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Journal Articles

High temperature mechanical properties and microstructure in 9Cr or 12Cr oxide dispersion strengthened steels

Mitsuhara, Masatoshi*; Kurino, Koichi*; Yano, Yasuhide; Otsuka, Satoshi; Toyama, Takeshi*; Onuma, Masato*; Nakashima, Hideharu*

Tetsu To Hagane, 109(3), p.189 - 200, 2023/03

 Times Cited Count:0 Percentile:0(Metallurgy & Metallurgical Engineering)

Oxide Dispersion Strengthened (ODS) ferritic steel, a candidate material for fast reactor fuel cladding, has low thermal expansion, good thermal conductivity, and excellent resistance to irradiation damage and high temperature strength. The origin of the excellent high-temperature strength lies in the dispersion of fine oxides. In this study, creep tests at 700 or 750$$^{circ}$$C, which are close to the operating temperatures of fast reactors, and high-temperature tensile tests at 900 to 1350 $$^{circ}$$C, which simulate accident conditions, were conducted on 9Cr ODS ferritic steels, M11 and MP23, and 12Cr ODS ferritic steel, F14, to confirm the growth behavior of oxides. In the M11 and F14 creep test samples, there was little oxide growth or decrease in number density from the initial state, indicating that dispersion strengthening by oxides was effective during deformation. After creep deformation of F14, the development of dislocation substructures such as dislocation walls and subgrain boundaries was hardly observed, and mobile dislocations were homogeneously distributed in the grains. The dislocation density increased with increasing stress during the creep test. In the high-temperature ring tensile tests of MP23 and F14, the strength of both steels decreased at higher temperatures. In MP23, elongation decreased with increasing test temperature from 900 to 1100 $$^{circ}$$C, but increased at 1200 $$^{circ}$$C, decreased drastically at 1250 $$^{circ}$$C, and increased again at 1300 $$^{circ}$$C. In F14, elongation decreased with increasing temperature. It was inferred that the formation of the $$delta$$-ferrite phase was responsible for this complex change in mechanical properties of MP23 from 1200 to 1300 $$^{circ}$$C.

Journal Articles

Modeling and simulation of atmospheric corrosion of carbon steel considering environmental factor

Igarashi, Takahiro; Komatsu, Atsushi; Kato, Chiaki; Sakairi, Masatoshi*

Tetsu To Hagane, 107(12), p.998 - 1003, 2021/12


 Times Cited Count:0 Percentile:0(Metallurgy & Metallurgical Engineering)

In order to clarify the effect of environmental factors on the amount of atmospheric corrosion of steel, novel model for predicting the reduction of atmospheric corrosion considering relative humidity and rain falls was developed. We conducted a one-year calculation simulation of atmospheric corrosion in Miyakojima City, Choshi City, and Tsukuba City using the developed model. Corrosion weight loss by the simulation could reproduce the measured value well. Corrosion weight loss at each point was greatly affected by the amount of flying sea salt, relative humidity, and rain falls.

Journal Articles

Relation between intergranular stress in austenite and martensitic transformation in TRIP steels revealed by neutron diffraction

Harjo, S.; Kawasaki, Takuro; Tsuchida, Noriyuki*; Morooka, Satoshi; Gong, W.

Tetsu To Hagane, 107(10), p.887 - 896, 2021/10

 Times Cited Count:0 Percentile:0(Metallurgy & Metallurgical Engineering)

Journal Articles

Effects of residual stress on hydrogen embrittlement of a stretch-formed tempered martensitic steel sheet

Nishimura, Hayato*; Hojo, Tomohiko*; Ajita, Saya*; Shibayama, Yuki*; Koyama, Motomichi*; Saito, Hiroyuki*; Shiro, Ayumi*; Yasuda, Ryo*; Shobu, Takahisa; Akiyama, Eiji*

Tetsu To Hagane, 107(9), p.760 - 768, 2021/09

 Times Cited Count:0 Percentile:0(Metallurgy & Metallurgical Engineering)

no abstracts in English

Journal Articles

${it In situ}$ neutron diffraction on ferrite and pearlite transformations for a 1.5Mn-1.5Si-0.2C steel

Tomota, Yo*; Wang, Y.*; Omura, Takahito*; Sekido, Nobuaki*; Harjo, S.; Kawasaki, Takuro; Gong, W.*; Taniyama, Akira*

Tetsu To Hagane, 106(5), p.262 - 271, 2020/05

 Times Cited Count:0 Percentile:0(Metallurgy & Metallurgical Engineering)

Journal Articles

Mechanism of improved ductility of 1,500 MPa-class ultra-high strength cold-rolled steel sheet produced by rolling and partitioning method

Hosoya, Yoshihiro*; Matsumura, Yuta*; Tomota, Yo*; Onuki, Yusuke*; Harjo, S.

Tetsu To Hagane, 106(3), p.154 - 164, 2020/03

 Times Cited Count:1 Percentile:13.49(Metallurgy & Metallurgical Engineering)

Journal Articles

$$^{14}$$C ages and calendar years of Japanese nails measured with accelerator mass spectrometry

Nagata, Kazahiro*; Furunushi, Yasuko*; Matsubara, Akihiro*; Kokubu, Yoko; Nakamura, Toshio*

Tetsu To Hagane, 105(4), p.488 - 491, 2019/04

 Times Cited Count:1 Percentile:6.52(Metallurgy & Metallurgical Engineering)

The Japanese nails had been produced by the traditional ironmaking way of Tatara until the Edo period since the late of 6 Century. The quality of the Japanese nails is affected from steel produced by Tatara in each age. The $$^{14}$$C ages of 3 Japanese nails collected at shrines and temples at their repair were measured with accelerator mass spectrometry and calibrated to calendar years. Each $$^{14}$$C age provided plural calendar year periods with definite probabilities, and one of the periods determined in comparison with the history of temples and their repair records. The production ages of nails used in the Daibutuden of the Todaiji temple, the living quarters of the Manjuin temple and the Zaoudo of the Yoshino-Kongoji temple are before 1692, the 12 Century and before 1592, respectively, when they were repaired or reconstructed.

Journal Articles

Optimization of mechanical properties in aluminum alloys $$via$$ hydrogen partitioning control

Toda, Hiroyuki*; Yamaguchi, Masatake; Matsuda, Kenji*; Shimizu, Kazuyuki*; Hirayama, Kyosuke*; Su, H.*; Fujihara, Hiro*; Ebihara, Kenichi; Itakura, Mitsuhiro; Tsuru, Tomohito; et al.

Tetsu To Hagane, 105(2), p.240 - 253, 2019/02

 Times Cited Count:0 Percentile:0(Metallurgy & Metallurgical Engineering)

no abstracts in English

Journal Articles

Dynamic accommodation of internal stress and selection of crystallographic orientation relationship in pearlite

Amemiya, Yutaro*; Nakada, Nobuo*; Morooka, Satoshi; Kosaka, Makoto*; Kato, Masaharu*

Tetsu To Hagane, 105(2), p.314 - 323, 2019/02

 Times Cited Count:5 Percentile:30.05(Metallurgy & Metallurgical Engineering)

For deeper understanding of a dynamic accommodation mechanism of internal stress in pearlite originated from the lattice misfit between ferrite and cementite phases, the lattice parameter ratios of cementite were locally analyzed in detail by using the electron backscatter diffraction (EBSD) technique. The EBSD analysis has revealed that lattice parameter ratios of cementite lamellae obviously differ from those of spheroidized cementite particles, which demonstrates that pearlite has a certain amount of internal stress as long as it maintains lamellar structure. The internal stress in pearlite gradually decreased during isothermal holding at 923 K after pearlitic transformation due to interfacial atomic diffusion of iron atoms. However, comparing with theoretical values under Pitsch-Petch orientation relationship, it was understood that large amount of internal stress had been already accommodated upon pearlitic transformation by introduction of misfit dislocations and structural ledges on ferrite/cementite lamellar interfaces. That is, the internal stress of pearlite is dynamically reduced by two different processes; built-in accommodation upon pearlitic transformation and additional time-dependent relaxation after pearlitic transformation. On the other hand, EBSD analysis and neutron diffraction technique gave remarkably different lattice parameters of cementite. From this result, it is concluded that various crystallographic orientation relationships between ferrite and cementite coexist in pearlite. Furthermore, elastic strain energy analysis suggests that the invariant-line criterion on ferrite/cementite interface plays an important role for the selection of orientation relationships in pearlite.

Journal Articles

Mechanical investigation on interface failure mechanisms of dissimilar welded joints

Yamashita, Takuya; Yamashita, Hayato; Nagae, Yuji

Tetsu To Hagane, 105(1), p.96 - 104, 2019/01

 Times Cited Count:1 Percentile:6.52(Metallurgy & Metallurgical Engineering)

no abstracts in English

Journal Articles

Development of on-site measurement technique of retained austenite volume fraction by compact neutron source RANS

Ikeda, Yoshimasa*; Takamura, Masato*; Hakoyama, Tomoyuki*; Otake, Yoshie*; Kumagai, Masayoshi*; Suzuki, Hiroshi

Tetsu To Hagane, 104(3), p.138 - 144, 2018/03

 Times Cited Count:4 Percentile:23.31(Metallurgy & Metallurgical Engineering)

Neutron engineering diffraction is a powerful technique which provides the information of the micro structure of steels in bulk-average, while X-ray diffraction or Electron backscatter diffraction can provide information only from the surface layer. However, such measurement using neutron diffraction is typically performed in a large facility such as a reactor and a synchrotron, while a compact neutron source has never been used for this purpose. Authors have recently developed a neutron diffractometer installed in Riken Accelerator driven compact Neutron Source (RANS) and succeeded in the measurement of texture evolution of a steel sheet. In this study, we made an attempt to measure the volume fraction of retained austenite by RANS. Background noise was carefully eliminated in order to detect as many diffraction peaks as possible with low flux neutrons. The volume fraction was estimated by Rietveld analysis. The accuracy of the measurement result was discussed by comparing with those obtained by a large neutron facility (J-PARC TAKUMI). The volume fraction obtained by RANS with reasonable measurement time, i.e. 30 to 300 min, showed only 1 to 2 % discrepancies with those obtained in J-PARC. These comparisons suggest that neutron diffraction by RANS is capable of quantitative analysis of the volume fraction of crystal phases, showing the possibility of practical use of an in-house compact neutron source in the industry.

Journal Articles

${it In-situ}$ observation of dislocation evolution in ferritic and austenitic stainless steels under tensile deformation by using neutron diffraction

Sato, Shigeo*; Kuroda, Asumi*; Sato, Kozue*; Kumagai, Masayoshi*; Harjo, S.; Tomota, Yo*; Saito, Yoichi*; Todoroki, Hidekazu*; Onuki, Yusuke*; Suzuki, Shigeru*

Tetsu To Hagane, 104(4), p.201 - 207, 2018/00

 Times Cited Count:8 Percentile:45.31(Metallurgy & Metallurgical Engineering)

Journal Articles

Numerical simulation of hydrogen thermal desorption profile under assumption of two kinds of trap sites for tempered martensitic steel

Tsuchida, Yutaka*; Ebihara, Kenichi

Tetsu To Hagane, 103(11), p.653 - 659, 2017/11

 Times Cited Count:2 Percentile:11.67(Metallurgy & Metallurgical Engineering)

A single peak in thermal desorption profiles of hydrogen, which are measured in low-temperature thermal desorption spectrometry (L-TDS) for a very thin plate specimen of tempered martensitic steel, was reproduced successfully by the superposition of two Gaussian distributions. Then, the parameters concerning the detrapping rate constants for both peaks, which are trap energy and pre-exponential factor, were calculated using the Choo-Lee plot. We confirmed that Kissinger model incorporating the obtained parameters could simulate the two peaks. In addition, we reproduced the single peak well using the reaction-diffusion equation incorporating the obtained parameters and the appropriate trap site concentration. From the results, we interpreted that the one peak corresponds to dislocation and the other to grain-boundary.

Journal Articles

Comparison of the measurements of austenite volume fraction by various methods for Mn-Si-C steel

Tomota, Yo*; Sekido, Nobuaki*; Xu, P. G.; Kawasaki, Takuro; Harjo, S.; Tanaka, Masahiko*; Shinohara, Takenao; Su, Y.; Taniyama, Akira*

Tetsu To Hagane, 103(10), p.570 - 578, 2017/10

 Times Cited Count:12 Percentile:51.82(Metallurgy & Metallurgical Engineering)

Journal Articles

Recent progress of line-profile analyses for neutron or X-ray diffraction

Tomota, Yo*; Sato, Shigeo*; Harjo, S.

Tetsu To Hagane, 103(2), p.73 - 85, 2017/01

 Times Cited Count:15 Percentile:63.75(Metallurgy & Metallurgical Engineering)

Journal Articles

$$^{14}$$C ages and calendar years of Japanese swords measured with accelerator mass spectrometry

Nagata, Kazahiro*; Matsubara, Akihiro*; Kokubu, Yoko; Nakamura, Toshio*

Tetsu To Hagane, 102(12), p.736 - 741, 2016/12

 Times Cited Count:2 Percentile:12.5(Metallurgy & Metallurgical Engineering)

Steel of Japanese swords has been produced with Tatara process from iron sand and charcoal. Carbon dissolved in steel was absorbed from wooden charcoal fuel at the production of the steel. From the decay of $$^{14}$$C activity in the steel, the $$^{14}$$C age of Japanese sword can be determined. The $$^{14}$$C ages of 4 Japanese swords were calibrated to a few calendar years. There are several generations of the same names of sword masters. The year of production of each sword was determined from the calendar year and the sword master's name cut in the grip of his sword after taking the age of charcoal into account. The oldest calendar year with high probability agreed with the age of sword master.

Journal Articles

Effect of trace amount tungsten on long-term material properties of high Cr steels

Onizawa, Takashi; Nagae, Yuji; Kikuchi, Kenji*

Tetsu To Hagane, 100(8), p.999 - 1005, 2014/08

 Times Cited Count:2 Percentile:12.41(Metallurgy & Metallurgical Engineering)

The applicability of high chromium (Cr) steel as the main structural material in fast breeder reactors (FBR) has been explored to enhance the safety, the credibility and the economic competitiveness of FBR power plants. Tungsten (W) is believed to improve the high temperature strength of high Cr steels by solid-solution strengthening mechanism, although the long-term effectiveness and stability of such a strengthening mechanism has not fully been understood yet. High Cr steels controlling W content are produced and tensile tests, creep tests, aging tests and charpy impact tests were conducted to investigate the long-term material properties. It was observed that the short-term creep strength could be improved by W. However, there is almost no influence of W on the long-term creep strength. And it was observed that the impact properties after aging could be improved by decreasing of W. It was found that the optimal W content for excellent high Cr steel of FBR grade are $$<$$ 0.1 wt.%, under FBR operating conditions.

Journal Articles

Neutron diffraction study on anisotropy of strain age hardening in ferritic steel

Suzuki, Tetsuya*; Yamanaka, Keisuke*; Ishino, Mayuko*; Shinohara, Yasuhiro*; Nagai, Kensuke*; Tsuru, Eiji*; Xu, P. G.

Tetsu To Hagane, 98(6), p.262 - 266, 2012/06

Journal Articles

Positron annihilation study of hardening in Fe-Cu alloy during low temperature aging

Yamashita, Takako*; Katsuyama, Jinya; Sato, Kaoru*; Mizuno, Masataka*; Araki, Hideki*; Shirai, Yasuharu*

Tetsu To Hagane, 97(11), p.558 - 565, 2011/11

 Times Cited Count:0 Percentile:0.01(Metallurgy & Metallurgical Engineering)

The hardness of Fe-Cu alloys is known to increase by the precipitation of Cu clusters during thermal aging. However, the mechanism of Cu precipitation has not been clarified yet. In this study, the positron lifetime and coincidence Doppler broadening techniques have been used to investigate the recovery behavior of lattice defects such as vacancies, vacancy clusters and dislocations as well as the diffusion behavior of Cu atoms of cold rolled and thermally-aged Fe-Cu alloys. Both vacancies and dislocations caused by cold rolling were reduced through the thermally aging process. Some dislocations remained even after aging at 550$$^{circ}$$C, although the vacancies almost disappeared after aging at 300$$^{circ}$$C. Cu clusters precipitate mainly on the dislocations, where is the sinks of the vacancies, caused by the diffusion of Cu atom and vacancies.

Journal Articles

Influence of heat treatment on long term creep properties of 9Cr-W-Mo-V-Nb steel

Obara, Satoshi; Wakai, Takashi; Asayama, Tai; Yamada, Yoshiyuki*; Nakazawa, Takanori*; Yamazaki, Masayoshi*; Hongo, Hiromichi*

Tetsu To Hagane, 96(4), p.172 - 181, 2010/04

This paper describes the effect of heat treatment on mechanical properties of 9Cr-W-Mo-V-Nb steel as a part of development of high Cr steel for fast breeder reactor (FBR). The effects of normalizing temperature and tempering temperature and time on creep properties were investigated from the viewpoint of microstructures. Creep strength increased with increase in normalizing temperature from 950$$^{circ}$$C to 1200$$^{circ}$$C. The microstructural factors that improve creep strength are increased amount of MX which precipitated during tempering process and increased dislocation density. In addition, coarsening of prior austenite grain size also contribute to increasing creep strength. Although creep rupture time of 780$$^{circ}$$C-1h tempering specimen was greater than that of 700$$^{circ}$$C-1h and 750$$^{circ}$$C-1h tempering specimen in a long-term region exceeding 20000h at 650$$^{circ}$$C, creep ductility and reduction of area of the former remarkably degraded compared to those of the latter.

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