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Journal Articles

Research and development behind a computation system for 3D distributions of air dose rates in the environment; Estimating environmental radiation doses using PHITS together with remote sensing data

Kim, M.; Malins, A.; Sakuma, Kazuyuki; Kitamura, Akihiro; Machida, Masahiko; Hasegawa, Yukihiro*; Yanagi, Hideaki*

Isotope News, (765), p.30 - 33, 2019/10

Here we outline a system for generating three dimensional models of urban and rural areas in Fukushima Prefecture. The $$^{134}$$Cs and $$^{137}$$Cs radioactivity distribution can be set flexibly across the different components of the model. The models incorporate realistic representations of local buildings, individual conifer and broadleaf trees, and the topography of the land surface. The system is demonstrated by modelling a suburban area 4 km from the Fukushima Daiichi Nuclear Power Plant that has yet to be decontaminated. Air dose rates calculated in PHITS were correlated with measurements taken across the site in a car-borne survey.

Journal Articles

Exascale simulations of fusion plasmas

Idomura, Yasuhiro; Watanabe, Tomohiko*; Todo, Yasushi*

Shimyureshon, 38(2), p.79 - 86, 2019/06

We promote the research and development of exascale fusion plasma simulations on Post-K towards estimation and prediction of core plasma performance, and exploration of improved operation scenarios on the next generation fusion experimental reactor ITER. In this paper, we review developed exascale simulation technologies and outcomes from validation studies on existing experimental devices, and discuss perspectives on exascale fusion plasma simulations on Post-K.

Journal Articles

Provision of laser irradiation conditions for melting and solidification processes using computational science simulation code SPLICE

Muramatsu, Toshiharu

Sumato Purosesu Gakkai-Shi, 8(1), p.4 - 8, 2019/01

no abstracts in English

Journal Articles

Overview of computational mouse models

Mohammadi, A.*; Kinase, Sakae; Safavi-Naeini, M.*

Computational Anatomical Animal Models; Methodological Developments and Research Applications, p.3_1 - 3_27, 2018/12

Journal Articles

Visiting Professor's Research Division

Nakajima, Norihiro; Aoki, Keiko*

Tokyo Daigaku Jinkobutsu Kogaku Kenkyu Senta 2017-Nendo Kenkyu Nempo, p.51 - 53, 84, 2018/12

Visiting professors research division in the Research into Artifacts, Center for Engineering (RACE) has been conducting research collaboration in Socio-Artifactology and Human-Artifactology, in order to establish the methodology of the fusion research in sociology and science for artifacts engineering for the third era activity of RACE. The division decided to observe how the methodology works in applications with social experiments and numerical experiments for 2017.

Journal Articles

Review of the performance of a car-borne survey system, KURAMA-II, used to measure the dose rate after the Fukushima Dai-ichi Nuclear Power Plant accident

Tsuda, Shuichi; Tanigaki, Minoru*; Yoshida, Tadayoshi; Saito, Kimiaki

Hoshasen, 44(3), p.109 - 118, 2018/11

JAEA has started to perform dose rate monitoring using a car-borne survey system KURAMA to rapidly produce the dose rate mappings of the deposited radionuclides in the environment after the Fukushima Dai-ichi Nuclear Power Plant accident. KURAMA is a car-borne survey system developed by Kyoto University to perform dose rate monitoring in a wide area in detail with rapidity. By improving KURAMA with continuous dose rate monitoring, the 2nd generation of KURAMA (KURAMA-II) succeeded in downsizing, durability and automated transmission of data so that enable detailed dose rate mapping in wide area in shorter period of time. This paper reports the radiation characteristics and the simulation analysis of KURAMA-II on the special issue of Hoshasen, the journal of Ionization Radiation Division in the Japan society of applied physics.

Journal Articles

Interpretation of thermal desorption spectra of hydrogen from aluminum using numerical simulation

Ebihara, Kenichi; Yamaguchi, Masatake; Tsuru, Tomohito; Itakura, Mitsuhiro

Keikinzoku, 68(11), p.596 - 602, 2018/11

Hydrogen embrittlement (HE) is considered as one cause of stress corrosion cracking. HE is a serious problem in the development of high strength aluminum alloy as with steels. For understanding HE, it is inevitable to know hydrogen trapping states in the alloys and it can be identified using thermal desorption spectrometry of H. In this study, we numerically simulated thermal desorption spectra of hydrogen in aluminum for a cylindrical and a plate specimens and interpreted the desorption peaks included in them on the basis of the trap site concentration and the trap energy. As a result, we found that the peak at the lowest-temperature side can result from grain boundaries and confirmed that the reported interpretation for other peaks is reasonable. We also obtained the result showing the possibility that the trap site concentration of defects changes during heating the specimens. This result may give a suggestion for the interpretation of temperature desorption spectra of steels.

Journal Articles

Numerical simulation of thermal striping phenomena for fundamental validation and uncertainty quantification; Application of least square version GCI and area validation method to impinging jet in a T-Junction piping system

Tanaka, Masaaki

Proceedings of 12th International Topical Meeting on Nuclear Reactor Thermal-Hydraulics, Operation and Safety (NUTHOS-12) (USB Flash Drive), 14 Pages, 2018/10

A numerical simulation code MUGTHES has been developed to estimate high cycle thermal fatigue in SFRs. In development of numerical simulation code, verification, validation, and uncertainty quantification (VVUQ) are indispensable. In this study, numerical simulation at impinging jet condition in the WATLON experiment which was the water experiment of a T-junction piping system was performed for the fundamental validation. Based on the previous studies, the simplified least square version GCI method and the area validation metrics were employed as reference methods to quantify uncertainty and to measure the degree of difference between the numerical and the experimental results, respectively. Through the examinations, the potential applicability of the MUGTHES to the thermal striping phenomena was indicated and requirements of modification in the simulation was suggested in accordance with the uncertainty values.

Journal Articles

Study on simulation of thermal desorption spectra for a tempered martensitic steel with vacancies induced by hydrogen and strain

Ebihara, Kenichi; Saito, Kei*; Takai, Kenichi*

"Suiso Zeika No Kihon Yoin To Tokusei Hyoka" Kenkyukai Hokokusho, p.57 - 61, 2018/09

no abstracts in English

Journal Articles

Atomistic simulation of phosphorus segregation to $$Sigma$$3(111) symmetrical tilt grain boundary in $$alpha$$-iron

Ebihara, Kenichi; Suzudo, Tomoaki

Modelling and Simulation in Materials Science and Engineering, 26(6), p.065005_1 - 065005_10, 2018/09

 Percentile:100(Materials Science, Multidisciplinary)

Irradiation-induced grain boundary phosphorus segregation is an important factor for estimating the embrittlement of nuclear reactor pressure vessel steels, but the physical process of phosphorus migration to grain boundaries is still unclear. We numerically studied phosphorus migration toward $$Sigma$$3(111) symmetrical tilt grain boundary in $$alpha$$-iron using molecular dynamics. We found that, in the vicinity of the grain boundary within $$sim$$1 nm distance, an iron-phosphorus mixed dumbbell and an octahedral interstitial phosphorus atom push a self-interstitial atom into the grain boundary, and the phosphorus atom becomes a substitutional atom. A phosphorus vacancy complex in the region also becomes dissociated, and the vacancy is absorbed in the grain boundary without dragging phosphorus. The results claim that a novel view of the segregation process is required.

Journal Articles

Development of an air dose rate evaluation system (3D-ADRES) for complex real environments in Fukushima Prefecture; Using remote sensing data and evaluating the influence of different features (topography, soil, buildings, trees, etc.)

Kim, M.; Malins, A.; Sakuma, Kazuyuki; Kitamura, Akihiro; Machida, Masahiko; Hasegawa, Yukihiro*; Yanagi, Hideaki*

RIST News, (64), p.3 - 16, 2018/09

To improve the accuracy of simulations for air dose rates over fallout contaminated areas, the distribution of the radionuclides within the environment should be modelled realistically, e.g. considering differences in radioactivity levels between agricultural land, urban surfaces, and forest compartments. Moreover simulations should model the shielding of $$gamma$$ rays by buildings, trees and land topography. Here we outline a system for generating three dimensional models of urban and rural areas in Fukushima Prefecture. The $$^{134}$$Cs and $$^{137}$$Cs radioactivity distribution can be set flexibly across the different components of the model. The models incorporate realistic representations of local buildings, based on nine common Japanese designs, individual conifer and broadleaf trees, and the topography of the land surface. Models are generated from Digital Elevation Model (DEM) and Digital Surface Model (DSM) datasets, and refined by users assisted with ortho-photographs of target sites. Completed models are exported from the system in a format suitable for the Particle and Heavy Ion Transport code System (PHITS) for the calculation of air dose rates and other radiological quantities. The system is demonstrated by modelling a suburban area 4 km from the Fukushima Daiichi Nuclear Power Plant that has yet to be decontaminated. Air dose rates calculated in PHITS were correlated with measurements taken across the site in a car-borne survey.

Journal Articles

Computational science simulations for laser coating processes

Muramatsu, Toshiharu

Reza Kako Gakkai-Shi, 25(2), p.81 - 85, 2018/06

no abstracts in English

Journal Articles

Introduction of particle transport code PHITS and analytical model for estimating the atmospheric cosmic-ray spectra PARMA

Abe, Shinichiro; Sato, Tatsuhiko

Meson, (47), p.34 - 39, 2018/03

Some researchers actively investigate secondary cosmic-ray muon radiography for imaging of large structures, detecting nuclear matter, and so on. The simulation is one of effective methods to estimate the required time for muon radiography or to optimize detection system. In this report, we introduce particle transport code PHITS and analytical model for estimating the atmospheric cosmic-ray spectra PARMA. Benchmark results are also shown. PHITS describes intensities of terrestrial muons in the ground well. PHITS also shows good agreement with measured data for particle generations from several interactions between muon and material. These results indicate the practicability of PHITS for simulation of muon radiography. PARMA reproduces cosmic-ray spectra on several spots well. Excellent agreement is seen between the measurements and PARMA for muon fluxes with large zenith angles and high energies, which are important for muon radiography.

Journal Articles

State-of-the-art approach and issue to establish simulation credibility

Nakada, Kotaro*; Kudo, Yoshiro*; Koshizuka, Seiichi*; Tanaka, Masaaki

Nippon Genshiryoku Gakkai-Shi, 60(3), p.173 - 177, 2018/03

The Atomic Energy Society of Japan (AESJ) published "Guideline for Credibility Assessment of Nuclear Simulations 2015" in June, 2016 which specifies the concepts on methodology for the prediction with uncertainty quantification and the quality management based on the concept of verification and validation (V&V) of modeling and simulation. In this report, the outlines of activities in AESJ for publication of the guideline and the expectation for effective implementation of the guideline are described including that of the lectures with major respondents of the questionnaires.

Journal Articles

Neoclassical transport benchmark of global full-f gyrokinetic simulation in stellarator configurations

Matsuoka, Seikichi; Idomura, Yasuhiro; Satake, Shinsuke*

Physics of Plasmas, 25(2), p.022510_1 - 022510_10, 2018/02

 Times Cited Count:1 Percentile:53.13(Physics, Fluids & Plasmas)

Global full-f gyrokinetic simulations, in which the gyrokinetic equation is solved based on the first principle without the scale separation with respect to the plasma distribution function, is attracting much attention in the plasma transport simulation studies. In this work, in order to apply a global full-f gyrokinetic simulation code GT5D to stellarator plasmas with complicated three-dimensional magnetic field configurations, we extend finite difference scheme of GT5D and develop a new interface code which incorporates the three-dimensional magnetic equilibria provided by a standard equilibrium code, VMEC. A series of benchmark calculations are carried out for the numerical verification of GT5D. It is successfully demonstrated that GT5D well reproduces results of a theoretical analysis and another global neoclassical transport code.

Journal Articles

Electron heat diffusivity in radially-bounded ergodic region of toroidal plasma

Kanno, Ryutaro*; Nunami, Masanori*; Satake, Shinsuke*; Matsuoka, Seikichi; Takamaru, Hisanori*

Nuclear Fusion, 58(1), p.016033_1 - 016033_7, 2018/01

 Percentile:100(Physics, Fluids & Plasmas)

The electron heat transport in a torus plasma which involves a radially-bounded ergodic region, where flux surfaces are partially destroyed by perturbative magnetic fields, is studied. In this paper, we have demonstrated that the radial heat conduction by the particles' parallel motion is reduced by trapped particles.

Journal Articles

Advanced non-destructive analysis technique capable of rapidly determining uranium mass contained in waste drum with high accuracy

Ozu, Akira; Komeda, Masao; Kureta, Masatoshi; Nakatsuka, Yoshiaki; Nakashima, Shinichi

Nippon Genshiryoku Gakkai-Shi, 59(12), p.700 - 704, 2017/12

no abstracts in English

Journal Articles

Numerical simulation of hydrogen thermal desorption profile under assumption of two kinds of trap sites for tempered martensitic steel

Tsuchida, Yutaka*; Ebihara, Kenichi

Tetsu To Hagane, 103(11), p.653 - 659, 2017/11

 Percentile:100(Metallurgy & Metallurgical Engineering)

A single peak in thermal desorption profiles of hydrogen, which are measured in low-temperature thermal desorption spectrometry (L-TDS) for a very thin plate specimen of tempered martensitic steel, was reproduced successfully by the superposition of two Gaussian distributions. Then, the parameters concerning the detrapping rate constants for both peaks, which are trap energy and pre-exponential factor, were calculated using the Choo-Lee plot. We confirmed that Kissinger model incorporating the obtained parameters could simulate the two peaks. In addition, we reproduced the single peak well using the reaction-diffusion equation incorporating the obtained parameters and the appropriate trap site concentration. From the results, we interpreted that the one peak corresponds to dislocation and the other to grain-boundary.

Journal Articles

Global kinetic simulations of neoclassical toroidal viscosity in low-collisional perturbed tokamak plasmas

Matsuoka, Seikichi; Idomura, Yasuhiro; Satake, Shinsuke*

Physics of Plasmas, 24(10), p.102522_1 - 102522_9, 2017/10

 Times Cited Count:1 Percentile:79.99(Physics, Fluids & Plasmas)

In axisymmetric tokamak plasmas, effects of three-dimensional non-axisymmetric magnetic field perturbations caused by error fields etc. have attracted much attention from the view point of the control of the plasma performance and instabilities. Recent studies pointed out that there exists qualitative discrepancy in predicting the collisional viscosity driven by the perturbation between a theoretical bounce-averaged model and a global kinetic simulation. Clarifying the cause of the discrepancy by understanding the underlying mechanism is a key issue to establish a reliable basis for the NTV predictions. In this work, we perform two different kinds of global kinetic simulations for the NTV. As a result, it is first demonstrated that the discrepancy arises owing to the following two mechanisms related to the global particle orbit; (1) the effective magnitude of the perturbation becomes weak due to the loss of the resonant orbit, and (2) the phase mixing along the orbit arises and generates fine scale structures, resulting the damping of the NTV.

Journal Articles

A Numerical study of turbulence statistics and the structure of a spatially-developing boundary layer over a realistic urban geometry

Inagaki, Atsushi*; Kanda, Manabu*; Ahmad, N. H.*; Yagi, Ayako*; Onodera, Naoyuki; Aoki, Takayuki*

Boundary-Layer Meteorology, 164(2), p.161 - 181, 2017/08

 Times Cited Count:2 Percentile:68.43(Meteorology & Atmospheric Sciences)

The applicability of outer-layer scaling is examined by numerical simulation of a developing neutral boundary layer over a realistic building geometry of Tokyo. Large-eddy simulations are carried out over a large computational domain 19.2 km $$times$$ 4.8 km $$times$$1 km, with a fine grid spacing (2 m) using the lattice-Boltzmann method with massively parallel graphics processing units. Results from simulations show that outer-layer features are maintained for turbulence statistics in the upper part of the boundary layer, as well as the width of predominant streaky structures throughout the entire boundary layer. This is caused by the existence of very large streaky structures extending throughout the entire boundary layer, which follow outer-layer scaling with a self-preserving development. We assume the top-down mechanism in the physical interpretation of results.

731 (Records 1-20 displayed on this page)