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Journal Articles

TENDL-2017 benchmark test with iron shielding experiment at QST/TIARA

Kwon, Saerom*; Konno, Chikara; Ota, Masayuki*; Ochiai, Kentaro*; Sato, Satoshi*; Kasugai, Atsushi*

Fusion Engineering and Design, 144, p.209 - 214, 2019/07

We performed a TENDL-2017 benchmark test with iron shielding experiments by using 40 and 65 MeV neutrons, in order to verify a nuclear data library above 20 MeV for neutronics analyses of A-FNS. We found out that the calculated neutron spectra with TENDL-2017 unnaturally increased near 30 MeV. We figured out that incorrect secondary neutron spectrum data in $$^{54}$$Fe, $$^{56}$$Fe and $$^{58}$$Fe at 30 MeV caused the increase of the neutron flux. Similar problems occurred in a lot of nuclei of TENDL-2017, TENDL-2015 and FENDL-3.1d from TENDL-2010 and TENDL-2011.

Journal Articles

Current-induced modulation of coercive field in the ferromagnetic oxide SrRuO$$_{3}$$

Yamanouchi, Michihiko*; Oyamada, Tatsuro*; Sato, Koichi*; Ota, Hiromichi*; Ieda, Junichi

IEEE Transactions on Magnetics, 55(7), p.1400604_1 - 1400604_4, 2019/07

Journal Articles

Proton chelating ligands drive improved chemical separations for rhodium

Narita, Hirokazu*; Nicolson, R. M.*; Motokawa, Ryuhei; Ito, Fumiyuki*; Morisaku, Kazuko*; Goto, Midori*; Tanaka, Mikiya*; Heller, W. T.*; Shiwaku, Hideaki; Yaita, Tsuyoshi; et al.

Inorganic Chemistry, 58(13), p.8720 - 8734, 2019/07

Journal Articles

Low-temperature thermochronological database of bedrock in the Japanese Islands

Sueoka, Shigeru; Tagami, Takahiro*

Island Arc, 28(4), p.e12305_1 - e12305_8, 2019/07

no abstracts in English

Journal Articles

Long-term simulations of radiocesium discharge in watershed with improved radiocesium wash-off model; Applying the model to Abukuma River basin of Fukushima

Liu, X.; Machida, Masahiko; Kurikami, Hiroshi; Kitamura, Akihiro

Journal of Environmental Radioactivity, 203, p.135 - 146, 2019/07

In order to simulate the long-term migration and distribution of radiocesium after the Fukushima accident, a numerical model, Soil and Cesium Transport (SACT) based on universal soil loss equation (USLE), has been developed in previous studies. Although the SACT model's results on radiocesium discharge in 2011 are in reasonable agreement with field measurements, it fails to capture the sharp decrease of radiocesium flux in subsequent years, especially in the case of Abukuma River. We therefore have improved SACT by implementing the vertical migration and fixation of radiocesium in soil. For validation purpose, the annual average radiocesium concentration in sediments discharged from Abukuma River has been evaluated from measurement data. New model achieved much better agreement with the measurement results without parameter tuning.

Journal Articles

Oxidation behavior of high-burnup advanced fuel cladding tubes in high-temperature steam

Narukawa, Takafumi; Amaya, Masaki

Journal of Nuclear Science and Technology, 56(7), p.650 - 660, 2019/07

Journal Articles

Study on B$$_{4}$$C decoupler with burn-up reduction aiming at 1-MW pulsed neutron source

Oi, Motoki; Teshigawara, Makoto; Harada, Masahide; Ikeda, Yujiro

Journal of Nuclear Science and Technology, 56(7), p.573 - 579, 2019/07

In pulsed neutron sources, a neutron absorber called decoupler is attached to the moderator to sharpen the neutron pulses for achieving good neutron energy resolutions. Cadmium and boron carbide (B$$_{4}$$C) are widely used as the decoupler materials. However, it is difficult to use B$$_{4}$$C in MW-class spallation neutron sources owing to high burn-up, which decreases cut-off energy and increase of helium gas swelling. To solve these issues, we introduce the concept of pre-decoupler to reduce neutron absorption in the B$$_{4}$$C decoupler, which is sandwiched by appropriate neutron absorption materials. Then, we study impacts of the pre-decouplers on B$$_{4}$$C decoupler in terms of burn-up by performing simplified model calculations. It is shown that neutron absorption in B$$_{4}$$C is reduced by 60% by using a Cd pre-decoupler without neutron intensity penalty. Moreover, helium gas swelling in B$$_{4}$$C is restrained to be one-third of the value when not using the pre-decoupler.

Journal Articles

$$^{125}$$Te-NMR study on a single crystal of heavy fermion superconductor UTe$$_2$$

Tokunaga, Yo; Sakai, Hironori; Kambe, Shinsaku; Hattori, Taisuke; Higa, Nonoka; Nakamine, Genki*; Kitagawa, Shunsaku*; Ishida, Kenji*; Nakamura, Ai*; Shimizu, Yusei*; et al.

Journal of the Physical Society of Japan, 88(7), p.073701_1 - 073701_4, 2019/07

We report $$^{125}$$Te-NMR studies on a newly discovered heavy fermion superconductor UTe$$_2$$. Using a single crystal, we have measured the $$^{125}$$Te-NMR Knight shift $$K$$ and spin-lattice relaxation rate $$1/T_1$$ for fields along the three orthorhombic crystal axes. The data confirm a moderate Ising anisotropy for both the static ($$K$$) and dynamical susceptibilities ($$1/T_1$$) in the paramagnetic state above about 20 K. Around 20 K, however, we have observed a sudden loss of NMR spin-echo signal due to sudden enhancement of the NMR spin-spin relaxation rate $$1/T_2$$, when the field is applied along the easy axis of magnetization (=$$a$$ axis). This behavior suggests the development of longitudinal magnetic fluctuations along the $$a$$ axis at very low frequencies below 20 K.

Journal Articles

Performance of large volume LaBr$$_{3}$$ scintillation detector equipped with specially-designed shield for neutron resonance capture analysis

Tsuchiya, Harufumi; Koizumi, Mitsuo; Kitatani, Fumito; Harada, Hideo

Nuclear Instruments and Methods in Physics Research A, 932, p.16 - 26, 2019/07

Journal Articles

Ion beam induced luminescence of complexes formed in adsorbent for MA recovery process

Watanabe, So; Katai, Yuya*; Matsuura, Haruaki*; Kada, Wataru*; Koka, Masashi*; Sato, Takahiro*; Arai, Tsuyoshi*

Nuclear Instruments and Methods in Physics Research B, 450, p.61 - 65, 2019/07

Journal Articles

Universal methodology for statistical error and convergence of correlated Monte Carlo tallies

Ueki, Taro

Nuclear Science and Engineering, 193, p.776 - 789, 2019/07

It is known that the convergence of standardized time series (STS) to Brownian bridge yields standard deviation estimators of the sample mean of correlated Monte Carlo tallies. In this work, a difference scheme based on a stochastic differential equation is applied to STS in order to obtain a new functional statistic (NFS) that converges to Brownian motion (BM). As a result, statistical error estimation improves twofold. First, the application of orthonormal weighting to NFS yields a new set of asymptotically unbiased standard deviation estimators of sample mean. It is not necessary to store tallies once the updating of estimator computation is finished at each generation. Second, it becomes possible to assess the convergence of sample mean in an assumption-free manner by way of the comparison of power spectra of NFS and BM. The methodology is demonstrated for three different types of problems encountered in Monte Carlo criticaliti calculation.

Journal Articles

Background issues encountered by cold-neutron chopper spectrometer AMATERAS

Kikuchi, Tatsuya*; Nakajima, Kenji; Kawamura, Seiko; Inamura, Yasuhiro; Nakamura, Mitsutaka; Wakai, Daisuke*; Aoyama, Kazuhiro*; Iwahashi, Takaaki*; Kambara, Wataru*

Physica B; Condensed Matter, 564, p.45 - 53, 2019/07

Details of the background, that is, unwanted signals accumulated by the data acquisition system of neutron instruments, observed by the cold-neutron chopper spectrometer AMATERAS installed at the Materials and Life Science Experimental Facility at J-PARC are reported. In the design phase of AMATERAS, we carefully considered the achievement of high signal-to-noise ratio, and possible countermeasures were implemented. Actually, recent scientific outputs from AMATERAS indicates that the spectrometer is one of excellent neutron instruments with low background. In spite of that, in nine years of AMATERAS operation, we have encountered unwanted signals due to various reasons, including gammna-rays emitted at materials on or near the beam line including the sample itself, scattered neutrons from the beam line devices, air scattering, electronic noise in data acquisition system, cosmic rays, T0 burst, and other unknown sources. In this report, we discuss the background observed by AMATERAS, especially in the conditions of without samples, comprehensively. The possible sources of these signals and the countermeasures considered against the above sources are discussed, which may be helpful to those who are engaged in other existing or planned neutron-scattering instruments.

Journal Articles

High-pressure structure and electronic properties of YbD$$_{2}$$ to 34 GPa

Klotz, S.*; Casula, M.*; Komatsu, Kazuki*; Machida, Shinichi*; Hattori, Takanori

Physical Review B, 100(2), p.020101_1 - 020101_5, 2019/07

Ytterbium dihydride (YbH$$_{2}$$) shows a well-known transition at $$approx$$16 GPa from a CaH$$_{2}$$-type structure to a high-pressure (high-$$P$$) phase with Yb at hcp sites and unknown H-positions. Here, we report its complete structure determination by neutron diffraction at 34 GPa. Hydrogen(deuterium) is located at 2$$a$$ and 2$$d$$ positions of space group $$P6_{3}/mmc$$, thus forming a high-symmetry "collapsed" close-packed lattice. The transition is sluggish and can be seen as a transfer of 1/2 of the hydrogen atoms from strongly corrugated H-layers to interstitial sites of the Yb-lattice. We demonstrate by first-principles calculations that the transition is related to a change from a completely filled $$f$$-electron conguration to a fractional $$f$$-hole ($$approx$$0.25 h) occupation in the high-$$P$$ phase. The $$f$$ $$to$$ $$d$$ charge transfer closes the gap at the transition and leads to a metallic ground state with sizeable electron-phonon interaction involving out-of-plane vibrational modes of interstitial hydrogen.

Journal Articles

Localized magnetic excitations in the fully frustrated dimerized magnet Ba$$_{2}$$CoSi$$_{2}$$O$$_{6}$$Cl$$_{2}$$

Kurita, Nubuyuki*; Yamamoto, Daisuke*; Kanesaka, Takuya*; Furukawa, Nobuo*; Kawamura, Seiko; Nakajima, Kenji; Tanaka, Hidekazu*

Physical Review Letters, 123(2), p.027206_1 - 027206_6, 2019/07

Journal Articles

Intensity modulated radiation fields induce protective effects and reduce importance of dose-rate effects

Matsuya, Yusuke; McMahon, S. J.*; Ghita, M.*; Yoshii, Yuji*; Sato, Tatsuhiko; Date, Hiroyuki*; Prise, K. M.*

Scientific Reports (Internet), 9(1), p.9483_1 - 9483_12, 2019/07

In radiotherapy, intensity modulated radiation fields and complex dose-delivery are used to prescribe doses to tumors. Here, we analyzed the impact of modulated field on radio-sensitivity and cell recovery during irradiation time. The dose was delivered to either 50% of the area of the flask containing cells (half-field) or 100% of the flask (uniform-field). We also modelled cell-killing considering dose-rate effects and intercellular signals. It is found that (i) in-field cell survival under half-field exposure is higher than uniform-field exposure even with the same dose; (ii) the importance of sub-lethal damage repair in normal human skin fibroblast cells under the half-field is reduced; (iii) the increase of cell survival under half-field is predominantly attributed to not rescue effects (increased repair) but protective effects (reduced initial DNA lesion yield). These findings provide new understanding of radio-sensitivity for hit and non-hit cells under non-uniform exposure.

Journal Articles

Measurement of thermal neutron capture cross section of $$^{71}$$Ga with dual monitor foils and covariance analysis

Panikkath, P.*; Otsuka, Naohiko*; Iwamoto, Yosuke; Mohanakrishnan, P.*

European Physical Journal A, 55(6), p.91_1 - 91_9, 2019/06

The thermal neutron capture cross section of $$^{71}$$Ga was evaluated to be around 4.7 b in many nuclear data libraries. On the other hand, it was evaluated to be 3.71 b in JENDL-4.0. Since these cross section data were obtained by the activation measurement with a monitor foil to determine the absolute value of cross section, data depend on the monitor foil adopted in the measurement. In this work, we measured the thermal neutron capture cross section of $$^{71}$$Ga with a few monitor foils. In the experiment, neutrons decelerated in concrete shield were irradiated with a sample with $$^{71}$$Ga foil and $$^{197}$$Au and $$^{55}$$Mn monitor foils. A covariance analysis was performed to obtain the off-diagonal weighted mean of the results determined with the two monitor reactions. As a result, the thermal neutron capture cross section of $$^{71}$$Ga was 4.05$$pm$$0.27 b and is close to the value of JENDL-4.0.

Journal Articles

Development of evaluation method for variability of groundwater flow conditions associated with long-term topographic change and climate perturbations

Onoe, Hironori; Kosaka, Hiroshi*; Matsuoka, Toshiyuki; Komatsu, Tetsuya; Takeuchi, Ryuji; Iwatsuki, Teruki; Yasue, Kenichi

Genshiryoku Bakkuendo Kenkyu (CD-ROM), 26(1), p.3 - 14, 2019/06

In this study, it is focused on topographic changes due to uplift and denudation, also climate perturbations, a method which is able to assess the long-term variability of groundwater flow conditions using the coefficient variation based on some steady-state groundwater flow simulation results was developed. Spatial distribution of long residence time area which is not much influenced due to long-term topographic change and recharge rate change during the past one million years was able to estimate through the case study of the Tono area, Central Japan. By applying this evaluation method, it is possible to identify the local area that has low variability of groundwater flow conditions due to topographic changes and climate perturbations from the regional area quantitatively and spatially.

Journal Articles

Apparent diffusion coefficients of Cs and I in hardened cement paste using mineral admixtures

Mihara, Morihiro; Harasawa, Shuichi*; Torii, Kazuyuki*

Genshiryoku Bakkuendo Kenkyu (CD-ROM), 26(1), p.15 - 23, 2019/06

Hardened cement pastes (HCPs) of water/cement ratio (W/C) 50% and 30% using fly ash (FA), blast furnace slag (BFS) and silica fume (SF) for 28 days were prepared. Apparent diffusion coefficients (D$$_{a}$$) of Cs and I in HCPs were obtained using electron probe microanalysis. For Cs, BFS and SF contributed to a reduction of D$$_{a}$$ for W/C=50% and 30%, respectively. For I, BFS reduced D$$_{a}$$ for W/C=50%, however a significant reduction in D$$_{a}$$ for W/C=30% was not observed. Using SF enhanced sorption of Cs on HCP, and using BFS slightly improved sorption of Cs on HCP. It was also confirmed that the pore structures of HCP using SF and BFS were connected by fine pores. It was therefore considered that using SF and BFS contributes to the reduction of D$$_{a}$$ in HCP.

Journal Articles

Risk communication at Horonobe Underground Research Center, using the Public Information House and Underground Research Laboratory

Osawa, Hideaki; Nogami, Toshinobu; Hoshino, Masato; Tokunaga, Hiroaki*; Horikoshi, Hidehiko*

Genshiryoku Bakkuendo Kenkyu (CD-ROM), 26(1), p.45 - 55, 2019/06

Japan Atomic Energy Agency has performed risk communication at Horonobe Underground Research Center, using the Public Information House and Underground Research Laboratory (URL), to promote understanding R&D of geological disposal technology and waste disposal against public. In this paper, we conducted the analysis of questionnaire investigation performing after visiting those facilities from FY2013 to FY2017. The results show that long-term safety would gain prominent attention as agita factor by growing understanding. The results also shows that visiting to those facility would become valuable experience to understand geological disposal because, for example, respondents with visiting to URL positively evaluated necessity, appropriates and safety of geological disposal, compared with those without visiting URL.

Journal Articles

Radiation and spintronics

Ieda, Junichi

Hoshasen To Sangyo, (146), p.48 - 52, 2019/06

no abstracts in English

49510 (Records 1-20 displayed on this page)