Segawa, Tomoomi; Kawaguchi, Koichi; Kato, Yoshiyuki; Ishii, Katsunori; Suzuki, Masahiro; Fujita, Shunya*; Kobayashi, Shohei*; Abe, Yutaka*; Kaneko, Akiko*; Yuasa, Tomohisa*
Proceedings of 2019 International Congress on Advances in Nuclear Power Plants (ICAPP 2019) (Internet), 9 Pages, 2019/05
A solution of plutonium nitrate and uranyl nitrate is converted into a mixed oxide by microwave heating denitration method. In the present study, for improving the efficiency of microwave heating and achieving high-temperature uniformity to produce homogeneous UO powder, the microwave heating test of potassium chloride and uranyl nitrate solution, and numerical simulation analysis were conducted. The potassium chloride agar was adjusted to the dielectric loss, which is close to that of the uranyl nitrate solution and the optimum support table height was estimated to be 50 mm for denitration of the uranyl nitrate solution by microwave heating. The adiabator improved the efficiency of microwave heating denitration. Moreover, the powder yield was improved by using the adiabator owing to ease of scraping of the denitration product from the bottom of the denitration vessel.
Segawa, Tomoomi; Fukasawa, Tomonori*; Huang, A.-N.*; Yamada, Yoshikazu; Suzuki, Masahiro; Fukui, Kunihiro*
Chemical Engineering Science, 153, p.108 - 116, 2016/10
The influence of the heating method and rate on the morphology of CuO powders synthesized from Cu(NO)3HO aqueous solutions by denitration was investigated. The median diameter of the obtained powder was found to decrease as the heating rate increased, independent of the heating method. The microwave heating method remarkably reduced the particle size and enhanced the irregularity and disorder of the shape and surface of the particles, which were found to be more widely distributed. In contrast, the microwave hybrid heating method yielded the most spherical particles with the smoothest surface. It was also found that this heating method sharpened the particle size distribution and had higher energy efficiency than the MW method. Numerical simulations also indicated a difference in the energy efficiency between these two methods. The simulations also revealed that the hybrid method could heat the whole reactor more uniformly with a lower microwave output.
Segawa, Tomoomi; Kawaguchi, Koichi; Ishii, Katsunori; Suzuki, Masahiro; Arimitsu, Naoki*; Yoshida, Hideto*; Fukui, Kunihiro*
Advanced Powder Technology, 26(3), p.983 - 990, 2015/05
Denitration of the aqueous solution of nickel nitrate hexahydrate (Ni(NO)6HO) by a microwave heating method was investigated. Since Ni(NO)6HO aqueous solution cannot be heated to over 300 C by microwave irradiation owing to the low microwave absorptivity of its intermediate, NiO could not previously be obtained by microwave heating. We propose a novel NiO synthesis method that uses microwave heating without the risk of chemical contamination. A NiO powder reagent was added to the solution as a microwave acceptor. The denitration efficiency to NiO could be improved by an adiabator around the reactor to increase the temperature homogeneity in the reactor. Numerical simulations also reveal that the use of the adiabator results in remarkable changes in the electromagnetic field distribution in the reactor, temperature inhomogeneity decreases.
Fukui, Kunihiro*; Igawa, Yusuke*; Arimitsu, Naoki*; Suzuki, Masahiro; Segawa, Tomoomi; Fujii, Kanichi*; Yamamoto, Tetsuya*; Yoshida, Hideto*
Chemical Engineering Journal, 211-212, p.1 - 8, 2012/11
The process for synthesizing metallic oxide powders by the microwave denitration method was investigated using hexahydrated nickel nitrate and trihydrated copper nitrate aqueous solutions, and the electrical field and the temperature distributions in the reactor were numerically simulated. Although CuO powder can be obtained from a trihydrated copper nitrate aqueous solution by the microwave denitration method, a hexahydrated nickel nitrate aqueous solution cannot be heated up to over 270 C by microwave irradiation. It was also found that the reaction routes for microwave heating are the same as those for conventional external heating. This finding indicates that the success of producing oxide particles by microwave denitration depends not only on the microwave absorptivity of the intermediate and the metallic oxide, but also on the temperature difference.
Segawa, Tomoomi; Tanigawa, Masafumi; Kato, Yoshiyuki; Kawaguchi, Koichi; Ishii, Katsunori; Suzuki, Masahiro; Kitazawa, Toshihide*; Taguchi, Kenji*; Kashiwa, Tatsuya*
no journal, ,
For the purpose of improving the microwave heating denitration technology, the denitration characteristics of cobalt nitrate aqueous solutions as a simulated materials were analyzed and evaluated by using the microwave heating equipment whichi was controlled to circular polarized wave. Numerical simulation confirmed that the circular polarized wave controlled microwave irradiation uniformed the absorbed power distribution in the circumferential direction. Moreover, it was confirmed that the denitration proceeded uniformly even in the radial direction by the microwave heating denitration experiments of cobalt nitrate aqueous solutions. From these results, it was revealed that favorable heating and denitration characteristics can be obtained by the circularly polarized wave controlled microwave heating equipment.
Segawa, Tomoomi; Kawaguchi, Koichi; Ishii, Katsunori; Suzuki, Masahiro; Fukasawa, Tomonori*; Fukui, Kunihiro*; Kitazawa, Toshihide*
no journal, ,
In the process of the spent fuel reprocessing, a mixture of uranyl nitrate and plutonium nitrate is converted to a mixed oxide powder by the microwave heating direct denitration method. In the case of assuming the heterogeneous cycle in the Na-cooled fast reactor, it is required to denitrate a solution containing mainly MA for which microwave heating denitration characteristics have not been clarified, therefore, it is necessary to obtain microwave heating denitration characteristics data for metal nitrate mixed aqueous solutions. In this study, microwave heating denitration characteristics of copper nitrate and nickel nitrate mixed solution and the complex relative permittivity of the final and intermediate products were evaluated. It was clarified that the mixing ratio and the microwave energy loss of metal oxides as final products remarkably affect the denitration characteristics.