Fukaya, Yuji; Goto, Minoru; Ohashi, Hirofumi
Annals of Nuclear Energy, 138, p.107182_1 - 107182_9, 2020/04
The investigation on self-shielding effect of double heterogeneity for plutonium burner High Temperature Gas-cooled Reactor (HTGR) design has been performed. Plutonium burner HTGR designed in the previous study by using the advantage of double heterogeneity to control excess reactivity. In the present study, the mechanism of the self-shielding effect is elucidated by the analysis of burn-up calculation and reactivity decomposition based on exact perturbation theory. As a result, it is revealed that the characteristics of burn-up reactivity are determined by resonance cross section peak at 1 eV of Pu due to the surface term of background cross section, this is, the characteristics of neutron leakage from fuel lump and collision to a moderator. Moreover, significant spectrum shift is caused during the burn-up period, and it enhances reactivity worth of Pu and Pu in EOL.
Gorlachev, I.*; Kharkin, P.*; Dyussembayeva, M.*; Lukashenko, S.*; Gluchshenko, G.*; Matiyenko, L.*; Zheltov, D.*; Kitamura, Akihiro; Khlebnikov, N.*
Journal of Environmental Radioactivity, 213, p.106110_1 - 106110_10, 2020/03
The main goal of the presented research activities is to determine the degree of water contamination of the largest waterway of the STS, the Shagan river, with heavy elements and artificial radionuclides. Such approach made it possible to identify the most significant elements-contaminants typical for the selected object, to determine the most dirty points of the Shagan riverbed, to compare the degree of water contamination with heavy metals and artificial radionuclides, and to calculate the complex indices of water contamination with heavy metals. According to the obtained data, the recommendations can be made for application of Shagan's water for household purpose.
Yamashita, Takayuki; Morooka, Satoshi; Harjo, S.; Kawasaki, Takuro; Koga, Norimitsu*; Umezawa, Osamu*
Scripta Materialia, 177, p.6 - 10, 2020/03
Nakayama, Masashi; Tanai, Kenji
JAEA-Review 2019-032, 32 Pages, 2020/02
There are various types of monitoring in the geological disposal of high-level radioactive waste, such as monitoring for confirmation of construction quality and the status of engineered barrier, and monitoring to help manage construction, operation and closure activities, etc. Among these monitoring methods, monitoring related to the confirmation of the state of engineered barrier has been studied in international joint research on monitoring concepts and specific methods. Since monitoring equipment is affected by temperature, humidity, pressure, radiation, water quality, etc., it is important to consider geological environmental conditions and radiation effects. This report compares the radiation resistance of the materials used in the monitoring equipment with the absorbed dose in the buffer material obtained by analysis, and qualitatively examines the effects of radiation on the monitoring equipment. As a result of the examination, it was estimated that the dose did not affect the monitoring equipment. However, it is necessary to verify the possibility of reliable data acquisition by irradiation tests for monitoring devices with built-in electronic components.
Collaborative Laboratories for Advanced Decommissioning Science; Osaka University*
JAEA-Review 2019-029, 36 Pages, 2020/02
JAEA/CLADS, had been conducting the Center of World Intelligence Project for Nuclear Science/Technology and Human Resource Development (hereafter referred to "the Project") in FY2018. The Project aims to contribute to solving problems in nuclear energy field represented by the decommissioning of the Fukushima Daiichi Nuclear Power Station, Tokyo Electric Power Company Holdings, Inc. For this purpose, intelligence was collected from all over the world, and basic research and human resource development were promoted by closely integrating/collaborating knowledge and experiences in various fields beyond the barrier of conventional organizations and research fields. The sponsor of the Project was moved from the Ministry of Education, Culture, Sports, Science and Technology to JAEA since the newly adopted proposals in FY2018. On this occasion, JAEA constructed a new research system where JAEA-academia collaboration is reinforced and medium-to-long term research/development and human resource development contributing to the decommissioning are stably and consecutively implemented. Among the adopted proposals in FY2018, this report summarizes the research results of the "Development of Gel Filler that Facilitates Fuel Debris Retrieval". When gel materials such as polymer, silicate and clay minerals with adjusted viscosity are used in the process of debris retrieval, the gel would not leak down from the damaged parts, resulting in the reduction of surrounding air dose rate. In addition, gel materials can reduce the diffusion and scattering of dust that is produced by cutting. For these reasons, we propose a method where inside of a containment vessel is filled by gel materials in order to simplify the debris retrieval.
Abe, Hironobu; Hatakeyama, Nobuya; Yamazaki, Masanao; Okuzono, Akihiko*; Sakai, Tetsuo*; Inoue, Masahiro*
JAEA-Research 2009-019, 192 Pages, 2020/02
Construction of the underground facility is on going at the Horonobe Underground Research Center, a division of the Japan Atomic Energy Agency. The facility is consisted of three shafts and horizontal drifts at the completion of construction and it is excavated in geological environment with methane gas, so it is important to secure the workers and visitors security in case of fire in the underground. However, it is known that the fire gas such as methane shows a complicated behavior by drift effect and so on and very difficult to predict its behavior, even if under enforced ventilation. In order to construct new prediction method of the fire gas behavior, the model scaled experiments were conducted by using the basic model which consists of shafts and drifts. As a results, fundamental data of the fire gas behavior was grasped and complicated behavior of the fire gas such as three-dimensional backflow and main flow inversion phenomena at the underground structure were ascertained. A new fire gas behavior analysis system has been designed and a prototype system has been programmed which is able to simulate the phenomena noted above. Coupling analysis method is adapted to the system, which consists of mainly one-dimensional ventilation network analysis and simplified computational fluid dynamics program named M-CFD. To minimize calculation time, M-CFD was designed as two-dimensional calculation with simulators multi area analysis system. Using the prototype system, several experimented models representing typical behavior of fire gas have been simulated for model scaled experiments. The system qualitatively reappeared the phenomena such as back flow or main flow inversion, and most of calculations completed in expected time. This indicates appropriateness of the prototype system, but some upgrade such as heat conductivity analysis in the wall rock mass transfer calculation, user friendly interface system and others will be required.
Tobita, Minoru*; Haraga, Tomoko; Sasaki, Takayuki*; Seki, Kotaro*; Omori, Hiroyuki*; Kochiyama, Mami; Shimomura, Yusuke; Ishimori, Kenichiro; Kameo, Yutaka
JAEA-Data/Code 2019-016, 72 Pages, 2020/02
In the future, radioactive wastes which generated from research and testing reactors in Japan Atomic Energy Agency are planning to be buried for the near surface disposal. Therefore, it is required to establish the method to evaluate the radioactivity concentrations of radioactive wastes by the time it starts disposal. In order to contribute to this work, we collected and analyzed the samples generated from JRR-2, JRR-3 and Hot laboratory facilities. In this report, we summarized the radioactivity concentrations of 25 radionuclides (H, C, Cl, Co, Ni, Sr, Nb, Mo, Tc, Ag, Sn, I, Cs, Eu, Eu, U, U, U, Pu, Pu, Pu, Pu, Am, Am, Cm) which were obtained from radiochemical analysis of those samples.
Mochizuki, Akihito; Miyakawa, Kazuya; Sasamoto, Hiroshi
JAEA-Data/Code 2019-014, 56 Pages, 2020/02
Japan Atomic Energy Agency (JAEA) has been conducting "geoscientific study" and "research and development on geological disposal" in the Horonobe Underground Research Laboratory (URL) for safe geological disposal of high-level radioactive waste. Groundwater pressure and geochemical parameters such as pH and oxidation-reduction potential in the deep groundwater have been continuously monitored with monitoring systems which were developed in the Horonobe URL Project. This report presents the data of groundwater pressure which have been obtained by the monitoring systems installed at the 350 m gallery. The data obtained from April 1, 2016 until March 31, 2019 was summarized along with related information such as the specifications of boreholes and the excavation of the URL.
Mitsukai, Akina; Haraga, Tomoko; Ishimori, Kenichiro; Kameo, Yutaka
JAEA-Data/Code 2019-012, 70 Pages, 2020/02
It is necessary to establish practical evaluation methods to determine radioactivity concentration of radioactive wastes which generated from research and testing reactors in Japan Atomic Energy Agency are planning to be buried for the near surface disposal. Therefore, it is required to establish the method to evaluate the radioactivity concentrations of radioactive wastes by the time it starts disposal. In order to contribute to this work, we collected and analyzed the samples generated from Post Irradiation Examination Facility. In this report, we summarized the radioactivity concentrations of 19 radionuclides which were obtained from radiochemical analysis of those samples.
Okada, Yuji; Amaya, Masaki
Annals of Nuclear Energy, 136, p.107028_1 - 107028_9, 2020/02
Endo, Yukihiro*; Fukaya, Yuki; Mochizuki, Izumi*; Takayama, Akari*; Hyodo, Toshio*; Hasegawa, Shuji*
Carbon, 157, p.857 - 862, 2020/02
no abstracts in English
Kumagai, Yuta; Jonsson, M.*
Dalton Transactions (Internet), 49(6), p.1907 - 1914, 2020/02
This study aims to reveal possible involvements of organic acids in the oxidative dissolution of UO. Using phthalic acid as a model compound, we have measured adsorption on UO and investigated effects on the reaction between HO and UO and on oxidative dissolution induced by -irradiation. Significant adsorption of phthalic acid was observed even at neutral pH. However, the reaction between HO and UO in phthalic acid solution induced oxidative dissolution of U(VI) similarly to aqueous bicarbonate solution. These results indicate that even though phthalic acid adsorbs on the UO surface, it is not involved in the interfacial reaction by HO. In contrast, the dissolution of U by irradiation was inhibited in aqueous phthalic acid solution, whereas HO generated by radiolysis was consumed by UO. The inhibition suggests that radical species derived from phthalic acid was involved in the redox reaction process of UO.
Minato, Futoshi; Tanimura, Yusuke*
European Physical Journal A, 56(2), p.45_1 - 45_18, 2020/02
For nuclei, three-body model of inert core can provide an understanding of pairing correlations in the ground state and spin-isospin excitations. However, residual core-nucleon interactions can impact the core nucleus significantly. The effect of core excitations thus has to be included for the detailed understanding of the ground state and the spin-isospin properties. We solve the three-body problem including core vibrational states to obtain the ground state as well as the spin-excitations. By including the effect of core excitation, (a) magnetic moment, (b) the enegy difference between the first and the excited states, (c) B(M1) and B(GT), are improved. It was also found that the root mean squares of distances between proton and neutron, and the center of mass of valence prton and neutron and core slightly increase.
Francisco, P. C. M.; Mitsui, Seiichiro; Ishidera, Takamitsu; Tachi, Yukio; Doi, Reisuke; Shiwaku, Hideaki
Geochimica et Cosmochimica Acta, 270, p.1 - 20, 2020/02
Sugiyama, Masaaki*; Inoue, Rintaro*; Nakagawa, Hiroshi; Saio, Tomohide*
Hamon, 30(1), p.16 - 25, 2020/02
Neutron has distinct features as a scattering probe to analyze structure and dynamics of biological macromolecules. The theme of this review is to try to describe how we did/do utilize them. And "How we should utilize them more effectively in the trend of integrative structural biology?" with solution scattering.
Hamon, 30(1), p.7 - 8, 2020/02
Safety review of JRR-3 under the New Regulatory Requirements was completed on 7th November 2018. Neutron beam will come back in early 2021 after reinforcement works of the roof of the reactor building, the peripheral structures like a stack, a cooling tower, and the experimental hall. The future of neutron sciences using the research reactor strongly depends on how many impacted researches using JRR-3 are achieved after restarting JRR-3. At this stage, we can learn a lot of things from the back numbers of HAMON.
Metoki, Naoto; Aoki, Dai*; Griveau, J.-C.*; Otsuki, Junya*
Journal of the Physical Society of Japan, 89(2), p.024707_1 - 024707_6, 2020/02
The pseudo triplet ground state in the heavy-fermion superconductor NpPdAl was concluded. The magnetic susceptibility can be reproduced by the singlet ground state with the main component of and the first excited doublet dominated by at ,K. The magnetization curve can be explained from the effective local hamiltonian for pseudo spin =1 with () equivalent to the quadrupole operator . The specific heat can be described with the Kondo model normalized to give the entropy R, corresponding to the pseudo triplet state. The derived Kondo temperature ,K comparable to the level splitting ,K indicates the contribution of the excited doublet to the possible multi-channel Kondo effect.
Nomura, Takuji*; Yamamoto, Yuji*; Yoshii, Kenji
Journal of the Physical Society of Japan, 89(2), p.024704_1 - 024704_10, 2020/02
We report a mean-field theoretical study of a triangular magnet NiGaS. Using the localized Wannier functions obtained from a band calculation, the most stable magnetic state was found to be spiral with the incommensurate structure, consistent with the result from neutron diffraction. The Ni-site Coulomb interaction was not strong (U about 2 eV). The spin value at the Ni site was also not so large about 1.1 mb. These results mean that the hybridization between Ni and S may play an important role. The dynamical spin correlation function was found to in accord with the results from neutron scattering.
Journal of the Physical Society of Japan, 89(2), p.025001_1 - 025001_2, 2020/02
Good correspondence of the and - coupling scheme can be realized in the -electron states of the heavy-fermion superconductor NpPdAl and the isostructural family. The rare-earth and actinide elements are under a common strong uniaxial point charge potential with tetragonal point symmetry . The systematic development of the -electron states can be understood in the coupling scheme of configuration (the number of electrons ). We can find the corresponding states in - coupling scheme with three -orbitals , and determined from CePdAl with configuration.
Nakamura, Shota*; Hyodo, Kazushi*; Matsumoto, Yuji*; Haga, Yoshinori; Sato, Hitoshi*; Ueda, Shigenori*; Mimura, Kojiro*; Saiki, Katsuyoshi*; Iso, Kosei*; Yamashita, Minoru*; et al.
Journal of the Physical Society of Japan, 89(2), p.024705_1 - 024705_5, 2020/02