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Journal Articles

In-house texture measurement using a compact neutron source

Xu, P. G.; Ikeda, Yoshimasa*; Hakoyama, Tomoyuki*; Takamura, Masato*; Otake, Yoshie*; Suzuki, Hiroshi

Journal of Applied Crystallography, 53(2), p.444 - 454, 2020/04

 Times Cited Count:0 Percentile:100(Chemistry, Multidisciplinary)

Journal Articles

Development of on-site measurement technique of retained austenite volume fraction by compact neutron source RANS

Ikeda, Yoshimasa*; Takamura, Masato*; Hakoyama, Tomoyuki*; Otake, Yoshie*; Kumagai, Masayoshi*; Suzuki, Hiroshi

Tetsu To Hagane, 104(3), p.138 - 144, 2018/03

 Times Cited Count:1 Percentile:82.98(Metallurgy & Metallurgical Engineering)

Neutron engineering diffraction is a powerful technique which provides the information of the micro structure of steels in bulk-average, while X-ray diffraction or Electron backscatter diffraction can provide information only from the surface layer. However, such measurement using neutron diffraction is typically performed in a large facility such as a reactor and a synchrotron, while a compact neutron source has never been used for this purpose. Authors have recently developed a neutron diffractometer installed in Riken Accelerator driven compact Neutron Source (RANS) and succeeded in the measurement of texture evolution of a steel sheet. In this study, we made an attempt to measure the volume fraction of retained austenite by RANS. Background noise was carefully eliminated in order to detect as many diffraction peaks as possible with low flux neutrons. The volume fraction was estimated by Rietveld analysis. The accuracy of the measurement result was discussed by comparing with those obtained by a large neutron facility (J-PARC TAKUMI). The volume fraction obtained by RANS with reasonable measurement time, i.e. 30 to 300 min, showed only 1 to 2 % discrepancies with those obtained in J-PARC. These comparisons suggest that neutron diffraction by RANS is capable of quantitative analysis of the volume fraction of crystal phases, showing the possibility of practical use of an in-house compact neutron source in the industry.

Journal Articles

Prospect for application of compact accelerator-based neutron source to neutron engineering diffraction

Ikeda, Yoshimasa*; Taketani, Atsushi*; Takamura, Masato*; Sunaga, Hideyuki*; Kumagai, Masayoshi*; Oba, Yojiro*; Otake, Yoshie*; Suzuki, Hiroshi

Nuclear Instruments and Methods in Physics Research A, 833, p.61 - 67, 2016/10

 Times Cited Count:22 Percentile:2.8(Instruments & Instrumentation)

A compact accelerator-based neutron source has been lately discussed on engineering applications such as transmission imaging and small angle scattering as well as reflectometry. However, nobody considers using it for neutron diffraction experiment because of its low neutron flux. In this study, therefore, the neutron diffraction experiments are carried out using Riken Accelerator-driven Compact Neutron Source (RANS), to clarify the capability of the compact neutron source for neutron engineering diffraction. The diffraction pattern from a ferritic steel was successfully measured by suitable arrangement of the optical system to reduce the background noise, and it was confirmed that the recognizable diffraction pattern can be measured by the large sampling volume with 10 mm in cubic for an acceptable measurement time, i.e. 10 minutes. The minimum resolution of the 110 reflection for RANS is approximately 2.5 % at 8 $$mu$$s of the proton pulse width, which is insufficient to perform the strain measurement by neutron diffraction. The moderation time width at the wavelength corresponding to the 110 reflection is estimated to be approximately 30 $$mu$$s, which is the most dominant factor to determine the resolution. Therefore, refinements of the moderator system to decrease the moderation time are important to improve the resolution of the diffraction experiment using the compact neutron source. In contrast, the texture evolution due to plastic deformation was successfully observed by measuring a change in the diffraction peak intensity by RANS. Furthermore, the volume fraction of the austenite phase was also successfully evaluated by fitting the diffraction pattern using a Rietveld code. Consequently, RANS was proved to be capable for neutron engineering diffraction aiming for the easy access measurement of the texture and the amount of retained austenite.

Journal Articles

Non-destructive texture measurement of steel sheets with compact neutron source "RANS"

Takamura, Masato*; Ikeda, Yoshimasa*; Sunaga, Hideyuki*; Taketani, Atsushi*; Otake, Yoshie*; Suzuki, Hiroshi; Kumagai, Masayoshi*; Hama, Takayuki*; Oba, Yojiro*

Journal of Physics; Conference Series, 734(Part B), p.032047_1 - 032047_4, 2016/08

 Times Cited Count:2 Percentile:24.4

Neutron diffraction is well known to be a useful technique for measuring a bulk texture of metallic materials taking advantage of a large penetration depth of the neutron beam. However, this technique has not been widely utilized for the texture measurement because large facilities like a reactor or a large accelerator are required in general. In contrast, RANS (Riken Accelerator-driven Compact Neutron Source) has been developed as a neutron source which can be used easily in laboratories. In this study, texture evolution in steel sheets with plastic deformation was successfully measured using RANS. The results show the capability of the compact neutron source for the analysis of the crystal structure of metallic materials, which leads us to a better understanding of plastic deformation behavior.

Oral presentation

Expectation to compact neutron source RANS on neutron engineering researches

Suzuki, Hiroshi

no journal, , 

Neutron diffraction is known to be a non-destructive and non-contact method which can measure stress and strain inside material with a few cm order depth. Furthermore, we can obtain microstructural factors such as a microstrain, a texture and a dislocation density by analyzing the diffraction profile. In general, large experimental facilities like JRR-3 or J-PARC have been required so far for carrying out the neutron engineering researches. Of course, the high quality and high intensity neutrons obtained from such large facilities are very attractive. However, the compact neutron source which we can use anytime is rather important for industrial users to develop their products. We have already confirmed that the recognizable diffraction pattern can be measured for 10 to 30 minutes by the diffraction experiment using the compact neutron source RANS. Moreover, the obtained diffraction pattern shows enough resolution to distinguish two different phases, i.e. austenitic and ferritic phases, in steel. It is still insufficient accuracy for applying this technique to the engineering researches; however, it is expected to apply the compact neutron source to the quantitative evaluations of texture and residual austenite, which is one of important parameters for materials design, by advancing the optical system as well as analysis method.

Oral presentation

Neutron sources in future

Takeda, Masayasu

no journal, , 

no abstracts in English

Oral presentation

Neutron diffraction bulk texture measurement using compact neutron source

Xu, P. G.; Kakuta, Ryunosuke*; Takamura, Masato*; Otake, Yoshie*; Suzuki, Hiroshi

no journal, , 

Oral presentation

Energy resolution evaluation of decoupled neutron moderator for stress measurements via neutron diffraction with compact neutron source

Kakuta, Ryunosuke*; Takamura, Masato*; Xu, P. G.; Iwamoto, Chihiro*; Takanashi, Takaoki*; Otake, Yoshie*; Kurihara, Ryo*; Takahashi, Susumu*; Suzuki, Hiroshi

no journal, , 

Oral presentation

Cooperation of texture measurement study of steel materials between large-scale neutron facilities and RIKEN compact neutron source

Xu, P. G.; Takamura, Masato*; Ikeda, Yoshimasa*; Kakuta, Ryunosuke*; Takahashi, Susumu*; Hakoyama, Tomoyuki*; Iwamoto, Chihiro*; Otake, Yoshie*; Suzuki, Hiroshi

no journal, , 

no abstracts in English

Oral presentation

Neutron diffraction with RANS for industrial "on-site" applications

Takamura, Masato*; Iwamoto, Chihiro*; Xu, P. G.; Kakuta, Ryunosuke*; Kurihara, Ryo*; Hakoyama, Tomoyuki*; Ikeda, Yoshimasa*; Suzuki, Hiroshi; Otake, Yoshie*

no journal, , 

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