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Journal Articles

New design and fabrication technology applied in mercury target vessel #8 of J-PARC

Wakui, Takashi; Wakai, Eiichi; Kogawa, Hiroyuki; Naoe, Takashi; Hanano, Kohei; Haga, Katsuhiro; Takada, Hiroshi; Shimada, Tsubasa*; Kanomata, Kenichi*

JPS Conference Proceedings (Internet), 28, p.081002_1 - 081002_6, 2020/02

A mercury target vessel of J-PRAC is designed with a triple-walled structure consisting of the mercury vessel and a double-walled water shroud with internal and external vessels. During the beam operation at 500 kW in 2015, small water leakages from a water shroud of the mercury target vessel occurred twice. Design, fabrication and inspection processes were improved based on the lessons learned from the target failures. The total length of welding lines at the front of the mercury target vessel decreases drastically to approximately 55% by adopting monolithic structure cut out from a block of stainless steel by the wire-electrical discharge machining. Thorough testing of welds by radiographic testing and ultrasonic testing was conducted. The fabrication of the mercury target vessel #8 was finished on September 2017 and the beam operation using it started. Stable beam operation at 500 kW has been achieved and it could experience the maximum beam power of 1 MW during a beam test.

Journal Articles

Numerical simulation of laser welding different kinds of materials using a thermohydraulics computational science numerical simulation code SPLICE

Muramatsu, Toshiharu; Sato, Yuji; Kamei, Naomitsu; Aoyagi, Yuji*; Shobu, Takahisa

Nippon Kikai Gakkai Dai-13-Kai Seisan Kako, Kosaku Kikai Bumon Koenkai Koen Rombunshu (No.19-307) (Internet), p.157 - 160, 2019/10

no abstracts in English

Journal Articles

Influence evaluation of loading conditions during pressurized thermal shock transients based on thermal-hydraulics and structural analyses

Katsuyama, Jinya; Uno, Shumpei*; Watanabe, Tadashi*; Li, Y.

Frontiers of Mechanical Engineering, 13(4), p.563 - 570, 2018/12

 Times Cited Count:1 Percentile:77.35(Engineering, Mechanical)

For the structural integrity assessments on reactor pressure vessels (RPVs) under pressurized thermal shock (PTS) events, thermal hydraulic (TH) behavior of coolant water is one of the most important influence factors. Configuration of plant equipment and their dimensions, and operator action have large influences on TH behavior. In this study, to investigate the influence of operator action on TH behavior during a PTS event, we developed an analysis model for a typical Japanese plant, and performed TH and structural analyses. Two different operator action times were assumed based on the Japanese and US' rules. From the analysis results, it was clarified that differences in operator action times have a significant effect on TH behavior and loading conditions, that is, following the Japanese rule may lead to lower stresses compared to that when following the US rule because earlier operator action caused lower pressure in the RPV.

Journal Articles

Effect of welding on gigacycle fatigue strength of austenitic stainless steels

Naoe, Takashi; Wakui, Takashi; Kogawa, Hiroyuki; Wakai, Eiichi; Haga, Katsuhiro; Takada, Hiroshi

Advanced Experimental Mechanics, 3, p.123 - 128, 2018/08

A mercury target vessel, composed of SUS316L, is used for the pulsed neutron source and is assembled via TIG welding. While in operation, the target vessel suffers ca. 10$$^9$$ loading cycles with a high strain rate of ca. 50 s$$^{-1}$$ because of the proton-beam-induced pressure waves in mercury. The gigacycle fatigue strength for solution annealed SUS316L stainless steels and its welded specimens were investigated through ultrasonic fatigue tests. The experimental results showed that an obvious fatigue limit was not observed at fewer than 10$$^9$$ cycles for the base metal. In the case of no weld defects observed via penetration tests, the fatigue strength of the removed-weld-bead specimen, in which the weld lines were arranged at the center of the specimen, appeared to be slightly higher than that of the base metal. By contrast, as-welded specimens with the weld bead intact showed apparent degradation of the fatigue strength owing to the stress concentration around the weld toe.

Journal Articles

Crack growth prediction for cracked dissimilar metal weld joint in pipe under large seismic cyclic loading

Yamaguchi, Yoshihito; Katsuyama, Jinya; Li, Y.

Proceedings of 2018 ASME Pressure Vessels and Piping Conference (PVP 2018), 8 Pages, 2018/07

In order to assess the structure integrity of cracked pipes considering occurrence of large earthquakes, crack growth evaluation method for cracked pipes is important. In present study, evaluation method of crack growth by seismic loading was proposed for a dissimilar metal weld joint of nickel based alloy through experimental study using small specimens. Then, validation of the proposed method was performed through crack growth tests by using dissimilar metal weld pipe with circumferential through-wall crack. The predicted crack growth values were in good agreement with the experimental results and the applicability of the proposed method was confirmed.

Journal Articles

Development of a laser processing head for the inspection and repair of damages inside of a half-inch pipe

Komatsu, Kazumi*; Seki, Takeshi*; Naganawa, Akihiro*; Oka, Kiyoshi*; Nishimura, Akihiko

Hozengaku, 16(3), p.89 - 95, 2017/10

no abstracts in English

Journal Articles

In-situ measurement of transitional stress in welds metal of steel using synchrotron radiation

Tsuji, Akihiro*; Zhang, S.*; Hashimoto, Tadafumi*; Okano, Shigetaka*; Shobu, Takahisa; Mochizuki, Masahito*

Zairyo, 65(9), p.665 - 671, 2016/09

It is necessary to control weld residual stress which has negative influence on fracture strengths. In structural steel welds, complex residual stress fields are formed due to phase transformation that occur according to the thermal cycles. In this study, in-situ evaluation of phase transformation and transitional stress simultaneously during welding is discussed. In the test using SM490A, after cooling process, stress evaluated by this system showed good agreement with that evaluated by lab X-ray. During austenite to ferrite transformation in weld metal, tensile stress occurred in austenite and compressive stress occurred in ferrite. Moreover, stress concentration was occurred in ferrite phase immediately after the start of phase transformation. Also, stress concentration was occurred in austenite phase just before the end of phase transformation.

JAEA Reports

User's manuals of probabilistic fracture mechanics codes PASCAL-SC and PASCAL-EQ

Ito, Hiroto*; Onizawa, Kunio; Shibata, Katsuyuki*

JAERI-Data/Code 2005-007, 118 Pages, 2005/09


As a part of the aging and structual integrity research for LWR components, new PFM (Probabilistic Fracture Mechanics) codes PASCAL-SC and PASCAL-EQ have been developed. These codes evaluate the failure probability of an aged welded joint by Monte Carlo method. PASCAL-SC treats Stress Corrosion Cracking (SCC) in piping, while PASCAL-EQ takes fatigue crack growth by seismic load into account. The development of these codes has been aimed to improve the accuracy and reliability of analysis by introducing new analysis and methodologies and algorithms considering the recent development in the fracture machanics methodologies and computer performance. The crack growth by an irregular stress due to seismic load in detail is considered in these codes. They also involves recent stress intensity factors and fracture criteria. In addition, a user's friendly operation of a GUI (Graphical User Interface) which generates input data, supports calculations and plots results is introduced. This report provides the user's manual and theoretical background of these codes.

Journal Articles

The Effect of neutron irradiation on mechanical properties of YAG laser weldments using previously irradiated material

Yamada, Hirokazu*; Kawamura, Hiroshi; Tsuchiya, Kunihiko; Kalinin, G.*; Nagao, Yoshiharu; Takada, Fumiki; Nishikawa, Masahiro*

Journal of Nuclear Materials, 340(1), p.57 - 63, 2005/04

 Times Cited Count:3 Percentile:73.2(Materials Science, Multidisciplinary)

This study was performed to clear the effect of neutron re-irradiation on mechanical properties to welding material un-irradiated and irradiated stainless steel. The effect of re-irradiation to these weldaments were evaluated by tensile tests, metallographical observation and hardness test. The result of tensile tests shows that ultimate tensile strength of all joints specimen were almost similar, 0.2% yield strength and total elongation were depend on the irradiation damage and weldaments or not. Therefore, fracture mechanism was not change by re-irradiation. However, brittlement of material was depend on irradiation damage and the property of deformation was sensitive by the effect of irradiation damage or the effect of welding heat.

JAEA Reports

Cause investigation and repair of breakage of catalyst dust filter on mock-up model test facility with a full-scale reaction tube for HTTR hydrogen production system (Contract research)

Morisaki, Norihiro; Hayashi, Koji; Inagaki, Yoshiyuki; Kato, Michio; Fujisaki, Katsuo*; Maeda, Yukimasa; Mizuno, Sadao*

JAERI-Tech 2005-009, 37 Pages, 2005/03


The breakage of the catalyst dust filter was found at the nozzle flange, which was welded onto the end plate of the filter, by the bubbling test using nitrogen gas of the mock-up model test facility. We investigated the cause of breakage and devised a repairing method. The cause of the breakage was the stress corrosion cracking (SCC) generated from the inside of the filter. The filter was repaired based on the following countermeasures such as reduction of condensed water in the filter, tensile stress and sensitization at welding joints. Furthermore, the inspection was carried out to investigate the structural integrity of the welding joints in the test facility of which structure, material and operating condition were similar to the filter. As the results, it was confirmed that the structural integrity was maintained.

Journal Articles

Mechanical tests on the welding part of SS316LN after heat treatment for Nb$$_{3}$$Sn superconducting conductor

Kudo, Yusuke; Sakasai, Akira; Hamada, Kazuya; Takano, Katsutoshi*; Nakajima, Hideo; Okuno, Kiyoshi; Matsukawa, Makoto; Tamai, Hiroshi; Ishida, Shinichi

Journal of Nuclear Materials, 329-333(Part1), p.634 - 638, 2004/08

 Times Cited Count:1 Percentile:89.17(Materials Science, Multidisciplinary)

Japan Atomic Energy Research Institute (JAERI) has a plan to construct a tokamak fusion device called JT-60SC in which superconducting magnet system will be used. The objectives of this study are to clarify applicability of conventional austenitic stainless steel wire for the SS316LN to the conduit material of the Nb3Sn cable-in-conduit conductor for the central solenoid (CS) of JT-60SC. Tensile properties, fracture toughness and fatigue crack growth rate of both as-weld and aged (923 K $$times$$ 240 hours) weld metals were evaluated at 4 K. The measured tensile properties of aged weld metal satisfied the requirement of JT-60SC. Fatigue crack growth property was enough to ensure the required operation cycles of 9.0 $$times$$ 10e4. However, fracture toughness of aged weld metal could not be validated due to unstable crack extension. It was concluded that improvement of fracture toughness after aging was required to ensure the structural integrity of the CS conduit.

JAEA Reports

Report of Examination of the Samples from Primary Loop Recirculation Piping (O1-PLR) at Onagawa Nuclear Power Station Unit-1 (Contract research)

The Working Team for Examination Operation of Samples from Primary Loop Recirculation Piping at Onag

JAERI-Tech 2004-003, 74 Pages, 2004/02


The present examination has been performed with the objective to provide technical basis for identifying causes of cracking through the examination of the samples, which was conducted at the post irradiation examinations facilities of JAERI, taken from the cracked region of the recirculation pipe at the Onagawa Nuclear Power Station Unit-1. The following findings were obtained from this examination result. (1) Cracks were observed near the weld region of inner surface of the pipe and depth of the crack was about 5 to 7mm. (2) Intergranular crackings were observed in the almost whole fracture surface. Partially transgranular cracking was observed at the surface layer with the depth of about 100$$mu$$m. Microstructure formed by cold work and increase of hardness were observed in these surface layers. Cracks initiated near the region where hardness value was the highest. Based on the examination results described above concerning presence of tensile residual stress by welding and relatively high dissolved oxygen contents in core coolant and so on, it is concluded that these cracks were initiated in the cold work layer of inner surface by stress corrosion cracking (SCC) and propagated along the grain boundaries.

Journal Articles

Development of a 30 m long Nb$$_{3}$$Al superconducting conductor jacketed with a round-in-square type stainless steel conduit for the toroidal field coils in JT-60SC

Tsuchiya, Katsuhiko; Kizu, Kaname; Miura, Yushi; Ando, Toshinari*; Nakajima, Hideo; Matsukawa, Makoto; Sakasai, Akira; Ishida, Shinichi

Fusion Engineering and Design, 70(2), p.131 - 140, 2004/02

 Times Cited Count:3 Percentile:74.18(Nuclear Science & Technology)

no abstracts in English

Journal Articles

Journal Articles

Analytical representation for neutron streaming through slits in fusion reactor blanket by Monte Carlo calculation

Sato, Satoshi; Maki, Koichi*

Fusion Engineering and Design, 65(4), p.501 - 524, 2003/07

 Times Cited Count:1 Percentile:88.06

no abstracts in English

Journal Articles

Cold moderator design of JSNS 1 MW pulse source

Kogawa, Hiroyuki; Ishikura, Shuichi*; Hino, Ryutaro; Kato, Takashi; Aso, Tomokazu; Sato, Hiroshi; Harada, Masahide; Kai, Tetsuya; Teshigawara, Makoto; Maekawa, Fujio; et al.

Proceedings of ICANS-XVI, Volume 2, p.635 - 644, 2003/07

no abstracts in English

Journal Articles

Journal Articles

Neutron irradiation effect on the mechanical properties of type 316L SS welded joint

Saito, Shigeru; Fukaya, Kiyoshi*; Ishiyama, Shintaro; Amezawa, Hiroo; Yonekawa, Minoru; Takada, Fumiki; Kato, Yoshiaki; Takeda, Takashi; Takahashi, Hiroyuki*; Nakahira, Masataka

Journal of Nuclear Materials, 307-311(Part2), p.1573 - 1577, 2002/12

 Times Cited Count:1 Percentile:88.78

no abstracts in English

Journal Articles

Swelling behavior of TIG-welded F82H IEA heat

Sawai, Tomotsugu; Wakai, Eiichi; Tomita, Takeshi; Naito, Akira; Jitsukawa, Shiro

Journal of Nuclear Materials, 307-311(Part1), p.312 - 316, 2002/12

 Times Cited Count:18 Percentile:23.61

TIG-weld joints of the IEA heat of F82H were irradiated by TIARA. Transmission electron microscope (TEM) specimens were prepared by a focused ion beam (FIB) system. TEM specimens were obtained from the heat affected zone (HAZ) and the weld metal. HAZ specimens had typical bi-modal cavity microstructure after 50 dpa at 450$$^{circ}$$C with He/dpa ratio of 10 appmHe/dpa. Larger voids about 30 nm were observed in the tempered side specimen, while the size of voids in the quenched side specimen was less than 15 nm. Ac1 temperature determined by heat-treated base metal is 820$$^{circ}$$C. Cavity growth in specimens tempered at higher temperature was enhanced, while that in cold worked ones is suppressed.

Journal Articles

Development of laser cutting/welding system for remote maintenance of ITER manifold

Yamaoka, Hiroto*; Tsuchiya, Kazuyuki*; Awano, Toshihiko*; Oka, Kiyoshi

Ishikawajima Harima Giho, 42(5), p.260 - 264, 2002/09

no abstracts in English

176 (Records 1-20 displayed on this page)