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Journal Articles

Effect of irradiation on corrosion behavior of 316L steel in lead-bismuth eutectic with different oxygen concentrations

Okubo, Nariaki; Fujimura, Yuki; Tomobe, Masakatsu*

Quantum Beam Science (Internet), 5(3), p.27_1 - 27_9, 2021/09

In an accelerator driven system (ADS), the beam window material of the spallation neutron target is heavily irradiated under severe conditions. Displacement damage and corrosion occur simultaneously because of high-energy neutron and/or proton irradiation in the lead-bismuth flow. The materials used in ADSs need to be compatible with the liquid metal, which is lead-bismuth eutectic (LBE), to prevent issues such as liquid metal embrittlement (LME) and liquid metal corrosion (LMC). In this study, the LMC behavior after ion irradiation of 316L austenitic steel is considered for self-ion irradiations followed by the corrosion tests. The 316L specimens were irradiated by 10.5 MeV-Fe$$^{3+}$$ ions at temperature of 450$$^{circ}$$C up to 50 displacement per atom (dpa). After the corrosion test at 450$$^{circ}$$C in LBE with low oxygen concentration, the surface of the non-irradiated area was not oxidized but corrosive morphology with pits, whereas the irradiated area was covered by an iron/chromium oxide layer. The surface of the irradiated area was covered by the duplex layers of iron and iron/chromium oxides in the case of higher oxygen concentration in LBE. It is suggested that irradiation can advance oxide layer formation because of enhanced Fe diffusion caused by the residual vacancies in 316L steel.

Journal Articles

Multiple wavelengths texture measurement using angle dispersive neutron diffraction at WOMBAT

Xu, P. G.; Liss, K.-D.*

Quantum Beam Science (Internet), 5(2), p.11_1 - 11_14, 2021/06

Journal Articles

Comprehensive understanding of hillocks and ion tracks in ceramics irradiated with swift heavy ions

Ishikawa, Norito; Taguchi, Tomitsugu*; Ogawa, Hiroaki

Quantum Beam Science (Internet), 4(4), p.43_1 - 43_14, 2020/12

Amorphizable ceramics were irradiated with 200 MeV Au ions, and the as-irradiated samples were observed by transmission electron microscopy (TEM). The ion track diameter and hillock diameter are similar for all the amorphizable ceramics. For SrTiO$$_{3}$$ and niobium-doped STO, 200 MeV Au ion irradiation and TEM observation were also performed. The ion track diameters in these materials are found to be markedly smaller than the hillock diameters. The ion tracks in these materials exhibit inhomogeneity, which is similar to that reported for non-amorphizable ceramics. On the other hand, the hillocks appear to be amorphous, and the amorphous feature is in contrast to the crystalline feature of hillocks observed in non-amorphizable ceramics. No marked difference is recognized between the nanostructures in STO and those in Nb-STO.

Journal Articles

Irradiation effects of swift heavy ions detected by refractive index depth profiling

Amekura, Hiroshi*; Li, R.*; Okubo, Nariaki; Ishikawa, Norito; Chen, F.*

Quantum Beam Science (Internet), 4(4), p.39_1 - 39_11, 2020/12

Evolution of depth profiles of the refractive index in Y$$_{3}$$Al$$_{5}$$O$$_{12}$$ (YAG) crystals were studied under 200 MeV Xe ion irradiation. The index changes were observed at three different depth regions; (i) a plateau near the surface between 0 and 3 $$mu$$m in depth, which can be ascribed to the electronic stopping Se, (ii) a broad peak at 6 $$mu$$m in depth, and (iii) a sharp dip at 13 $$mu$$m in depth, which is attributed to the nuclear stopping Sn peak.

Journal Articles

Analysis of ion-irradiation induced lattice expansion and ferromagnetic state in CeO$$_{2}$$ by using Poisson distribution function

Yamamoto, Yuki*; Ishikawa, Norito; Hori, Fuminobu*; Iwase, Akihiro*

Quantum Beam Science (Internet), 4(3), p.26_1 - 26_13, 2020/09

The lattice constant and the magnetic state of CeO$$_{2}$$ are modified by the irradiation with 200 MeV Xe ions. Under the assumption that these modifications are induced in the narrow one-dimensional region (the ion track) along the ion beam path, the dependence of the lattice constant and the saturation magnetization of CeO$$_{2}$$ on the Xe ion fluence can be analyzed by using the Poisson distribution function. The analysis reveals that the lattice constant inside the ion track, which is larger than outside the ion track is not affected by the overlapping of the ion track. The present result implies that the Poisson distribution function is useful for describing the effect of ion track overlapping on the ion irradiation induced ferromagnetic state in CeO$$_{2}$$.

Journal Articles

Double-exposure method with synchrotron white X-ray for stress evaluation of coarse-grain materials

Suzuki, Kenji*; Shiro, Ayumi*; Toyokawa, Hidenori*; Saji, Choji*; Shobu, Takahisa

Quantum Beam Science (Internet), 4(3), p.25_1 - 25_14, 2020/09

It is difficult to evaluate stress by the strain scanning method using a conventional diffractometer and a point detector since the two-dimensional diffraction pattern of a material composed of coarse grains does not have a ring but a spotty. To solve this problem, we proposed a double exposure method using a two-dimensional detector and monochromatized X-rays. In this study, we have developed a technique to apply that technique to white X-rays. The diffraction obtained by irradiating white X-rays for a material with of coarse grains becomes a Laue spot. Therefore, we have carried out developing a CdTe pixel two-dimensional detector that can limit the energy to be detected, and we evaluated the stress using that detector. As a result, we succeeded to measure the strain distribution of a bending specimen made to austenitic stainless steel. In the future, we would like to improve this technology and apply it to actual machine materials.

Journal Articles

Residual stress distribution in water jet peened type 304 stainless steel

Hayashi, Makoto*; Okido, Shinobu*; Suzuki, Hiroshi

Quantum Beam Science (Internet), 4(2), p.18_1 - 18_12, 2020/06

Journal Articles

Microstructural features and ductile-brittle transition behavior in hot-rolled lean duplex stainless steels

Takahashi, Osamu*; Shibui, Yohei*; Xu, P. G.; Harjo, S.; Suzuki, Tetsuya*; Tomota, Yo*

Quantum Beam Science (Internet), 4(1), p.16_1 - 16_15, 2020/03

Journal Articles

Evaluation of residual stress relaxation in a rolled joint by neutron diffraction

Hayashi, Makoto*; Root, J. H.*; Rogge, R. B.*; Xu, P. G.

Quantum Beam Science (Internet), 2(4), p.21_1 - 21_16, 2018/12

Journal Articles

Materials and Life Science Experimental Facility (MLF) at the Japan Proton Accelerator Research Complex, 2; Neutron scattering instruments

Nakajima, Kenji; Kawakita, Yukinobu; Ito, Shinichi*; Abe, Jun*; Aizawa, Kazuya; Aoki, Hiroyuki; Endo, Hitoshi*; Fujita, Masaki*; Funakoshi, Kenichi*; Gong, W.*; et al.

Quantum Beam Science (Internet), 1(3), p.9_1 - 9_59, 2017/12

The neutron instruments suite, installed at the spallation neutron source of the Materials and Life Science Experimental Facility (MLF) at the Japan Proton Accelerator Research Complex (J-PARC), is reviewed. MLF has 23 neutron beam ports and 21 instruments are in operation for user programs or are under commissioning. A unique and challenging instrumental suite in MLF has been realized via combination of a high-performance neutron source, optimized for neutron scattering, and unique instruments using cutting-edge technologies. All instruments are/will serve in world-leading investigations in a broad range of fields, from fundamental physics to industrial applications. In this review, overviews, characteristic features, and typical applications of the individual instruments are mentioned.

Journal Articles

Materials and Life Science Experimental Facility at the Japan Proton Accelerator Research Complex, 1; Pulsed spallation neutron source

Takada, Hiroshi; Haga, Katsuhiro; Teshigawara, Makoto; Aso, Tomokazu; Meigo, Shinichiro; Kogawa, Hiroyuki; Naoe, Takashi; Wakui, Takashi; Oi, Motoki; Harada, Masahide; et al.

Quantum Beam Science (Internet), 1(2), p.8_1 - 8_26, 2017/09

At the Japan Proton Accelerator Research Complex (J-PARC), a pulsed spallation neutron source provides neutrons with high intensity and narrow pulse width to promote researches on a variety of science in the Materials and life science experimental facility. It was designed to be driven by the proton beam with an energy of 3 GeV, a power of 1 MW at a repetition rate of 25 Hz, that is world's highest power level. A mercury target and three types of liquid para-hydrogen moderators are core components of the spallation neutron source. It is still on the way towards the goal to accomplish the operation with a 1 MW proton beam. In this paper, distinctive features of the target-moderator-reflector system of the pulsed spallation neutron source are reviewed.

Journal Articles

Materials and Life Science Experimental Facility at the Japan Proton Accelerator Research Complex, 3; Neutron devices and computational and sample environments

Sakasai, Kaoru; Sato, Setsuo*; Seya, Tomohiro*; Nakamura, Tatsuya; To, Kentaro; Yamagishi, Hideshi*; Soyama, Kazuhiko; Yamazaki, Dai; Maruyama, Ryuji; Oku, Takayuki; et al.

Quantum Beam Science (Internet), 1(2), p.10_1 - 10_35, 2017/09

Neutron devices such as neutron detectors, optical devices including supermirror devices and $$^{3}$$He neutron spin filters, and choppers are successfully developed and installed at the Materials Life Science Facility (MLF) of the Japan Proton Accelerator Research Complex (J-PARC), Tokai, Japan. Four software components of MLF computational environment, instrument control, data acquisition, data analysis, and a database, have been developed and equipped at MLF. MLF also provides a wide variety of sample environment options including high and low temperatures, high magnetic fields, and high pressures. This paper describes the current status of neutron devices, computational and sample environments at MLF.

Journal Articles

Materials and Life Science Experimental Facility at the Japan Proton Accelerator Research Complex, 4; The Muon Facility

Higemoto, Wataru; Kadono, Ryosuke*; Kawamura, Naritoshi*; Koda, Akihiro*; Kojima, Kenji*; Makimura, Shunsuke*; Matoba, Shiro*; Miyake, Yasuhiro*; Shimomura, Koichiro*; Strasser, P.*

Quantum Beam Science (Internet), 1(1), p.11_1 - 11_24, 2017/06

A muon experimental facility, known as the Muon Science Establishment (MUSE), is one of the user facilities at the Japan Proton Accelerator Research Complex, along with those for neutrons, hadrons, and neutrinos. The MUSE facility is integrated into the Materials and Life Science Facility building in which a high-energy proton beam that is shared with a neutron experiment facility delivers a variety of muon beams for research covering diverse scientific fields. In this review, we present the current status of MUSE, which is still in the process of being developed into its fully fledged form.

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