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Journal Articles

SOL-divertor plasma simulations introducing anisotropic temperature with virtual divertor model

Togo, Satoshi*; Takizuka, Tomonori*; Nakamura, Makoto; Hoshino, Kazuo; Ogawa, Yuichi*

Journal of Nuclear Materials, 463, p.502 - 505, 2015/08

 Times Cited Count:8 Percentile:28.72(Materials Science, Multidisciplinary)

A 1D SOL-divertor plasma simulation code introducing the anisotropic ion temperature with virtual divertor model has been developed. By introducing the anisotropic ion temperature directly, the second-derivative parallel ion viscosity term in the momentum transport equation can be excluded and the boundary condition at the divertor plate becomes unnecessary. In order to express the effects of the divertor plate and accompanying sheath implicitly, the virtual divertor model has been introduced which has an artificial sinks of particle, momentum and energy. The virtual divertor model makes the periodic boundary condition available. By using this model, SOL-divertor plasmas satisfying the Bohm condition has been successfully obtained. Also investigated are the dependence of the ion temperature anisotropy on the normalized mean free path of ion and the validity of the approximated parallel ion viscosity for the Braginskii expression and the limited one.

Journal Articles

ITPA (International Tokamak Physics Activity) meeting report, 51

Asakura, Nobuyuki

Purazuma, Kaku Yugo Gakkai-Shi, 91(8), P. 566, 2015/08

no abstracts in English

Journal Articles

Perspective of negative triangularity tokamak as fusion energy system

Kikuchi, Mitsuru; Medvedev, S.*; Takizuka, Tomonori*; Fasoli, A.*; Wu, Y.*; Diamond, P. H.*; Duan, X.*; Kishimoto, Yasuaki*; Hanada, Kazuaki*; 41 of others*

Europhysics Conference Abstracts (Internet), 39E, p.P4.179_1 - P4.179_4, 2015/06

Power and particle control in fusion reactor is quite a challenge and we have studied the negative triangularity tokamak (NTT) as an innovative concept to reduce the transient ELM heat load and the quasi steady-state heat load. A double-null NTT is stable to ideal MHD modes for a reactor relevant bN $$>$$ 3 while it is a magnetic hill configuration. In this paper, we report the configuration study of single-null NTT and its ideal MHD stability.

Journal Articles

Issues and approaches for ITER with the full tungsten divertor from Day One

Nakano, Tomohide

Purazuma, Kaku Yugo Gakkai-Shi, 91(3), p.191 - 196, 2015/03

no abstracts in English

Journal Articles

Actively convected liquid metal divertor

Shimada, Michiya; Hirooka, Yoshihiko*

Nuclear Fusion, 54(12), p.122002_1 - 122002_7, 2014/12

 Times Cited Count:23 Percentile:16.87(Physics, Fluids & Plasmas)

Tungsten is considered to be the most promising material for divertor in a fusion reactor. Tungsten divertor can withstand the heat loads of ITER, but the heat loads of DEMO divertor is a challenge. Pulsive heat loads as those associated with disruption could melt tungsten targets. The surface would not be flat after subsequent resolidification, which would significantly deteriorate its heat handling capability. Furthermore, DBTT of tungsten is rather high: $$sim$$ 400$$^{circ}$$C, which would become even higher after neutron irradiation, possibly resulting in cracks in tungsten. Our proposal is to use liquid metal for the divertor target material and actively circulate it with $$j$$ $$times$$ $$B$$ force. A simplified analysis of mhd equation in a cylindrical geometry suggests that the engineering requirement is modest. This analysis suggests that this new divertor concept merits further investigation.

Journal Articles

Development of tungsten monoblock technology for ITER full-tungsten divertor in Japan

Seki, Yohji; Ezato, Koichiro; Suzuki, Satoshi; Yokoyama, Kenji; Mori, Kensuke; Hirai, Takeshi*; Escourbiac, F.*; Kuznetsov, V.*

Proceedings of 25th IAEA Fusion Energy Conference (FEC 2014) (CD-ROM), 8 Pages, 2014/10

Journal Articles

Development of divertor simulation research in the GAMMA 10/PDX tandem mirror

Nakashima, Yosuke*; Sakamoto, Mizuki*; Yoshikawa, Masayuki*; Oki, Kensuke*; Takeda, Hisahito*; Ichimura, Kazuya*; Hosoi, Katsuhiro*; Hirata, Mafumi*; Ichimura, Makoto*; Ikezoe, Ryuya*; et al.

Proceedings of 25th IAEA Fusion Energy Conference (FEC 2014) (CD-ROM), 8 Pages, 2014/10

Journal Articles

Present status of linear plasma devices and issues on DEMO divertor design

Sakamoto, Mizuki*; Ono, Noriyasu*; Asakura, Nobuyuki; Hoshino, Kazuo

Purazuma, Kaku Yugo Gakkai-Shi, 90(8), p.473 - 479, 2014/08

no abstracts in English

Journal Articles

Steady state operation research in JT-60U with extended pulse length

Fujita, Takaaki; JT-60 Team

Nuclear Fusion, 46(3), p.S3 - S12, 2006/03

 Times Cited Count:7 Percentile:72.7(Physics, Fluids & Plasmas)

no abstracts in English

Journal Articles

Study of global wall saturation mechanisms in long-pulse ELMy H-mode discharges on JT-60U

Takenaga, Hidenobu; Nakano, Tomohide; Asakura, Nobuyuki; Kubo, Hirotaka; Konoshima, Shigeru; Shimizu, Katsuhiro; Tsuzuki, Kazuhiro; Masaki, Kei; Tanabe, Tetsuo*; Ide, Shunsuke; et al.

Nuclear Fusion, 46(3), p.S39 - S48, 2006/03

 Times Cited Count:18 Percentile:45.37(Physics, Fluids & Plasmas)

no abstracts in English

Journal Articles

Concept of core and divertor plasma for fusion DEMO plant at JAERI

Sato, Masayasu; Sakurai, Shinji; Nishio, Satoshi; Tobita, Kenji; Inoue, Takashi; Nakamura, Yukiharu; Shinya, Kichiro*; Fujieda, Hirobumi*; DEMO Plant Design Team

Fusion Engineering and Design, 81(8-14), p.1277 - 1284, 2006/02

 Times Cited Count:13 Percentile:29.85(Nuclear Science & Technology)

no abstracts in English

Journal Articles

Selection of design solutions and fabrication methods and supporting R&D for procurement of ITER vessel and FW/blanket

Ioki, Kimihiro*; Elio, F.*; Maruyama, So; Morimoto, Masaaki*; Rozov, V.*; Tivey, R.*; Utin, Y.*

Fusion Engineering and Design, 74(1-4), p.185 - 190, 2005/11

 Times Cited Count:5 Percentile:61.73(Nuclear Science & Technology)

The ITER project has started preparation of Procurement Specification Documents for the vacuum vessel (VV). The design of the VV and FW/Blanket has progressed in many aspects, such as an double curvature pressing instead of facet shape welding for inner and outer shells in the upper and lower inboard regions to improve the fabrication and NDT process. The plasma facing surface of the FW has been defined to avoid protruding the leading edges, especially in the inboard area. Separate FW panels are supported with a central beam, and selection of a race-track shape cross-section for the central beam provides a more robust structure against halo current EM loads and also leads to a new cooling configuration in the shield block, where the pressure drop is significantly reduced to $$sim$$0.05 MPa. A UT R&D program is also going on to achieve acceptable S/N ratio for small-angle launching waves (20-30 deg.) to a weld. Hydraulic testing has been performed to demonstrate natural convection cooling in the transient condition.

Journal Articles

Technology research and development issues and deployment plan toward fusion DEMO plant

Takatsu, Hideyuki; Konishi, Satoshi*

Purazuma, Kaku Yugo Gakkai-Shi, 81(11), p.837 - 902, 2005/11

Technology research and development issues, other than Breeding Blankets and Structural Materials, nesessary to be developed toward a fusion DEMO plant are introduced. Taking five critical technologies (Divertor, Superconducting Magnets, Tritium System, Heating and Current Drive system and Remote Maintenance System), target specifications and current status of technology research and development are outlined.

Journal Articles

Comparison of tritium retention and carbon deposition in JET and JT-60U

Tanabe, Tetsuo*; Sugiyama, Kazuyoshi*; Coad, P.*; Bekris, N.*; Glugla, M.*; Miya, Naoyuki

Journal of Nuclear Materials, 345(2-3), p.89 - 95, 2005/10

 Times Cited Count:16 Percentile:24.8(Materials Science, Multidisciplinary)

no abstracts in English

Journal Articles

Retention of hydrogen isotopes in divertor tiles used in JT-60U

Hirohata, Yuko*; Shibahara, Takahiro*; Tanabe, Tetsuo*; Oya, Yasuhisa*; Arai, Takashi; Goto, Yoshitaka*; Masaki, Kei; Yagyu, Junichi; Oyaizu, Makoto*; Okuno, Kenji*; et al.

Fusion Science and Technology, 48(1), p.557 - 560, 2005/07

 Times Cited Count:3 Percentile:73.52(Nuclear Science & Technology)

no abstracts in English

Journal Articles

Intelligible seminar on fusion reactors, 5; Plasma facing high-heat-flux components, Walls to withstand high heat flux from fusion plasmas

Suzuki, Satoshi; Ueda, Yoshio*

Nippon Genshiryoku Gakkai-Shi, 47(4), p.266 - 271, 2005/04

no abstracts in English

Journal Articles

Multi-machine comparisons of H-mode separatrix densities and edge profile behaviour in the ITPA SOL and Divertor Physics Topical Group

Kallenbach, A.*; Asakura, Nobuyuki; Kirk, A.*; Korotkov, A.*; Mahdavi, M. A.*; Mossessian, D.*; Porter, G. D.*

Journal of Nuclear Materials, 337-339, p.381 - 385, 2005/03

 Times Cited Count:54 Percentile:3.77(Materials Science, Multidisciplinary)

Edge profile data for H-mode discharges in 6 tokamaks have been analysed with the main focus on the edge density profile as well as electron temperature and density gradient lengths and steep gradient zone widths. A uniform procedure of data treatment and assignment of the separatrix position via power balance allowed to put the multi-machine data on an even base. The machine size appears to be the leading parameter for the width of the steep edge transport barrier gradient zone, as well as for the temperature decay length at the separatrix. Effects associated with neutral penetration physics are visible in the edge density profile.

Journal Articles

Hydrogen retention in divertor tiles used in JT-60 for hydrogen discharge period

Hirohata, Yuko*; Shibahara, Takahiro*; Tanabe, Tetsuo*; Arai, Takashi; Goto, Yoshitaka*; Oya, Yasuhisa*; Yoshida, Hajime*; Morimoto, Yasutomi*; Yagyu, Junichi; Masaki, Kei; et al.

Journal of Nuclear Materials, 337-339, p.609 - 613, 2005/03

 Times Cited Count:12 Percentile:33.3(Materials Science, Multidisciplinary)

no abstracts in English

Journal Articles

Effects of long time scale variation of plasma wall interactions on particle control in JT-60U

Takenaga, Hidenobu; Nakano, Tomohide; Asakura, Nobuyuki; Kubo, Hirotaka; Konoshima, Shigeru; Shimizu, Katsuhiro; Tsuzuki, Kazuhiro; Ide, Shunsuke; Fujita, Takaaki

Proceedings of 4th IAEA Technical Meeting on Steady-State Operation of Magnetic Fusion Devices and MHD of Advanced Scenarios (Internet), 8 Pages, 2005/02

no abstracts in English

Journal Articles

Report of ITPA (International Tokamak Physics Activity) meeting, 13

Kawano, Yasunori; Kawahata, Kazuo*; Kusama, Yoshinori; Sasao, Mamiko*; Sugie, Tatsuo; Mase, Atsushi*; Asakura, Nobuyuki; Kato, Takako*; Takamura, Shuichi*; Tanabe, Tetsuo*; et al.

Purazuma, Kaku Yugo Gakkai-Shi, 81(2), p.128 - 130, 2005/02

no abstracts in English

362 (Records 1-20 displayed on this page)