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Journal Articles

Impact of soil erosion potential uncertainties on numerical simulations of the environmental fate of radiocesium in the Abukuma River basin

Ikenoue, Tsubasa; Shimadera, Hikari*; Kondo, Akira*

Journal of Environmental Radioactivity, 225, p.106452_1 - 106452_12, 2020/12

 Times Cited Count:0 Percentile:100(Environmental Sciences)

This study focused on the uncertainty of the factors of the Universal Soil Loss Equation (USLE) and evaluated its impacts on the environmental fate of $$^{137}$$Cs simulated by a radiocesium transport model in the Abukuma River basin. The USLE has five physically meaningful factors: the rainfall and runoff factor (R), soil erodibility factor (K), topographic factor (LS), cover and management factor (C), and support practice factor (P). The simulation results showed total suspended sediment and $$^{137}$$Cs outflows were the most sensitive to C and P among the all factors. Therefore, land cover and soil erosion prevention act have the great impact on outflow of suspended sediment and $$^{137}$$Cs. Focusing on land use, the outflow rates of $$^{137}$$Cs from the forest areas, croplands, and undisturbed paddy fields were large. This study indicates that land use, especially forest areas, croplands, and undisturbed paddy fields, has a significant impact on the environmental fate of $$^{137}$$Cs.

JAEA Reports

None

*; Fusaeda, Shigeki*

JNC-TJ1400 2000-004, 245 Pages, 2000/02

JNC-TJ1400-2000-004.pdf:8.57MB

no abstracts in English

JAEA Reports

None

*; Fusaeda, Shigeki*

JNC-TJ1400 2000-003, 100 Pages, 2000/02

JNC-TJ1400-2000-003.pdf:3.34MB

no abstracts in English

Oral presentation

Uncertainty analyses for the porewater chemistry and distribution coefficients in compacted bentonite using the PHREEQC code

Yotsuji, Kenji; Tachi, Yukio; Hato, Shinji*

no journal, , 

We carried out the uncertainty analyses for the porewater chemistry and distribution coefficients in compacted bentonite using the PHREEQC code.

Oral presentation

Uncertainty analysis on soil erosion parameters for radiocesium transport in the Abukuma River basin

Ikenoue, Tsubasa; Shimadera, Hikari*; Kondo, Akira*

no journal, , 

This study focused on the uncertainty of the factors of the USLE and evaluated its impacts on the environmental fate of $$^{137}$$Cs simulated by a radiocesium transport model in the Abukuma River basin. In the USLE, soil loss is expressed as a product of factors representing rainfall (R factor), geology (K factor), topographic (L $$times$$ S factor) and land cover and soil erosion prevention act (C $$times$$ P factor). The simulation results showed total outflows of suspended sediment and $$^{137}$$Cs were the most sensitive to C $$times$$ P factor among the all factors. Therefore, land cover and soil erosion prevention methods have the great impact on outflow of suspended sediment and $$^{137}$$Cs.

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