Sonoda, Tetsu*; Katayama, Ichiro*; Wada, Michiharu*; Iimura, Hideki; Sonnenschein, V.*; Iimura, S.*; Takamine, Aiko*; Rosenbusch, M.*; Kojima, Takao*; Ahn, D. S.*; et al.
Progress of Theoretical and Experimental Physics (Internet), 2019(11), p.113D02_1 - 113D02_12, 2019/11
An in-flight separator, BigRIPS, at RIBF in RIKEN provides each experiment with specific nuclides separated from many nuclides produced by projectile fragmentation or in-flight fission. In this process, nuclides other than separated ones are discarded on the slits in BigRIPS, although they include many nuclides interested from the view point of nuclear structure. In order to extract these nuclides for parasitic experiments, we are developing a method using laser ion-source (PALIS). A test experiment with Se beam from RIBF has been performed by using a gas cell set in BigRIPS. Unstable nuclides around Se were stopped in the gas cell in accordance with a calculation using LISE code. The stopping efficiency has been estimated to be about 30%. As a next step, we will establish the technique for extracting reaction products from the gas cell.
Kobayashi, Takanori*; Matsuoka, Leo*; Yokoyama, Keiichi
Computational and Theoretical Chemistry, 1150, p.40 - 48, 2019/02
One of important research targets in the development of cesium isotope separation system is design of recovery process of cesium atom. Relevant to this research target, the reaction cross section and reaction rate constant of a cesium exchange reaction through collision of the cesium iodide molecules with cesium atoms are calculated by a quasi-classical trajectory calculation based on a potential energy surface obtained by quantum chemistry calculations. Consequently, the rate constant is calculated to be 3.6 10 cmmolecules, as large as collision rate in the present condition. In addition, slightly positive temperature dependence is observed in the rate constant. This behavior is explained with the long-range attractive force and effect of subsequent dissociation process.
Sato, Tetsuya; Asai, Masato; Borschevsky, A.*; Beerwerth, R.*; Kaneya, Yusuke*; Makii, Hiroyuki; Mitsukai, Akina*; Nagame, Yuichiro; Osa, Akihiko; Toyoshima, Atsushi; et al.
Journal of the American Chemical Society, 140(44), p.14609 - 14613, 2018/11
The first ionization potential (IP) yields information on valence electronic structure of an atom. IP values of heavy actinides beyond einsteinium (Es, Z = 99), however, have not been determined experimentally so far due to the difficulty in obtaining these elements on scales of more than one atom at a time. Recently, we successfully measured IP of lawrencium (Lr, Z = 103) using a surface ionization method. The result suggests that Lr has a loosely-bound electron in the outermost orbital. In contrast to Lr, nobelium (No, Z = 102) is expected to have the highest IP among the actinide elements owing to its full-filled 5f and the 7s orbitals. In the present study, we have successfully determined IP values of No as well as fermium (Fm, Z = 100) and mendelevium (Md, Z = 101) using the surface ionization method. The obtained results indicate that the IP value of heavy actinoids would increase monotonically with filling electrons up in the 5f orbital like heavy lanthanoids.
Sekiguchi, Tetsuhiro; Yokoyama, Keiichi; Uozumi, Yuki*; Yano, Masahiro; Asaoka, Hidehito; Suzuki, Shinichi; Yaita, Tsuyoshi
Progress in Nuclear Science and Technology (Internet), 5, p.161 - 164, 2018/11
For nuclear transmutation of cesium-135 (Cs), which is long-lived fission product, we are developing selective absorbent which takes only Cs atom in, but does not CsI. In this study, absorbing property of Cs atom onto the surface of fullerene (C) film has been investigated using synchrotron-based angle-dependent X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy (XPS). The results were compared with those of CsI. It was found that Cs penetrates into C deep bulk. In contrast, CsI deposits on shallow surface. Furthermore, XPS spectra were measured as a function of Ar-sputtering time in order to know Cs concentration profiles in deep region. Results showed that Cs penetrates into deep region of several hundreds .
Akagi, Hiroshi*; Kumada, Takayuki; Otobe, Tomohito*; Itakura, Ryuji*; Hasegawa, Hirokazu*; Oshima, Yasuhiro*
Applied Physics B, 124(1), p.14_1 - 14_8, 2018/01
We propose and numerically simulate a method of laser isotope separation based on field-free alignment of isotopologues, utilizing an intense switched nanosecond (ns) laser field which is slowly turned on and rapidly turned off at the peak with the falling time of 200 fs. The femtosecond (fs) laser induced alignment of molecules including a heavy atom is severely disturbed by ionization because of their small ionization potential. Our simulations for Br and Br isotopologues demonstrate that the switched ns laser field can make isotopologues well-aligned with the reduced ionization probability at the laser intensity which is an order-of-magnitude lower than a typical intensity for field-free alignment induced by a fs laser field.
Sonoda, Tetsu*; Iimura, Hideki; Reponen, M.*; Wada, Michiharu*; Katayama, Ichiro*; Sonnenschein, V.*; Takamatsu, Takahide*; Tomita, Hideki*; Kojima, Takao*
Nuclear Instruments and Methods in Physics Research A, 877, p.118 - 123, 2018/01
In order to produce low-energy RI beams at RIKEN RIBF, a laser ion source, PALIS, is under construction. This ion source is based on resonance ionization of RI atoms captured in Ar gas. Because the ion source is located 70m away from lasers, we have developed an optical system for laser beam transport. This system can be controlled remotely when the ion source is not accessible because of high radiation level. The position of laser beam after transport is reasonably stable, and the transport efficiency is about 50%.
Genshikaku Kenkyu, 61(1), p.96 - 106, 2016/09
We successfully determined the first ionization potential of lawrencium (Lr, Z=103). The result experimentally substantiated for the first time that Lr is the last member of the actinide series. Measured ionization potential suggested that Lr atom would have the electronic configuration which is different from the configuration expected based on the Periodic table. For the measurement, we have developed a novel method applied the surface ionization process. Public responses after the publication are also introduced.
Isotope News, (740), p.16 - 19, 2015/12
We successfully determined the first ionization potential of lawrencium (Lr, Z=103). The result experimentally substantiated for the first time that Lr is the last member of the actinide series. Measured ionization potential suggested that Lr atom would have the electronic configuration which is different from the configuration expected based on the Periodic table.
Nippon Genshiryoku Gakkai-Shi, 57(11), p.741 - 744, 2015/11
We have experimentally confirmed that Lr would be the last member of actinides series for the first time by a measurement of the first ionization potential of lawrencium (Lr, element 103). The electronic orbital of Lr atom which is estimated by the result suggests that Lr could have the outermost electronic orbital similar with group-13 elements. This work triggered a discussion concerning positions of Lr and lutetium, lanthanide homologue of Lr.
Hosha Kagaku, (32), p.34 - 41, 2015/09
In the surface ionization process, an ionization efficiency depends on the first ionization potential of the atom of the element. The ionization potential can be estimated by using the relationship. This method has been developed in order to determine the first ionization potential of lawrencium (Lr, element 103). The value of the ionization potential of Lr have not been measured experimentally due to its low production rate and short half-life. The surface-ionization method is described in detail in this paper.
Sato, Tetsuya; Nagame, Yuichiro; Tsukada, Kazuaki
Kagaku To Kogyo, 68(9), p.824 - 826, 2015/09
We successfully confirmed that lawrencium (Lr, element 103) is the last member of actinide series by a measurement of its first ionization potential. Obtained experimental result suggested that the outermost electronic orbital of Lr atom would have p-orbital similar to elements of group-13. Our result triggered again the discussion of the position of Lr and lutetium, the lanthanide homologue of Lr, on the Periodic Table.
Tamura, Koji; Ozawa, Masaki*
Journal of Nuclear Science and Technology, 52(6), p.872 - 877, 2015/06
We studied laser isotope separation of cesium (Cs) on the basis of a laser photochemical reaction and two-photon excitation scheme using a narrow line width Ti:sapphire laser to reduce long-term radioactive toxicity of a long-lived fission product. Using resonant laser irradiation to Cs atoms in hydrogen gas, we observed cesium hydride fine particles, and confirmed the formation by calculations using rate equations. Our results show that the process seems promising for efficient Cs isotope separation.
Iwai, Yasunori; Kubo, Hitoshi*; Oshima, Yusuke*
Kagaku, 70(5), p.35 - 40, 2015/05
We have successfully developed a new hydrophobic platinum catalyst for collecting tritium at nuclear fusion reactors. Catalysts used to collect tritium are called hydrophobic precious metal catalysts. In Japan, hydrophobic precious metal catalysts manufactured from polymers have been used for heavy water refinement. However, this catalyst has issues related to embrittlement to radiation and thermal stability. These technological issues needed to be solved to allow for its application to nuclear fusion reactors requiring further enrichment from highly-concentrated tritiated water. We developed a new method of manufacturing catalysts involving hydrophobic processing with an inorganic substance base. As a result, previous technological issues were able to be solved with the development of a catalyst that exhibited no performance degradation in response to radiation application of 530 kGy, a standard for radiation resistance, and maintenance of thermal stability at over 600C, which is much higher than the 70C temperature that is normally used. The catalyst created with this method was also confirmed to have achieved the world's highest exchange efficiency, equivalent to 1.3 times the previously most powerful efficiency. The application of this catalyst to the liquid phase catalytic exchange process is expected to overcome significant technological hurdles with regards to improving the reliability and efficiency of systems for collecting tritium from tritiated water.
Yokoyama, Keiichi; Matsuoka, Leo*
Nippon Genshiryoku Gakkai-Shi, 56(8), p.525 - 528, 2014/08
With respect to the isotope separation of cesium, one of the long-lived fission products, the background, principle, feasibility, and research activity in Kansai Photon Science Institute are described.
Watanabe, Satoshi; Katabuchi, Tatsuya*; Ishioka, Noriko; Matsuhashi, Shimpei; Muramatsu, Hisakazu*
Journal of Radioanalytical and Nuclear Chemistry, 272(3), p.467 - 469, 2007/06
no abstracts in English
Fukada, Satoshi*; Hayashi, Takumi
Nippon Genshiryoku Gakkai-Shi, 47(9), p.623 - 629, 2005/09
no abstracts in English
Iwai, Yasunori; Yamanishi, Toshihiko; Nishi, Masataka; Suzuki, Yutaka*; Kurita, Koichi*; Shimazaki, Masanori*
Journal of Nuclear Science and Technology, 42(6), p.566 - 572, 2005/06
Pressure swing adsorption has been studied as a new water processing method for a future fusion power plant which will have a large amount of tritiated water to be processed. A series of adsorption and dehydration experiments was carried out for a typical adsorbent of NaX zeolite and it was clearly observed that break through time differs in HO and HTO, that is, it is certain that NaX zeolite can separate into the tritium concentrated water and the tritium reduced water. The quick dehydration is attained by decompression and purge gas flowing. It was observed that a part of the water released by decompression was transferred by the purge gas, and the rest water was adsorbed on the adsorbent again and was gradually released by the diffusion. It is demonstrated that enlargement of pressure difference between adsorption and dehydration is effective to obtain high dehydration ratio. Furthermore, it was also verified that enough vapor removal capacity of purge gas is quite necessary to obtain high dehydration ratio.
Iimura, Hideki; Asai, Masato; Ichikawa, Shinichi; Katakura, Junichi; Magara, Masaaki; Osa, Akihiko; Oshima, Masumi; Shinohara, Nobuo; Yamamoto, Hiroshi*
European Physical Journal A, 23(1), p.33 - 39, 2005/01
The low-lying levels in La have been studied through the -decay of Ce ( = 29 s) produced by bombarding a Mo target with a 185-MeV Cl beam. Reaction products were on-line mass-separated, and -ray singles and - coincidence measurements were performed. Conversion electrons were also measured and multipolarities of transitions have been derived. A half-life of an excited state was determined by the - delayed coincidence technique. The level scheme obtained has been compared with calculations based on the Nilsson model.
Sakama, Minoru*; Asai, Masato; Tsukada, Kazuaki; Ichikawa, Shinichi; Nishinaka, Ichiro; Nagame, Yuichiro; Haba, Hiromitsu*; Goto, Shinichi*; Shibata, Michihiro*; Kawade, Kiyoshi*; et al.
Physical Review C, 69(1), p.014308_1 - 014308_11, 2004/01
no abstracts in English
Ichikawa, Shinichi; Osa, Akihiko; Matsuda, Makoto; Tsukada, Kazuaki; Asai, Masato; Nagame, Yuichiro; Jeong, S.-C.*; Katayama, Ichiro*
Nuclear Instruments and Methods in Physics Research B, 204, p.372 - 376, 2003/05
no abstracts in English