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Journal Articles

Observation of dihydrogen bonds in high-pressure phases of ammonia borane by X-ray and neutron diffraction measurements

Nakano, Satoshi*; Sano, Asami; Hattori, Takanori; Machida, Shinichi*; Komatsu, Kazuki*; Fujihisa, Hiroshi*; Yamawaki, Hiroshi*; Goto, Yoshito*; Kikegawa, Takumi*

Inorganic Chemistry, 60(5), p.3065 - 3073, 2021/03

X-ray and neutron diffraction analyses of ammonia borane were conducted at ambient and high pressures. The H-H distance in dihydrogen bonds was shorter than twice the van der Waals radius (2.4 ${AA}$). The half of the dihydrogen bonds were broken on phase transition from AP to the first high pressure phase (HP1) at approximately 1.2 GPa as revealed by an increase in the H-H distances. On further pressure increase, all of the H-H distances became shorter than 2.4 ${AA}$ again, implying the pressure-induced reformation of the dihydrogen bonds. Furthermore, the HP1 transformed to the second one with the structure of $$P2_1$$ (Z = 2) at about 11 GPa. In this phase transition, the inclination of the molecule axis became larger and the number of types of dihydrogen bonds increased from 6 to 11. Just before the third transition at 18.9 GPa, the shortest dihydrogen bond decreased to 1.65 ${AA}$. The present study experimentally first confirmed the breakage and reformation of the dihydrogen bonds by the structural change under pressure.

Journal Articles

Triple axis spectrometers of JAEA

Osakabe, Toyotaka

Hamon, 31(1), p.14 - 17, 2021/02

no abstracts in English

Journal Articles

Measurement of double-differential thick-target neutron yields of the C($$d,n$$) reaction at 12, 20, and 30 MeV

Patwary, M. K. A*; Kin, Tadahiro*; Aoki, Katsumi*; Yoshinami, Kosuke*; Yamaguchi, Masaya*; Watanabe, Yukinobu*; Tsukada, Kazuaki; Sato, Nozomi*; Asai, Masato; Sato, Tetsuya; et al.

Journal of Nuclear Science and Technology, 58(2), p.252 - 258, 2021/02

 Times Cited Count:0 Percentile:100(Nuclear Science & Technology)

While designing deuteron accelerator neutron sources for radioisotopes production, nuclear data for light elements such as Li, Be, and C have been systematically measured in the deuteron energy range from a few MeV to around 50 MeV. Currently, the experimental data available on double-differential thick-target neutron yields (DDTTNYs) is insufficient, especially for deuteron energies between 18 and 33 MeV. In this study, we measured the DDTTNYs of ($$d,n$$) reactions on $$^{rm nat}$$C target for incident deuteron energies of 12, 20, and 30 MeV using the multiple-foils activation method to improve nuclear data insufficiency. We applied the GRAVEL code for the unfolding process to derive the DDTTNYs. The results were compared with the calculation by DEURACS. The present data were also used to confirm the systematics of the differential neutron yields at 0$$^{circ}$$ and total neutron yield per incident deuteron in the wide range of deuteron energy.

Journal Articles

Effect of the difference in strength of hard and soft components on the synergetic strengthening of layered materials

Kim, J. G.*; Bae, J. W.*; Park, J. M.*; Woo, W.*; Harjo, S.; Lee, S.*; Kim, H. S.*

Metals and Materials International, 27(2), p.376 - 383, 2021/02

 Times Cited Count:0 Percentile:100(Materials Science, Multidisciplinary)

Journal Articles

Broken C$$_{4}$$ symmetry in the tetragonal state of uniaxial strained BaCo$$_{0.9}$$Ni$$_{0.1}$$S$$_{1.9}$$

Shamoto, Shinichi; Yamauchi, Hiroki; Ikeuchi, Kazuhiko*; Kajimoto, Ryoichi; Ieda, Junichi

Physical Review Research (Internet), 3(1), p.013169_1 - 013169_9, 2021/02

Journal Articles

Neutron spin-echo studies of the structural relaxation of network liquid ZnCl$$_2$$ at the structure factor primary peak and prepeak

Luo, P.*; Zhai, Y.*; Leao, J. B.*; Kofu, Maiko; Nakajima, Kenji; Faraone, A.*; Zhang, Y.*

Journal of Physical Chemistry Letters (Internet), 12(1), p.392 - 398, 2021/01

Using neutron spin-echo spectroscopy, we studied the microscopic structural relaxation of a prototypical network ionic liquid ZnCl$$_2$$ at the structure factor primary peak and prepeak. The results show that the relaxation at the primary peak is faster than the prepeak and that the activation energy is $$sim 33$$% higher. A stretched exponential relaxation is observed even at temperatures well-above the melting point $$T_{rm m}$$. Surprisingly, the stretching exponent shows a rapid increase upon cooling, especially at the primary peak, where it changes from a stretched exponential to a simple exponential on approaching the $$T_{rm m}$$. These results suggest that the appearance of glassy dynamics typical of the supercooled state even in the equilibrium liquid state of ZnCl$$_2$$ as well as the difference of activation energy at the two investigated length scales are related to the formation of a network structure on cooling.

Journal Articles

Quantifying internal strains, stresses, and dislocation density in additively manufactured AlSi10Mg during loading-unloading-reloading deformation

Zhang, X. X.*; Andr$"a$, H.*; Harjo, S.; Gong, W.*; Kawasaki, Takuro; Lutz, A.*; Lahres, M.*

Materials & Design, 198, p.109339_1 - 109339_9, 2021/01

 Times Cited Count:0

Journal Articles

Enhancement of fatigue resistance by overload-induced deformation twinning in a CoCrFeMnNi high-entropy alloy

Lam, T.-N.*; Lee, S. Y.*; Tsou, N.-T.*; Chou, H.-S.*; Lai, B.-H.*; Chang, Y.-J.*; Feng, R.*; Kawasaki, Takuro; Harjo, S.; Liaw, P. K.*; et al.

Acta Materialia, 201, p.412 - 424, 2020/12

 Times Cited Count:0 Percentile:100(Materials Science, Multidisciplinary)

Journal Articles

Journal Articles

Magnetism induced by interlayer electrons in the quasi-two-dimensional electride Y$$_{2}$$C; Inelastic neutron scattering study

Tamatsukuri, Hiromu; Murakami, Yoichi*; Kuramoto, Yoshio*; Sagayama, Hajime*; Matsuura, Masato*; Kawakita, Yukinobu; Matsuishi, Satoru*; Washio, Yasuhito*; Inoshita, Takeshi*; Hamada, Noriaki*; et al.

Physical Review B, 102(22), p.224406_1 - 224406_5, 2020/12

 Times Cited Count:0 Percentile:100(Materials Science, Multidisciplinary)

Journal Articles

The Impact of nuclear shape on the emergence of the neutron dripline

Tsunoda, Naofumi*; Otsuka, Takaharu; Takayanagi, Kazuo*; Shimizu, Noritaka*; Suzuki, Toshio*; Utsuno, Yutaka; Yoshida, Sota*; Ueno, Hideki*

Nature, 587, p.66 - 71, 2020/11

 Times Cited Count:2 Percentile:37.87(Multidisciplinary Sciences)

no abstracts in English

Journal Articles

Photonuclear reactions in lightning, 1; Verification and modeling of reaction and propagation processes

Wada, Yuki*; Enoto, Teruaki*; Nakazawa, Kazuhiro*; Odaka, Hirokazu*; Furuta, Yoshihiro; Tsuchiya, Harufumi

Journal of Geophysical Research; Atmospheres, 125(20), 17 Pages, 2020/10

 Times Cited Count:0 Percentile:100(Meteorology & Atmospheric Sciences)

Journal Articles

Evaluation of deformation and fracture behavior of reinforced concrete using neutron beam technique

Ueno, Kazuki*; Suzuki, Hiroshi; Takamura, Masato*; Nishio, Yuhei*; Kanematsu, Manabu*

Konkurito Kozobutsu No Hoshu, Hokyo, Appuguredo Rombun Hokokushu (CD-ROM), 20, p.273 - 278, 2020/10

no abstracts in English

Journal Articles

Development and application of a $$^3$$He neutron spin filter at J-PARC

Okudaira, Takuya; Oku, Takayuki; Ino, Takashi*; Hayashida, Hirotoshi*; Kira, Hiroshi*; Sakai, Kenji; Hiroi, Kosuke; Takahashi, Shingo*; Aizawa, Kazuya; Endo, Hitoshi*; et al.

Nuclear Instruments and Methods in Physics Research A, 977, p.164301_1 - 164301_8, 2020/10

 Times Cited Count:0 Percentile:100(Instruments & Instrumentation)

JAEA Reports

Activities of Working Group on Verification of PASCAL; Fiscal years 2016 and 2017

Li, Y.; Hirota, Takatoshi*; Itabashi, Yu*; Yamamoto, Masato*; Kanto, Yasuhiro*; Suzuki, Masahide*; Miyamoto, Yuhei*

JAEA-Review 2020-011, 130 Pages, 2020/09


For the improvement of the structural integrity assessment methodology on reactor pressure vessels (RPVs), the probabilistic fracture mechanics (PFM) analysis code PASCAL has been developed and improved in Japan Atomic Energy Agency based on the latest knowledge. The PASCAL code evaluates the failure probabilities and frequencies of Japanese RPVs under transient events such as pressure thermal shock considering neutron irradiation embrittlement. In order to confirm the reliability of the PASCAL as a domestic standard code and to promote the application of PFM on the domestic structural integrity assessments of RPVs, it is important to perform verification activities, and summarize the verification processes and results as a document. On the basis of these backgrounds, we established a working group, composed of experts on this field besides the developers, on the verification of the PASCAL module and the source program of PASCAL was released to the members of working group. This report summarizes the activities of the working group on the verification of PASCAL in FY2016 and FY2017.

Journal Articles

Neutron diffraction monitoring of ductile cast iron under cyclic tension-compression

Harjo, S.; Kubota, Satoru*; Gong, W.*; Kawasaki, Takuro; Gao, S.*

Acta Materialia, 196, p.584 - 594, 2020/09

 Times Cited Count:1 Percentile:100(Materials Science, Multidisciplinary)

Journal Articles

Recent progress of a code system DEURACS toward deuteron nuclear data evaluation

Nakayama, Shinsuke; Iwamoto, Osamu; Watanabe, Yukinobu*

EPJ Web of Conferences, 239, p.03014_1 - 03014_4, 2020/09

Intensive neutron sources using deuteron accelerators have been proposed for various applications such as irradiation test for fusion reactor materials and production of radioisotopes for medical use. In addition, transmutation system using deuteron-induced spallation reactions has been recently proposed for LLFPs. Accurate and comprehensive deuteron nuclear data are indispensable in the design study of such facilities. Under the above situations, we have been developing a code system dedicated for deuteron-induced reactions, which is called DEURACS. In the present work, calculations using DEURACS are compared with available experimental data up to 200 MeV such as DDXs for emission of neutron or light charged particles. We also analyze isotopic production cross sections of residual nuclei. Validation of the present modelling in DEURACS is discussed through comparison with the experimental data.

Journal Articles

Status of JENDL

Iwamoto, Osamu; Iwamoto, Nobuyuki; Shibata, Keiichi; Ichihara, Akira; Kunieda, Satoshi; Minato, Futoshi; Nakayama, Shinsuke

EPJ Web of Conferences, 239, p.09002_1 - 09002_6, 2020/09

Journal Articles

Fast neutron capture reaction data measurement of minor actinides for development of nuclear transmutation systems

Katabuchi, Tatsuya*; Iwamoto, Osamu; Hori, Junichi*; Kimura, Atsushi; Iwamoto, Nobuyuki; Nakamura, Shoji; Shibahara, Yuji*; Terada, Kazushi*; Rovira, G.*; Matsuura, Shota*

EPJ Web of Conferences, 239, p.01044_1 - 01044_4, 2020/09

Journal Articles

Results of the Collaborative International Evaluated Library Organisation (CIELO) Project

Fleming, M.*; Chadwick, M.*; Brown, D.*; Capote, R.*; Ge, Z.*; Herman, M.*; Ignatyuk, A.*; Ivanova, T.*; Iwamoto, Osamu; Koning, A.*; et al.

EPJ Web of Conferences, 239, p.15003_1 - 15003_5, 2020/09

2823 (Records 1-20 displayed on this page)