Machida, Hideo*; Koizumi, Yu*; Wakai, Takashi; Takahashi, Koji*
Nippon Kikai Gakkai M&M 2019 Zairyo Rikigaku Kanfarensu Koen Rombunshu (Internet), p.OS1307_1 - OS1307_5, 2019/11
This paper describes the fracture test and fracture analysis of a pipe under displacement control load. In order to grasp the fracture behavior of the circumferential through-wall cracked pipe, which is important in evaluating the feasibility of leak before break (LBB) in sodium cooled reactor piping, a fracture test in case of a circumferential throughwall crack in the weld line between an elbow and a straight pipe was carried out. From this test, it was found that no pipe fracture occurs in the displacement control loading condition even if a large circumferential through-wall crack (180) was assumed. The fracture analysis of the pipe was carried out using Gurson's parameters set based on the tensile test results of the tested pipe material. The analytic results agree well with the test results, and it was found that it will be possible to predict the fracture behavior of sodium cooled reactor piping.
Tamura, Koji*; Toyama, Shinichi
Nippon Genshiryoku Gakkai-Shi, 61(5), p.413 - 415, 2019/05
In decommissioning of nuclear reactors, it is necessary to disassemble the nuclear reactor structure. In addition to the conventional cutting method, the laser method has many advantages such as remote controllability and no need for replacement parts such as blades, which can be a powerful choice. Nuclear reactor structure such as a pressure vessel are made of steel materials with a thickness exceeding 100 mm, and the laser method has poor knowledge and experience in cutting such thick steel materials. Therefore, as a result of trial cutting of steel materials under various cutting conditions with the high power fiber laser which is progressively available nowadays, it has been demonstrated that laser cutting is also possible for thick plates such as those used in nuclear reactors, and cutting of thick steel plates. We also developed the cutting technology using remote control using a robot in order to apply it to the decommissioning of thick steel cutting on the spot.
Matsunaga, Shoko*; Matsubara, Shinichiro*; Kato, Atsushi; Yamano, Hidemasa; Dderlein, C.*; Guillemin, E.*; Hirn, J.*
Proceedings of 27th International Conference on Nuclear Engineering (ICONE-27) (Internet), 8 Pages, 2019/05
This paper presents a design of Curie Point Electro-Magnet (CPEM) which will be installed as a passive shutdown system for a French Sodium-cooled Fast Reactor (ASTRID) development program which is conducted in collaboration between France and Japan. To confirm CPEM design validity, a qualification program for CPEM is developed on the basis of past comprehensive test series of Self-Actuated Shutdown System (SASS) in Japan. The main outcome of this paper is results of holding force tests in hot gas, which satisfy design requirements. Moreover, the result of a numerical magnetic field analysis showed the same tendency as that of the holding force test.
Kurosaki, Yuzuru*; Yokoyama, Keiichi
Universe (Internet), 5(5), p.109_1 - 109_15, 2019/05
Regarding rovibrational transitions of diatomic alkali haride molecules, optimal waveform of laser electric field was calculated on the basis of the optimal control theory. In this study, we implemented the polarizability term into the Hamiltonian, which defines the field-molecule interaction. As a result, we obtained waveforms causing both one- and two-photon processes in a relatively high electric field regime, while waveforms causing only one-photon process was observed in a weak filed regime as well as the previous study. These results imply that the effect of two-photon process is successfully taken into account in the optimal control theory calculation. Now we can expect more reliable calculation even for strong laser field.
Funtai Kogakkai-Shi, 55(10), P. 547, 2018/10
no abstracts in English
Yamada, Takahiro*; Watanabe, Kenta*; Nozaki, Mikito*; Shih, H.-A.*; Nakazawa, Satoshi*; Anda, Yoshiharu*; Ueda, Tetsuzo*; Yoshigoe, Akitaka; Hosoi, Takuji*; Shimura, Takayoshi*; et al.
Japanese Journal of Applied Physics, 57(6S3), p.06KA07_1 - 06KA07_6, 2018/06
Thermal oxidation of AlGaN surface and its impact on the electrical properties of AlGaN/GaN MOS capacitors were investigated by means of synchrotron radiation photoelectron spectroscopy (SR-PES), atomic force microscopy (AFM) and C-V measurements. SR-PES analysis revealed that the AlGaN surface is oxidized even at low temperature of 400C, in contrast to no oxide formation on GaN surface. However, since no noticeable change in the surface morphology was observed at temperatures up to 800C, it can be concluded that an ultrathin oxide overlayer is formed on the AlGaN surface. On the other hand, for the oxidation treatments above 850C, the formation of small oxide grains was observed over the entire area of the AlGaN surface, and the growth of oxide grains significantly degraded the surface morphology. Therefore, the AlGaN/GaN MOS capacitors were fabricated on the AlGaN surface oxidized at moderate temperatures up to 800C. While we have confirmed that relatively good interface properties are obtained for direct AlON deposition without oxidation treatment, it was found that the oxidation treatment at 400C leads to further improvement of interface properties and reduction of C-V hysteresis.
Yamaki, Tetsuya*; Kitamura, Akane; Sawada, Shinichi*; Koshikawa, Hiroshi*
Nippon Kaisui Gakkai-Shi, 72(2), p.62 - 74, 2018/04
This review paper is devoted to two topics, i.e., fluoropolymer-based porous and ion-exchange membranes, both of which include the creation of nanostructure-controlled functional membranes with high-energy ion beams. Latent tracks of the MeV-GeV heavy ions in a polymer foil can sometimes be chemically etched out to form a membrane with micro- and nano-sized through-pores, the so-called ion-track membrane. Our focus is on ion-track membranes of poly (vinylidene fluoride) (PVDF) and cation- and anion-exchange membranes (CEMs and AEMs, respectively).
Shimoyama, Iwao; Baba, Yuji; Hirao, Norie*
Advances in Engineering (Internet), 1 Pages, 2018/02
The performance of organic devices largely depends on molecular orientation in organic films. Whereas micro-orientation control of organic molecules is an indispensable technology for integration of organic devices, the method has not been established. We attempted to control micro-orientation of polydimethylsilane (PDMS) thin films by deposition of PDMS on graphite substrates modified by hetero atom doping using ion beam. Polarization dependence measurements of X-ray absorption spectroscopy and molecular orbital calculations clarified that PDMS films have lying, standing, and random orientations on the non irradiated, N-irradiated, and Ar-irradiated graphite surfaces, respectively. Furthermore, photoemission microscopy observation clarified that a PDMS film showed micro-patterns on a graphite surface with a microstructure on the order of m by separating N-irradiated and non irradiated areas. These results demonstrate our method is promising for micro-orientation of organic molecules.
Takemura, Fumiaki*; Taba, Ryo*; Hirayama, Keita*; Tansuriyavong, S.*; Kawabata, Kuniaki; Sagara, Shinichi*; Ogasawara, Kei*
Artificial Life and Robotics, 22(4), p.405 - 411, 2017/12
The manta method is a survey method that divers investigate the degree of coral and whitening state while being towed to a boat. The manta method makes great physical burden. Therefore, the authors think that this task can substitute an underwater robot. This underwater robot is desirable to be able to keep altitude above the seabed. Hence, the authors have been developing the altitude (its distance above the sea floor) keeping system for an underwater robot. Visual recognition of distant underwater objects is possible in the water with high transparency, for example, in the coastal sea area of Okinawa prefecture, Japan. So, the authors have been adopting the distance measuring method using the two laser beams and a monocular camera with image processing. It realize to keep altitude of an underwater robot by using such devices. The evaluation experiments of the altitude keeping system are carried out in the pool.
Hamamoto, Shimpei; Tochio, Daisuke; Ishii, Toshiaki; Sawahata, Hiroaki
Nippon Genshiryoku Gakkai Wabun Rombunshi, 16(4), p.169 - 172, 2017/12
A melt wire was installed at the tip of the control rod in order to measure the temperature of High Temperature engineering Test Reactor (HTTR). After experience with reactor scrum from the state of reactor power 100%, the melt wire was taken out from the control rod and appearance has been observed visually. It was confirmed that the melt wires with a melting point of 505 C or less were melted, and the melt wires with a melting point of 651 C or more were not melted. Therefore, it was found that the highest arrival temperature of tip of the control rods where the melt wires are installed reaches within the range of 505 to 651 C. And it was found that the control rod temperature at the time of reactor scram does not exceed the using temperature criteria (900 C) of Alloy 800H of the control rod sleeve.
Watanabe, Kenta*; Nozaki, Mikito*; Yamada, Takahiro*; Nakazawa, Satoshi*; Anda, Yoshiharu*; Ishida, Masahiro*; Ueda, Tetsuzo*; Yoshigoe, Akitaka; Hosoi, Takuji*; Shimura, Takayoshi*; et al.
Applied Physics Letters, 111(4), p.042102_1 - 042102_5, 2017/07
AlGaN/GaN HFET (hetero-junction field-effect transitor) has gained much attention as next-generation high frequency and high power devices. In this study, we systematically investigated the interface reaction between Al-based dielectrics (AlO and AlON) and AlGaN layer during deposition and post-deposition annealing (PDA), and revealed high thermal stability of AlON/AlGaN interface.
Matsuba, Kenichi; Kamiyama, Kenji; Toyooka, Junichi; Zuev, V. A.*; Ganovichev, D. A.*; Kolodeshnikov, A. A.*
Proceedings of 10th Japan-Korea Symposium on Nuclear Thermal Hydraulics and Safety (NTHAS-10) (USB Flash Drive), 5 Pages, 2016/11
Molten fuel discharge through control rod guide tubes (CRGTs) is a key process that dominates the termination of core disruptive accidents of sodium-cooled fast reactors, since fuel dispersion from the core contributes to the achievement of both deeper subcriticality in the degraded core and formation of coolable debris bed. Within a framework of a collaborative research program between Japan Atomic Energy Agency and National Nuclear Center of the Republic of Kazakhstan, called EAGLE program, a new experimental program has been started with out-of-pile experiments to clarify the fuel discharge through CRGTs. This paper presents the status of the new program, including experimental results obtained so far.
Miyamura, Hiroko; Takemiya, Hiroshi; Wu, H.-Y.*; Takahashi, Shigeo*
Kashika Joho Gakkai-Shi, 36(143), p.152 - 156, 2016/10
Broad survey on the distribution of the air dose rate has been performed after the accident at the Fukushima Daiichi Nuclear Power Plant continuously. The surveyed monitoring datasets are stored in a database and are made available to the public. Recently, the size of the datasets have been significantly increased as more detailed measurements in space and time are available, and effective reduction of the size of the datasets is necessary for visualizing and exploring such large scale datasets. However, if the datasets are not carefully reduced, we often miss a part of important features of the distribution data. Therefore, we develop an effective Level of Detail control (LoD) method for retaining critical features of the distribution. In the method, the global and local features of the distribution are extracted by means of differential topology analyses. Then, the simplified data is created by edge collapse operation with taking into account these features of the data.
Ushiki, Hiroshi*; Okuda, Eiji; Suzuki, Nobuhiro; Takamatsu, Misao; Nagai, Akinori
JAEA-Technology 2015-042, 37 Pages, 2016/02
The reactor vessel of a sodium-cooled fast reactor (SFR) is filled with sodium coolant and cover gas (argon gas). In case of a cover gas boundary open (ie., in-vessel repair), installation of a temporary cover gas boundary and controlling the cover gas pressure slightly positive are required to prevent the cover gas release and the contamination of impurities, and during upper core structure (UCS) replacement in the experimental SFR Joyo from March to December 2014, a vinyl bag was installed as a part of the temporary cover gas boundary. However, because it has inferior thermal resistance, supply a cooling gas too much was required to maintain proper temperature for two months. On the basis of this requirement, a cover gas recycling system with precise pressure control was developed and adopted for UCS replacement. The system has a good pressure controllability and recyclability. The successful results of this system contributed to the certain promotion of UCS replacement. In addition, the insights and the experience gathered in this development are expected to improve the in-vessel repair techniques in sodium-cooled fast reactors.
Uchida, Shunsuke; Hanawa, Satoshi; Lister, D. H.*
Power Plant Chemistry, 17(6), p.328 - 339, 2015/12
In nuclear power plants, radiation makes the relationship between structural materials and water chemistry much more complex than that in fossil fueled power plants. It is difficult to maintain safer and more reliable plant operation by controlling water chemistry based on only a restricted number of measured data. It is often required to control water chemistry with suitable assistance from computer models, which can extrapolate measured water chemistry parameters to those at the required locations and predict future trends of the interactions between structural materials and water chemistry. In the paper, water chemistry control based on parameters determined with plant simulation models and major computational models to be applied for water chemistry control are discussed.
Oi, Motoki; Sakai, Kenji; Watanabe, Akihiko; Akutsu, Atsushi; Meigo, Shinichiro; Takada, Hiroshi
JPS Conference Proceedings (Internet), 8, p.036007_1 - 036007_5, 2015/09
This paper reports on upgrading of the monitor and operation (MO) system for a general control system (GCS) of the Materials and Life science experimental Facility (MLF) at J-PARC. The MLF-GCS consists of programmable logic controllers (PLCs), operator interfaces (OPIs) for integral control and interlock systems, shared servers, and so on. It is controlling various components of the pulsed spallation neutron source such as a mercury target and hydrogen moderators. The MO system is used for monitoring, alarm notification and remote control from the MLF control room. The GCS has been working well as expected, but current MO system which consists of the OPIs and data servers based on iFix has some problems in view of sustainable maintenance because of its poor flexibility of supported OS and software version compatibility. To overcome the problems, we upgraded the MO system to be operated using the framework of EPICS, the OPI of Control System Studio (CSS) and the server software of Postgre SQL. This improves versatility of the MO system, enabling to run on various platforms such as Windows, Linux and Mac OS. At first, we made a prototype MO system, which processed 100 points of data and 5 operation screens and verified that the MO system functions correctly. Then we made full spec MO system which processes the data point of 7000 and operation screens of 130. It was operated in parallel with the current system to evaluate its performance with real data such as data transmission speed from PLCs, control functions from OPI, storage capability of servers and long-term reliability. As results, the new MO system achieved the communication speed of 2 Hz and its operability compatible to the current system. Now, we are operating and debugging it in comparison with the current system during the operating period as a preparation for the system replacement at the end of 2014.
Shototsu, 12(4), p.114 - 125, 2015/07
no abstracts in English
Sato, Isamu; Onishi, Takashi; Tanaka, Kosuke; Iwasaki, Maho; Koyama, Shinichi
Journal of Nuclear Materials, 461, p.22 - 28, 2015/06
We observed one of the simplified processes by conducting primitive experiments. CsI was heated at 1323 K to be vaporized and deposited on sampling parts with a temperature range of 1023 - 423 K and then BO was vaporized at 1973 K to be reacted with Cs/I there. After heating tests, each sampling part was soaked into alkali water to dissolve the surface-deposits for ICP-MS analysis. The results showed that CsI deposited at the sampling parts kept above approx. 850 K was striped by BO vapour. This behaviour will be thermodynamically discussed to study the Cs/I/B chemistry in the severe accidents.
Saito, Katsuyo*; Funayama, Tomoo; Kobayashi, Yasuhiko; Murakami, Takashi*
JAEA-Review 2014-050, JAEA Takasaki Annual Report 2013, P. 83, 2015/03
Epigenetic modifiers, such as histone deacetylase inhibitors (HDACi) and DNA methyltransferase inhibitors, have emerged recently as promising anticancer agents and it has been expected that epigenetic modifiers may enhance the effect of other cancer therapeutics including radiotherapy. Therefore, we investigated whether the use of epigenetic modifiers could sensitize melanoma cells for the heavy-ion therapy. Murine B16F10 melanoma cells were treated with investigational or comparator epigenetic modifier, then exposed to carbon ions of JAEA-Takasaki. After irradiation, the viabilities of cells were evaluated by colony formation assay. Treatment of B16F10 melanoma cells with HDACi trichostatin A (TSA) in combination with heavy-ion radiation provided enhanced inhibition of colony formation. The data suggest that combination of an epigenetic modifier TSA together with heavy-ion therapy may provide improved therapeutic responses in melanoma patients.
Kurihara, Kenichi; Itagaki, Masafumi*; Miyata, Yoshiaki; Nakamura, Kazuo*; Urano, Hajime
Purazuma, Kaku Yugo Gakkai-Shi, 91(1), p.10 - 47, 2015/01
no abstracts in English