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Journal Articles

Visiting Professor's Research Division

Nakajima, Norihiro; Aoki, Keiko*

Tokyo Daigaku Jinkobutsu Kogaku Kenkyu Senta 2017-Nendo Kenkyu Nempo, p.51 - 53, 84, 2018/12

Visiting professors research division in the Research into Artifacts, Center for Engineering (RACE) has been conducting research collaboration in Socio-Artifactology and Human-Artifactology, in order to establish the methodology of the fusion research in sociology and science for artifacts engineering for the third era activity of RACE. The division decided to observe how the methodology works in applications with social experiments and numerical experiments for 2017.

Journal Articles

RELAP5 modeling of the HTTR-GT/H$$_{2}$$ secondary system and turbomachinery

Humrickhouse, P. W.*; Sato, Hiroyuki; Imai, Yoshiyuki; Sumita, Junya; Yan, X.

Proceedings of 9th International Topical Meeting on High Temperature Reactor Technology (HTR 2018) (USB Flash Drive), 9 Pages, 2018/10

This work describes the development of a RELAP5-3D model of the HTTR-GT/H$$_{2}$$ plant secondary system. The RELAP5-3D model presently includes detailed models of several of the heat exchangers in the secondary system as well as the turbomachinery, which includes two compressors and two gas turbines connected to a common shaft and motor. The predictions of the model agreed well to design parameters in both sole power generation and hydrogen co-generation modes in most instances. Both the turbomachinery and heat exchanger models rely on extensive customization via RELAP5-3D control variables, and these implementations are outlined in detail. Potential improvements to the RELAP5-3D turbine model are discussed.

Journal Articles

Study on applicability of fast reactor plant dynamics analysis code to core thermal hydraulics under natural circulation decay heat removal conditions

Hamase, Erina; Doda, Norihiro; Nabeshima, Kunihiko; Ono, Ayako; Ohshima, Hiroyuki

Nippon Kikai Gakkai Rombunshu (Internet), 83(848), p.16-00431_1 - 16-00431_11, 2017/04

A plant dynamics analysis code Super-COPD is being developed in JAEA for the design and safety assessments of sodium-cooled fast reactors (SFRs). In this study, the friction loss coefficients in the whole core thermal-hydraulic model was modified to improve the prediction accuracy of the sodium temperature distribution in a fuel subassembly under the natural circulation conditions. The modified whole core model was applied to analyses of experiments that were performed by using JAEA's test facility PLANDTL as a part of the code validation study. The obtained numerical results of sodium temperature distributions in the core showed good agreement with the measured data. It implies that the modified whole core model can properly reproduce dominant thermal-hydraulic phenomena in the core region under natural circulation conditions, i.e., flow redistribution among fuel subassemblies as well as in a fuel subassembly and inter-subassembly heat transfer.

Journal Articles

Development of picosecond laser writing for heat resistant FBG sensors and adhesion technique for high temperature industrial plants

Nishimura, Akihiko; Takenaka, Yusuke*

Sumato Purosesu Gakkai-Shi, 6(2), p.74 - 79, 2017/03

no abstracts in English

Journal Articles

Advanced water chemistry control based on parameters determined with plant simulation models

Uchida, Shunsuke; Hanawa, Satoshi; Lister, D. H.*

Power Plant Chemistry, 17(6), p.328 - 339, 2015/12

In nuclear power plants, radiation makes the relationship between structural materials and water chemistry much more complex than that in fossil fueled power plants. It is difficult to maintain safer and more reliable plant operation by controlling water chemistry based on only a restricted number of measured data. It is often required to control water chemistry with suitable assistance from computer models, which can extrapolate measured water chemistry parameters to those at the required locations and predict future trends of the interactions between structural materials and water chemistry. In the paper, water chemistry control based on parameters determined with plant simulation models and major computational models to be applied for water chemistry control are discussed.

JAEA Reports

Annual technical report of the prototype fast breeder reactor Monju; 2013

Fast Breeder Reactor Research and Development Center, Tsuruga Head Office

JAEA-Review 2014-030, 138 Pages, 2014/08

JAEA-Review-2014-030.pdf:71.69MB

The prototype fast breeder reactor Monju has accumulated technical achievements in order to establish the fast breeder reactor cycle technology in Japan using the operation and maintenance experience, etc. This annual report summarizes the primary achievements and the data related to the plant management in Monju during fiscal 2013.

Journal Articles

Design optimization of ADS plant proposed by JAERI

Saito, Shigeru; Tsujimoto, Kazufumi; Kikuchi, Kenji; Kurata, Yuji; Sasa, Toshinobu; Umeno, Makoto*; Nishihara, Kenji; Mizumoto, Motoharu; Ouchi, Nobuo; Takei, Hayanori; et al.

Nuclear Instruments and Methods in Physics Research A, 562(2), p.646 - 649, 2006/06

 Times Cited Count:19 Percentile:17.15(Instruments & Instrumentation)

JAERI is conducting R&D on the Accelerator Driven System (ADS) to transmute minor actinides (MAs) contained in the high-level radioactive waste under the OMEGA (Options Making Extra Gains from Actinides and fission products) program. The present study discusses the design of the ADS plant and various R&D on the ADS. The reference design of ADS plant in JAERI is the 800 MWth, Pb-Bi eutectic (LBE) cooled, tank-type subcritical reactor loaded with (MA+Pu) nitride fuel. LBE is selected as a spallation target material. In our results of the optimization study on the neutronics of the ADS, we have adopted the maximum multiplication factor (k$$_{eff}$$) of 0.97. From the results of the thermal-hydraulic analysis around the LBE spallation target, partition wall and flow control nozzle are required to keep the structural integrity around the core and the beam window. Feasibility of beam window was also discussed for transient conditions of proton beam.

Journal Articles

Study on tritium accountancy in fusion DEMO plant at JAERI

Nishi, Masataka; Yamanishi, Toshihiko; Hayashi, Takumi; DEMO Plant Design Team

Fusion Engineering and Design, 81(1-7), p.745 - 751, 2006/02

 Times Cited Count:27 Percentile:10.46(Nuclear Science & Technology)

The fusion DEMO plant is under designing at JAERI as a fusion machine following ITER, and it is designed with long-term steady operation and tritium breeding blanket in which more tritium is produced than consumption. Therefore, proper tritium accountancy control concept should be discussed and developed for its safety and operation. From the viewpoint of regulation for the radioisotopes, at first, it will be suitable to divide facilities of the fusion DEMO plant into three accountancy control blocks, that is, (1) the contaminated waste management facility, (2) the long term tritium storage facility, and (3) the fuel processing plant. In each block, tritium amount of receipt and delivery should be carefully accounted. The fuel processing plant involves tritium production in the blanket, therefore proper accounting method for produced tritium should be established. Furthermore, dynamic accountancy is indispensable to the fuel processing plant to monitor tritium inventory distribution for safety and optimum system control in addition to the accountancy under regulation.

Journal Articles

Case study on tritium inventory in the fusion DEMO plant at JAERI

Nakamura, Hirofumi; Sakurai, Shinji; Suzuki, Satoshi; Hayashi, Takumi; Enoeda, Mikio; Tobita, Kenji; DEMO Plant Design Team

Fusion Engineering and Design, 81(8-14), p.1339 - 1345, 2006/02

 Times Cited Count:33 Percentile:8.03(Nuclear Science & Technology)

no abstracts in English

Journal Articles

Concept of core and divertor plasma for fusion DEMO plant at JAERI

Sato, Masayasu; Sakurai, Shinji; Nishio, Satoshi; Tobita, Kenji; Inoue, Takashi; Nakamura, Yukiharu; Shinya, Kichiro*; Fujieda, Hirobumi*; DEMO Plant Design Team

Fusion Engineering and Design, 81(8-14), p.1277 - 1284, 2006/02

 Times Cited Count:13 Percentile:30.24(Nuclear Science & Technology)

no abstracts in English

Journal Articles

Design study of fusion DEMO plant at JAERI

Tobita, Kenji; Nishio, Satoshi; Enoeda, Mikio; Sato, Masayasu; Isono, Takaaki; Sakurai, Shinji; Nakamura, Hirofumi; Sato, Satoshi; Suzuki, Satoshi; Ando, Masami; et al.

Fusion Engineering and Design, 81(8-14), p.1151 - 1158, 2006/02

 Times Cited Count:107 Percentile:0.68(Nuclear Science & Technology)

no abstracts in English

Journal Articles

Consideration on blanket structure for fusion DEMO plant at JAERI

Nishio, Satoshi; Omori, Junji*; Kuroda, Toshimasa*; Tobita, Kenji; Enoeda, Mikio; Tsuru, Daigo; Hirose, Takanori; Sato, Satoshi; Kawamura, Yoshinori; Nakamura, Hirofumi; et al.

Fusion Engineering and Design, 81(8-14), p.1271 - 1276, 2006/02

 Times Cited Count:13 Percentile:27.84(Nuclear Science & Technology)

The design guideline for the blanket is decided to meet the mission of the DEMO plant which is expected to use technologies to be proven by 2020 and present an economical prospect of fusion energy in the operational time of the reactor. To moderate the technological extrapolation, the structural material of reduced activation ferritic steel (F82H), ceramic tritium breeder of Li$$_{2}$$TiO$$_{3}$$ and neutron multiplier of Be are introduced. To improve the economical aspect, the coolant material of the supercritical water with inlet/outlet temperatures of 280/510$$^{circ}$$C, coolant pressure of 25 MPa is chosen. Resultantly the thermal efficiency of 41% is achieved. To obtain higher plasma performance, MHD instabilities suppressing shell structure is adopted with structural compatibility to the blanket structure. To meet higher plant availability requirement (more than 75%), the hot cell maintenance approach is selected for the replaceable power core components.

Journal Articles

Analysis of a BWR turbine trip experiment by entire plant simulation with spatial kinetics

Asahi, Yoshiro; Suzudo, Tomoaki; Ishikawa, Nobuyuki; Nakatsuka, Toru

Nuclear Science and Engineering, 152(2), p.219 - 235, 2006/02

 Times Cited Count:0 Percentile:100(Nuclear Science & Technology)

An analysis of a BWR turbine trip experiment was performed with the THYDE-NEU code. The plant was treated as a closed coolant system whose pressure ranges to the atmospheric pressure. To simulate an entire plant, it was found necessary to have the moisture separator model and to account for reversible pressure drops at a junction with an area change. A spatial kinetics model without a notion of reactivity was applied. It was confirmed that THYDE-NEU can perform a coupled neutronic and thermal-hydraulic null transient at the hot full power. Among factors influencing spatial kinetics in the turbine trip were the temporal behavior of the bypass valve opening, the thermal non-equilibrium model and the manner in which to express the coolant density used in the table look-up of cross sections. By adjusting these factors, it was found possible to generate the scram signal when the core averaged LPRM output reached the prescribed value. The other calculated results also were found satisfactorily in agreement with the experimental results.

Journal Articles

Technology research and development issues and deployment plan toward fusion DEMO plant

Takatsu, Hideyuki; Konishi, Satoshi*

Purazuma, Kaku Yugo Gakkai-Shi, 81(11), p.837 - 902, 2005/11

Technology research and development issues, other than Breeding Blankets and Structural Materials, nesessary to be developed toward a fusion DEMO plant are introduced. Taking five critical technologies (Divertor, Superconducting Magnets, Tritium System, Heating and Current Drive system and Remote Maintenance System), target specifications and current status of technology research and development are outlined.

JAEA Reports

Achievements of element technology development for breeding blanket

Department of Fusion Engineering Research; Department of Materials Science

JAERI-Review 2005-012, 143 Pages, 2005/03

JAERI-Review-2005-012.pdf:11.74MB

no abstracts in English

Journal Articles

Design and technology development of solid breeder blanket cooled by supercritical water in Japan

Enoeda, Mikio; Kosaku, Yasuo; Hatano, Toshihisa; Kuroda, Toshimasa*; Miki, Nobuharu*; Homma, Takashi; Akiba, Masato; Konishi, Satoshi; Nakamura, Hirofumi; Kawamura, Yoshinori; et al.

Nuclear Fusion, 43(12), p.1837 - 1844, 2003/12

 Times Cited Count:91 Percentile:5.41(Physics, Fluids & Plasmas)

no abstracts in English

JAEA Reports

Literature survey of thermal-hydraulic studies on super-critical pressurized water

Kurihara, Ryoichi; Watanabe, Kenichi*; Konishi, Satoshi

JAERI-Review 2003-020, 37 Pages, 2003/07

JAERI-Review-2003-020.pdf:2.08MB

no abstracts in English

Journal Articles

Evaluation of neutron irradiation embrittlement in structural materials for reactor pressure vessel

Ooka, Norikazu*; Ishii, Toshimitsu

Hihakai Kensa, 52(5), p.235 - 239, 2003/05

no abstracts in English

Journal Articles

DEMO plant design beyond ITER

Konishi, Satoshi; Nishio, Satoshi; Tobita, Kenji; DEMO Design Team

Fusion Engineering and Design, 63-64, p.11 - 17, 2002/12

 Times Cited Count:37 Percentile:8.03

The first fusion power plant DEMO must have some reality that ITER and other facilities in the same period are expected to prove its feasibility. The DEMO should also be so attractive and advanced that the future society would be interested in constructing based on its concept. The present DEMO plant concept intends to satisfy these antagonistic requirements assuming construction in 2030s immediately after successful completion of fundamental ITER mission. A steady tokamak is minimized to have 5.8m of major radius with 2.3GW with Q exceeds 30. Modestly ambitious plasma parameters are chosen. Technology improvement is assumed to make maximum 20 T magnet, metal first wall and super critical water cooled ITER-like blanket modules feasible. Tritium inventory is reduced to 1kg with improved safety system concept. This conceptual design identifies various technical issues that are expected to be solved by intensive R&D efforts during ITER period, and indicates a possible step immediately after ITER.

JAEA Reports

THYDE-NEU; Nuclear reactor system analysis code

Asahi, Yoshiro

JAERI-Data/Code 2002-002, 332 Pages, 2002/03

JAERI-Data-Code-2002-002.pdf:10.6MB

no abstracts in English

176 (Records 1-20 displayed on this page)