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Journal Articles

SOL-divertor plasma simulations introducing anisotropic temperature with virtual divertor model

Togo, Satoshi*; Takizuka, Tomonori*; Nakamura, Makoto; Hoshino, Kazuo; Ogawa, Yuichi*

Journal of Nuclear Materials, 463, p.502 - 505, 2015/08

 Times Cited Count:8 Percentile:28.72(Materials Science, Multidisciplinary)

A 1D SOL-divertor plasma simulation code introducing the anisotropic ion temperature with virtual divertor model has been developed. By introducing the anisotropic ion temperature directly, the second-derivative parallel ion viscosity term in the momentum transport equation can be excluded and the boundary condition at the divertor plate becomes unnecessary. In order to express the effects of the divertor plate and accompanying sheath implicitly, the virtual divertor model has been introduced which has an artificial sinks of particle, momentum and energy. The virtual divertor model makes the periodic boundary condition available. By using this model, SOL-divertor plasmas satisfying the Bohm condition has been successfully obtained. Also investigated are the dependence of the ion temperature anisotropy on the normalized mean free path of ion and the validity of the approximated parallel ion viscosity for the Braginskii expression and the limited one.

Journal Articles

Properties of hadron and quark matter studied with molecular dynamics

Akimura, Yuka; Maruyama, Toshiki; Yoshinaga, Naotaka*; Chiba, Satoshi

Acta Physica Hungarica A, 27(2-3), p.355 - 358, 2006/10

no abstracts in English

JAEA Reports

Water permeability test of rock specimen with natural fractures using high viscosity liquid

*;

JNC-TN8430 2001-006, 72 Pages, 2001/10

JNC-TN8430-2001-006.pdf:1.71MB

We had been conducted to study hydraulic permeability along fracture intersection by NETBLOCK system using natural rock specimen. Since the permeability of this rock specimen fracture is high, it was suggest that turbulent flow might be occurred in available range of measurement system. In case of turbulent flow, estimated permeability and fracture aperture from test data tend to be low. Therefore we should achieve laminar flow. This study was used the high viscosity liquid instead of water, and test conditions which could attain laminar flow with the rock specimen was examined. The rock specimen is granite rock, has natural Y-type fractures intersection. A solution of Methyl-cellulose is used as high viscosity liquid. Due to the high viscosity liquid, hydraulic head could be measured in the wide range, and high viscosity liquid improved the accuracy of measurement. Laminar flow could be achieved in the rock specimen by the high viscosity liquid over 0.1wt%.

JAEA Reports

Examination of hydraulic property of natural rock specimen

*; *;

JNC-TN8430 2001-003, 64 Pages, 2001/03

JNC-TN8430-2001-003.pdf:2.15MB

Handling methods and test conditions of hydraulic tests for NETBLOCK system had been examined by using acrylic and/or artificial rock specimen. A natural rock specimen (granite : excavated from Kamaishi mine) with fracture intersection was formed into practicable size for NETBLOCK system. Recently, we conducted a series of hydraulic test, in order to study the influence of fracture intersection by using the natural rock specimen. Hydraulic tests were conducted under several centimeters of head, which could be controlled by improved system because hydraulic permeability of target fractures were high. As a result, 10$$^{-4}$$$$sim$$10$$^{-5}$$(m$$^{2}$$/s) orders of hydraulic transmissivity of target fractures could be measured. A low permeability in the NW direction at the lower fracture was estimated from the heterogeneous head distribution. However, it is also expected that turbulence flow might be occurred under this study condition because fracture permeability is high and flow rate through the fracture is relatively high. In case of turbulence-flow, an estimated hydraulic transmissivity is low. High-viscosity fluid hydraulic test to achieve laminar flow will be needed for correcting an evaluated transmissivity.

JAEA Reports

None

Koshizuka, Seiichi*; *; Okano, Yasushi; *; Yamaguchi, Akira

JNC-TY9400 2000-012, 91 Pages, 2000/03

JNC-TY9400-2000-012.pdf:2.82MB

no abstracts in English

JAEA Reports

Experimental study on the avoidance and suppression criteria for the vortex-induced vibration of a circular cylinder

; ; ;

JNC-TN9400 2000-012, 43 Pages, 2000/03

JNC-TN9400-2000-012.pdf:2.12MB

Experimental validation of the design method to prevent the failure of a thermometer well by the vortex-induced vibration has been performed for the effect of structure damping of a cylinder. The available experimental data in piping were very limited for the high damping region in water flow, because of the difficulty to increase the structure dumping for the one-side supported cylinder in experiments. ln this experiment, high viscosity fluid was charged into the tested cylinders to control the cylinder's damping. Resulting values of the reduced damping are 0.49, 0.96, 1.23, 1.98, 2.22 in the experiments. Reduced velocity(Vr) was increased gradually in the range of 0.7 $$leq$$ Vr $$leq$$ 5(Reynolds number at Vr=1 is 8$$times$$10$$^{4}$$). The displacements of the cylinder by the vortex-induced vibration were measured. As the results, Tested cylinders of reduced damping 0.49 and 0.96 showed vortex-induced vibration in flow direction at Vr $$>$$ 1 region. However, in case of reduced damping of 1.23, 1.98 and 2.22, the vortex-induced vibrations in flow direction were suppressed lower than the 1% displacement of the cylinder diameter. ln conclusion, it is confirmed that the suppression criteria of the "Vr $$<$$ 3.3 and Cn $$>$$ 1.2" for vortex-induced vibration in flow direction, which is used in ASME code; "Boiler and Pressure VesseI Code Sec.III Appendix N-1300" and the "FIV design guide in JNC", is reasonably applicable to the one-side supported cylinder in water flow piping.

JAEA Reports

Extrusion analysis of buffer using diffusion model

; *

JNC-TN8400 99-040, 75 Pages, 1999/11

JNC-TN8400-99-040.pdf:9.08MB

The buffer material that will be buried as a component of the engineered barriers system swells when saturation by groundwater. As a result of this swelling, buffer material may penetrate into the peripheral rock zone surrounding the buffer through open fractures. If sustained for extremely in long-period of time, The buffer material extrusion could lead to reduction of buffer density, which may in turn degrade the assumed performance assessment properties (e.g., permeability, diffusion coefficient) JNC has been conducted the study of bentonite extrusion into fractures of rock mass as a part of high level waste research. In 1997, JNC has reported the test results concerning buffer material extrusion and buffer material erosion. These tests have been done using test facilities in Geological Isolation Basic Research Facility. After 1997, JNC also conducted analytical study of buffer material extrusion. This report describes the analysis results of this study which are reflected to the H12 report. In this analysis, The diffusion coefficient was derived as a function of the swelling pressure and the viscosity resistance of the buffer materials. Thus, the reduction in density of buffer materials after emplacement in saturated rock was assessed. The assessment was made assuming parallel-plate radial fractures initially filled by water only. Because fractures in natural rock masses inevitably have mineral inclusions inside of them and fractures orientation leads to fractures intersecting other fractures, this analysis gives significantly conservative conditions with respect to long-term extrusion of buffer and possible decrease in buffer density.

JAEA Reports

Analysis of operation records; Evaluation of event sequences in extruder

; ; ;

JNC-TN8410 99-043, 135 Pages, 1999/10

JNC-TN8410-99-043.pdf:6.44MB

All result of chemical analysis and operators observation suggest non-chemical mechanism raised the filling temperature of the bituminized product at the incident. We, Tokai reprocessing plant safety evaluation and analysis team, performed the experiment using laboratory scale extruder and viscosity measurement to explain the high temperature of mixture. The result of the experiment using laboratory scale extruder showed that the phenomena of salt enrichment and salt accumulation oceured and they raised mixture temperature at the decreased feeed rate. These phenomena depend on the feed rate and they have large contribution of heat transportation and rise of operational torque due to the friction between screw and mixture. Based on the experiment result and all information, we investigated the operation procedure, operational records and machine arrangement to try to explain the behavior of the mixture in the extruder. Judging from each torque and temperature behavior, we succeeded in explaining a sequential behavior in the incident. It is estimated that mixture temperature was raised by physical heat generation in the extruder and this report explains each operation, investigated result and estimated event sequences.

JAEA Reports

SIMMER-III Analytic Thermophysical Property Model

Morita, Koji; Tobita, Yoshiharu; kondo, Satoru; E.A.Fischer*

JNC-TN9400 2000-004, 38 Pages, 1999/05

JNC-TN9400-2000-004.pdf:1.11MB

An analytic thermophysical property model using general function forms is developed for a reactor safety analysis code, SIMMER-III. The function forms arc designed to represent correct behavior of properties of reactor-core materials over wide temperature ranges, especially for the thermal conductivity and the viscosity near the critical point. The most up-to-date and reliable sources for uranium dioxide, mixed-oxide fuel, stainless stee1, and sodium available at present are used to determine parameters in the proposed functions. This model is also designed to be consistent with a SIMMER-III model on thermodynamic properties and equations of state for reactor-corc materials.

Journal Articles

Structure and dynamic properties of molten lanthanum tribromide

Okamoto, Yoshihiro; Ogawa, Toru

Zeitschrift f$"u$r Naturforschung, A, 54, p.91 - 94, 1999/00

no abstracts in English

Journal Articles

Viscosity of amorphous oxide scales on SiSiC at elevated temperatures

Futakawa, Masatoshi; Steinbrech, R. W.*

Journal of the American Ceramic Society, 81(7), p.1819 - 1842, 1998/07

no abstracts in English

Journal Articles

Viscosity of molten rare earth trichlorides

Hayashi, Hirokazu; Okamoto, Yoshihiro; Ogawa, Toru; Sato, Yuzuru*; Yamamura, Tsutomu*

Molten Salt Forum, 5-6, p.257 - 260, 1998/00

no abstracts in English

JAEA Reports

Development of viscometers for molten salts

Hayashi, Hirokazu; ; Ogawa, Toru; *

JAERI-Tech 97-024, 40 Pages, 1997/06

JAERI-Tech-97-024.pdf:1.08MB

no abstracts in English

Journal Articles

Experimental results of heat transfer coefficients and friction factors in a 2D/3D rib-roughened annulus

Takase, Kazuyuki

Experimental Thermal and Fluid Science, 13(2), p.142 - 151, 1996/08

 Times Cited Count:7 Percentile:50.89(Thermodynamics)

no abstracts in English

Journal Articles

The Consideration on artificial viscosity term in the CIP method

*; Kunugi, Tomoaki; Zhang, Y.*

CIPUS Annual Report, 0, p.1 - 7, 1996/00

no abstracts in English

Journal Articles

Structural design code

Miya, Kenzo*; ; Takatsu, Hideyuki

Kikai No Kenkyu, 47(1), p.179 - 184, 1995/00

no abstracts in English

Journal Articles

Thickness of E$$times$$B velocity shear at the plasma edge in the JFT-2M H-mode

Ida, Katsumi*; Miura, Yukitoshi; Ito, Kimitaka; Ito, Sanae*; Fukuyama, Atsushi*; JFT-2M Group

Plasma Physics and Controlled Fusion, 36(7A), p.A279 - A284, 1994/07

 Times Cited Count:14 Percentile:49.77(Physics, Fluids & Plasmas)

no abstracts in English

JAEA Reports

Molecular dynamics calculation of shear viscosity for molten salt

Okamoto, Yoshihiro; Yokokawa, Mitsuo; Ogawa, Toru

JAERI-M 93-242, 29 Pages, 1993/12

JAERI-M-93-242.pdf:0.82MB

no abstracts in English

Journal Articles

Analysis of the current-diffusive ballooning mode

Yagi, Masatoshi; Ito, Kimitaka; Ito, Sanae*; Fukuyama, Atsushi*; Azumi, Masafumi

Phys. Fluids B, 5(10), p.3702 - 3711, 1993/10

 Times Cited Count:27 Percentile:32.53(Physics, Fluids & Plasmas)

no abstracts in English

Journal Articles

Analysis of current diffusive ballooning mode

Yagi, Masatoshi; Ito, Kimitaka; Ito, Sanae*; Fukuyama, Atsushi*; Azumi, Masafumi

NIFS-216, 50 Pages, 1993/04

no abstracts in English

37 (Records 1-20 displayed on this page)