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JAEA Reports

Development of structural response diagram approach to evaluation of thermal stress caused by thermal striping

Kasahara, Naoto; Yacumpai, A.*; Takasho, Hideki*

JNC-TN9400 99-019, 34 Pages, 1999/02

JNC-TN9400-99-019.pdf:0.97MB

At incomplete mixing area of high temperature and low temperature fluids near the surface of structures, temperature fluctuation of fluid gives thermal fatigue damage to wall structures. This thermohydraulic and thermomechanical coupled phenomenon is called thermal striping, which has so complex mechanism and sometimes causes crack initiation on the structural surfaces that rational evaluation methods are required for screening rules in design codes. In this study, frequency response characteristics of structures and its mechanism were investigated by both numerical and theoretical methods. Based on above investigation, a structural response diagram was derived, which can predict stress amplitude of structures from temperature amplitude and frequency of fluids. Furthermore, this diagram was generalized to be the Non-dimensional structural response diagram by introducing non-dimensional parameters such as Biot number, non-dimensional frequency, and non-dimensional stress. The use of the Non-dimensional structural response diagram appears to evaluate thermal stress caused by thermal striping, rapidly without structural analysis, and rationally with considering attenuation by non-stationary heat transfer and thermal unloading. This diagram can also give such useful information as sensitive frequency range to adjust coupled thermohydraulic and thermomechanical analysis models taking account of four kinds of attenuation factors: turbulent mixing, molecular diffusion, non-stationaly heat transfer, and thermal unloading.

JAEA Reports

Numerical investigation on thermal striping conditions for a tee junction of LMFBR coolant pipes (II); Investigation for the MONJU EVST tee junction

PNC-TN9410 98-044, 47 Pages, 1998/06

PNC-TN9410-98-044.pdf:6.69MB

Thermal striping phenomena characterized by stationary random temperature fluctuations are observed in the region immediately above the core exit of liquid-metal-cooled fast breeder reactors (LMFBRs) due to the interactions of cold sodium flowing out of a control rod (C/R) assembly and hot sodium flowing out of adjacent fuel assemblies (F/As). Therefore the in-vessel components located in the core outlet region, such as upper core structure (UCS), flow guide tube, C/R upper guide tube, etc., must be protected against the stationary random thermal process which might induce high-cycle fatigue. In this study, thermal striping conditions at the tee junction in the MONJU EVST system (maximum temperature difference : 110 $$^{circ}$$C, Velocity ratio between main and branch pipes : 0.25) were investigated numerically by the use of computer programs. From the investigations, the following results have been obtained: (1) Effects of the secondaly flows generated by the existence of 90$$^{circ}$$ elbow located at upstream position of the tee junction were negligeble, because the flow velocity in the main pipe is 0.25 of the flow velocity in the branch pipe. (2) A ration between maximum and effective amplitudes of the temperature fluctuations calculated by the DINUS-3 code was 3.18. It was concluded that the value 6.0 as the ratio used in the integrity evaluation of the EVST system is a coservative side. (3) There was a limit in ability of a time-averaged multi-dimensional code AQUA, in the evaluation of thermal striping phenomena with recirculation flows. One of the reasons was considered that the local equilibrium of turbulence flows was not established in this tee junction problem.

JAEA Reports

Development of analytical model for evaluating temperature fructuation in coolant(VIII); Development of a Monte Carlo direct simulation code THEMIS

PNC-TN9410 94-111, 42 Pages, 1994/04

PNC-TN9410-94-111.pdf:1.55MB

Thermal striping phenomena are characterized by stationaly random temperature fluctuations and observed in the region immediately above the core exit of LMFBRs due to the interactions of cold and hot sodium. To evaluate the phenomena, it is neccessary to consider a time-dependent heat transfer coefficient to structures from fluid, in the same manner as a evaluation of a stationaly temperature fluctuation in fluid. For this purpose, a computer program THEMIS (Time-dependent Heat transfer Evaluation by Monte Carlo Direct Simulation) has been developed for the thermohydraulic analysis based on the Boltzmann equation. A two-dimensional duct flow problem has been solved to check the fundamental performance of the THEMIS code. The main results are as follows: (1)Axial distribution of molecular velocity U has shown good agreement with the solution of the Navier-Stokes equation under the condition of Kn=0.0002. (2)An acceleration on the VP-2600 vector processor is about 12 times as the VP-2600 scalar processor. Future works of the THEMIS code development are (1)investigation of the applicabilities in a non-isothermal fluid system and in a complex geometry system and (2)verification with detailed experimental results.

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