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JAEA Reports

RADREMOTE 2018; Proceedings of The 5th Fukushima Research Conference (FRC) 2018; Radiation hardness, smartness and measurement in remote technology for the decommissioning of the Fukushima Daiichi Nuclear Power Station

Kaburagi, Masaaki; Torii, Tatsuo; Ogawa, Toru

JAEA-Review 2019-031, 251 Pages, 2020/01

JAEA-Review-2019-031.pdf:57.36MB

There is high expectation for advanced remote technology and robotics to reduce the radiation exposure for workers in harsh nuclear environments such as the decommissioning of the Fukushima Daiichi Nuclear Power Station (FDNPS). However, the radiation tolerance of state-of-the-art key components, sensors and electronic devices, for remote operation is still limited. In order to extend the application of robotics in nuclear energy, it is pertinent to develop "Radiation hardness" of components and "Radiation smartness" in operation procedures. Furthermore, developments of "Radiation measurement" and "Technology to recognize the location and to grasp the surrounding environment", including the radiation imaging of the high dose-rate fields inside the FDNPS and the detection of nuclear fuel debris, are necessary for the future nuclear fuel debris retrieval. This Fukushima Research Conference aims to share the future vision for advancing the remote technology among experts from diverse fields.

Journal Articles

Development of radiation resistant monitoring system in light water reactor

Takeuchi, Tomoaki; Otsuka, Noriaki; Nakano, Hiroko; Iida, Tatsuya*; Ozawa, Osamu*; Shibagaki, Taro*; Komanome, Hirohisa*; Tsuchiya, Kunihiko

QST-M-16; QST Takasaki Annual Report 2017, P. 67, 2019/03

no abstracts in English

Journal Articles

Challenge of decommissioning of Fukushima I Nuclear Power Plant, 4; Development of radiation resistant image sensor

Watanabe, Takashi*; Ozawa, Osamu*; Takeuchi, Tomoaki

Denki Gakkai-Shi, 138(8), p.529 - 534, 2018/08

no abstracts in English

Journal Articles

Development of technologies of cutting and decontamination employing high power fiber laser

Toyama, Shinichi; Minehara, Eisuke*

Dekomisshoningu Giho, (56), p.55 - 65, 2017/09

Development of the steel cutting technology which employs high power fiber laser for the industrial applicability of the laser technology has been carried out at The Wakasa Wan Energy Research Center (WERC). At present, the laser technologies for dismantling and decontamination are concurrently being developed to the application measure of nuclear dismantling for domestic nuclear power plants in the future. Dismantling of nuclear facilities is now under the development in the world. The necessity of the technology is increasing and the development is strongly expected. Beside the relative easiness to handle compared with other laser system, suppression of production of secondary radioactive waste and dose exposure can be realized by the dramatic improvement by excelled thermal density of fiber laser. This paper provides recent results from cutting technology for thick steels aiming disassembling nuclear pressure vessel, and decontamination machine technology which works under high radiation dose, explaining the results from cutting experiment of steels and the actual equipment and from the radiation resistance experiment for component devices.

Journal Articles

A New radiation hardened CMOS image sensor for nuclear plant

Watanabe, Takashi*; Takeuchi, Tomoaki; Ozawa, Osamu*; Komanome, Hirohisa*; Akahori, Tomoyuki*; Tsuchiya, Kunihiko

Proceedings of 2017 International Image Sensor Workshop (IISW 2017) (Internet), p.206 - 209, 2017/05

no abstracts in English

Journal Articles

Development of high-performance monitoring system under severe accident condition

Takeuchi, Tomoaki; Tsuchiya, Kunihiko; Komanome, Hirohisa*; Miura, Kuniaki*; Ishihara, Masahiro

Proceedings of 2017 International Congress on Advances in Nuclear Power Plants (ICAPP 2017) (CD-ROM), 6 Pages, 2017/04

After the accident at the Fukushima Dai-ichi (1F) Nuclear Power Plant (NPP), the Japanese Government referred to "Enhancement of instrumentation to identify the status of the reactors and PCVs", in the report of Japanese government to the IAEA ministerial conference in June 2011. In response to these provisions, a research and development of a monitoring system for NPPs situations during severe accidents started in November 2012. The objectives of the R&D are composed of radiation-resistant monitoring camera, radiation-resistant in-water transmission system, and heat-resistant signal cable. For all the three objectives, the elemental technologies have been already developed and now trial system are being fabricated and tested under simulated conditions of severe accidents. The results will enable us to determine the basic specifications of the systems and to provide the information about application limits for users.

Journal Articles

Irradiation test of semiconductors components on the shelf for nuclear robots based on Fukushima Accidents

Kawatsuma, Shinji; Nakai, Koji; Suzuki, Yoshiharu; Kase, Takeshi

QST-M-2; QST Takasaki Annual Report 2015, P. 81, 2016/12

Radiation Tolerance of semiconductor components on the shelf, utilized on the robots for emergency response or decommissioning in nuclear facilities, should be estimated. Just after the Fukushima Daiichi NPPs accidents occurred, a guideline, of irradiation tolerance estimation and management method of semiconductor components on the shelf, was tried to be made based on the old database developed in the course of Bilateral Servo Manipulator under the high radiation and high contamination environments. The estimation was conservative, because the data in the database were old and mainly based on the test results of silicon semiconductors. Ga-As Semiconductors are coming major recently, and expected to be higher radiation tolerance. For those reason, present semiconductor devices have irradiated and the irradiation tolerance have estimated.

Journal Articles

Development of radiation-resistant in-water wireless transmission system

Takeuchi, Tomoaki; Otsuka, Noriaki; Shibagaki, Taro*; Komanome, Hirohisa*; Ueno, Shunji*; Tsuchiya, Kunihiko

Nippon Hozen Gakkai Dai-13-Kai Gakujutsu Koenkai Yoshishu, p.379 - 386, 2016/07

no abstracts in English

Journal Articles

Gamma irradiation effects of image sensor for radiation-resistant camera

Takeuchi, Tomoaki; Otsuka, Noriaki; Tsuchiya, Kunihiko; Tanaka, Shigeo*; Ozawa, Osamu*; Komanome, Hirohisa*; Watanabe, Takashi*; Ueno, Shunji*

Nippon Hozen Gakkai Dai-13-Kai Gakujutsu Koenkai Yoshishu, p.391 - 394, 2016/07

no abstracts in English

Journal Articles

Status of R&D of high-performance monitoring system under sever accident

Tsuchiya, Kunihiko; Takeuchi, Tomoaki; Komanome, Hirohisa*; Miura, Kuniaki*; Araki, Masanori; Ishihara, Masahiro

Nippon Hozen Gakkai Dai-13-Kai Gakujutsu Koenkai Yoshishu, p.375 - 378, 2016/07

no abstracts in English

Journal Articles

Model magnet development of D1 beam separation dipole for the HL-LHC upgrade

Nakamoto, Tatsushi*; Sugano, Michinaka*; Xu, Q.*; Kawamata, Hiroshi*; Enomoto, Shun*; Higashi, Norio*; Idesaki, Akira; Iio, Masami*; Ikemoto, Yukio*; Iwasaki, Ruri*; et al.

IEEE Transactions on Applied Superconductivity, 25(3), p.4000505_1 - 4000505_5, 2015/06

 Times Cited Count:0 Percentile:100(Engineering, Electrical & Electronic)

Recently, development of superconducting magnet system with high radiation resistance has been demanded for application in accelerator facilities such as CERN LHC. In order to realize superconducting magnet system with high radiation resistance, it is necessary to develop electrical insulator with high radiation resistance because the electrical insulator is made of organic materials whose radiation resistance is inferior to that of inorganic materials. We developed a glass fiber reinforced plastic with bismaleimide-triazine resin. The developed material showed excellent radiation resistance; the material evolved gases of 5$$times$$10 $$^{-5}$$mol/g and maintained flexural strength of 640MPa (90% of initial value).

Journal Articles

Successful development of a new catalyst for efficiently collecting tritium; A Breakthrough toward realization of fusion reactors

Iwai, Yasunori; Kubo, Hitoshi*; Oshima, Yusuke*

Kagaku, 70(5), p.35 - 40, 2015/05

We have successfully developed a new hydrophobic platinum catalyst for collecting tritium at nuclear fusion reactors. Catalysts used to collect tritium are called hydrophobic precious metal catalysts. In Japan, hydrophobic precious metal catalysts manufactured from polymers have been used for heavy water refinement. However, this catalyst has issues related to embrittlement to radiation and thermal stability. These technological issues needed to be solved to allow for its application to nuclear fusion reactors requiring further enrichment from highly-concentrated tritiated water. We developed a new method of manufacturing catalysts involving hydrophobic processing with an inorganic substance base. As a result, previous technological issues were able to be solved with the development of a catalyst that exhibited no performance degradation in response to radiation application of 530 kGy, a standard for radiation resistance, and maintenance of thermal stability at over 600$$^{circ}$$C, which is much higher than the 70$$^{circ}$$C temperature that is normally used. The catalyst created with this method was also confirmed to have achieved the world's highest exchange efficiency, equivalent to 1.3 times the previously most powerful efficiency. The application of this catalyst to the liquid phase catalytic exchange process is expected to overcome significant technological hurdles with regards to improving the reliability and efficiency of systems for collecting tritium from tritiated water.

Journal Articles

High proton radiation tolerance of InAsSb quantum-well-based micro-Hall sensors

Abderrahmane, A.*; Ko, P. J.*; Okada, Hiroshi*; Sato, Shinichiro; Oshima, Takeshi; Shibasaki, Ichiro*; Sandhu, A.*

IEEE Electron Device Letters, 35(12), p.1305 - 1307, 2014/12

 Times Cited Count:0 Percentile:100(Engineering, Electrical & Electronic)

Tolerance of AlInSb/InAsSb/AlInSb heterostructures quantum-well-based micro-Hall sensors against proton irradiation of 380 keV and proton fluence in the range 10$$^{11}$$ and 10$$^{16}$$ (proton/cm$$^2$$) is reported. Defects and deep levels induced by proton irradiation into the heterostructures caused decreases in the mobility of the micro-Hall sensors. Degradation of the magnetic sensitivity started at a proton fluence of 10$$^{13}$$ (proton/cm$$^2$$) and continued with increasing proton fluence. The variation of the micro-Hall sensors sensitivity was minimal in low doped AlInSb/InAsSb/AlInSb heterostructure quantum wells. These micro-Hall sensors were operable even at proton fluence of 10$$^{16}$$ (proton/cm$$^{2}$$), which makes these devices suitable for space applications with lifetime of thousands of years in the outer space.

Journal Articles

Study of radiation response on single-junction component sub-cells in triple-junction solar cells

Imaizumi, Mitsuru*; Takamoto, Tatsuya*; Sumita, Taishi*; Oshima, Takeshi; Yamaguchi, Masafumi*; Matsuda, Sumio*; Oi, Akihiko; Kamiya, Tomihiro

Proceedings of 3rd World Conference on Photovoltaic Energy Conversion (WCPEC-3) (CD-ROM), 4 Pages, 2004/01

The radiation response of InGaP, InGaAs and Ge single junction sub-cells in the triple junction space solar cell are studied in order to develop a device simulator which predicts the End-Of-Life performance of space solar cells. InGaP top-cells show no significant difference in radiation response between under AM0 light and dark conditions during irradiation. The radiation resistance of InGaAs cell which is used as middle cell decreases with increasing In contents. The Ge cell shows lower radiation reisitance as compared to InGaP and InGaAs cells.

Journal Articles

Super radiation tolerance of CIGS solar cells demonstrated in space by MDS-1 satellite

Kawakita, Shiro*; Imaizumi, Mitsuru*; Sumita, Taishi*; Kushiya, Katsumi*; Oshima, Takeshi; Yamaguchi, Masafumi*; Matsuda, Sumio*; Yoda, Shinichi*; Kamiya, Tomihiro

Proceedings of 3rd World Conference on Photovoltaic Energy Conversion (WCPEC-3) (CD-ROM), 4 Pages, 2004/01

The electrical performance of Cu(Ga,In)Se$$_{2}$$ solar cells on MDS-1 which was launched in February 2002 was measured. The CIGS solar cells show superior radiation resistance in space. The short circuit current dose not degrade and the open circuit voltage shows only 1 % degradation after 200 days. On the other hand, in the case of ground test, the recovery of electrical performance of CIGS solar cells are observed at RT. And, the recovery is enhanced by current-injection.

JAEA Reports

Radiation resistivity of polymeric materials with data tables

Center for Proton Accelerator Facilities Planning group

JAERI-Data/Code 2003-015, 255 Pages, 2003/09

JAERI-Data-Code-2003-015.pdf:8.14MB

This document presents radiation resistivity of various polymeric materials with collected data tables that are the candidate materials to be used in the High Intensity Proton Accelerator Facility Project, J-PARC, which is to produce MW-class high power proton beams. The effect of radiation damage and deterioration by loss-beam or secondary particle beam influences the performance and the reliability of various instruments. The radiation damage consists of mechanical property, electrical property and gas-evolution property, and these properties depend entirely upon the kind of radiation, energy and dose intensity. The first part of this document methodically introduces the general feature of polymer and its radiation-induced deterioration mechanisms, and the second part of the document shows the compiled data for irradiation effects of polymeric materials. The sources of the data are the published reports from the worldwide references.

Journal Articles

Proton radiation analysis of multi-junction space solar cells

Sumita, Taishi*; Imaizumi, Mitsuru*; Matsuda, Sumio*; Oshima, Takeshi; Oi, Akihiko; Ito, Hisayoshi

Nuclear Instruments and Methods in Physics Research B, 206, p.448 - 451, 2003/05

 Times Cited Count:41 Percentile:7.62(Instruments & Instrumentation)

Proton irradiation effects of triple-junction (InGaP/GaAs/Ge) solar cells for space use were studied. The changes in electrical and optical properties of the solar cells irradiated with protons at energies between 20 keV and 10 MeV were examined. As the result of analyzing the relationship between proton projection range and the degradation of their properties, the largest degradation of the properties was observed when proton projection range is near the junction of GaAs sub-cells. This indicates that improvement of the radiation resistance of GaAs is necessary to enhance radiation resistance of tliple-junction solar cells.

Journal Articles

Development of new dosimeter using colored alumilite fading

Obara, Kenjiro

Genshiryoku eye, 48(2), p.46 - 48, 2002/02

no abstracts in English

Journal Articles

In situ characterization of a small sized motor under neutron irradiation

Ishitsuka, Etsuo; Kan, S.*; Kawamura, Hiroshi; Onozawa, H.*

Fusion Engineering and Design, 58-59, p.517 - 521, 2001/11

 Times Cited Count:2 Percentile:79.29(Nuclear Science & Technology)

no abstracts in English

Journal Articles

Radiation processing of polymers

Makuuchi, Keizo

Porima No Hoshasen Kako, p.1 - 286, 2000/04

no abstracts in English

149 (Records 1-20 displayed on this page)