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JAEA Reports

Activities of Working Group on Verification of PASCAL; Fiscal years 2016 and 2017

Li, Y.; Hirota, Takatoshi*; Itabashi, Yu*; Yamamoto, Masato*; Kanto, Yasuhiro*; Suzuki, Masahide*; Miyamoto, Yuhei*

JAEA-Review 2020-011, 130 Pages, 2020/09

JAEA-Review-2020-011.pdf:9.31MB

For the improvement of the structural integrity assessment methodology on reactor pressure vessels (RPVs), the probabilistic fracture mechanics (PFM) analysis code PASCAL has been developed and improved in Japan Atomic Energy Agency based on the latest knowledge. The PASCAL code evaluates the failure probabilities and frequencies of Japanese RPVs under transient events such as pressure thermal shock considering neutron irradiation embrittlement. In order to confirm the reliability of the PASCAL as a domestic standard code and to promote the application of PFM on the domestic structural integrity assessments of RPVs, it is important to perform verification activities, and summarize the verification processes and results as a document. On the basis of these backgrounds, we established a working group, composed of experts on this field besides the developers, on the verification of the PASCAL module and the source program of PASCAL was released to the members of working group. This report summarizes the activities of the working group on the verification of PASCAL in FY2016 and FY2017.

Journal Articles

${it In situ}$ WB-STEM observation of dislocation loop behavior in reactor pressure vessel steel during post-irradiation annealing

Du, Y.*; Yoshida, Kenta*; Shimada, Yusuke*; Toyama, Takeshi*; Inoue, Koji*; Arakawa, Kazuto*; Suzudo, Tomoaki; Milan, K. J.*; Gerard, R.*; Onuki, Somei*; et al.

Materialia, 12, p.100778_1 - 100778_10, 2020/08

In order to ensure the integrity of the reactor pressure vessel in the long term, it is necessary to understand the effects of irradiation on the materials. In this study, irradiation-induced dislocation loops were observed in neutron-irradiated reactor pressure vessel specimens during annealing using our newly developed WB-STEM. It was confirmed that the proportion of $$<100>$$ loops increased with increasing annealing temperature. We also succeeded in observing the phenomenon that two $$frac{1}{2}$$$$<111>$$ loops collide into a $$<100>$$ loop. Moreover, a phenomenon in which dislocation loops decorate dislocations was also observed, and the mechanism was successfully explained by molecular dynamics simulation.

Journal Articles

Improved Bayesian update method on flaw distributions reflecting non-destructive inspection result

Katsuyama, Jinya; Miyamoto, Yuhei*; Lu, K.; Mano, Akihiro; Li, Y.

Proceedings of ASME 2020 Pressure Vessels and Piping Conference (PVP 2020) (Internet), 8 Pages, 2020/08

We have developed a probabilistic fracture mechanics (PFM) analysis code PASCAL4 for evaluating failure frequency of reactor pressure vessels (RPVs). It is known that flaw distributions have an important role in failure frequency calculation in PFM analysis. Previously, we proposed likelihood function to obtain more realistic flaw distributions applicable for both case when flaws are detected and when there is no flaw indication as the inspection results based on Bayesian update methodology. Here, it can be applied to independently obtain posterior distributions of flaw depth and density. In this study, we improve the likelihood function to enable them to update flaw depth and density simultaneously. Based on the improved likelihood function, an example is presented in which flaw distributions are estimated by reflecting NDI results through Bayesian update and PFM analysis. The results indicate that the improved likelihood functions are useful for estimating flaw distributions.

Journal Articles

Bayesian uncertainty evaluation of Charpy ductile-to-brittle transition temperature for reactor pressure vessel steels

Takamizawa, Hisashi; Nishiyama, Yutaka; Hirano, Takashi*

Proceedings of ASME 2020 Pressure Vessels and Piping Conference (PVP 2020) (Internet), 7 Pages, 2020/08

no abstracts in English

Journal Articles

Susceptibility to neutron irradiation embrittlement of heat-affected zone of reactor pressure vessel steels

Takamizawa, Hisashi; Katsuyama, Jinya; Ha, Yoosung; Tobita, Toru; Nishiyama, Yutaka; Onizawa, Kunio

Proceedings of 2019 ASME Pressure Vessels and Piping Conference (PVP 2019) (Internet), 8 Pages, 2019/07

no abstracts in English

Journal Articles

Influence evaluation of loading conditions during pressurized thermal shock transients based on thermal-hydraulics and structural analyses

Katsuyama, Jinya; Uno, Shumpei*; Watanabe, Tadashi*; Li, Y.

Frontiers of Mechanical Engineering, 13(4), p.563 - 570, 2018/12

 Times Cited Count:1 Percentile:83.97(Engineering, Mechanical)

For the structural integrity assessments on reactor pressure vessels (RPVs) under pressurized thermal shock (PTS) events, thermal hydraulic (TH) behavior of coolant water is one of the most important influence factors. Configuration of plant equipment and their dimensions, and operator action have large influences on TH behavior. In this study, to investigate the influence of operator action on TH behavior during a PTS event, we developed an analysis model for a typical Japanese plant, and performed TH and structural analyses. Two different operator action times were assumed based on the Japanese and US' rules. From the analysis results, it was clarified that differences in operator action times have a significant effect on TH behavior and loading conditions, that is, following the Japanese rule may lead to lower stresses compared to that when following the US rule because earlier operator action caused lower pressure in the RPV.

JAEA Reports

User's manual and analysis methodology of probabilistic fracture mechanics analysis code PASCAL Ver.4 for reactor pressure vessel (Contract research)

Katsuyama, Jinya; Masaki, Koichi; Miyamoto, Yuhei*; Li, Y.

JAEA-Data/Code 2017-015, 229 Pages, 2018/03

JAEA-Data-Code-2017-015.pdf:5.8MB
JAEA-Data-Code-2017-015(errata).pdf:0.15MB

As a part of the structural integrity research for aging light water reactor components, a probabilistic fracture mechanics (PFM) analysis code PASCAL has been developed in JAEA. The PASCAL code can evaluate the conditional failure probabilities and failure frequencies for core region in reactor pressure vessels under the pressurized thermal shock events. In this study, we improved many functions such as the stress intensity factor solutions, the fracture toughness models, or confidence level evaluation function by considering epistemic and aleatory uncertainties related to influence parameters in the structural integrity assessment. We also developed the analysis module PASCAL-Manager which calculates the failure frequency for the entire core region taking into consideration the failure probabilities obtained from PACAL-RV. Based on these improvements, the new analysis code is upgraded to PASCAL Ver.4. This report provides the user's manual and theoretical background of PASCAL Ver.4.

JAEA Reports

Guideline on a structural integrity assessment for reactor pressure vessel based on probabilistic fracture mechanics (Contract research)

Katsuyama, Jinya; Osakabe, Kazuya*; Uno, Shumpei; Li, Y.

JAEA-Research 2016-022, 40 Pages, 2017/02

JAEA-Research-2016-022.pdf:4.04MB

For reactor pressure vessels (RPVs) in the light water reactors, the fracture toughness decreases due to the neutron irradiation embrittlement with operating years. In Japan, to prevent RPVs from a nil-ductile fracture, deterministic fracture mechanics methods in accordance with the codes provided by the Japan Electric Association are performed for assessing the structural integrity of RPVs under the pressurized thermal shock (PTS) events by taking the neutron irradiation embrittlement into account. On the other hand, in recent years, probabilistic methodologies for PTS evaluation are introduced into regulations in Europe and the United States. For example, in the United States, a PTS screening criterion related to the reference temperature derived by the probabilistic method is stipulated. If the screening criterion is not satisfied, it is approved to perform the evaluation based on the probabilistic method by calculating numerical index such as through-wall crack frequency (TWCF). To reach the objectives that persons who have knowledge on the fracture mechanics can carry out the PFM analyses and obtain TWCF for a domestic RPVs by referring to this report, we develop the guideline on a structural integrity assessment method based on PFM by reflecting the latest knowledge and expertise.

Journal Articles

Statistical analysis using the Bayesian nonparametric method for irradiation embrittlement of reactor pressure vessels

Takamizawa, Hisashi; Ito, Hiroto; Nishiyama, Yutaka

Journal of Nuclear Materials, 479, p.533 - 541, 2016/10

 Times Cited Count:0 Percentile:100(Materials Science, Multidisciplinary)

To understand neutron irradiation embrittlement in high fluence regions, statistical analysis using the Bayesian nonparametric (BNP) method was performed for the Japanese surveillance and material test reactor irradiation database. The BNP method is essentially expressed as an infinite summation of normal distributions, with input data being subdivided into clusters with identical statistical parameters (such as mean and standard deviation) for each cluster to estimate shifts in ductile-to-brittle transition temperature (DBTT). Clusters typically depend on chemical compositions, irradiation conditions, and the irradiation embrittlement. Specific variables contributing to the irradiation embrittlement include the content of Cu, Ni, P, Si, and Mn in the pressure vessel, neutron flux, neutron fluence, and irradiation temperatures. It was found through numerous examinations that the measured shifts of DBTT correlated well with calculated ones. Data associated with the same materials were subdivided into the same clusters even if neutron fluences were significantly disparate among the results. This indicates that slowly developing or late-onset embrittlement mechanisms were not evident in the present study.

Journal Articles

Development of failure evaluation method for BWR lower head in severe accident, 2; Applicability evaluation of the FEM using uni-axial material data for multi-axial deformation analysis

Nemoto, Yoshiyuki; Kato, Hitoshi; Kaji, Yoshiyuki; Yoshida, Hiroyuki

Proceedings of 23rd International Conference on Nuclear Engineering (ICONE-23) (DVD-ROM), 5 Pages, 2015/05

For the evaluation of reactor pressure vessel (RPV) lower head rupture probably occurred during the severe accident in Fukushima Daiichi Nuclear Power Plants, JAEA is conducting the thermal-hydraulics / mechanical coupling analysis. In the mechanical analysis based on the finite element method (FEM), material property data previously obtained from uni-axial material tests are applied. The lower head of BWR such as Fukushima NPP, has complicated structure compared to PWR, with control rod guide tubes, stub tubes, etc., therefore the mechanical analyses need to treat multi-axial deformation of the materials. To perform such mechanical analysis, the applicability of the analytical model using uni-axial data for multi-axial deformation analysis must be validated. In this study, the internal pressure creep tests were performed because which can realize the multi-axial deformation condition. In addition, mechanical analyses were conducted and the analytical results were compared with the experimental data.

Journal Articles

New reactor cavity cooling system using novel shape for HTGRs and VHTRs

Takamatsu, Kuniyoshi; Hu, R.*

Proceedings of 10th International Topical Meeting on Nuclear Thermal Hydraulics, Operation and Safety (NUTHOS-10) (USB Flash Drive), 12 Pages, 2014/12

continuous closed regions; one is an ex-reactor pressure vessel (RPV) region and another is a cooling region having heat transfer area to ambient air assumed at 40 ($$^{circ}$$C). The RCCS uses novel shape so that the heat released from the RPV can be removed efficiently with radiation and natural convection. Employing the air as the working fluid and the ambient air as the ultimate heat sink, the new RCCS design greatly reduces the possibility of losing the heat sink for decay heat removal. Therefore, HTGRs and VHTRs adopting the new RCCS design can avoid core melting owing to overheating the fuels.

Journal Articles

Grain boundary embrittlement of light water reactor pressure vessel steels

Nishiyama, Yutaka; Suzuki, Masahide

Kinzoku, 73(8), p.48 - 52, 2003/08

no abstracts in English

Journal Articles

Development of PFM code with a function of ductile crack extension analysis

Li, Y.*; Kato, Daisuke*; Shibata, Katsuyuki; Onizawa, Kunio

Nippon Kikai Gakkai Rombunshu, A, 69(678), p.239 - 245, 2003/02

no abstracts in English

Journal Articles

Irradiation behavior of low-copper reactor pressure vessel steels

Suzuki, Masahide; Nishiyama, Yutaka

Kinzoku, 71(8), p.42 - 45, 2001/08

no abstracts in English

Journal Articles

Development of a diagnostic technique using ultrasonic wave for evaluation of irradiation embrittlement in reactor pressure vessel materials

Ishii, Toshimitsu; Ooka, Norikazu; Niimi, Motoji; Kobayashi, Hideo*

Kinzoku, 71(8), p.20 - 24, 2001/08

no abstracts in English

Journal Articles

Comparison of transition temperature shifts between static fracture toughness and Charpy-V impact properties due to irradiation and post-irradiation annealing for Japanese A533B-1 steels

Onizawa, Kunio; Suzuki, Masahide

Effects of Radiation on Materials: 20th International Symposium (ASTM STP 1405), p.79 - 96, 2001/07

no abstracts in English

Journal Articles

Development of a RPV reliability analysis code based on probabilistic fracture mechanics methodology

Shibata, Katsuyuki; Kato, Daisuke*; Li, Y.*

Nippon Genshiryoku Gakkai-Shi, 43(4), p.387 - 396, 2001/04

 Times Cited Count:2 Percentile:79.19(Nuclear Science & Technology)

no abstracts in English

Journal Articles

Evaluation of nuclear reactor pressure vessel integrity by magnetic interrogation and problems of relevant magnetic field analysis

Ara, Katsuyuki*; Ebine, Noriya

Denki Gakkai Magunetikkusu Kenkyukai Shiryo (MAG-01-55), p.1 - 6, 2001/03

no abstracts in English

Journal Articles

Development of PFM code with a function of ductile crack extension analysis, 1; Introduction of ductile crack extension analysis function based on R6 method

Shibata, Katsuyuki; Onizawa, Kunio; Kato, Daisuke*; Li, Y.*

Nippon Kikai Gakkai 2001-Nendo Nenji Taikai Koen Rombunshu, p.389 - 390, 2001/00

no abstracts in English

87 (Records 1-20 displayed on this page)