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Journal Articles

Commissioned research on geological disposal performed by JAEA Safety Research Center

Sawaguchi, Takuma

"Yugai Haikibutsu, Hoshasei Haikibutsu Eno Semento, Konkurito Gijutsu No Tekiyo Kenkyu Iinkai" Hokokusho (CD-ROM), p.165 - 173, 2020/12

no abstracts in English

Journal Articles

Long-term mechanical analysis code considering chemical alteration for a TRU waste geological repository

Mihara, Morihiro; Hirano, Fumio; Takayama, Yusuke; Kyokawa, Hiroyuki*; Ono, Shintaro*

Genshiryoku Bakkuendo Kenkyu (CD-ROM), 24(1), p.15 - 25, 2017/06

A computer program MACBECE has been developed to provide rigorous calculations of the long-term mechanical behavior of a TRU waste geological repository. Consideration is given to the expected chemical alteration of repository components, including cementitious materials and bentonite, and the mechanical interactions between repository and host rock. The long-term mechanical behavior of a TRU waste repository was evaluated in a deep soft rock site, where creep deformation is likely to occur from the initial construction phase to 10$$^{5}$$ years after repository closure. It was found that the stress didn't fall into a singularity of yield surface of the EC model applied to the mechanical behavior model of bentonite. The calculated displacement of the inner diameter of the repository, considering mechanical interaction between repository and host rock, was about half that of a result in 2nd progress report on R&D for TRU waste disposal in Japan.

JAEA Reports

A study on long term stability of bentonite; The preliminary study on the bentonite stability in the groundwater influenced by cementitious material

*; Mihara, Morihiro;

JNC-TN8430 2001-007, 56 Pages, 2002/01

JNC-TN8430-2001-007.pdf:13.13MB

In the geological disposal concept of radioactive wastes, a kind of clay with sorption ability and low permeability, called bentonite, is envisaged as an engineered barrier system in the geological repository. Also, the cemetitious material is envisaged as the backfill material in the vaults and the structure material of the vaults. The groundwater in contact with the cementitious material will promote hyperalkaline conditions in the repository environment and these conditions will affect the performance of the bentonite. Therefore, it is necessary to investigate the interaction between the cementitious material and the bentonite for the evaluation of long term stability of the disposal system. In this study, for the identification and the investigation of the secondary minerals, the batch immersion experiments of the powder bentonite were carried out using synthetic cement leachates (pH=7, 12.5, 14) at 200$$^{circ}$$C. As the results, it was confirmed that Na as exchangeable cations in the bentonite can exchange relatively easily with Ca in the solution from the experiment results. And the ratio of cation exchange was estimated to be about 25% based on the amount of exchangeable cations Ca$$^{2+}$$ between layers. Furthermore, it was concretely shown that the generation of analcime might be affected by the Na concentration from results of the solution analyses and a stability analysis of analcime using the chemical equilibrium model, in addition to the pH in the solution.

JAEA Reports

Experimental investigations of the effect of alkali fluids on montmorillonite, albite and quartz

JNC-TN8400 2001-008, 36 Pages, 2001/03

JNC-TN8400-2001-008.pdf:2.26MB

Research on geologic disposal of high-level radioactive waste(HLW) has been underway in many countries. Bentonite exhibiting a low permeability, high swelling property and high sorption capacity for many radioelements is proposed as a buffer material in many countlies. Recently, cementitious materials are considered as candidate matelials for the geologic disposal of high-level radioactive waste. As the pH and the Ca, Na, K contents of hyperalkaline pore water from the cementitious materials are high, this hyperalkaline pore water would alter the buffer material. The main aim of this study is to investigate the effect of alkaline pore water into the bentonite. Used materials are montmorillonite, albite and quartz composing bentonite. These minerals mixed in a constant ratio (1:1wt%) made to react to distilled water and the alkali solutions (pH11-13). These studies have been conducted at temperatures of 50 - 150$$^{circ}$$C and run times of 10 - 200 day. XRD(X-ray powder diffraction) and SEM (Scanning Electron Microscopy) analyses were applied to studying the structure and quantitative data of each sample. From the result of this study, the main formed mineral of this experiment was analcime, which showed the tendency with a large amount of generation at a higher pH and temperature. Quantitative data of this study was conducted by X-ray powder diffraction method. THe order of the amount of the second analcime in each experiment is shown in the following. Montmorillonite and albite mixing test $$>$$ Montmorillonite test $$>$$ Montmorillonite and quartz mixing test Activation energies (E$$_{a}$$) using the quantitative data of each test are shown in the following. (1)Montmorillonite test : 54.9kJ/mol (2)Montmorillonite and albite mixing test : 51.9kJ/mol (3)Montmorillonite and quartz mixing test : 59.6kJ/mol

Oral presentation

Solubility of zirconium in highly-basic solutions containing calcium

Kitamura, Akira; Kobayashi, Taishi*; Sasaki, Takayuki*

no journal, , 

Solubility of zirconium was investigated in highly basic solutions containing calcium to evaluate effect of cementitious materials for setting parameters on radionuclide migration for TRU waste disposal. The obtained aqueous concentration of zirconium as functions of hydrogen and calcium concentrations was compared with thermodynamic calculations using published thermodynamic data.

Oral presentation

Detailed non-destructive observation of the interface between granite and grouting material using X-ray

Hitomi, Takashi*; Uyama, Masao*; Iyatomi, Yosuke; Matsui, Hiroya

no journal, , 

no abstracts in English

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