1404 - 1408, 2017/12

The JAEA-Tokai tandem accelerator was operated over a total of 110 days, and delivered 22 different ions to the experiments in the research fields of nuclear physics, nuclear chemistry, atomic physics, solid state physics and radiation effects in material in FY2016. The damaged acceleration tubes by discharge were replaced with the spare tube at the regular maintenance period in March 2016, and the maximum accelerating voltage recovered to the 17 MV. However, an accident of vacuum breaking of all acceleration tubes was occurred in December, and accelerating voltage fell down to under 12 MV. Now, we are doing the maintenance to recover the performance of acceleration voltage. This paper describes the operational status of the accelerators and the major technical developments of our facility.

Journal Articles

Recent progress of J-PARC RCS beam commissioning; Efforts for realizing a high-intensity low-emittance beam

Hotchi, Hideaki; Harada, Hiroyuki; Kato, Shinichi; Okabe, Kota; Saha, P. K.; Shobuda, Yoshihiro; Tamura, Fumihiko; Tani, Norio; Watanabe, Yasuhiro; Yoshimoto, Masahiro

Proceedings of 14th Annual Meeting of Particle Accelerator Society of Japan (Internet), p.95 - 99, 2017/12

no abstracts in English

Journal Articles

Interlocked events of beam loss monitors at the J-PARC linac

Hayashi, Naoki; Kikuzawa, Nobuhiro; Miura, Akihiko; Futatsukawa, Kenta*; Miyao, Tomoaki*

Proceedings of 14th Annual Meeting of Particle Accelerator Society of Japan (Internet), p.540 - 544, 2017/12

The J-PARC linac operation is stable, however, the numbers of interlocked events due to single beam loss monitor (BLMP) is increasing. Recently, the counts is comparable to the number of RFQ trip, and a measure has been required for improvement of the operation efficiency. Thus, every event data has been analyzed and classified into three categories. It is found that there are characteristic signal or pattern of BLMP for every categories. Although the linac BLMP detector is standard, its setting parameters are differ from those of other two synchrotrons in the J-PARC. To optimize time resolution, the input impedance of its pre-amplifier is selected to be 50 $$Omega$$ and interlock is defined in raw signal height and width not integral signal of BLMP. Some new parameters has been tried to reduce unnecessary interlock.

Journal Articles

Struggle to suppress radio-activation due to multi-turn charge exchange beam injection with stripper foil and its issues

Yoshimoto, Masahiro; Kato, Shinichi; Okabe, Kota; Harada, Hiroyuki; Kinsho, Michikazu

Proceedings of 14th Annual Meeting of Particle Accelerator Society of Japan (Internet), p.877 - 881, 2017/12

It is key issue to reduce the level of the radio-activation of the devices in high power proton accelerator, to achieve MW class high power beam operation. The 3 GeV Rapid Cycling Synchrotron (RCS) of the Japan Proton Accelerator Research Complex (J-PARC) adopted a beam collimation system which aims to localize the beam loss at the collimators and to reduce the level of residual doses at the other devices. However, relatively high residual doses are detected in not only the beam collimator area but also a vicinity of the stripper foil. The results of previous work, measurements of the detailed residual dose distribution and simulations of the radio-activation by the PHITS, indicate that the high level residual dose around the stripper foil is caused by secondary particles due to nuclear reaction at the foil. In order to suppress the secondary particles from foil, we try hard to reduce the number of foil hitting particles during the beam injection period. As a result, the level of the radio-activation around the foil can be decreased. At the same time, new beam loss monitor to detect the secondary particles from the foil is developed. In this presentation, we report the secondary particles detections and estimations of number of the foil hitting particles. In addition, we discuss the reduction of the radio-activation.

Journal Articles

Status of proof-of-principle experiment for 400 MeV H$$^{-}$$ stripping to protons by using only lasers in the 3-GeV RCS of J-PARC

Saha, P. K.; Harada, Hiroyuki; Yamane, Isao*; Kinsho, Michikazu; Miura, Akihiko; Okabe, Kota; Liu, Y.*; Yoshimoto, Masahiro; Kato, Shinichi; Irie, Yoshiro*

Proceedings of 14th Annual Meeting of Particle Accelerator Society of Japan (Internet), p.866 - 870, 2017/12

Journal Articles

New injection system design of the J-PARC rapid cycling synchrotron

Yamamoto, Kazami; Kamiya, Junichiro; Saha, P. K.; Takayanagi, Tomohiro; Yoshimoto, Masahiro; Hotchi, Hideaki; Harada, Hiroyuki; Takeda, Osamu*; Miki, Nobuharu*

Proceedings of 14th Annual Meeting of Particle Accelerator Society of Japan (Internet), p.374 - 378, 2017/12

The 3-GeV Rapid Cycling Synchrotron (RCS) of Japan Proton Accelerator Research Complex (J-PARC) aims to deliver 1-MW proton beam to the neutron target and Main Ring synchrotron. Present beam power of the Rapid Cycling Synchrotron is up to 500-kW and the higher radiation doses were concentrated in the injection area. These activations were caused by the interaction between the foil and the beam. To reduce the worker dose near the injection point, we have studied a new design of the injection scheme to secure enough space for radiation shielding and bellows. In the new system, two of four injection pulse bump magnets are replaced and we are able to ensure the additional space around the injection foil chamber. So far, new injection system seems not impossible. However, preliminary study result indicated that temperature of the duct and shielding metals would be slightly higher. The eddy current due to the shift bump magnet field generates heat. Thus we have to study details of above effect.

Journal Articles

Operation status of the J-PARC H$$^{-}$$ ion source

Okoshi, Kiyonori; Shinto, Katsuhiro; Ikegami, Kiyoshi*; Shibata, Takanori*; Takagi, Akira*; Nammo, Kesao*; Ueno, Akira; Oguri, Hidetomo

Proceedings of 14th Annual Meeting of Particle Accelerator Society of Japan (Internet), p.651 - 654, 2017/12

Operation of a cesiated rf-driven negative hydrogen ion source was initiated in September 2014 in response to the requirements of beam current upgrade in J-PARC linac. Delivery of the required beam current from the ion source to the J-PARC accelerators has been successfully performed. In 2016-2017 campaign, continuous operation of the ion source for approximately 1,845 hours (from April to July 2017) was achieved with beam current of 47 mA.

Journal Articles

Development of a new power supply for the RCS kicker magnet with the LTD circuit of SiC-MOSFETs

Takayanagi, Tomohiro; Kinsho, Michikazu; Yamamoto, Kazami; Ueno, Tomoaki*; Horino, Koki*; Tokuchi, Akira*; Mushibe, Yoichi*

Proceedings of 14th Annual Meeting of Particle Accelerator Society of Japan (Internet), p.45 - 49, 2017/12

J-PARC RCS needs updating of equipment after 10 years since the start of operation. Therefore, a pulse power supply applying a next generation semiconductor (SiC-MOSFET) with low switching loss and high breakdown voltage are investigated This supply constructs a serial / parallel multiplexing circuit using a SiC-MOSFET and a plurality of large capacity capacitors with one circuit board (LTD). By using this board as a main board and adopting a multistage hierarchical structure, it is possible to satisfy the specifications of the RCS kicker power supply with a voltage of 40 kV, a current of 4 kA and a rectangular wave pulse width of 1500 ns. Moreover, by adding a plurality of correction boards of 40 V and arbitrarily setting the operation trigger of the board, flatness correction is also possible. It was confirmed that the results of the preliminary test with the maximum output of 4 kV / 2 kA by are effective for maintaining stable operation at the RCS high intensity beam output.

Journal Articles

Development of the bunch shape monitor in the J-PARC L3BT

Moriya, Katsuhiro; Okabe, Kota; Liu, Y.*; Miura, Akihiko; Futatsukawa, Kenta*

Proceedings of 14th Annual Meeting of Particle Accelerator Society of Japan (Internet), p.1081 - 1083, 2017/12

no abstracts in English

Journal Articles

Development of a gas-sheet target for a non-destructive profile monitor

Ogiwara, Norio; Hikichi, Yusuke*; Kamiya, Junichiro; Yamamoto, Kazami; Kinsho, Michikazu

Proceedings of 14th Annual Meeting of Particle Accelerator Society of Japan (Internet), p.563 - 567, 2017/12

Journal Articles

Status of J-PARC accelerators

Hasegawa, Kazuo; Kinsho, Michikazu; Oguri, Hidetomo; Yamamoto, Kazami; Hayashi, Naoki; Yamazaki, Yoshio; Naito, Fujio*; Hori, Yoichiro*; Yamamoto, Noboru*; Koseki, Tadashi*

Proceedings of 14th Annual Meeting of Particle Accelerator Society of Japan (Internet), p.1317 - 1321, 2017/12

After the summer shutdown in 2016, the J-PARC restarted user operation late in October for the neutrino experiments (NU) and early in November for the materials and life science experimental facility (MLF). The beam power for the NU was 420 kW in May 2016, but increased to 470 kW in February 2017 thanks to the change and optimization of operation parameters. For the hadron experimental facility (HD), we started beam tuning in April, but suspended by a failure of the electro static septum. After the treatment, we delivered beam at the power of 37 kW. We delivered beam at 150kW for the MLF. In the fiscal year of 2016, the linac, the 3 GeV synchrotron (RCS) and the MLF were stable and the availability was high at 93%. On the contrary, the main ring has several failures and the availabilities were 77% and 84% for NU and HD, respectively.

Journal Articles

A Failure investigation of the beam collimator system in the J-PARC 3 GeV rapid cycling synchrotron

Okabe, Kota; Yamamoto, Kazami; Kamiya, Junichiro; Takayanagi, Tomohiro; Yamamoto, Masanobu; Yoshimoto, Masahiro; Takeda, Osamu*; Horino, Koki*; Ueno, Tomoaki*; Yanagibashi, Toru*; et al.

Proceedings of 14th Annual Meeting of Particle Accelerator Society of Japan (Internet), p.853 - 857, 2017/12

The most important issue is to reduce the uncontrolled beam loss in the high intensity hadron accelerator such as J-PARC proton accelerators. The J-PARC 3 GeV Synchrotron (RCS) has a collimator system which narrows a high intensity beam in the RCS. After startup of RCS in 2007, the collimator system of the RCS worked well. However, in April 2016, vacuum leakage at the collimator system occurred during the maintenance operation. To investigate a cause of the failure, we took apart iron shields of the collimator reducing exposed dose of operators. As a result of inspection, we succeeded to identify the cause of the vacuum leakage failure. In this presentation, we report the failure investigation of the beam collimator system in the RCS.

Journal Articles

Vibration analysis of water cooling towers' defective fan bearing units at J-PARC RCS

Fujirai, Kosuke; Suganuma, Kazuaki; Yamazaki, Yoshio

Proceedings of 14th Annual Meeting of Particle Accelerator Society of Japan (Internet), p.874 - 876, 2017/12

The J-PARC (Japan Proton Accelerator Research Complex) 3-GeV RCS (Rapid Cycling Synchrotron) has many devices such as Radio-Frequency components, electromagnets and power supplies. These devices use 17MW of electricity during operation, most of which is consumed as thermal energy. Therefore, cooling water equipment is indispensable for the operation of the accelerator and its stability affects the operation rate of the accelerator. Due to resent operation experience, the bearing unit of the cooling tower fan, which is also an important part of the cooling water equipment, broke down. This accident leads to the suspension of the J-PARC operation. In order to investigate the cause of the failure, we tried to measure vibration for the defective bearing and the bearing unit were cut and observed damaged surface. As a result of the vibration measurement, it was found that vibration frequency depends on the presence or absence of scratches on the bearing. We found surface of the outer ring had scratches called flaking.

Journal Articles

Large aperture alumina ceramics beam pipe with low spring constant bellows

Kamiya, Junichiro; Kinsho, Michikazu; Abe, Kazuhiko*; Higa, Kyusaku*; Koizumi, Oji*

Proceedings of 14th Annual Meeting of Particle Accelerator Society of Japan (Internet), p.1222 - 1225, 2017/12

The 3 GeV Rapid Cycling Synchrotron aims to generate one of the highest power protons in the world. Beam pipes of alumina ceramics are used to prevent the induced current, which is caused by the rapid change of the magnetic field. In the beam injection section, ceramics beam pipes for a quadrupole magnet and a horizontal shift bump magnet are connected without bellows due to the narrow space. To improve maintainability, the ceramics beam pipes for the quadrupole magnet were newly designed. The end shape of ceramics unit duct was revised and 30 mm length are ensured to insert the bellows. The titanium bellows with low spring constant was successfully developed. Verification test for brazing of newly designed unit ducts and titanium sleeve was performed in order to examine the effect of the unique cross-sectional shape, racket shape fitting into 500 mm due to accept the injection beam and circulating beam passing through the injection quadrupole magnet.

Journal Articles

Status of the J-PARC Linac LLRF system

Futatsukawa, Kenta*; Fang, Z.*; Fukui, Yuji*; Shinozaki, Shinichi; Mizobata, Satoshi; Sato, Yoshikatsu*

Proceedings of 14th Annual Meeting of Particle Accelerator Society of Japan (Internet), p.486 - 489, 2017/12

In the J-PARC linac, the LLRF systems consist of twenty-four 324-MHz systems and twenty-five 972-MHz systems for ACS cavities. The 324-MHz LLRF systems, which were installed in the stations of RFQ, DTLs, and SDTLs, have been used since the beginning of the J-PARC and are more than ten years into the development. Realistically speaking, the incensement of the failure frequency for these systems is expected. Additionally, it is difficult to maintain those for some discontinued boards of a digital feedback (DFB) and a digital feedforward (DFF) at cPCI, and the older OS and developing environment of software. Therefore, we are starting to study the new LLRF system of the next generation. In the present, we are exploring several possibilities of a new way and investigating each advantage and disadvantage. The project and the status of the development for the new system in the J-PARC linac LLRF are introduced.

Journal Articles

High-beta section of a muon linac for the measurement of the muon g-2/EDM at J-PARC

Kondo, Yasuhiro; Hasegawa, Kazuo; Otani, Masashi*; Mibe, Tsutomu*; Yoshida, Mitsuhiro*; Kitamura, Ryo*

Proceedings of 14th Annual Meeting of Particle Accelerator Society of Japan (Internet), p.398 - 400, 2017/12

A muon linac development for a new muon g-2 experiment is now going on at J-PARC. Muons from the muon beam line (H-line) at the J-PARC MLF are once stopped in an silica aerojel target and room temperature muoniums are evaporated from the aerogel. They are dissociated with laser (ultra slow muons), then accelerated up to 212 MeV using a linear accelerator. For the accelerating structure from 40 MeV, disk-loaded traveling-wave structure is applicable because the particle beta is more than 0.7. The structure itself is similar to that for electron linacs, however, the cell length should be harmonic to the increase of the particle velocity. In this paper, the beam dynamics design of this muon linac using the disk-loaded structure is described.

Journal Articles

DTL design for muon linac

Otani, Masashi*; Futatsukawa, Kenta*; Hasegawa, Kazuo; Kondo, Yasuhiro; Kitamura, Ryo*; Kurennoy, S.*

Proceedings of 14th Annual Meeting of Particle Accelerator Society of Japan (Internet), p.364 - 366, 2017/12

We have developed a drift-tube linac (DTL) design for a muon linac, in order to measure the anomalous magnetic moment and electric dipole moment (EDM) of muons at the Japan Proton Accelerator Research Complex (J-PARC). The DTL accelerates muons from $$beta$$ = $$v/c$$ = 0.08 to 0.28 at an operational frequency of 324 MHz. The design and results are described in this paper.

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