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Journal Articles

Proton chelating ligands drive improved chemical separations for rhodium

Narita, Hirokazu*; Nicolson, R. M.*; Motokawa, Ryuhei; Ito, Fumiyuki*; Morisaku, Kazuko*; Goto, Midori*; Tanaka, Mikiya*; Heller, W. T.*; Shiwaku, Hideaki; Yaita, Tsuyoshi; et al.

Inorganic Chemistry, 58(13), p.8720 - 8734, 2019/07

 Times Cited Count:0 Percentile:100(Chemistry, Inorganic & Nuclear)

Journal Articles

A Telescoping view of solute architectures in a complex fluid system

Motokawa, Ryuhei; Kobayashi, Toru; Endo, Hitoshi; Mu, J.*; Williams, C. D.*; Masters, A. J.*; Antonio, M. R.*; Heller, W. T.*; Nagao, Michihiro*

ACS Central Science, 5(1), p.85 - 96, 2019/01

 Times Cited Count:6 Percentile:6.1(Chemistry, Multidisciplinary)

Journal Articles

Phase-transition kinetics of magnetic skyrmions investigated by stroboscopic small-angle neutron scattering

Nakajima, Taro*; Inamura, Yasuhiro; Ito, Takayoshi*; Oishi, Kazuki*; Oike, Hiroshi*; Kagawa, Fumitaka*; Kikkawa, Akiko*; Taguchi, Yasujiro*; Kakurai, Kazuhisa*; Tokura, Yoshinori*; et al.

Physical Review B, 98(1), p.014424_1 - 014424_5, 2018/07

 Times Cited Count:3 Percentile:58.85(Materials Science, Multidisciplinary)

We investigated the phase-transition kinetics of magnetic skyrmion lattice (SkL) in MnSi by means of stroboscopic small-angle neutron scattering (SANS). Temporal evolutions of SANS patterns were measured with time resolution of 13 ms while sweeping temperature as fast as 50 Ks$$^{-1}$$. It turned out that the paramagnetic-to-SkL transition immediately occurs upon traversing the equilibrium phase boundary on the rapid cooling, whereas the SkL-to-conical transition can be kinetically avoided to realize the low-temperature metastable SkL with a long-range magnetic order. The formation of the metastable SkL was found to be strongly dependent not only on cooling rate, but also on magnetic eld and trajectory in the H-T phase diagram.

Journal Articles

Hierarchically self-organized dissipative structures of filler particles in poly(styrene-$$ran$$-butadiene) rubbers

Yamaguchi, Daisuke; Yuasa, Takeshi*; Sone, Takuo*; Tominaga, Tetsuo*; Noda, Yohei*; Koizumi, Satoshi*; Hashimoto, Takeji*

Macromolecules, 50(19), p.7739 - 7759, 2017/10

 Times Cited Count:2 Percentile:78.78(Polymer Science)

We elucidated the spatial distribution of filler particles in cross-linked poly(styrene-$$ran$$-butadiene) rubbers (SBR) developed under a typical fillers/rubbers compounding process as one of dissipative structures formed under a stress field imposed on the given system. The dispersion state of the fillers in SBR was clarified on the basis of hierarchical structures consisting of five structure levels. More specifically, it has the following characteristics depending on the specific interactions: Small, compact clusters build up compact mass-fractal structures, while large, loose clusters build up open mass-fractal structures.

Journal Articles

Recent research in solvent extraction of platinum group metals

Narita, Hirokazu*; Suzuki, Tomoya*; Motokawa, Ryuhei

Nippon Kinzoku Gakkai-Shi, 81(4), p.157 - 167, 2017/04

 Times Cited Count:2 Percentile:68.62(Metallurgy & Metallurgical Engineering)

Journal Articles

Contrast variation by dynamic nuclear polarization and time-of-flight small-angle neutron scattering, 1; Application to industrial multi-component nanocomposites

Noda, Yohei*; Koizumi, Satoshi*; Masui, Tomomi*; Mashita, Ryo*; Kishimoto, Hiromichi*; Yamaguchi, Daisuke; Kumada, Takayuki; Takata, Shinichi; Oishi, Kazuki*; Suzuki, Junichi*

Journal of Applied Crystallography, 49(6), p.2036 - 2045, 2016/12

 Times Cited Count:5 Percentile:51.02(Chemistry, Multidisciplinary)

Journal Articles

Nanoscopic structural investigation of physically cross-linked nanogels formed from self-associating polymers

Sekine, Yurina; Endo, Hitoshi*; Iwase, Hiroki*; Takeda, Shigeo*; Mukai, Sadaatsu*; Fukazawa, Hiroshi; Littrell, K. C.*; Sasaki, Yoshihiro*; Akiyoshi, Kazunari*

Journal of Physical Chemistry B, 120(46), p.11996 - 12002, 2016/11

 Times Cited Count:8 Percentile:58.04(Chemistry, Physical)

The detailed structure of a nanogel formed by self-association of cholesterol-bearing pullulans (CHP) was determined by contrast variation small-angle neutron scattering. The decomposition of scattering intensities into partial scattering functions of each CHP nanogel component, i.e., pullulan, cholesterol, and the cross-term between the pullulan and the cholesterol allows us to investigate the internal structure of the nanogel. The effective spherical radius of the skeleton formed by pullulan chains was found to be about 8.1 nm. In the CHP nanogel, there are about 19 cross-linking points where a cross-linking point is formed by aggregation of trimer cholesterol molecules with the spatially inhomogeneous distribution of the mass fractal dimension of 2.6. The average radius of the partial chains can also be determined to be 1.7 nm. As the result, the complex structure of the nanogels is coherently revealed at the nanoscopical level.

Journal Articles

Small-angle neutron scattering study of specific interaction and coordination structure formed by mono-acetyl-substituted dibenzo-20-crown-6-ether and cesium ions

Motokawa, Ryuhei; Kobayashi, Toru; Endo, Hitoshi*; Ikeda, Takashi; Yaita, Tsuyoshi; Suzuki, Shinichi; Narita, Hirokazu*; Akutsu, Kazuhiro*; Heller, W. T.*

Journal of Nuclear Science and Technology, 53(8), p.1205 - 1211, 2016/08

 Times Cited Count:0 Percentile:100(Nuclear Science & Technology)

Journal Articles

Photonic crystals fabricated by block copolymerization-induced microphase separation

Motokawa, Ryuhei; Taniguchi, Tatsuo*; Kumada, Takayuki; Iida, You*; Aoyagi, Shota*; Sasaki, Yusuke*; Kori, Michinari*; Kishikawa, Keiki*

Macromolecules, 49(16), p.6041 - 6049, 2016/08

 Times Cited Count:4 Percentile:68.86(Polymer Science)

Journal Articles

A Demonstration study of focusing geometry SANS using a magnetic neutron lens

Oku, Takayuki; Suzuki, Junichi; Sasao, Hajime*; Yamada, Satoru; Furusaka, Michihiro*; Adachi, Tomohiro*; Shinohara, Takenao*; Ikeda, Kazuaki*; Shimizu, Hirohiko

Physica B; Condensed Matter, 356(1-4), p.126 - 130, 2005/02

 Times Cited Count:9 Percentile:56.38(Physics, Condensed Matter)

We have developed a magnetic neutron lens (MNL) based on a sextupole magnet. A neutron beam, which is incident to the sextupole magnet, either converges or diverges depending on the neutron spin state. Small-angle neutron scattering in focusing geometry (FSANS) was proposed to improve the q-resolution and/or measuring efficiency. The MNL is considered to be the most suitable focusing device for FSANS experiments using a polarized neutron beam, since it focuses the polarized neutron beam free from neutron attenuation and scattering by substances. Recently, we have developed the MNLs with sufficiently large apertures and strong focusing power for FSANS experiments. In this study, we evaluate the focusing property of the MNLs for the polarized neutron beam, and performed FSANS experiments using the MNL. The obtained results are discussed.

Journal Articles

Small-angle neutron scattering

Suzuki, Junichi

Nippon Kessho Gakkai-Shi, 46(6), p.381 - 389, 2004/12

no abstracts in English

Journal Articles

Small-angle neutron scattering study on microstructure of poly($$N$$-isopropylacrylamide)-$$block$$-poly(ethylene glycol) in water

Motokawa, Ryuhei; Annaka, Masahiko*; Nakahira, Takayuki*; Koizumi, Satoshi

Colloids and Surfaces B; Biointerfaces, 38(3-4), p.213 - 219, 2004/11

no abstracts in English

Journal Articles

Feasibility study on application of a magnetic neutron lens to SANS experiments

Oku, Takayuki; Suzuki, Junichi; Sasao, Hajime*; Adachi, Tomohiro*; Shinohara, Takenao*; Ikeda, Kazuaki*; Morishima, Takahiro*; Sakai, Kenji*; Kiyanagi, Yoshiaki*; Furusaka, Michihiro*; et al.

Nuclear Instruments and Methods in Physics Research A, 529(1-3), p.116 - 119, 2004/08

 Times Cited Count:18 Percentile:21.61(Instruments & Instrumentation)

As a neutron has a magnetic dipole moment, it is accelerated in a magnetic field gradient. Thus, we can control a neutron trajectory free from neutron beam attenuation and scattering using the magnetic field gradient. A sextupole magnetic field functions as a neutron focusing and defocusing lens depending on the neutron spin state. The neutron focusing effect was experimentally verified using a 6-piece permanent sextupole magnet. For the application in practical neutron scattering experiments, a sextupole magnet with a sufficiently large aperture accompanied with strong focusing power is demanded. Recently, a superconducting sextupole magnet, a Halbach-type permanent sextupole magnet and a sextupole pulse electro-magnet have been developed in a project of the development and application of neutron optics. These magnets will be dedicated to practical uses in neutron scattering experiments. In this paper, current status of the development of the magnetic neutron lenses is reported, and their application in the neutron scattering experiments is discussed.

Journal Articles

Effects of salt concentration on association of the amyloid protofilaments of hen egg white lysozyme studied by time-resolved neutron scattering

Fujiwara, Satoru; Matsumoto, Fumiko*; Yonezawa, Yasushige*

Journal of Molecular Biology, 331(1), p.21 - 28, 2003/08

 Times Cited Count:36 Percentile:44.22

The kinetic process of the fibril formation of hen egg white lysozyme (HEWL) in 90% ethanol in various salt concentrations has been investigated with time-resolved neutron scattering. It was shown that by addition of NaCl in a range between 0.3 mM and 1.0 mM, gelation occurred, and this gelation proceed through a two-step process; the lateral association of the protofilaments formed by HEWL, followed by the cross-linking of these fibrils formed. Both the structures of the fibrils and the rate of the gelation depended on NaCl concentration. Above 2 mM NaCl, precipitation occurred because of the formation of amorphous aggregates. Sensitivity of the aggregated structures to salt concentration suggests that electrostatic interaction plays an essential role in the formation of these structures. The structural diversity both in the fibrils and the aggregated structures of the fibrils can be interpreted in terms of the difference in the degree of the electrostatic shielding at different salt concentrations.

Journal Articles

An Insight into the pathway of the amyloid fibril formation of hen egg white lysozyme obtained from a small-angle X-ray and neutron scattering study

Yonezawa, Yasushige*; Tanaka, Shimpei*; Kubota, Tomomi*; Wakabayashi, Katsuzo*; Yutani, Katsuhide*; Fujiwara, Satoru

Journal of Molecular Biology, 323(2), p.237 - 251, 2002/10

 Times Cited Count:67 Percentile:25.26

It is known that hen egg white lysozyme (HEWL) forms amyloid fibrils in highly concentrated ethanol solutions. In order to gain an insight into the mechanism of the amyloid fibril formation, the structures of HEWL in solutions of various protein and ethanol concentrations were investigated with small-angle X-ray and neutron scattering. It was shown that the structural states of HEWL were distinguished as the monomer state, the state of the dimer formation, the state of the protofilament formation, the protofilament state, and the state towards the formation of the amyloid fibrils. Circular dichroism measurements showed that the large changes in the secondary structures of HEWL occurred during the dimer formation. Structural characterization showed that the dimers had an elongated shape, the protofilaments were formed by stacking of the dimers with their long axis (nearly) perpendicular to the protofilament axis, and the changes of the structural states towards the amyloid fibril formation occurred via lateral association of the protofilaments.

Journal Articles

Precise study of vortex structures in Nb by small-angle neutron scattering

Miyata, Seiki*; Osamura, Kozo*; Suzuki, Junichi

Journal of the Physical Society of Japan, 70(7), p.2098 - 2101, 2001/07

 Times Cited Count:0 Percentile:100(Physics, Multidisciplinary)

no abstracts in English

Journal Articles

Small angle neutron scattering study on Pr$$_{0.7}$$Ca$$_{0.3}$$MnO$$_{3}$$; Evidence of two-phase coexistence

Yamada, Yasusada*; Iwase, Takeshi*; Wakahiki, Masaya*; Suzuki, Junichi

Journal of the Physical Society of Japan, 70(6), p.1593 - 1597, 2001/06

 Times Cited Count:2 Percentile:77.1(Physics, Multidisciplinary)

no abstracts in English

Journal Articles

SANS study of slow dynamics in concetrated spin glasses

Motoya, Kiyoichiro*; Hioki, Keiko*; Suzuki, Junichi

Journal of the Physical Society of Japan, 70(Suppl.A), p.139 - 141, 2001/05

no abstracts in English

Journal Articles

Frozen concentration fluctuations of a poly(N-isopropyl acrylamide) gel decomposed by neutron spin echo

Koizumi, Satoshi; Monkenbusch, M.*; Richter, D.*; Schwahn, D.*; Annaka, Masahiko*

Journal of the Physical Society of Japan, Vol.70, Supplement A, p.320 - 322, 2001/05

no abstracts in English

Journal Articles

Small-angle neutron scattering study on ferromagnetic correlation in (La, Tb)$$_{2/3}$$Ca$$_{1/3}$$MnO$$_{3}$$

Wakahiki, Masaya*; Metoki, Naoto; Suzuki, Junichi; Oikawa, Kenichi; Nie, J.*; Tachiki, Masashi*; Yamada, Yasusada

Journal of the Physical Society of Japan, 70(4), p.1090 - 1098, 2001/04

 Times Cited Count:6 Percentile:55.15(Physics, Multidisciplinary)

no abstracts in English

62 (Records 1-20 displayed on this page)