Refine your search:     
Report No.
 - 
Search Results: Records 1-20 displayed on this page of 34

Presentation/Publication Type

Initialising ...

Refine

Journal/Book Title

Initialising ...

Meeting title

Initialising ...

First Author

Initialising ...

Keyword

Initialising ...

Language

Initialising ...

Publication Year

Initialising ...

Held year of conference

Initialising ...

Save select records

Journal Articles

Corrosion monitoring in humidity-controlled environment simulating gamma ray irradiation

Omori, Atsushi*; Akiyama, Eiji*; Abe, Hiroshi*; Hata, Kuniki; Sato, Tomonori; Kaji, Yoshiyuki; Inoue, Hiroyuki*; Taguchi, Mitsumasa*; Seito, Hajime*; Tada, Eiji*; et al.

Zairyo To Kankyo, 69(4), p.107 - 111, 2020/04

To evaluate the effect of oxidants, which are formed by radiolysis of water under gamma ray irradiation, on the corrosion of a carbon steel in humid environment, ozone was introduced as a model oxidant in to humidity-controlled air at 50$$^{circ}$$C in a thermo-hygrostat chamber. Corrosion monitoring was performed by using an Atmospheric Corrosion Monitor-type (ACM) sensor consisting of a carbon steel anode and an Ag cathode. The output current of the ACM sensor was increased with the increase in relative humidity and it was obviously increased with the increase in the introduced ozone concentration at each relative humidity. The results indicate that ozone accelerates the corrosion of the carbon steel. The effect of ozone on the corrosion acceleration is attributed to the fast reduction reaction and fast dissolution reaction in to water compared to that of oxygen.

Journal Articles

IV. Electrochemical measurements in various environments; Nuclear power plant I (Electrochemical measurement in nuclear power plant)

Ueno, Fumiyoshi

Zairyo To Kankyo, 68(1), p.2 - 8, 2019/01

It is important to control the cooling water of light water reactors (boiling water reactor and pressurized water reactor) to suitable quality in order to reduce corrosion of structural materials and generation of radioactive corrosion products. For that purpose, monitoring of water quality using electrochemical measurement method is necessary. In this article, the application of ECP measurement to BWR is mainly focused, I describe the water quality of light water reactors and the necessity of electrochemical measurement.

Journal Articles

Evaluation of ECP measured in in-pile environment

Hanawa, Satoshi; Uchida, Shunsuke; Hata, Kuniki; Chimi, Yasuhiro; Kasahara, Shigeki*; Nishiyama, Yutaka

Proceedings of 20th Nuclear Plant Chemistry International Conference (NPC 2016) (USB Flash Drive), 11 Pages, 2016/10

ECP is the exclusive index to evaluate corrosion condition directly at the points of interest in the mixing of neutron and $$gamma$$-ray environment. ECP can be calculated through the combination of water radiolysis and ECP model. A water radiolysis model have been applied to experiments performed in in-pile loops in the experimental reactors and applicability was confirmed. An ECP model based on the Butler-Volmer equation was also prepared. ECP of stainless steel was measured under well controlled water chemistry condition in in-pile loop in the Halden reactor, and the model was applied to evaluate ECP measured in the Halden reactor. The measured data were well explained by the water radiolysis calculation and ECP model. Accumulation of in-pile ECP data are expected for further validation of the models.

Journal Articles

Estimation method for corrosion rate of carbon steel in water with $$gamma$$-ray irradiated condition

Yamamoto, Masahiro; Sato, Tomonori; Komatsu, Atsushi; Nakano, Junichi; Ueno, Fumiyoshi

Proceedings of European Corrosion Congress 2015 (EUROCORR 2015) (USB Flash Drive), 7 Pages, 2015/09

In Fukushima-Daiichi Nuclear Power Station, decommissioning procedures are continuing and it will take more than 30 years. As some structures are made of carbon steel, degradation by corrosion is large problem for structural reliability. To clarify an irradiation effect for corrosion of carbon steel, corrosion test was con-ducted in $$^{60}$$Co $$gamma$$-ray irradiated condition. Corrosion test results showed that corrosion rates of $$gamma$$-ray irradiated condition increased with $$gamma$$-ray dose rates. The oxidant concentrations were also increased with $$gamma$$-ray dose rate. From these results, a new estimation method for corrosion rate of carbon steel in water with $$gamma$$-ray irradiated condition using radiolysis calculation is introduced and discussed.

Journal Articles

Chemical repair activity of free radical scavenger edaravone; Reduction reactions with dGMP hydroxyl radical adducts and suppression of base lesions and AP sites on irradiated plasmid DNA

Hata, Kuniki; Urushibara, Ayumi*; Yamashita, Shinichi*; Lin, M.*; Muroya, Yusa*; Shikazono, Naoya; Yokoya, Akinari; Fu, H.*; Katsumura, Yosuke*

Journal of Radiation Research, 56(1), p.59 - 66, 2015/01

AA2014-0383.pdf:0.93MB

 Times Cited Count:4 Percentile:69.33(Biology)

Journal Articles

Connections between radiation and positronium chemistry

Hirade, Tetsuya

Radiation Physics and Chemistry, 76(2), p.84 - 89, 2007/02

 Times Cited Count:3 Percentile:72.38(Chemistry, Physical)

There are many connections between radiation and positronium chemistry. The Spur Reaction model proposed by Mogensen needs much radiation chemistry knowledge. On the other hand, the Spur Reaction model could give new ideas to radiation chemists. Positronium formation reaction is very fast and hence there is a good relationship between reactions observed by a pulse radiolysis measurement and positronium formation, which was shown by Dupratre et al. Enhancement of positronium formation at low temperatures was successfully explained by the reaction of trapped electrons and positrons. The trapped electrons have been studied well by radiation chemists. That knowledge was needed to propose a new idea to explain the positronium formation at low temperatures. And now, probably it is becoming possible to use the positronum formation reaction to study the trapped electrons. Positron methods will be able to be used for the radiation chemistry research.

Journal Articles

Primary process of radiation chemistry studied by ion pulse radiolysis

Yoshida, Yoichi*; Yang, J.*; Saeki, Akinori*; Tagawa, Seiichi*; Shibata, Hiromi*; Namba, Hideki; Kojima, Takuji; Taguchi, Mitsumasa

JAERI-Review 2004-025, TIARA Annual Report 2003, p.143 - 144, 2004/11

no abstracts in English

Journal Articles

Instability of synchronization between laser and beam depending on environmental noise at photocathode RF gun

Uesaka, Mitsuru*; Iijima, Hokuto; Ueda, Toru*; Muroya, Yusa*; Sakumi, Akira*; Kumagai, Noritaka*; Tomizawa, Hiromitsu*

Proceedings of 1st Annual Meeting of Particle Accelerator Society of Japan and 29th Linear Accelerator Meeting in Japan, p.628 - 630, 2004/08

no abstracts in English

Journal Articles

Primary process of radiation chemistry studied by ion pulse radiolisys

Yoshida, Yoichi*; Yang, J.*; Seki, Shuhei*; Saeki, Akinori*; Tagawa, Seiichi*; Shibata, Hiromi*; Taguchi, Mitsumasa; Kojima, Takuji; Namba, Hideki

JAERI-Review 2003-033, TIARA Annual Report 2002, p.145 - 146, 2003/11

no abstracts in English

Journal Articles

Pulse radiolysis study on reactions of a hydrated electron with europium(III); Aminopolycarboxylate complexes in aqueous perchlorate media

Nagaishi, Ryuji; Kimura, Takaumi; Yoshida, Yoichi*; Kozawa, Takahiro*; Tagawa, Seiichi*

Journal of Physical Chemistry A, 106(39), p.9036 - 9041, 2002/10

 Times Cited Count:2 Percentile:94(Chemistry, Physical)

no abstracts in English

JAEA Reports

Specifications of EA-BRACHI

; Namba, Hideki; Aoki, Yasushi; Watanabe, Ritsuko*; *; Watanabe, Hiroshi

JAERI-Tech 96-046, 65 Pages, 1996/11

JAERI-Tech-96-046.pdf:1.66MB

no abstracts in English

JAEA Reports

None

*

PNC-TJ1602 96-002, 138 Pages, 1996/02

PNC-TJ1602-96-002.pdf:3.29MB

None

Oral presentation

Yield of transient species in NaBr aqueous solution observed in ion beam pulse radiolysis of H$$^+$$, He$$^2$$$$^+$$, C$$^5$$$$^+$$ and Ne$$^8$$$$^+$$ ions

Iwamatsu, Kazuhiro; Yamashita, Shinichi*; Taguchi, Mitsumasa; Kimura, Atsushi; Kurashima, Satoshi; Katsumura, Yosuke

no journal, , 

Heavy ion beams, one of the high linear energy transfer (LET) radiations induce specific irradiation effects which are different from those of low LET radiations. The effects are attributed to heterogeneous distribution of reactive species along their trajectories, so called "track structure". Water was selected as target in this study because more data exist for radiolysis than any other substances. Hydroxyl radical (OH), one of the most important water decomposition species, was focused on by using bromide ion as a probing reagent, and their reactions were observed by the ion beam pulse radiolysis system. The formation and decay of Br$$_2^-$$ were observed at 375 nm ($$varepsilon$$ [Br$$_2^-$$] = 9000 M$$^-$$$$^1$$cm$$^-$$$$^1$$). The formation chemical yield of it after pulse irradiation decreased with increasing atomic numbers of the incident ions. Radical recombination reaction occurs easier by higher LET ions because of denser radical formations. Therefore, the decrease in the yields of OH scavenged by Br$$^-$$ induces the decrease in the chemical yields of Br$$_2^-$$. The decay rates of the chemical yields increased with the atomic mass of the ions. The concentrations depend on the dose rate and chemical yield, and the dose rates proportional to LET value. The concentrations after pulse increased with increase in the atomic mass of the ions and resulted in faster decay in heavier ions.

Oral presentation

An Investigation on radiation-induced chemical reactions in highly concentrated sodium chloride solutions

Hata, Kuniki; Yamashita, Shinichi*; Muroya, Yusa*; Katsumura, Yosuke*; Hanawa, Satoshi; Kasahara, Shigeki; Tsukada, Takashi

no journal, , 

no abstracts in English

Oral presentation

An Investigation on the early process of water radiolysis in highly concentrated sodium chloride solutions

Hata, Kuniki; Yamashita, Shinichi*; Muroya, Yusa*; Katsumura, Yosuke*; Hanawa, Satoshi; Kasahara, Shigeki; Ueno, Fumiyoshi

no journal, , 

no abstracts in English

Oral presentation

Effects of temperature on the corrosion potential of stainless steel under $$gamma$$-ray irradiation

Sato, Tomonori; Kato, Chiaki; Ueno, Fumiyoshi

no journal, , 

The structural materials of the instruments used in Fukushima Daiichi Nuclear Power Station are exposed to the corrosive condition under the $$gamma$$-ray irradiation. In order to determine the effects of the temperature of water under $$gamma$$-ray irradiation on the corrosion potential of stainless steel, the measurements of the corrosion potential under $$gamma$$-ray irradiation condition was performed. The dissolved oxygen concentration was aerated condition in each temperature in this study. And the corrosive condition under the irradiation was evaluated by the water radiolysis calculation and the measurements of the included hydrogen peroxide in the water after the irradiation. As parameters, the temperature of water and the $$gamma$$-ray dose rate were changed. The major results are listed as follows; (1) The corrosion potentials rose about 400 mV by the $$gamma$$-ray irradiation in all temperature conditions. (2) The potential was low with higher temperature under irradiation with the aerated condition. It was assumed that the lower dissolved oxygen concentration with higher temperature will cause the dependency of the corrosion potential on the temperature under irradiation. (3) The generation of some ppm of hydrogen peroxide was confirmed by the measurements of hydrogen peroxide concentration. It was indicated that the increase of the corrosion potential by the irradiation was caused by the generation of the high concentration of hydrogen peroxide. (4) It was confirmed that the generation of hydrogen peroxide was lower in higher temperature condition due to the lower dissolved oxygen concentration in high temperature. It was indicated that lower potential in high temperature water was caused by not only lower dissolved oxygen but also lower generation of hydrogen peroxide.

Oral presentation

Experimental evaluation of primary yields of water radiolysis in seawater and its concentrated systems

Nagaishi, Ryuji; Kondo, Takafumi*; Godo, Masao*; Yoshida, Yoichi*; Inoue, Masao

no journal, , 

no abstracts in English

Oral presentation

Effects of radiolysis of solutions containing seawater constituents on corrosion of low-alloyed steels

Hata, Kuniki; Kasahara, Shigeki; Hanawa, Satoshi; Ueno, Fumiyoshi; Tsukada, Takashi; Inoue, Hiroyuki*; Kojima, Takao*; Iwase, Akihiro*

no journal, , 

no abstracts in English

Oral presentation

Polarization behavior of pure titanium, pure copper and nickel base alloy in alkaline simulated groundwater under $$gamma$$ irradiation

Yukawa, Takuji*; Inoue, Hiroyuki*; Kojima, Takao*; Tachikawa, Hirokazu*; Taniguchi, Naoki

no journal, , 

no abstracts in English

Oral presentation

Radiolysis of water containing ferrous and chloride ions

Hata, Kuniki; Sato, Tomonori; Inoue, Hiroyuki*

no journal, , 

To evaluate the integrity of structural materials in stagnant water in primary containment vessels (PCVs) of Fukushima Daiichi Nuclear Power Plants, corrosion prediction is important. Because of high-dose rate in the PCVs, oxidative molecules, such as H$$_{2}$$O$$_{2}$$ or O$$_{2}$$, are generated from water radiolysis. For the corrosion prediction of materials in PCVs, the amounts of these molecules should be estimated. Stagnant water in the PCVs contains small amounts of impurities, such as anions from seawater or groundwater and metal cations derived from materials by corrosion. Some of these impurities show high reactivity with radiolytic species and would affect the production behavior of the oxidative molecules. In this study, the influence of Cl$$^{-}$$ on radiolysis of solutions, which contains small amount of Fe$$^{2+}$$, was investigated by radiolysis simulation. Acidification of the solutions due to reactions of Fe$$^{2+}$$ under irradiation enhanced the reaction of Cl$$^{-}$$ with radiolytic species, which resulted in the increase in the amounts of H$$_{2}$$O$$_{2}$$.

34 (Records 1-20 displayed on this page)