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Journal Articles

Distribution of plutonium isotopes and $$^{137}$$Cs found in the surface soils of Nagasaki, Japan

Kokubu, Yoko; Yasuda, Kenichiro; Magara, Masaaki; Miyamoto, Yutaka; Sakurai, Satoshi; Usuda, Shigekazu; Yamazaki, Hideo*; Mitamura, Muneki*; Yoshikawa, Shusaku*

Journal of Geosciences, Osaka City University, 50, p.7 - 13, 2007/03

no abstracts in English

Journal Articles

Improvement of Worldwide version of System for Prediction of Environmental Emergency Dose Information (WSPEEDI), 2; Evaluation of numerical models by $$^{137}$$Cs deposition due to the Chernobyl nuclear accident

Terada, Hiroaki; Chino, Masamichi

Journal of Nuclear Science and Technology, 42(7), p.651 - 660, 2005/07

 Times Cited Count:13 Percentile:28.39(Nuclear Science & Technology)

The prediction performance of WSPEEDI (Worldwide version of System for Prediction of Environmental Emergency Dose Information), which consists of the atmospheric dynamic model MM5 and the Lagrangian particle dispersion model GEARN-new, is evaluated by measurements of precipitation and surface deposition of $$^{137}$$Cs over Europe during the Chernobyl accident. It is concluded that MM5/GEARN-new can predict $$^{137}$$Cs deposition distribution with good accuracy when accurate precipitation is predicted by using a explicit scheme on cloud microphysics with ice phase processes. High-resolutional calculation is also conducted for the area surrounding Chernobyl by a nesting method. MM5/GEARN-new can predict quite a realistic distribution of $$^{137}$$Cs deposition around Chernobyl which was not calculated by the previous version.

Journal Articles

Improvement of Worldwide Version of System for Prediction of Environmental Emergency Dose Information (WSPEEDI), 1; New combination of models, atmospheric dynamic model MM5 and particle random walk model GEARN-new

Terada, Hiroaki; Furuno, Akiko; Chino, Masamichi

Journal of Nuclear Science and Technology, 41(5), p.632 - 640, 2004/05

 Times Cited Count:19 Percentile:19.78(Nuclear Science & Technology)

The new version of WSPEEDI (Worldwide version of System for Prediction of Environmental Emergency Dose Information) is developed by introducing the combination of models, the atmospheric dynamic model MM5 and the Lagrangian particle dispersion model GEARN-new to improve the prediction capability. One of the improvements by the new system is that Environmental contaminations in multi domains are predicted simultaneously, and the other is that more precise physical processes are considered by using predicted meteorological conditions with high resolution in time and space. The performance of the system is evaluated for the test calculations of hypothetical nuclear accident in the East Asia region and the Chernobyl accident. The results of test calculation in East Asia seem to be reasonable and the calculated surface air concentrations of $$^{137}$$Cs from Chernobyl show good agreement with measurements.

Journal Articles

Conversion factors for a mobile survey method by car in the Chernobyl area

Sakamoto, Ryuichi; Saito, Kimiaki

Radiation Protection Dosimetry, 106(2), p.165 - 175, 2003/11

 Times Cited Count:5 Percentile:58.93(Environmental Sciences)

Conversion factors for the purpose of mobile survey by car were evaluated quantitatively to convert the gamma ray dose rate level measured on the road to that in the typical land-use around the road by simulation calculations. In the calculation, the width and the surrounding area of the road were assumed as being the real environment contaminated by $$^{137}$$Cs nuclide. The calculated conversion factors indicated to agree with the conversion factors measured in the field within the accuracy of 20%.

Journal Articles

IAEA'97 expedition to the NW Pacific Ocean; Results of oceanographic and radionuclide investigations of the water column

Povinec, P. P.*; Livingston, H. D.*; Shima, Shigeki*; Aoyama, Michio*; Gastaud, J.*; Goroncy, I.*; Hirose, Katsumi*; Huynh-Ngoc, L.*; Ikeuchi, Yoshihiro*; Ito, Toshimichi; et al.

Deep Sea Research Part 2: Topical Studies in Oceanography, 50(17-21), p.2607 - 2637, 2003/09

 Times Cited Count:78 Percentile:10.3

An international sampling cruise, IAEA'97, was carried out in 1997 in the NW Pacif1c Ocean. The main results of this study are following: (1) The levels of oceanographic parameter showed differences from the historical data, (2) Transuranics water profiles showed typical sub-surface concentration maxima with decrease in concentration by about a factor of 4 from the historical results, deepening their positions by about a factor of 2 and declining the water column inventory by about 20% over 24 years, (3) Sr-90 and Cs-137 data confirmed that the observed changes in concentration profiles have been resulting from the regional water masses circulation, and (4) The concentrations of these radionuclides in surface water after 40 years of their main introduction to the NW Pacific are still showing a latitudinal dependence. The results present the most comprehensive recent study on the distribution of radionuclides in the NW Pacific Ocean with the implications for behaviour of these radionuclides in the water column and physical forcing of water mass circulation over the last 24 years.

Journal Articles

Anthropogenic radionuclides in the Japan Sea; Their distributions and transport processes

Ito, Toshimichi; Aramaki, Takafumi; Kitamura, Toshikatsu; Otosaka, Shigeyoshi; Suzuki, Takashi; Togawa, Orihiko; Kobayashi, Takuya; Senju, Tomoharu*; Chaykovskaya, E. L.*; Karasev, E. V.*; et al.

Journal of Environmental Radioactivity, 68(3), p.249 - 267, 2003/07

 Times Cited Count:29 Percentile:40.41

The anthropogenic radionuclides, $$^{90}$$Sr, $$^{137}$$Cs and $$^{239+240}$$Pu, in the seawater column of the Japan Sea were measured during 1997-2000. The vertical profiles of radionuclide concentrations showed their typical features; exponential decrease with depth for the $$^{90}$$Sr and $$^{137}$$Cs and surface minimum - subsurface maximum for the $$^{239+240}$$Pu, and there are no substantial differences between the present study and the previous ones. The area-averaged concentrations and the inventories of radionuclides in the Japan Sea are higher than those in the Northwest Pacific Ocean. In the spatial distributions, high inventory area extends and intrudes from the Japan Basin into the Yamato Basin. It is suggested that radionuclides sink by the vertical transport occurring mainly in the Japan Basin then advect into the Yamato Basin after detouring around the Yamato Rise, and finally, they are accumulated in the deep seawater of the Japan Sea.

Journal Articles

Variation of $$^{14}$$C, $$^{137}$$Cs and stable carbon composition in forest soil and its implications

Guo, J.; Atarashi-Andoh, Mariko; Amano, Hikaru

Journal of Radioanalytical and Nuclear Chemistry, 255(1), p.223 - 229, 2003/01

 Times Cited Count:7 Percentile:49.5(Chemistry, Analytical)

Soil organic matter content, $$delta$$$$^{13}$$C, $$^{14}$$C and $$^{137}$$Cs radioactivity were determined in 3 undisturbed forest soil profiles in Ibaraki prefecture, Japan to estimate $$^{14}$$C migration in surface environment. The $$^{137}$$Cs data illustrate that no disturbance has occurred during past years in 3 soil profiles. The peak values are observed in the top 10 cm of the soil profiles. $$^{14}$$C activities were determined with fast bomb combustion-liquid scintillation counting method. $$^{14}$$C determination shows that $$^{14}$$C also has peak values in the top 10 cm of the soil profiles ascribed to the highest bomb $$^{14}$$C level in 1960's.$$delta$$$$^{13}$$C values continuously decreased with increasing soil depth. Enrichment of deeper soils in isotope ratio probably results from discrimination against $$^{13}$$C during mineralization and loss of isotopically lighter carbon from soils due to root uptake, leaching etc.It shows that $$delta$$$$^{13}$$C is an excellent indicator of soil carbon turnover and belowground process.

Journal Articles

Effects of basicity and FeO concentration on the retention of $$^{137}$$Cs and $$^{60}$$Co in slag made from non-metallic radioactive wastes

Nakashima, Mikio; Nakashio, Nobuyuki; Kameo, Yutaka; Fukui, Toshiki*; Isobe, Motoyasu*; Otake, Atsushi*; Wakui, Takuji*; Hirabayashi, Takakuni*

Radiochimica Acta, 91(1), p.45 - 51, 2003/01

 Times Cited Count:2 Percentile:78.71(Chemistry, Inorganic & Nuclear)

no abstracts in English

Journal Articles

Characterization of solidified products yielded by plasma melting treatment of simulated non-metallic radioactive wastes

Nakashima, Mikio; Fukui, Toshiki*; Nakashio, Nobuyuki; Isobe, Motoyasu*; Otake, Atsushi*; Wakui, Takuji*; Hirabayashi, Takakuni*

Journal of Nuclear Science and Technology, 39(6), p.687 - 694, 2002/06

 Times Cited Count:10 Percentile:39.92(Nuclear Science & Technology)

no abstracts in English

Journal Articles

Relationships between dose rates measured 1m above ground level and the $$^{137}$$Cs depth distribution in the Chernobyl grounds

Sakamoto, Ryuichi; Saito, Kimiaki; Tsutsumi, Masahiro; Nagaoka, Toshi; Stolyarevsky, I.*; Glebkin, S.*; Tepikin, V.*; Arkhipov, N.*; Ramzaev, V.*; Mishine, A.*; et al.

Proceedings of 10th International Congress of the International Radiation Protection Association (IRPA-10) (CD-ROM), 5 Pages, 2000/05

no abstracts in English

Journal Articles

Experience of internal exposure monitoring using a precise whole-body counter, 2

Kinase, Sakae; Kawai, Katsuo; Okada, T.*; Shiraishi, Akemi; Oi, Yoshihiro; Mizushita, Seiichi

Health Physics, 76(4), p.443 - 444, 1999/04

no abstracts in English

Journal Articles

Cesium-137 and mercury contamination in lake sediments

Matsunaga, Takeshi; Ueno, Takashi; R.Chandradjith*; Amano, Hikaru; *; *

Chemosphere, 39(2), p.269 - 283, 1999/00

 Times Cited Count:11 Percentile:65.47

no abstracts in English

Journal Articles

Thermal neutron cross section and resonance integral of the reaction of $$^{135}$$Cs(n,$$gamma$$)$$^{136}$$Cs; Fundamental data for the transmutation of nuclear waste

Hatsukawa, Yuichi; Shinohara, Nobuo; ; Kobayashi, Katsutoshi; Motoishi, Shoji; Tanase, Masakazu; *; *; Harada, Hideo*

Journal of Radioanalytical and Nuclear Chemistry, 239(3), p.455 - 458, 1999/00

 Times Cited Count:2 Percentile:75(Chemistry, Analytical)

no abstracts in English

Journal Articles

Evaluation of response of whole-body counter using the EGS4 code

Kinase, Sakae

Journal of Nuclear Science and Technology, 35(12), p.958 - 962, 1998/12

 Times Cited Count:5 Percentile:52.1(Nuclear Science & Technology)

no abstracts in English

JAEA Reports

Journal Articles

Migration behavior of Sr-90 and Cs-137 in a sand aquifer: Results of a 30-years experiment

Sakamoto, Yoshiaki; Nakamura, Haruto*; R.W.D.Killey*; D.R.Champ*

10th Pacific Basin Nuclear Conf. (10-PBNC), 2, p.1343 - 1350, 1996/00

no abstracts in English

Journal Articles

Mercury in lake sediments; A Geochemical study from Japan

R.L.R.Chandrajith*; Ueno, Takashi; Amano, Hikaru; *

6th Int. Conf. on the conservation and Management of Lakes-Kasumigaura 95, 0, p.1048 - 1051, 1995/00

no abstracts in English

Journal Articles

Measurements of thermal neutron capture cross sections and resonance integrals of long-lived fission product nuclei

Kato, Toshio*; Ogata, Yoshimune*; Harada, Hideo*; *; Sekine, Toshiaki;

Global 1995,Int. Conf. on Evaluation of Emerging Nuclear Fuel Cycle Systems, 2, p.1552 - 1559, 1995/00

no abstracts in English

Journal Articles

Sorption of $$^{60}$$Co,$$^{85}$$Sr,$$^{137}$$Cs,$$^{237}$$Np and $$^{241}$$Am on soil under coexistence of humic acid; Effects of molecular size of humic acid

Tanaka, Tadao;

Mater. Res. Soc. Symp. Proc., Vol. 353, 0, p.1013 - 1020, 1995/00

no abstracts in English

37 (Records 1-20 displayed on this page)