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Journal Articles

Complex compound of rare earth elements, Actinides

Saeki, Masakatsu

Dai-5-Han Jikken Kagaku Koza 22; Kinzoku Sakutai, Seni Kinzoku Kurasuta, p.200 - 209, 2004/03

no abstracts in English

JAEA Reports

None

; Koyama, Tomozo; Funasaka, Hideyuki

JNC-TN8400 99-021, 34 Pages, 1999/03

JNC-TN8400-99-021.pdf:1.27MB

None

JAEA Reports

Thermodynamic Date for Predicting Concentrations of Pu(III), Am(III), and Cm(III) in Geologic Environments

Rai, D.*; Rao, L.*; Weger, H. T.*; GREGORY R.CHOPPI*; Yui, Mikazu

JNC-TN8400 99-010, 95 Pages, 1999/01

JNC-TN8400-99-010.pdf:3.88MB

This report provides thermodynamic data for predicting concentrations of Pu(III), Am(III), and Cm(III) in geologic environments, and contributes to an integration of the JNC chemical thermodynamic database, JNC-TDB (previously PNC-TDB), for the performance analysis of geological isolation system for high-level radioactive wastes. Thermodynamic data for the formation of complexes or compounds with hydroxide, chloride, fluoride, carbonate, nitrate, sulfate and phosphate are discussed in this report. Where data for specific actinide(III) species are lacking, the data were selected based on chemical analogy to other trivalent actinides. In this study, the Pitzer ion-interaction model is mainly used to extrapolate thermodynamic constants to zero ionic strength at 25$$^{circ}$$C.

JAEA Reports

Thermodynamic Date for Predicting Concentrations of Th(IV), U(IV), Np(IV), and Pu(IV) in Geologic Environments

Rai, D.*; Rao, L.*; Weger, H. T.*; Felmy, A. R.*; Choppin, G. R.*; Yui, Mikazu

JNC-TN8400 99-009, 115 Pages, 1999/01

JNC-TN8400-99-009.pdf:5.19MB

This report provides thermodynamic data for predicting concentrations of Th(IV), U(IV), Np(IV), and Pu(IV) in geologic environments, and contributes to an integration of the JNC chemical thermodynamic database, JNC-TDB (previously PNC-TDB), for the performance analysis of geological isolation system for high-level radioactive wastes. Thermodynamic data for the formation of complexes or compounds with hydroxide, chloride, fluoride, carbonate, nitrate, sulfate and phosphate are discussed in this report. Where data for specific actinide(IV) species was lacking, the data were selected based on chemical analogy to other tetravalent actinides. ln this study, the Pitzer ion-interaction model is used to extrapolate thermodynamic constants to zero ionic strength at 25$$^{circ}$$C.

JAEA Reports

None

*

PNC-TJ8603 96-002, 22 Pages, 1996/01

PNC-TJ8603-96-002.pdf:0.56MB

None

JAEA Reports

Literature survey on extractants for liquid-liquid extraction applied to nuclear fuel cycles

;

PNC-TN8420 95-002, 140 Pages, 1995/01

PNC-TN8420-95-002.pdf:3.16MB

In the field of uranium ore refining and spent fuel reprocessing, a lot of extractants capable of recovering actinides have been innovated, and some of which have been developed in actual industrial scale processes. Extractability against trivalent actinides on each extractants were evaluated in this report. And as for the compounds which showed excellent extractability for Americium, their extraction characteristics for trivalent actinides, such as extraction behavior, mechanism, ligand structure and conformation of complexes, were evaluated, and filed as data-base. Based on these works, some of extractant were newly identified as candidate to apply Americium recovering. The most appropriate compounds for trivalent actinide separation can be generally found in the neutral bidentate organic compound groups: Especially, some derivatives belongs to Diphosphineoxide, Carbamoyl-methylphosphine oxide and Propandiamide were superior to give sufficiently excellent property even in higher nitric acid(1$$sim$$3M) solutions. Innovative research towards developping new extractants and extraction system seems to be directed to ; (1)investigate new types of extractant sustained by a different kind of complexing mechanism, (2)evaluate synergistic effect of adducts, diluents even including conventional extractants.

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