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Journal Articles

Development of evaluation method for variability of groundwater flow conditions associated with long-term topographic change and climate perturbations

Onoe, Hironori; Kosaka, Hiroshi*; Matsuoka, Toshiyuki; Komatsu, Tetsuya; Takeuchi, Ryuji; Iwatsuki, Teruki; Yasue, Kenichi

Genshiryoku Bakkuendo Kenkyu (CD-ROM), 26(1), p.3 - 14, 2019/06

In this study, it is focused on topographic changes due to uplift and denudation, also climate perturbations, a method which is able to assess the long-term variability of groundwater flow conditions using the coefficient variation based on some steady-state groundwater flow simulation results was developed. Spatial distribution of long residence time area which is not much influenced due to long-term topographic change and recharge rate change during the past one million years was able to estimate through the case study of the Tono area, Central Japan. By applying this evaluation method, it is possible to identify the local area that has low variability of groundwater flow conditions due to topographic changes and climate perturbations from the regional area quantitatively and spatially.

Journal Articles

Prospects based on T-H roadmap through communication

Nakamura, Hideo

Nippon Genshiryoku Gakkai-Shi, 61(4), p.270 - 272, 2019/04

no abstracts in English

Journal Articles

Development and validation of SAS4A code and its application to analyses on severe flow blockage accidents in a sodium-cooled fast reactor

Fukano, Yoshitaka

Journal of Nuclear Engineering and Radiation Science, 5(1), p.011001_1 - 011001_13, 2019/01

Local subassembly faults (LFs) have been considered to be of greater importance in safety evaluation in sodium-cooled fast reactors (SFRs) because fuel elements were generally densely arranged in the subassemblies (SAs) in this type of reactors, and because power densities were higher compared with those in light water reactors. A hypothetical total instantaneous flow blockage at the coolant inlet of an SA (HTIB) gives most severe consequences among a variety of LFs. Although an evaluation on the consequences of HTIB using SAS4A code was performed in the past study, SAS4A code was further developed by implementing analytical model of power control system in this study. An evaluation on the consequences of HTIB in an SFR by this developed SAS4A code clarified that the conclusion in the past study was almost same as that in this study. Furthermore SAS4A code was newly validated using four in-pile experiments which simulated HTIB events. The validity of SAS4A application to safety evaluation on the consequence of HTIB was further enhanced in this study. Thus the methodology of HTIB evaluation was established in this study together with the past study and is applicable to HTIB evaluations in other SFRs.

Journal Articles

K$$_{rm d}$$ setting approaches for rocks for the performance assessment of geological disposal; Application for granitic rocks

Tachi, Yukio; Suyama, Tadahiro*; Shibutani, Sanae*

Genshiryoku Bakkuendo Kenkyu (CD-ROM), 24(2), p.109 - 134, 2017/12

For performance assessment (PA), the distribution coefficient (K$$_{rm d}$$) need to be determined taking into account the specific PA conditions, including geochemical variability or uncertainty. The K$$_{rm d}$$ setting approach for rocks was developed by integrating three methods; (i) direct use of measured K$$_{rm d}$$ data extracted from the sorption database, (ii) semi-quantitative estimation by scaling differences between experimental and PA conditions, and (iii) thermodynamic sorption models. This approach was tested for granitic rock by comparing K$$_{rm d}$$ values and their uncertainties of Cs and Am. The results indicated that K$$_{rm d}$$ can be quantitatively evaluated by all approaches when adequate data and models are available. The K$$_{rm d}$$ dataset for safety-relevant 25 radionuclides was developed based on the direct use of measured data, and compared with the recent K$$_{rm d}$$ dataset in European PA projects. This K$$_{rm d}$$ setting approaches allowed to estimate the K$$_{rm d}$$ values and their uncertainties under the expected site conditions.

Journal Articles

Journal Articles

Evaluation of source term parameters for spent fuel disposal in foreign countries, 2; Dissolution rates of spent fuel matrices and construction materials for fuel assemblies

Kitamura, Akira; Chikazawa, Takahiro*; Akahori, Kuniaki*; Tachi, Yukio

Genshiryoku Bakkuendo Kenkyu (CD-ROM), 23(1), p.55 - 72, 2016/06

The Japanese geological disposal program has started researching disposal of spent nuclear fuel (SF) in deep geological strata (hereafter "direct disposal of SF") as an alternative management option other reprocessing followed by vitrification and geological disposal of high-level radioactive waste. We conducted literature survey of dissolution rate of SF matrix and constructing materials (e.g. zircaloy cladding and control rods) selected in safety assessment reports for direct disposal of SF in Europe and United States. We also investigated basis of release rate determination and assignment of uncertainties in the safety assessment reports. Furthermore, we summarized major conclusions proposed by some European projects governed by European Commission. It was found that determined release rates are fairly similar to each other due to use of similar literature data in all countries of interest. It was also found that the determined release rates were including conservativeness because it was difficult to assign uncertainties quantitatively. It is expected that these findings are useful as fundamental information for determination of the release rates for the safety assessment of Japanese SF disposal system.

Journal Articles

An Outline of technologies of radioactive waste processing and disposal

Kamei, Gento

Genshiryoku Bakkuendo Kenkyu (CD-ROM), 23(1), p.75 - 77, 2016/06

After the Fukushima accident, concerns to nuclear power have been growing in Japanese society. Deriving from the issue, radioactive waste processing and disposal, including geological isolation, has been regarding as a social important problem. In consideration to such social trends, the author present fundamental information about radioactive waste generation, processing technology, disposal system (especially for high-level radioactive waste) based on the waste properties, and its safety assessment.

Journal Articles

Evaluation for influence of new volcanic eruption on geological disposal site

Shimada, Taro; Takeda, Seiji; Sakai, Ryutaro*; Takubo, Kazuya; Tanaka, Tadao

MRS Advances (Internet), 1(61), p.4081 - 4086, 2016/00

Volcanic eruption which may affect geological disposal system directly depends on the regional location in Japan. It is required that the disposal site should be located far from existing volcanos. However, there are regions where it is impossible to exclude the possibility of appearance of new volcanic activity on the site even if the site is located far from existing volcanos. In order to identify the influence of volcanic eruption at disposal site to public if it occurs public exposure doses were evaluated based on the two scenarios considering types of eruption at new volcanic activity in Japan. One is the exposure by tephra widespread by Strombolian eruption and deposited on the ground surface, including radionuclides from vitrified waste forms after a volcanic conduit penetrated disposal galleries. The other is that by waste forms appeared at the surface by Merapi type pyroclastic flow. Exposure doses of the residents living on the tephra do not exceed 1mSv/y even when the eruption occurs at 1,000 years after closure of disposal site. Dose rate for the volcanic researchers temporarily approaching waste forms becomes less than 1mSv/h when the eruption occurs 100,000 years after. It indicated that attention should be paid to the impact by Merapi type pyroclastic flow on researchers approaching waste forms appeared rather than that by Strombolian eruption on residents living on the tephra widespread.

JAEA Reports

Studies on the reconstruction of the concept of rock mass around the tunnel; Japanese fiscal year, 2014 (Contract research)

Kojima, Keiji*; Onishi, Yuzo*; Aoki, Kenji*; Tochiyama, Osamu*; Nishigaki, Makoto*; Tosaka, Hiroyuki*; Yoshida, Hidekazu*; Murakami, Hiroaki; Sasao, Eiji

JAEA-Research 2015-017, 54 Pages, 2015/12

JAEA-Research-2015-017.pdf:17.3MB

This report is concerned with research to reconstruct more realistic near-field (NF) concept for the geological disposal of radioactive waste. This year is the final year of this committee activities. So we have carried out the summary on Re-thinking of NF concept and its technical basis. Cooperation between the study fields and combination of various science and technology and evaluation methods are one of the important technical bases of NF concept. In addition, since the "Great East Japan Earthquake 2011", the safety paradigm has shifted dramatically. In the reconstruction of realistic NF concept, it is necessary to analyze what security matters whether society has become unacceptable for geological disposal. Committee, we also exchange views on such matters and presented the direction of future research and development for geological disposal.

JAEA Reports

Preliminary assessment of geological disposal system for spent fuel in Japan; First progress report on direct disposal

Radioactive Waste Processing and Disposal Research Department

JAEA-Research 2015-016, 327 Pages, 2015/12

JAEA-Research-2015-016.pdf:41.98MB

The Japan Atomic Energy Agency has prepared the technical progress report on preliminary assessment of geological disposal for spent fuel (hereinafter referred to as "First Progress Report on Direct Disposal"). This report is aiming to examine the technical feasibility of the direct disposal of spent fuel in Japan, based on the results of research and development (R&D) on SF direct disposal carried out during FY 2013. In the First Progress Report on Direct Disposal, the available technology for the direct disposal of spent fuel in Japan was discussed through the preliminary design and safety assessment for the geological disposal system which were made under the limited conditions of representative characteristics of geological environment and spent fuel. Through R&D, the challenges and concerns on the engineering technology and the safety assessment, to be resolved for the Second Progress Report on Direct Disposal, were identified and classified.

JAEA Reports

Method and result for calculation of radioactivity concentration of radionuclide corresponding to dose criterion for near surface disposal of radioactive waste generated from research, medical, and industrial facilities

Okada, Shota; Kurosawa, Ryohei; Sakai, Akihiro; Nakata, Hisakazu; Amazawa, Hiroya

JAEA-Technology 2015-016, 44 Pages, 2015/07

JAEA-Technology-2015-016.pdf:5.8MB

In this report, we calculated radioactivity concentration of radionuclides potentially contained in low level radioactive waste (LLW) generated from research, medical, and industrial facilities corresponding to dose criterion (10 $$mu$$Sv/y) for near surface disposal. 220 kinds of nuclides whose half-life are more than 30 days were selected. Radioactivity concentrations corresponding to dose criterion of 40 nuclides among 220 ones were calculated by using the representative model because the concentrations of 40 nuclides had not been calculated yet. Skyshine dose from each of 19 nuclides, whose radioactivity concentration were invalid values that are larger than the specific radioactivity of nuclides, during operation of disposal facility was calculated. These radioactivity concentrations can be used as criteria of categorization of LLW between trench type and concrete vault type disposal and of preliminary selection of important nuclides of these disposals in the generic conditions.

JAEA Reports

Development of the assessment tool for has migration scenario concerning sub-surface disposal

Sakatani, Keiichi; Nakamura, Yasuo; Tsuji, Tomoyuki; Nakatani, Takayoshi

JAEA-Data/Code 2014-020, 38 Pages, 2014/11

JAEA-Data-Code-2014-020.pdf:30.04MB

The safety assessment for sub-surface disposal of radioactive wastes should ensure that calculated dose will be lower than the dose assigned to the scenario in question over the whole evaluation period of hundreds of thousands years. We have developed several assessment tools for the safe disposal of radioactive wastes on the GoldSim platform, and calculated doses since JFY 2008. These assessment tools have been improved reflecting the last view of assessment. In addition, we have developed an assessment tool for the gas migration scenario. This report describes concept of assessment model and structure of tool for the gas migration scenario.

Journal Articles

Investigation of a model to evaluate the pyrolysis properties of zinc stearate

Abe, Hitoshi; Tashiro, Shinsuke; Miyoshi, Yoshinori

Nippon Genshiryoku Gakkai Wabun Rombunshi, 6(1), p.10 - 21, 2007/03

In MOX fuel fabrication facility, zinc stearate will be added into the MOX powder as addition material. If the material is added in large excess by miss operation, criticality characteristics of the MOX fuel would be influenced because it has neutron moderation effect. If criticality condition should be induced by the excess addition, physical variations, such as melting and pyrolysis of the material, must be caused by the fission energy and dynamic characteristics of the MOX fuel must be affected. To contribute quantitative evaluation of the dynamic characteristics, thermal properties data such as exo/endothermic calorific values, reaction rates, etc. with the respective physical variations and release behavior of pyrolysis gas were measured. It was found the exo/endothermic behavior with rinsing temperature of the material could be divided into six regions and rapid pressure rise caused by the pyrolysis reaction over about 400 $$^{circ}$$C. Furthermore, on the basis of the results, evaluation model for the thermal properties under the criticality condition was also investigated.

Journal Articles

Experimental study on long-term safety assessment considering uncertainties for geological disposal of radioactive wastes; JAERI status at 2005

Yamaguchi, Tetsuji; Sakamoto, Yoshifumi; Iida, Yoshihisa; Negishi, Kumi; Taki, Hiroshi; Akai, Masanobu; Jinno, Fumika; Kimura, Yuichiro; Ueda, Masato; Tanaka, Tadao; et al.

Proceedings of International Conference on Nuclear Energy System for Future Generation and Global Sustainability (GLOBAL 2005) (CD-ROM), 6 Pages, 2005/10

no abstracts in English

Journal Articles

Evaluation of uncertainty associated with parameters for long-term safety assessments of geological disposal

Yamaguchi, Tetsuji; Minase, Naofumi; Iida, Yoshihisa; Tanaka, Tadao; Nakayama, Shinichi

JAERI-Conf 2005-007, p.150 - 155, 2005/08

no abstracts in English

Journal Articles

Long-term alteration of bentonite; For safety evaluation of deep geological disposal

Tanaka, Tadao; Sakamoto, Yoshifumi; Yamaguchi, Tetsuji; Takazawa, Mayumi; Akai, Masanobu; Negishi, Kumi; Iida, Yoshihisa; Nakayama, Shinichi

JAERI-Conf 2005-007, p.105 - 110, 2005/08

Highly alkaline environments induced by cementitious materials in radioactive waste repositories are likely to dissolve and to alter montmorillonite, the main constituent of bentonite buffer materials. For the prediction of the long-term variations in permeability of compacted sand-bentonite mixtures, long-term alteration of bentonite should be quantified based on information accumulated by using the compacted or powdered bentonite materials, with batch experiments or column experiments. In this study, we summarize distinctive information obtained from various experimental systems, and propose functional and effective integration of experimental approaches to prediction of bentonite alteration.

Journal Articles

Radiation safety design study of J-PARC (Japan Proton Accelerator Research Complex)

Nakashima, Hiroshi; Safety Group of J-PARC

Monte Karuro Keisanho Kodoka No Genjo; Dai-3-Kai Monte Karuro Shimyureshon Kenkyukai Hobunshu, p.75 - 83, 2004/12

Design policy for radiation safety issues, design criteria, calculation conditions for shielding design, method for design and safety estimation and the present status of shielding design are reported in Japan Proton Accelerator Research Complex.

JAEA Reports

Geochemistry research equipment for TRU waste elements

Akai, Masanobu; Ito, Nobuyuki*; Yamaguchi, Tetsuji; Tanaka, Tadao; Iida, Yoshihisa; Nakayama, Shinichi; Inagaki, Shingo*

JAERI-Tech 2004-058, 47 Pages, 2004/09

JAERI-Tech-2004-058.pdf:7.27MB

Geochemistry Research Equipment for TRU Waste Elements has been installed in Back-end Cycle Key Elements Research Facility (BECKY) of Nuclear Fuel Cycle Safety Engineering Research Facility (NUCEF). This equipment is designed to study geochemical behavior of TRU elements and other radionuclides contained in TRU waste (TRU waste elements) and to acquire data for safety assessments of radioactive wastes disposal. The equipment consists of anaerobic glove box systems, aerobic glove box systems equipped with built-in barrier performance testing apparatus, and analytical instruments. This report describes principles, structure, performance and safety designs of each component of the equipment, and results of research performed in the equipment.

Journal Articles

Journal Articles

Experimental study for predicting long-term performance of radioactive waste disposal, 2; Experimental data acquisition on radionuclide migration

Yamaguchi, Tetsuji; Negishi, Kumi; Ebashi, Katsuhiro; Inagaki, Shingo*; Shibata, Mitsunobu*; Tanaka, Tadao; Nakayama, Shinichi

JAERI-Conf 2004-011, p.139 - 140, 2004/07

Uncertainties should be quantitatively assessed in a long-term assessment of radioactive waste disposal. We focus our experimental efforts on parameters that induce major uncertainties in the radionuclide migration analysis and that have not been quantitatively understood. Solubility of radionuclides, diffusion in bentonite buffer material and sorption on rocks were investigated to quantify the uncertainties associated with the parameters and to minimize the uncertainties.

243 (Records 1-20 displayed on this page)