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Journal Articles

Development and validation of evaluation method on hypothetical total instantaneous flow blockage in sodium-cooled fast reactors and its application to a middle size SFR

Fukano, Yoshitaka

Proceedings of 25th International Conference on Nuclear Engineering (ICONE-25) (CD-ROM), 10 Pages, 2017/07

An evaluation on the consequences of a hypothetical total instantaneous flow blockage at the coolant inlet of an SA (HTIB) using SAS4A code was also performed in the past study. SAS4A code was further developed by implementing analytical model of power control system in this study. An evaluation on the consequences of HTIB in Monju by this developed SAS4A code was performed. It was clarified by the analyses considering power control system that the reactor would be safely shut down by the plant protection system triggered by either of 116 percent over power or delayed neutron detector trip signals. Therefore the conclusion in the past study that the consequences of HTIB event would be much less severe than that of unprotected loss-of-flow event was strongly supported by this study. Furthermore SAS4A code was newly validated using an in-pile experiment which simulated HTIB events. The validity of SAS4A application to safety evaluation on the consequence of HTIB was further enhanced in this study.

Journal Articles

Development of the severe accident evaluation method on second coolant leakages from the PHTS in a loop-type sodium-cooled fast reactor

Yamada, Fumiaki; Imaizumi, Yuya; Nishimura, Masahiro; Fukano, Yoshitaka; Arikawa, Mitsuhiro*

Proceedings of 25th International Conference on Nuclear Engineering (ICONE-25) (CD-ROM), 10 Pages, 2017/07

The loss-of-reactor-level (LORL) is one of the loss-of-heat-removal-system (LOHRS) of beyond-DBA (BDBA) severe accident. An evaluation method for the LORL which is caused by the coolant leakage in two positions of the primary heat transport system (PHTS) was developed for prototype JSFR which is loop-type sodium-cooled fast reactor. The secondary leakage in cold standby which occurred in different loop from that of the first leakage in rated power operation can lead LORL by excessive declining of the sodium level. Therefore, the sodium level behavior in RV was studied in a representative accident sequence by considering the sodium pumping up into RV, siphon-breaking to stop pumping out from RV and maintain the sodium level, and calculation programs for the transient sodium level in RV. The representative sequence with lowest sodium level was selected by considering combinations of possible leakage positions. As a result of the evaluation considering the countermeasures above, it was revealed that the LOHRS can be prevented by maintaining the sodium level for the operation of decay heat removal system, even in the leakages in two positions of PHTS which corresponds to BDBA.

Journal Articles

Improvement of probabilistic fracture mechanics analysis code PASCAL-SP with regard to primary water stress corrosion cracking

Mano, Akihiro; Yamaguchi, Yoshihito; Katsuyama, Jinya; Li, Y.

Proceedings of 25th International Conference on Nuclear Engineering (ICONE-25) (CD-ROM), 7 Pages, 2017/07

Recently, cracks due to primary water stress corrosion cracking (PWSCC) have been detected in nickel based alloy welds in the primary piping of pressurized water reactors. Structural integrity assessments taking PWSCC into account have become important. Probabilistic fracture mechanics (PFM) is expected as one of rational methods for the assessments because it can account for uncertainty of the influencing factors and evaluate the failure probabilities of components. In JAEA, a PFM analysis code PASCAL-SP was developed to evaluate the failure probability of nuclear pipe. This paper details improvement of the PASCAL-SP to evaluate the failure probability taking PWSCC into account. As numerical examples, the failure probabilities for circumferential and axial cracks due to PWSCC are evaluated. Influence of inspection on failure probabilities are evaluated. As the results, we conclude that the improved PASCAL-SP is useful for evaluating the failure probability taking PWSCC into account.

Journal Articles

Biaxial-EDC test attempts with pre-cracked zircaloy-4 cladding tubes

Li, F.; Mihara, Takeshi; Udagawa, Yutaka; Amaya, Masaki

Proceedings of 25th International Conference on Nuclear Engineering (ICONE-25) (CD-ROM), 6 Pages, 2017/07

Journal Articles

High temperature oxidation of Zry-4 in oxygen-nitrogen atmospheres

Negyesi, M.; Amaya, Masaki

Proceedings of 25th International Conference on Nuclear Engineering (ICONE-25) (CD-ROM), 10 Pages, 2017/07

Journal Articles

A Study for evaluating local damage to RC panels subjected to oblique impact, 1; A Study for evaluating local damage caused by oblique impact of rigid projectiles

Ota, Yoshimi*; Nishida, Akemi; Tsubota, Haruji; Li, Y.

Proceedings of 25th International Conference on Nuclear Engineering (ICONE-25) (CD-ROM), 6 Pages, 2017/07

Many empirical formulae have been proposed to evaluate the local damage to reinforced concrete structures caused by the impact of rigid projectiles. Most of these formulae have been derived based on impact tests perpendicular to the target structures. To date, few impact tests oblique to the target structures have been conducted. The purpose of this study is to propose a new formula for evaluating the local damage caused by oblique impacts based on experiments and simulations. The new formula is derived by modifying an empirical formulation for normal impact and the agreement with results of past oblique impact tests is discussed.

Journal Articles

A Study for evaluating local damage to reinforced concrete panels subjected to oblique impact, 2; Simulation analysis of the experimental results of local damage caused by impact of deformable projectiles

Nishida, Akemi; Ota, Yoshimi*; Tsubota, Haruji; Li, Y.

Proceedings of 25th International Conference on Nuclear Engineering (ICONE-25) (CD-ROM), 8 Pages, 2017/07

Many empirical formulae have been proposed for evaluating the local damage to reinforced concrete structures caused by rigid projectile impact. Most of these formulae are based on impact tests perpendicular to the target structures. To date, few impact tests oblique to the target structures have been conducted. In this study, we aim to obtain a new formula for evaluating the local damage caused by oblique impacts based on previous experimental and simulation results. We analyze and simulate the local damage owing to impact by deformable projectiles. The experimental and simulation results were in good agreement and confirmed the validity of the proposed analytical method. Furthermore, the internal energy of the deformable projectile absorbed upon impact was approximately 60% of the total energy. In comparison to a rigid projectile, it is possible to reduce the impact load and consequently the damage to the target.

Journal Articles

A Study for evaluating local damage to reinforced concrete panels subjected to oblique impact, 3; Simulation analysis for evaluating perforation phenomena caused by oblique impact of deformable projectiles

Tsubota, Haruji; Ota, Yoshimi*; Nishida, Akemi; Li, Y.

Proceedings of 25th International Conference on Nuclear Engineering (ICONE-25) (CD-ROM), 7 Pages, 2017/07

Many empirical formulae have been proposed for evaluating the local damage to reinforced concrete structures caused by rigid projectile impact. Most of these formulae have been derived based on impact tests perpendicular to target structures. To date, few impact tests oblique to target structures have been carried out. Therefore, in this study, we propose a new formula for evaluating the local damage caused by oblique impact based on past experimental results and the results of simulation analyses. In this paper, we present the results of simulation analyses for evaluating the local damage to reinforced concrete panels caused by normal and oblique impact of deformable projectiles, focusing especially on perforation phenomena. Based on the analytical results, we investigate the differences in impact response characteristics between normal and oblique impact.

Journal Articles

Verification of probabilistic fracture mechanics analysis code PASCAL

Li, Y.; Katsumata, Genshichiro*; Masaki, Koichi*; Hayashi, Shotaro*; Itabashi, Yu*; Nagai, Masaki*; Suzuki, Masahide*; Kanto, Yasuhiro*

Proceedings of 25th International Conference on Nuclear Engineering (ICONE-25) (CD-ROM), 10 Pages, 2017/07

In Japan, a PFM analysis code PASCAL (PFM Analysis of Structural Components in Aging LWR) has been developed by the Japan Atomic Energy Agency to evaluate the through-wall cracking frequencies of Japanese reactor pressure vessels (RPVs) considering neutron irradiation embrittlement and pressurized thermal shock transients. In this study, as a part of the verification activities, a working group was established in Japan, with seven organizations from industry, universities and institutes voluntarily participating as members. The source program of PASCAL was released to the members of the working group. Through one year activities, the applicability of PASCAL for structural integrity assessments of domestic RPVs was confirmed with great confidence. This paper presents the details of the verification activities of the working group including the verification plan, approaches and results.

Journal Articles

Fluid dynamic analysis on hydrogen deflagration in vertical flow channel with annular obstacles

Matsumoto, Toshinori; Sato, Masatoshi; Sugiyama, Tomoyuki; Maruyama, Yu

Proceedings of 25th International Conference on Nuclear Engineering (ICONE-25) (CD-ROM), 6 Pages, 2017/07

Journal Articles

Development of security and safety fuel for Pu-burner HTGR, 2; Design study of fuel and reactor core

Goto, Minoru; Ueta, Shohei; Aihara, Jun; Inaba, Yoshitomo; Fukaya, Yuji; Tachibana, Yukio; Okamoto, Koji*

Proceedings of 25th International Conference on Nuclear Engineering (ICONE-25) (CD-ROM), 6 Pages, 2017/07

A PuO$$_{2}$$-YSZ fuel kernel with a ZrC coating, which enhances safety, security and safeguard, namely: 3S-TRISO fuel, was proposed to introduce to the plutonium-burner HTGR. In this study, the efficiency of the ZrC coating as the free-oxygen getter was examined based on a thermochemical calculation. A preliminary study on the feasibility of the 3S-TRISO fuel was conducted focusing on the internal pressure. Additionally, a nuclear feasibility of the reactor core was studied. As a result, all the amount of the free-oxygen is captured by a thin ZrC coating under 1600$$^{circ}$$C and coating ZrC on the fuel kernel should be very effective method to suppress the internal pressure. The internal pressure of the 3S-TRISO fuel at 500 GWd/t is lower than that of UO$$_{2}$$ kernel TRISO fuel whose feasibility had been already confirmed and the 3S-TRISO fuel should be feasible. The fuel shuffling allows to achieve 500 GWd/t. The temperature coefficient of reactivity is negative during the operation period and thus the nuclear feasibility of the reactor core should be achievable.

Journal Articles

Development of numerical simulation method to evaluate heat transfer performance of air around fuel debris, 1; Effect of the debris shape

Yamashita, Susumu; Uesawa, Shinichiro; Yoshida, Hiroyuki

Proceedings of 25th International Conference on Nuclear Engineering (ICONE-25) (CD-ROM), 8 Pages, 2017/07

Journal Articles

Development of probabilistic risk assessment methodology of decay heat removal function against combination hazard of low temperature and snow for sodium-cooled fast reactors

Nishino, Hiroyuki; Yamano, Hidemasa; Kurisaka, Kenichi

Proceedings of 25th International Conference on Nuclear Engineering (ICONE-25) (CD-ROM), 10 Pages, 2017/07

Journal Articles

Development of probabilistic risk assessment methodology of decay heat removal function against combination hazards of strong wind and rainfall for sodium-cooled fast reactors

Yamano, Hidemasa; Nishino, Hiroyuki; Kurisaka, Kenichi

Proceedings of 25th International Conference on Nuclear Engineering (ICONE-25) (CD-ROM), 12 Pages, 2017/07

This paper describes probabilistic risk assessment (PRA) methodology development against combination hazard of strong wind and rainfall. In this combination hazard PRA, a hazard curve has been evaluated in terms of maximum instantaneous wind speed, hourly rainfall, and rainfall duration. A scenario analysis provided event sequences resulted from the combination hazard of strong wind and rainfall. The event sequence was characterized by the function loss of auxiliary cooling system, of which heat transfer tubes could crack due to cycle fatigue by cyclic contact of rain droplets. This situation could occur if rain droplets ingress into air cooler occurs after the air cooler roof failure due to strong-wind-generated missile impact. This event sequence was incorporated into an event tree which addressed component failure by the combination hazard. Finally, a core damage frequency has been estimated the order of 10$$^{-7}$$/year in total by multiplying discrete hazard frequencies by conditional decay heat removal failure probabilities. A dominant sequence is the failure of the auxiliary cooling system by the missile impact after the failure of external fuel tank by the missile impact. A dominant hazard is the maximum instantaneous wind speed of 40-60 m/s, the hourly rainfall of 20-40 mm/h, and the rainfall duration of 0-10 h.

Journal Articles

Analysis of fast reactor fuel irradiation behavior in the MA recycle system

Ozawa, Takayuki

Proceedings of 25th International Conference on Nuclear Engineering (ICONE-25) (CD-ROM), 8 Pages, 2017/07

In a recycle system for minor actinides (MAs) currently studied to reduce the degree of hazard and the amount of high-level radioactive wastes, MAs will be recycled by reprocessing and irradiating as mixed oxide (MOX) with plutonium (Pu) and uranium (U) in a fast reactor. MA content is expected to be $$sim$$5 wt.% in the future recycle system, and MAs might affect irradiation behavior of MA-MOX fuels. The main influences of MA-containing would be increase of fuel temperature and cladding stress, and the important behaviors would be fuel restructuring, redistribution, helium (He) generation and cladding corrosion. The MA-containing influences were evaluated with CEPTAR.V2, including fuel properties and analysis models to evaluate the MA-MOX fuel irradiation behavior, by using the results of highly americium (Am) containing MOX irradiation experiment, B8-HAM, performed in Joyo. The irradiation behavior of Am-MOX fuels could be precisely analyzed and revealed the influences of Am-containing.

Journal Articles

Development of numerical simulation method to evaluate heat transfer performance of air around fuel debris, 2; Validation of JUPITER for free convection heat transfer

Uesawa, Shinichiro; Yamashita, Susumu; Shibata, Mitsuhiko; Yoshida, Hiroyuki

Proceedings of 25th International Conference on Nuclear Engineering (ICONE-25) (CD-ROM), 7 Pages, 2017/07

Journal Articles

Flushing phenomena and flow structure by microwave heating

Fujita, Shunya*; Abe, Yutaka*; Kaneko, Akiko*; Chonan, Fuminori*; Yuasa, Tomohisa*; Yamaki, Tatsunori*; Segawa, Tomomi; Yamada, Yoshikazu

Proceedings of 25th International Conference on Nuclear Engineering (ICONE-25) (CD-ROM), 8 Pages, 2017/07

From the observation results, in the process of flushing, the behaviors leading to flushing were classified divided into three types. First type is that first generation bubble from heating leads to flushing. Second type is that nucleate boiling continues during heating and stop, finally single bubble generates and leads to flushing. Third type is defined that gradual evaporation occurs without bubbles. It was revealed that the total quantities of heat released by flushing are approximately equal when assuming the flushing mechanism, it can be triggered that a large amount of micro bubbles are instantaneously generated and grew.

Journal Articles

HEPA filter clogging and volatile material release under solvent fire accident in fuel reprocessing facility

Ono, Takuya; Watanabe, Koji; Tashiro, Shinsuke; Amano, Yuki; Abe, Hitoshi

Proceedings of 25th International Conference on Nuclear Engineering (ICONE-25) (CD-ROM), 7 Pages, 2017/07

After the Fukushima-Daiichi accident, countermeasures against the severe accident are newly required as regulatory items for nuclear facilities. Organic solvent fire in cell was defined as one of the accidents in the fuel reprocessing plant. When the solvent burns, aerosols including soot are released. The substances clog HEPA filters in the ventilation system and their breakthrough may happen because of differential pressure rising. Moreover, the fire can also release volatile radioactive gaseous species, which can pass through HEPA filters. These phenomena are important for evaluation of confinement capability of the facility and public exposure. We have investigated, in relating to the clogging behavior, release behavior of aerosols as well as of volatile materials from burnt solvent. In the presentation, we will report experimental data and evaluation results obtained from recent research.

Journal Articles

Development of security and safety fuel for Pu-burner HTGR, 5; Test and characterization for ZrC coating

Ueta, Shohei; Aihara, Jun; Goto, Minoru; Tachibana, Yukio; Okamoto, Koji*

Proceedings of 25th International Conference on Nuclear Engineering (ICONE-25) (CD-ROM), 4 Pages, 2017/07

To develop the security and safety fuel (3S-TRISO fuel) for Pu-burner high temperature gas-cooled reactor (HTGR), R&D on zirconium carbide (ZrC) directly coated on yttria stabilized zirconia (YSZ) has been started in the Japanese fiscal year 2015. As results of the direct coating test of ZrC on the dummy YSZ particle, ZrC layers with 18 - 21 microns of thicknesses have been obtained with 0.1 kg of particle loading weight. No deterioration of YSZ exposed by source gases of ZrC bromide process was observed by Scanning Transmission Electron Microscope (STEM).

Journal Articles

Uncertainty analysis for source term evaluation of high temperature gas-cooled reactor under accident conditions; Identification of influencing factors in loss-of-forced circulation accidents

Honda, Yuki; Sato, Hiroyuki; Nakagawa, Shigeaki; Ohashi, Hirofumi

Proceedings of 25th International Conference on Nuclear Engineering (ICONE-25) (CD-ROM), 9 Pages, 2017/07

There is growing interest in uncertainty analysis for probabilistic risk assessment (PRA). Our target is the uncertainty analysis method development for depressurized loss-of-forced circulation (DLOFC) accident with failure of control rod systems (CRS). As one of key elements, this paper focuses on the quantification of uncertainty for the fuel temperature which is dominant for a source term analysis. As an initial step, this paper aims to suggest a procedure to identify influencing factors which is input parameter for uncertainty analysis, and shows the results of derivation of variable parameters by expansion of dynamic equation and extraction of uncertainties in variable factors.

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