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JAEA Reports

A Consideration of retrievability in geologic disposal of radioactive wastes

Sasaki, Noriaki

JNC-TN8420 2001-006, 56 Pages, 2001/12

JNC-TN8420-2001-006.pdf:0.9MB

Geologic disposal cannot be implemented based only on the consensus of the engaged technical community, and needs the wide social agreement and confidence for it. This is now a common understanding in many countries. Under this kind of recognition, the concept of retrievability in geologic disposal of radioadive wastes has been rapidly interested inrecent years and has being discussed in several European countries. For example, EC has cooperated the concerted action on the retrievability of long-lived radioactive waste with the joining of nine countries, and the expert group on disposal concepts for radioactive waste (EKRA) set up by the Swiss government has presented its findings on the new concept of the long-lived radioactive waste management considering the retrievability. The OECD/NEA has also discussed on this issue and published the documents. There are some countries where the legislation requires the retrievability. This paper briefly summarizes the important findings and recommendations on the concept of retrievability, as the results of review of some interesting documents from European countries, for the purpose of reflecting to the research and development of geologic disposal in Japan.

JAEA Reports

None

Otagaki, Takao*

JNC-TJ1420 2000-004, 159 Pages, 2000/03

JNC-TJ1420-2000-004.pdf:4.82MB

no abstracts in English

JAEA Reports

Geochemical Site-Selection Criteria for HLW Repositories in Europe and North America

Savage, D.*; Arthur, R. C.*; Sasamoto, Hiroshi; Shibata, Masahiro; Yui, Mikazu

JNC-TN8400 2000-003, 56 Pages, 2000/01

JNC-TN8400-2000-003.pdf:1.96MB

Geochemical as well as socio-economic issues associated with the selection of potential sites to host a high-level nuclear waste repository have received considerable attention in repository programs in Europe (Belgium, Finland, France, Germany, Spain, Sweden, Switzerland and the U.K.) and North America (Canada and the United States), The objective of the present study is to summarize this international experience with particular emphasis on geochemical properties that factor into the adopted site-selection strategies. Results indicate that the geochemical properties of a site play a subordinate role, at best, to other geotechnical properties in the international site-selection approaches. In countries where geochemical properties are acknowledged in the site-selection approach, requirements are stated qualitatively and tend to focus on associated impacts on the stability of the engineered barrier system and on radionuclide transport. Site geochemical properties that are likely to control the lomg-term stability of geochemical conditions and radionuclide migration behavior are unspecified, however. This non-prescriptive approach may be reasonable for purposes of screeing among potential sites, but a better understanding of site properties that are most important in controlling the long-term geochemical evolution of the site over a range of possible scenarios would enable the potential sites to be ranked in terms of their suitability to host a repository.

JAEA Reports

None

Otagaki, Takao*

JNC-TJ1420 99-002, 138 Pages, 1999/03

JNC-TJ1420-99-002.pdf:3.87MB

no abstracts in English

Journal Articles

Experience record of current state of food irradiation of Europe recently

Shokuhin Shosha, 5(2), p.1 - 8, 1971/00

no abstracts in English

Journal Articles

Current state of food irradiation in Europe

Shosha, (11), p.6 - 9, 1971/00

no abstracts in English

Journal Articles

Radiation polymer research in Europe

*

Nippon Butsuri Gakkai-Shi, 18(7), p.456 - 457, 1963/00

no abstracts in English

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